The Ancient Library

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On this page: Andabatae – Androgeos – Andromache – Andromeda



up in front of his mausoleum at Rome, and copies were made of it for other temples of Augustus in the provinces. Andabate. See gladiators. Andocldes. The second in order of time in the roll of Attic orators. He was born B.C. 439, and belonged by birth to the aristocratic party, but fell out with it in 415, when he was involved in the famous trial for mutilating the statues of Hermes, and, to save his own and his kinsmen's lives, betrayed his aristocratic accomplices. Having, in spite of the immunity promised him, fallen into partial atlmia (loss of civic rights), he left Athens, and carried on a profitable trade in Cyprus. After two fruitless attempts to recover his status at home, he was allowed at last, upon the fall of the Thirty and the amnesty of b.c. 403, to return to Athens, where he suc­ceeded in repelling renewed attacks, and faining an honourable position. Sent to parta in b.c. 390, during the Corinthian War, to negotiate peace, he brought back the draft of a treaty, for the ratification of which he vainly pleaded in a speech that is still extant. He is said to have been banished in consequence, and to have died in exile. Beside the above-mentioned oration, we have two delivered on his own behalf, one pleading for his recall from banishment, B.C. 410; another against the charge of unlawful participation in the mysteries, b.c. 399; a fourth, Against Alcibiddes, is spurious. His oratory is plain and artless, and its expressions those of the popular lan­guage of the day.

Andrdggos. Son of Minos, king of Crete by Pasiphae. Visiting Athens at the first celebration of the Pana-thensea, he won victories over all the champions, when king ^Egeus, out of jealousy, sent him to fight the bull of Marathon, which killed him. Accord­ing to another account he was slain in an ambush. Minos avenges his son by making the Athenians send seven youths and seven maidens every nine years as victims to his Minotaur, from which Theseus at last delivers them. Funeral games were held in the Ceramicus at Athens in honour of Androgeus under the name of Eurygyes.

Andromache. The daughter of Eetion, king of the Cilician Thebes, is one of the noblest female characters in Homer, dis­tinguished alike by her ill-fortune and her true and tender love for her husband. Hec-

tor. Achilles, in taking her native town, kills her father and seven brothers; her mother, redeemed from captivity, is carried off by sickness; her husband falls by the hand of Achilles; and when Troy is taken she sees her one boy, Astyanax (or Scaman-der), hurled from the walls. She falls, as the prize of war, to NeoptolSmus, the son of her greatest foe, who first carries her to Epirus, then surrenders her to Hector's brother, Helenus. After his death she re­turns to Asia with Pergamus, her son by Neoptolemus, and diea there. AndrfimSda. Daughter of the .Ethiopian

* ANDROMEDA AND PEltSKUS. (Rome, Capitoline Museum.)

king Cepheus (a son of Belus) by Cassiopeia. Cassiopeia had boasted of being fairer than the Nereids, and Poseidon to punish the profanity, sent a flood and a sea-monster. As the oracle of Ammon promised a rid­dance of the plague should Andromeda be thrown to the monster, Cepheus was com­pelled to chain his daughter to a rock on the shore. At this moment of distress Per­seus appears, and rescues her, her father having promised her to him in marriage. At the wedding a violent quarrel arises between the king's brother, Phineus, to

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