King Ludwig I. commissioned his court architect Friedrich von Gärtner to build the Feldherrnhalle at the Odeonsplatz. It is the "Point de vue" of the Ludwigstrasse modelled on the Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence. The steps in front are flanked by two stone lions in Italian style leading to a three-arched hall. At the backside there is a monument dedicated to the Bavarian army, designed by Ferdinand von Miller. It commemorates the war of 1870/71 between Prussia and France. Ludwig von Schwanthaler has created the two iron statues in the side arcades. General Tilly on the left won the Battle of White Mountain in 1620 and General Wrede on the right defeated the French in 1814.
In front of the Feldherrnhalle on 9th November, 1923 the failed Hitler putsch took place. For his 16 fellowers who died during this putsch he erected a monument with two guards of honour at the Residence side of the Feldherrnhalle. Every passer-by had to greet with the Hitler salute. Most of the Munich people tried to avoid this by sneaking through the Viscardigasse just behind the Feldherrnhalle, known also as "Drückebergergasse (dodger's alley)". In 1945 instead of the "Monument of Honour" a bronze plaque was put on the ground near Residenzstrasse commemorating the four Bavarian policemen who died in the clash with Hitler's men.
U-Bahn: U3 - U6 to Odeonsplatz
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