Interesting and curious facts about full internationals and national players (1872-1900)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------by IFFHS---

The 131 official full "A" internationals played during the 19th century produced many curious events and there were many remarkable experiences in the lives of the national players. They give an insight into the circumstances under which full "A" internationals were played as well as their status in society and amongst the players themselves. Here are selected trivia in chronological sequence.

For the world's first full "A" international – in Glasgow on November 30, 1872 – hosts Scotland fielded a 2-2-6 tactical system while England still fielded the old 1-1-8, yet the match ended a scoreless draw. At half-time, England's goalkeeper Robert Barker and winger William John Maynard switched positions. Amongst other players, the English attack included John Brockbank (22.8.1848-29.1.1904), an actor by profession and a very good cricketer. The Scottish squad counted on the brothers James and Robert Smith, who lived in London and played for South Norwood FC, but officially were with Queen's Park FC of Glasgow. Three other Scottish players also were affiliated with two clubs, namely, Granville FC and Queen's Park FC (both Glasgow): goalkeeper Robert W. Gardner, full back William Ker, and half-back James J. Thomson.

There was no actual half-time break in those days, also the teams changed ends after every goal. Following was looked at the score after 45 minutes as half-time score.

The first national players who belonged to only one club not affiliated with the national football association whose jersey they wore were two Scots who played in the second full "A" international in history, in London on March 8, 1873. On was Colonel Henry Waugh Renny-Tailyour (9.10.1849-15.6.1920), who was born in Mussoorie, India, and played for the English club Royal Engineers Chatham as well as Scotland's national football and rugby national teams. His Scottish team mate John Edward Blackburn (30.4.1851-29.9.1927), who was born in Edinburgh and played for the same English club, attended the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich (London) and during the 1880's served as colonel in Egypt and the Sudan.

The third player in this category was Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird (16.2.1847-30.1.1923), who was born in Kensington (London) and played in eleven English Cup finals, captaining his sides – Wanderers resp. Old Etonians (both London) – in ten of them. An educated all-round sportsman, Kinnaird also was president of the (English) Football Association (FA) from 1890 to 1923. Although Renny-Tailyour and Kinnaird were not eligible to play for Scotland according to the rules then used in Great Britain, the FA had no objections, and India was a British colony at the time.

Likewise, William Stanley Kenyon-Slaney (24.8.1847-24.4.1908), who scored twice for England in this match, was born in India (Rajkote) and attended Eton College and Christ Church Oxford. England winger Alfred George Goodwyn (14.3.1849-14.3.1874), who also played in this match, attended the Royal Military Academy died during his service time in East India. During these first two full "A" internationals ever, England fielded the brothers John Charles Clegg (15.6.1850-26.6.1937) and William Edwin Clegg (21.4.1852-22.8.1932) separately, each playing one game. Both forwards were lawyers in Sheffield and were knighted for their service to football. The older brother also was an outstanding referee, and FA president from 1923 to 1937.

John Charles Clegg

The Scottish national team which beat England 2:1 in Glasgow on March 7, 1874, counted on half-back Charles Campbell, who excelled at the aerial game and captained Scotland in 9 of his 13 full "A" internationals. He studied at the Edinburgh Academy and until 1886 played for Queen's Park FC (Glasgow) in ten Scottish Cup finals. He also was president of the Scottish Football Association (SFA) from 1889 to 1890. A remarkable number of players left Britain during the 19th century. The 1874 England side lost full back Alfred Hugh Stratford (5.9.1853-2.5.1914), who left for the USA, and inside left Robert Kennett Kingsford (23.12.1849-14.10.1895), who studied law and then emigrated to Australia.

During the England-Scotland full "A" international on March 6, 1875, England goalkeeper William Henry Carr only arrived at Kennington Oval (London) 15 minutes after kick-off. In the meantime, the goal was tended by forward Alexander George Bonsor. England's outside left at this match, Richard Lyon Geaves (6.5.1854-21.3.1935), was born in Mexico, attended Caius College (Cambridge) and served with the Yorkshire Regiment, where he soon attained the rank of captain.

Scotland's goal scorer Henry McNiel was for over a century misquoted "Harry" McNeil in nearly every British publication, yet his birth certificate clearly says Henry McNiel. Capped ten times, he transferred from the Glasgow club Third Lanark to local rivals Queen's Park FC in 1873 and was one of seven footballing brothers, of which the younger Moses McLay McNiel (29.10.1855-9.4.1938) also played for Scotland twice.

When Wales made their international début in Glasgow on March 25, 1876 (0:4 Scotland), the Welsh national team consisted of two lawyers, a timber merchant, a student, a soldier, a stonemason, a physician, a miner, a chimney sweep, an office worker and an insurance company employee. Furthermore, goalkeeper David Thomson and forward George Frederick Thomson were brothers. Despite his early death, "Dai" David Thomson (1847-14.9.1876) was one of the pioneers of Welsh football. "Fred" Thomson (1854-15.5.1937) helped his father manage the New British Iron Works in Ruabon until the company was liquidated in 1887.

One of Scotland's scorers at this match was James J. Lang, known to all as simply "Reddie". He lost an eye during an accident at the shipyard, but kept it secret when in October 1876, at the age of 25, he transferred from Clydesdale FC (Glasgow) to Sheffield Wednesday FC so as not to be further disadvantaged by the opposing players.

When England lost 0:3 to Scotland in Glasgow on March 4, 1876, their goalkeeper was Arthur Henry Patrick Savage (18.10.1850-25.8.1905), who was born in Sydney, Australia. Outside left was Arthur William Cursham (14.3.1853-24.12.1884), the owner of a mine in Nottinghamshire who in 1884 emigrated to Florida (USA) and died shortly after his arrival there. His younger brother Henry Alfred Cursham (27.11.1859-6.8.1941) also played for England and was a first-rate cricketer.

One of the backs on the England team which lost 1:3 to Scotland in London on March 3, 1877, William Lindsay (3.8.1847-15.2.1923) was born in India and from 1865 to 1900 worked at an Indian office in London. He also was a very good cricketer. Forward Alfred Lyttleton (7.2.1857-4.7.1913), who attended Trinity College in Cambridge, played both football and cricket for England. One year later, his older brother Edward Lyttleton (23.7.1855-26.1.1942) also played for England.

Alfred Lyttleton


This year saw two unusually high scorelines for full "A" internationals. On March 2, 1878, Scotland beat England 7:2 (!) in Glasgow, with John McDougall from the Vale of Leven FC (Alexandria), a Dumbarton club, scoring three goals. On this day, goalkeeper Robert W. Gardner – one of the founding members of Queen's Park FC (Glasgow) – received his 5th and last cap. He died at the age of 39 on February 27, 1887. Scotland also counted on engineer Andrew McIntyre (9.8.1855-30.3.1941), a back of enormous size and great physical power.

When Scotland beat Wales 9:0 three weeks later, one of the scorers was James Begg "Jerry" Weir (1853-22.12.1887), who also died at a rather early age and was known as "The Prince of Dribblers". His team-mate at Queen's Park FC and in the national team, David Davidson, was a very tough and aggressive half-back widely known as "Iron Horse". His was the most powerful shot in Britain at the time.

January 18, 1879, saw the first full "A" international between England and Wales (2:1). Due to the bad weather in London, both sides had agreed to play only two halves of 30 minutes each, to which English head referee Segard Richard Bastard agreed. England began short-handed as wing half William Edwin Clegg arrived from Sheffield a full 20 minutes after kick-off.

Also at Kennington Oval (London), there were goals galore when England beat Scotland 5:4 on April 5, 1879. Scotland, who had taken a 4:1 lead, were fielding a 2-3-5 system (England still keeping to the 2-2-6) and counting on left wing half William Wightman Beveridge (27.11.1858-20.1.1941), who also was Scottish champion at the 100 and 400 yard dash. William Beveridge would later become a minister for the Church of Scotland.

One of the English scorers of this match – which originally had been scheduled for April 1st, but due to heavy snowfall was postponed to April 5th – was Arthur Copeland Goodyer. A native of Nottingham, he emigrated to the in 1888, where he died in a car crash on January 8, 1932. England goalkeeper Reginald Halsey Birkett (28.3.1849-30.6.1898) also played rugby for England. Reginald Birkett, a London furrier, later died delirious of typhoid fever. Scotsman Robert Paton, who made his international début on this day (5.4.1879), also distinguished himself at the age of 21 when on January 16, 1875, he scored the first goal against Queen's Park FC of Glasgow, which had not conceded one goal during the previous seven (!) years. Robert Paton was playing for Vale of Leven FC (Alexandria) at the time.

The oldest existing drawing of a full "A" international is dated April 5, 1879. Playing Scotland at Kennington Oval (London), England (in white) are shown here threatening the opponent‘s goal. England won 5:4.


The great British rivals met again on March 13, 1880. This time the scoreline read Scotland 5:4 England, inside forward George Ker (a wizard of the dribble) scoring four times for Scotland. "Geordie" Ker was the younger brother of the international player William Ker. The English attack counted Samuel Weller Widdowson (16.4.1851-9.5.1927), the inventor of the shin guard for which he received a patent in 1874. "Sam" Widdowson also was an excellent sprinter and hurdler.

Playing in Glasgow on March 27, 1880, Wales lost 1:5 to Scotland. The Scottish defence included "Archie" Lang, a gentleman amongst backs who had worked as an engineer in Shanghai (China) for several decades, and James Douglas (3.9.1859- .9.1919), popularly known as "Black Jimmy". Not even Welsh forward Thomas Johnson Britten (1858-24.10.1910) had a chance. "Tommy" Thomas Britten, a mining engineer who emigrated to the Transvaal (South Africa) in 1887, married the cousin of the South African prime minister in Johannesburg.

[Foto 4]
Samuel Weller Widdowson

On February 26, 1881, England suffered an upset 0:1 loss to Wales in Blackburn. The English team included the brothers Frederick William Hargreaves (16.8.1858-5.4.1897) and John Hargreaves (13.12.1860-15.1.1903). From 1884 on, "Jack" Hargreaves practised law in his native town Blackburn, his older brother "Fred" was a nimble half-back and a crack at tackling. England goalkeeper John Purvis Hawtrey (19.7.1850-17.8.1925) was an actor and would later publish the Sporting World.

On March 12, 1881, Scotland won a grand 6:1 away victory against England in London. Both teams had a track-and-field athlete. University-bred Scottish full back Andrew Watson was one of the best in all Scotland at the high jump. "Andy" Watson later went to Bombay (now Mumbai), India. England inside forward Reginald Heber Macauley (24.8.1858-15.12.1937) was English high jump champion in 1879 and active in India and East India from 1884 to 1901.

On February 18, 1882, the Irish international début ended a bitter 0:13 defeat at the hands of England. The Irish captain was John McCready McAlery, a back with the Belfast club Cliftonville FC as well as an excellent cricketer who also officiated as umpire. "Mac", as he was known, was one of the pioneers of Irish football, and until 1888 also first secretary of the Irish Football Association (IFA).

One week later, Ireland were beaten 1:7 in Wrexham. Their line-up included the future referee John Sinclair, who was playing under the pseudonym Fox. The Irish squad, which was playing a 2-2-6 system, included three physicians, two company directors, two factory managers, and the president of the Belfast harbour. The Welsh attack counted Charles Frederick Ketley, a painter who had lost an arm during an accident at work but went on playing football (also in the national team), and Edward Gough Shaw, brother-in-law of international player "Tom" Owen and an alcoholic fond of a drink. One day, "Ted" Edward Shaw left his house in Oswestry and was never seen again by either his family or anyone in his neighbourhood. He died in the USA.

On March 11, 1882, Scotland inflicted yet another humiliating defeat upon England (5:1). Scottish right winger was Malcolm James Eadie Fraser, who left Scotland in 1884 and went to West Africa, where he fell ill, and at last died in Sydney (Australia) in 1886. England's consolation goal was scored by Oliver Howard Vaughton (9.1.1861-6.1.1937), a silversmith with his own company – which also made the second FA Cup trophy after the first one was stolen in Birmingham.

On March 13, 1882, England suffered an upset 3:5 loss to Wales in Wrexham. It was all the more sensational since the hosts were short-handed for a full 87 minutes, Edward Charles Bambridge having left field injured after only three minutes of play. English centre forward Percival Chase Parr (2.12.1859-3.9.1912), who also did well tending goal, would later publish the National Observer and Ladies' Field.

When England beat Wales 5:0 in London on February 3, 1883, the English attack included Harry Chester Goodhart (17.7.1858-21.4.1895), who would later become a professor of the humanities at Edinburgh University. Three weeks later, when England beat Ireland 7:0, the English attack shone with outside left William Nevill Cobbold (4.2.1863-8.4.1922), who would later become a teacher and play for Cambridge University, usually on the inside left. During the 1880's, "Nuts" Cobbold was considered the most elegant and the trickiest forward in the world. The Irish attack counted on forward William James Morrow (16.11.1851-22.1.1922) of the Alexander FC Limavady, the man who scored the historical first goal in an Irish Cup final (1881).

[Foto 5]
Harry Chester Goodhart

On March 15, 1884, Scotland beat England 1:0 in Glasgow. The scorer was Dr. John Smith, born in Mauchline (Ayrshire) on August 12, 1855. In 1885 the Scottish Football Association (SFA) ruled that he could no longer play for or against a Scottish club since he had helped Corinthians FC (London) in a match against the professional Bolton Wanderers FC. The Football Association (FA) had legalised professional football that very year, but for the SFA it remained sacrilege. Another forward at this full "A" international was Robert Main Christie (15.11.1865-15.5.1918), who also belonged to the Scottish curling team. Although he was a lawyer, he fought in the Boer War in South Africa. England centre forward William Bromley-Davenport (21.1.1862-6.2.1949) served as a high officer in South Africa, Egypt and France and eventually became General Sir William Bromley-Davenport.

Scotland won all three matches, and thus also the – henceforth contested yearly – Home International Championship (which later became known as simply British Championship). The Irish lost all three of their matches, scoring only once during their 1:8 loss to England: through William McWha, who would later work as a doctor in India, where he tragically drowned while hunting ducks.

When Wales met England on March 17, 1884, the Welsh line-up included the brothers Elias (goalkeeper) and William Pierce Owen (outside right). Elias Owen studied theology, but on September 20, 1888, at the age of 25, committed suicide due to a bout with depression after he did poorly on a final exam. His brother "WP" Owen (20.11.1860-13.12.1937) studied law, was a popular winger and a successful attorney in Ruthin. Twelve days later, Wales – already using a 2-3-5 system – fielded left half-back John Jones against Scotland. "Jack" Jones was found lying on a field at his farm on March 25, 1902, shot dead at the age of 41.

Robert Main Christie

The first Irish national players from Dublin, which also played for the University side, were lined up for the match against England on February 28, 1885 (which ended 0:4 England). These were full back Frederick William Moorhead and left wing half William L'Estrange Eames. The latter, born in Dublin on July 18, 1863, emigrated to Australia in 1885 after successfully concluding his university studies and became a colonel in the Australian Army.

Henceforth, the brothers Arthur Melmoth Walters (26.1.1865-2.5.1924) and Percy Melmoth Walters (30.9.1863-6.10.1936) were the mainstay of the defence for the English national team as well as their club, the Old Carthusians (London). Both having studied law, the younger brother was called to the Bar in 1889 and later owned a factory. England left half-back John Auger Dixon (27.5.1861-8.6.1931), also a good cricketer, was the director of dress makers Dixon & Parke Ltd. England wing half Joseph Morris Lofthouse (14.4.1865-10.6.1919) went to Hungary in 1902 to coach MAC Budapest, but returned to Blackburn just about a year later. English outside right Benjamin Ward Spilsbury (1.8.1864-15.8.1938), who two weeks earlier had played in attack against Ireland in Manchester, emigrated to Canada in 1889 and died in Vancouver.

Arthur Melmoth Walters

Percy Melmoth Walters

When England beat Ireland 6:1 in Belfast on March 13, 1886, they fielded outside left John Edward Leighton (26.3.1865-15.4.1944), who remained loyal to his club Nottingham Forest FC even when he was no longer active. He did not miss one home game, and died during a match at Forest Ground. One week later, Scotland won 7:2 in Belfast. The last goal was scored by outside left Michael Dunbar (Cartvale Busby), a wine and spirits dealer whose older brother Thomas played for a mjor club (Queen's Park FC, Glasgow) but was not on the national team.

When Scotland beat Ireland 4:1 in Glasgow on February 19, 1887, three unusual players made their début with the hosts. Wing half John Hutton (St. Bernard's FC, Edinburgh) was a versatile and sensitive musician, but tough and a strong runner on the pitch. Outside right Thomas James Jenkinson, born in Edinburgh on April 21, 1865, originally wanted to join the Hibernians ("Hibs") but was turned down because he was not Roman Catholic, and so joined local rivals Heart of Midlothian ("Hearts") instead. He later emigrated to Australia. Outside left William Johnstone (.11.1864-11.12.1950), known as "William the Silent", was an OP nurse.

On March 12, 1887, Ireland won their first ever international victory when they beat Wales 4:1 in Belfast. Robert Roberts kept goal for Wales, although his first full "A" international he had played in defence, which was the position he was really suited for. Alexander Hunter (1862-16.12.1899), secretary of the Football Association of Wales (FAW), played at centre back when Wales were short-handed. Welsh inside left George Griffiths (born on 11.4.1865, played for Chirk AAA), who served with the Royal Army Service Corps, was fighting in France during World War I when he suffered gas poisoning, of which he died 18 months later at the age of 53, on July 7, 1918.

Wales - 12.3.1887. Back, f. l. t. r. George Griffiths, Edward Hughes, "Sam" Jones, Officer, "Alf" Townsend, Alexander Hunter; Middle, f. l. t. r. Henry Sabine, "Bob" Roberts, "Harry" Edwards, "Bill" Turner, Officer; Front, f. l. t. r. "Bill" Roberts, "Jack" Doughty.

On March 3, 1888, playing in Wrexham, Ireland conceded a double-figures defeat (0:11) to Wales. Irish goalkeeper John Clugston also was an international lacrosse player and had been christened William John Clugston, but never made use of his first given name. Irish outside right Arthur David Ash Gaussen would later become Lord Lieutenant of County Londonderry. The victorious Welsh attack included the brothers John and Roger Doughty, who were born in Staffordshire, England, as the sons of an Irish father and a Welsh mother. Three Welsh players, including captain Dr. Alfred Owen Davies, left the pitch early – the scoreline read 10:0 – to catch their trains to London, Cambridge and Builth. [Foto 7 - 1/2]

Two players who made their international début in 1888 emigrated. Both were wing halfs: Englishman Frank Etheridge Saunders (26.8.1864-14.5.1905), a pharmacist, left for South Africa; and Scotsman James McLaren (Hibernians), popularly known as "The Auld Gineral", left for British Columbia (Canada) in April 1912, where he died on January 3, 1927. All British internationals who emigrated planted the seed of their beloved sport in their new homeland, thus contributing to the worldwide dissemination of football as much as merchants, soldiers and students.

On March 24, 1888 when Ireland played Scotland Robert Wilson appeared at right back for Ireland. His father Matthew had already played three times for Ireland in 1884-1885. In 1886 they had partnered each other at full back in the Distillery team from Belfast which won the Irish Cup that year.

Wales - 3.3.1888. Back, f. l. t. r. Reuben Humphrey, "Joe" Davies, Dr."Alf" Owen Davies, Dr. "Bob" Mills-Roberts, "Jack" Powell, "Dai" Jones; Front, f. l. t. r. "Bill Prive-Jones, "Job" Wilding, "Jack" Doughty, Roger Doughty, Edmund Howell.

On February 23, 1889, when Wales lost to England (1:4) in Stoke-on-Trent, the Welsh line-up included 21 year-old left back David Jones. Until the turn of the century, "Di" Jones had played for Wales 14 times. He then sustained a seemingly harmless cut during a match. The cut became inflamed, and ten days later, on August 27, 1902, he died of tetanus at the age of 35. Welsh inside left Arthur Lea (23.11.1866-23.3.1945) was a famous player for Wrexham AFC despite of his handicap of one arm. At the age of 27 he fell seriouly ill and at one point was threatened with the loss of a leg.

Two English players who made their début on February 23, 1889, moved to continental Europe at the end of their active footballing career in order to work as coaches. They were wing halfs Arthur Lowder (1863-4.1.1926) and William John Townley. A teacher by profession, the latter coached teams in Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland from 1909 on.

English inside left David Weir, who on April 13, 1889, gave England a 2:0 lead against Scotland, did likewise. In 1911, "Davie" Weir went to work as a coach in Stuttgart, Germany. The right wing half of this match, Henry Edward Denison Hammond (26.11.1866-16.6.1910), was with the Edinburgh Academy from 1890 to 1899. He became general director of education in the following year and went to Rhodesia, where he spent the rest of his life.

In 1889, Ireland fielded full back Manliffe Francis Goodbody, who also was an excellent tennis player and in 1894 reached the final of the US Championships. When Ireland met Wales on April 27, 1889, Ireland fielded centre forward James Campbell Percy (15.2.1869-26.10.1928), who would later be knighted and made deputy governor of Dublin. Two England players from Stoke FC who in Liverpool on March 2, 1889, made their international début against Ireland (6:1), also emigrated. Goalkeeper William Spencer Rowley went to the USA, and right back Thomas Clare (1865-27.12.1929) went to Canada before World War I broke out. He died in Ladysmith (Vancouver).

Arthur Lea

When Wales beat Ireland 5:2 in Shrewsbury on February 8, 1890, outside right David Moral Lewis (born in February 1871) was one of the scorers. "Dai" David Lewis later went to South Africa, where he served in the South African Defence Force during World War I. He fell ill during his trip back to England, returned to South Africa and died in Durban on November 16, 1925, at the age of 54. Fate was less kind to two of the Scottish players who made their début against Wales (5:0) on March 22, 1890. During a local derby against Abercorn on January 1, 1892, James Dunlop of St. Mirren FC (Paisley) cut his knee on a piece of glass and died of tetanus ten days later at the age of 22. Wing half Matthew McQueen lost a leg during a road accident in 1924. He died at the age of 81, on September 29, 1944.

On March 15, 1890, the Football Association unwisely decided to field two parallel national teams, one playing against Wales and the other against Ireland. Since England easily won both matches, not much of an objection could be raised. The side which beat Ireland (9:1) was the first national team to consist entirely of professionals. The other team, which beat Wales in Wrexham (3:1) still included six amateurs. Finally, Scottish wing half David Mitchell of Glasgow Rangers FC, who made his international début in Belfast on March 29, 1890, went to work as a coach in Germany at the turn of the century.

On February 7, 1891, Ireland beat Wales by the sensational score of 7:2, thanks in no small part to four goals by 21 year-old "Olphie" Stanfield. The match was played at Ulsterville (Belfast), then home ground of Linfield AFC. On August 29 of the same year, when Linfield met a selection of players from Canadian and American clubs at Ulsterville, the visitors were awarded the second penalty in the history of world football, which Alexander Jeffrey converted shortly before half-time. The first penalty ever was converted by Alexander McColl one week earlier, on August 22, 1891, during the Scottish League match Renton vs. Leith. "Alex" Jeffrey was born in Scotland and at the time played for Pawtucket in the USA, but decided to stay in Britain after the North American tour.

During the Wales-Scotland match (3:4) in Wrexham on March 21, 1891, Wales were leading 2:1 when their left half-back Charles Frederick Parry (1870-4.2.1922) left the field injured and Wales short-handed. He was one of many Welsh internationals who played professionally for English clubs, here Everton FC. Scotland fielded three players who also excelled in other sports: Full back Archibald "Archie" Ritchie (12.4.1872-19.1.1952) was a crack at bowling; outside right William "Willie" Gulliland (3.2.1871-23.3.1928), an auctioneer by profession, was a superb tennis player; and outside left Alexander Lowson Keillor (20.10.1869-16.6.1960) was a roofer and a professional golfer.

On March 7, 1891, England again fielded two national teams, which won in Wolverhampton (6:1 Ireland) and Sunderland (4:1 Wales). These sides counted two resp. three amateurs, which in these mixed amateur/professional teams almost always were the captain. England's defence against Wales included Elphinstone Jackson (9.10.1868- .12.1945) from Oxford University. He was the son of a leading judge in Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, where he also was born. Following his studies in England, he returned to India, and together with others founded the Indian Football Association in 1893.

William Gulliland

When Ireland met England (0:2) in Belfast on March 5, 1892, Ireland were awarded a penalty, but "Sam" Torrans had his shot saved by England goalkeeper William Rowley (Stoke FC), who also held "Billy" Dalton's follow-up shot. No goals had been scored yet when the referee awarded the first penalty in the history of full "A" internationals. Since outside left John Peden already left the field at 15 minutes due to a knee injury and "Nat" McKeown also was injured after changing ends, Ireland played out the remainder of the match with only 9 (!) men on the field.

On March 5, 1892, England fielded two national teams – for the third, but also the last time during the 19th century – for their away matches against Ireland and Wales, both of which ended 2:0. The line-up against Wales included seven amateurs, one of whom was Robert Cunliffe Gosling (15.6.1868-18.4.1922). He attended Eton College and Trinity College (Cambridge) and played for the Old Etonians and Corinthians (London) from 1889 to 1900, as well as five times for England between 1892 and 1895. Despite his size, he was a quick inside forward, as well as strong and dangerous in front of goal. Gosling, who also was very good at cricket, became an Essex police officer in 1902.

England's 4:1 victory over Scotland in Glasgow was decisive in their winning the Home International Championship again. The Strategist and fabulous John Goodall, England made a furious beginning, and after 26 minutes had scored four times. One of the English scorers was centre forward John Southworth (12.12.1866-16.10.1956), one of the most successful FA Cup scorer of the 19th century. He was a professional musician and played with the Halle Orchestra.

Robert Cunliffe Gosling

This year, Ireland fielded outside right James Mark Small (7.7.1867-27.12.1963). He also was a good referee and an outstanding track-and-field athlete who was 4-mile race champion of Ireland twice. He later became an official, and eventually IFA general secretary. Ireland's inside left James McIlmunn Wilton fought in World War I as captain of the Royal Irish Regiment's 36th division and was seriously wounded. He later was knighted, and was IFA president from 1914 to 1945.

On March 18, 1893, Wales conceded a sensational 0:8 home loss to Scotland in Wrexham. Yet the Welsh centre-half Edwin Hugh Williams (1868-14.5.1950) was as quick as lightning and one time beat the English champion of the 100-yard dash. He was a journalist by profession. Four of Scotland's goals were off the foot of John Madden (born in Dumbarton on June 11, 1865), known to Glasgow Celtic fans as "The Rooter". Following the turn of the century, the centre forward left Britain to coach the Prague club SK Slavia. One week later, clubmate William Maley (25.4.1868-2.4.1958) made his international début against Ireland. "Bill" Maley ran sportswear shops in Glasgow and Dundee, and in 1939 wrote the book The Story of the Celtic.

George Huth Cotterill (4.4.1868-1.10.1950) attended his home university Brighton School and then Trinity College in Cambridge. Thereafter he played for Old Brightonians, Weybridge, Burgess Hill and, from 1887 to 1898, for Corinthians (London). He was a large-built centre forward of enormous physical strength, but also a fine dribbler with an accurate shot. He played for England four times from 1891 to 1893. Football aside, he also played cricket for Cambridge and Sussex, and rugby for Richmond and Surrey – all as an amateur.

James Mark Small

George Huth Cotterill

Robert George Milne, born in Forfarshire (Scotland) on October 1, 1870, made his international début when Ireland met Wales (1:4) in Swansea on February 24, 1894. As soldier of a Gordon Highlander Regiment, he came to Ireland in 1888 and after five years of residence in the country became entitled to play for Ireland. "Bob" Milne played in ten Irish Cup finals, nine of which his side won.

On March 1, 1894, England only mustered a 2:2 against Ireland in Belfast, although it must be said that England were short-handed from the 20th minute on after their full back "Bob" Holmes of Preston North End left the field injured. England fielded an all-professional side. There were no goal nets in this match, and when Ireland scored their late equaliser, goalkeeper "Joe" Reader appealed that the ball had gone the other side of the post.

When England beat Wales 5:1 in Wrexham on March 12, 1894, England had only fielded amateurs. After a decade of professional football, there was no obvious difference in performance between top professional English footballers and amateurs. There still were too many top-notch players at the time who, for some reason or other, had chosen to remain amateurs but had the opportunity to train like pros.

When Ireland played England on March 9, 1895, Hugh Gordon (born 17.5.1873) played for Ireland at right back. His brother Thomas Gordon (born 24.5.1867) was making his second appearance as goalkeeper for Ireland in this match, while a third brother William Gordon (born 28.7.1871) had already played 7 times for Ireland at right back.

When Wales met Ireland in Belfast on March 16, 1895, Wales scored twice through Harry Trainer (1872-1924), who worked in a coal mine and was the cousin of legendary Welsh goalkeeper James Trainer, who was playing his 11th full "A" international. "Jim" Trainer, who played for Preston North End from 1887 to 1899 (253 first-division matches) and a total of 20 full "A" internationals, was an eccentric and unpredictable goalie. He also owned a public house restaurant, but had problems managing his private life. In 1904 he left his wife and ten (!) children and died a pauper in Paddington (London) on August 5, 1915.

The English national team which met Wales (1:1) in London on March 18, 1895, again consisted only of amateurs. Left back William John Oakley (27.4.1873-20.9.1934) from the Oxford University Athletic Club was English long jump champion in 1894, and in 1895 was a hurdler with the English athetics delegation which competed with the USA. He died in a road accident.

On March 30, 1895, Irish inside right William Sherrard of Cliftonville FC (Belfast) scored the consolation goal against Scotland (1:3) in Glasgow. On October 9 of the same year, he died of pneumonia at the age of 23. William was the young brother of Joseph Sherrard who had played three times for Ireland 1885-1888. They had both played football for Limavady along with brothers Connolly and "Jack".

James Trainer

William John Oakley

On March 28, 1896, Ireland and Scotland drew 3:3 in Belfast. It was during this match that Irish centre-half "Bob" Milne of Linfield AFC converted the first penalty in full "A" international history, in the 43rd minute for a half-time score of 3:2. Scotland's goalkeeper was Kenneth Anderson of Queen's Park FC (Glasgow). He died on August 27, 1900, at the age of 25.

A curious event occurred during this match when the ball burst in the 75th minute. Scotland had been short-handed after full back Peter Meechan (Celtic FC, Glasgow) left the field injured at 55 minutes. Scotland scored twice through Robert Smyth McColl, who in 1910 would found the news agency RS McColl, which is still in business today.

On March 6, 1897, Ireland beat Wales 4:3 in Belfast. The Irish side included the brothers James Pyper (18.4.1876-5.3.1925) and John Stanley Pyper (9.1.1878-6.8.1952), both of whom would become ministers: "Jim", the older brother who played centre forward, joined the Duncairn Presbyterian Church in Belfast, his brother "Jack" Pyper the Strand Presbyterian Church in Portstewart. Welsh wing half John Leonard Jones (1866-24.11.1931) later became a professional cricketer and played for Durham (South Africa) for many years.

On April 3, 1897, the titans clashed in the Crystal Palace (London) and Scotland emerged as the victors (2:1). The English side included inside left Edgar Wallace Chadwick (14.6.1869-14.2.1942), who ended his active career at the rather late age of 39, after which he worked as a coach in Germany and the Netherlands. Scottish centre forward George Horsburgh Allan (Liverpool FC) died of tuberculosis at the age of 24, on October 9, 1899.

William Henry Foulke was born in Blackwell (Derbyshire) on April 12, 1874, and at first played for Alfreton and Blackwell Colliery before joining Sheffield United in 1894. He was a bear of a man and a veritable colossus. He played for England once in 1897 (4:0 Wales). "Fatty" Foulke had prodigious strength and packed a cannon blast with his foot. He was constantly gaining in mass and weighed in at well over 130 kg, yet despite his great bulk was admirably nimble in goal.

Between 1894 and 1905, "Fatty" Foulke played 291 league matches for Sheffield United, conceding a total of 404 goals. During the 1905/06 season, he played 34 league matches for Chelsea London (27 goals), and during the 1906/07 season another 22 (30 goals) for Bradford City. He was without a doubt the world's heaviest national goalkeeper, and not only in the 19th century. Occasionally, he still played cricket for Derbyshire. His excessive weight was the main reason why he did not live long, and he died on May 1, 1916.

21-year-old William Henry Foulke

William Henry Foulke later in the highest English league.

When England beat Wales 3:0 in Wrexham on March 28, 1898, Welsh inside left Thomas Bartley made his international début. His older brother Arthur was a goalkeeper in Flint (their native town), and died following an injury which he sustained during a match in August 1891. It was believed to be the first fatality in modern Welsh football. Earlier, on March 19, 1898, Scotsman Robert Findlay (29.3.1877-13.8.1926) made his international début for Scotland when they played Wales. In 1914, ”Bob” Findlay emigrated to New Jersey (USA).

Despite losing two fingertips in an accident, James Lewis of Ireland went on to become national goalkeeper. When his side played England on February 18, 1899, he did save a penalty by James Crabtree, but still conceded 13 goals. The first Irish nationals to play for non-Irish clubs were "Archie" Goodall (Derby County FC) and "Mit" Taggart (Walsall FC), both of whom signing up with English clubs on March 4, 1899.

Raby Howell, born in Wincobank (Sheffield) on October 12, 1869, was a full-blooded Roma (Gypsy) and small in size. He came to Sheffield United in 1890, through Ecclesfield and Rotherham Swifts. In April 1898 the wing half transferred to Liverpool FC, and three years later to Preston North End, where an injury cut his career short in 1903. "Rab" Howell played for England twice, in 1895 and in 1899.

Raby Howell

When England played Wales (1:1) on March 26, 1900, English inside forward Reginald Erskine Foster (16.4.1878-13.5.1914) of Oxford University AC made his début. He also was a cricket international as well as an excellent racquetball player and golfer. Another England player making his début was William Alfred Spouncer (1877-31.8.1962), who played outside left for Nottingham Forest FC and after 1900 worked as a coach in several European countries.

In the match which decided the Home International Championship, Scotland beat England 4:1 in Glasgow on April 7, 1900. The SFA was required to pay a fine to Lord Rosebery – sports peer and later prime minister – for wearing jerseys with his horse racing colours. In this match, England fielded inside forward Geoffrey Plumpton Wilson (21.2.1878-30.7.1934), who also was a very good cricketer and cyclist. His brother Charles played for the national rugby team. Like G.O. Smith and full back Verteidiger "Bill" Oakley, Geoffrey Wilson was an amateur amongst eight professionals in the England team.

Ernest Needham, born in Whittington Moor near Chesterfield on January 21, 1873, played for Waverley and Staveley before joining Sheffield United in 1891. He stayed with the "Blades" until 1913, when he retired from active sports. He was one of the outstanding half-backs of British football, was English champion in 1898 and Cup winner twice thereafter. From 1894 to 1902, "Nudger" Needham played for England 16 times. However, he also was a first-rate cricketer, played for Derbyshire and England from 1901 to 1912 and scoring 6.375 runs. The popular Needham died on March 8, 1936.

Reginald Erskine Foster

Ernest Needham

Editorial Board:
Dr. Alfredo Pöge (Germany)
George Glass (Northern Ireland)
Mervyn D. Baker (England)
Ian Garland (Wales)
Alan Brown (Scotland)

Dr. Alejandro Rodón (Brazil/USA)