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Overcoming barriers:
Human mobility and development

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Human Development Report 2009

I-2Human and income poverty: OECD countries
People lacking functional literacy skills (% aged 16-65)Excel

HDI Rank Country 1994-2003 1
1 Norway 7.9
2 Australia 17.0 2
3 Iceland ..
4 Canada 14.6
5 Ireland 22.6 2
6 Netherlands 10.5 2
7 Sweden 7.5 2
8 France .. 3
9 Switzerland 15.9
10 Japan .. 3
11 Luxembourg .. 3
12 Finland 10.4 2
13 United States 20.0
14 Austria .. 3
15 Spain .. 3
16 Denmark 9.6 2
17 Belgium 18.4 2 4
18 Italy 47.0
19 Liechtenstein ..
20 New Zealand 18.4 2
21 United Kingdom 21.8 2
22 Germany 14.4 2
23 Singapore ..
24 Hong Kong, China (SAR) ..
25 Greece .. 3
26 Korea (Republic of) ..
27 Israel ..
28 Andorra ..
29 Slovenia ..
30 Brunei Darussalam ..
31 Kuwait ..
32 Cyprus ..
33 Qatar ..
34 Portugal ..
35 United Arab Emirates ..
36 Czech Republic .. 3
37 Barbados ..
38 Malta ..
39 Bahrain ..
40 Estonia ..
41 Poland .. 3
42 Slovakia .. 3
43 Hungary .. 3
44 Chile ..
45 Croatia ..
46 Lithuania ..
47 Antigua and Barbuda ..
48 Latvia ..
49 Argentina ..
50 Uruguay ..
51 Cuba ..
52 Bahamas ..
53 Mexico 43.2 5
54 Costa Rica ..
55 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya ..
56 Oman ..
57 Seychelles ..
58 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) ..
59 Saudi Arabia ..
60 Panama ..
61 Bulgaria ..
62 Saint Kitts and Nevis ..
63 Romania ..
64 Trinidad and Tobago ..
65 Montenegro ..
66 Malaysia ..
67 Serbia ..
68 Belarus ..
69 Saint Lucia ..
70 Albania ..
71 Russian Federation ..
72 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia ..
73 Dominica ..
74 Grenada ..
75 Brazil ..
76 Bosnia and Herzegovina ..
77 Colombia ..
78 Peru ..
79 Turkey ..
80 Ecuador ..
81 Mauritius ..
82 Kazakhstan ..
83 Lebanon ..
84 Armenia ..
85 Ukraine ..
86 Azerbaijan ..
87 Thailand ..
88 Iran (Islamic Republic of) ..
89 Georgia ..
90 Dominican Republic ..
91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ..
92 China ..
93 Belize ..
94 Samoa ..
95 Maldives ..
96 Jordan ..
97 Suriname ..
98 Tunisia ..
99 Tonga ..
100 Jamaica ..
101 Paraguay ..
102 Sri Lanka ..
103 Gabon ..
104 Algeria ..
105 Philippines ..
106 El Salvador ..
107 Syrian Arab Republic ..
108 Fiji ..
109 Turkmenistan ..
110 Occupied Palestinian Territories ..
111 Indonesia ..
112 Honduras ..
113 Bolivia ..
114 Guyana ..
115 Mongolia ..
116 Viet Nam ..
117 Moldova ..
118 Equatorial Guinea ..
119 Uzbekistan ..
120 Kyrgyzstan ..
121 Cape Verde ..
122 Guatemala ..
123 Egypt ..
124 Nicaragua ..
125 Botswana ..
126 Vanuatu ..
127 Tajikistan ..
128 Namibia ..
129 South Africa ..
130 Morocco ..
131 Sao Tome and Principe ..
132 Bhutan ..
133 Lao People's Democratic Republic ..
134 India ..
135 Solomon Islands ..
136 Congo ..
137 Cambodia ..
138 Myanmar ..
139 Comoros ..
140 Yemen ..
141 Pakistan ..
142 Swaziland ..
143 Angola ..
144 Nepal ..
145 Madagascar ..
146 Bangladesh ..
147 Kenya ..
148 Papua New Guinea ..
149 Haiti ..
150 Sudan ..
151 Tanzania (United Republic of) ..
152 Ghana ..
153 Cameroon ..
154 Mauritania ..
155 Djibouti ..
156 Lesotho ..
157 Uganda ..
158 Nigeria ..
159 Togo ..
160 Malawi ..
161 Benin ..
162 Timor-Leste ..
163 Côte d'Ivoire ..
164 Zambia ..
165 Eritrea ..
166 Senegal ..
167 Rwanda ..
168 Gambia ..
169 Liberia ..
170 Guinea ..
171 Ethiopia ..
172 Mozambique ..
173 Guinea-Bissau ..
174 Burundi ..
175 Chad ..
176 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) ..
177 Burkina Faso ..
178 Mali ..
179 Central African Republic ..
180 Sierra Leone ..
181 Afghanistan ..
182 Niger ..
Other UN member states
Iraq ..
Kiribati ..
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) ..
Marshall Islands ..
Micronesia (Federated States of) ..
Monaco ..
Nauru ..
Palau ..
San Marino ..
Somalia ..
Tuvalu ..
Zimbabwe ..


Notes :
† Denotes indicators used to calculate the HPI-2. For further details see Technical note 1.
1 - Based on scoring at level 1 on the prose literacy scale of the IALS. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
2 - OECD and Statistics Canada (2000). "Literacy in the Information Age: Final Report of the International Adult Literacy Survey". Paris: OECD Publishing.
3 - For calculating HPI-2 an estimate of 16.4%, the unweighted average of countries with available data, was applied.
4 - Data refer to Flanders only.
5 - Data refer to the state of Nuevo Leon only.


Sources :
OECD and Statistics Canada (2005). "Learning a Living: First Results of the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey". Paris: OECD, unless otherwise specified.


Symbols :
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
< Less than
- Not applicable
T Total