Some Frequently Used Hieroglyphs

These hieroglyphs should be read from the right.

105_100t.GIF (1976 bytes) Kheper, the scarab beetle, means "to become" or "to evolve." It is an amulet in life and in death, symbolizing rebirth.
106_100t.GIF (2510 bytes) The shen sign, a ring of rope, symbolizes all that the sun encircles. As amulets, knots and ropes provide protection.
107_100t.GIF (2252 bytes) The ankh, possibly a sandal strap or an elaborate bow, means "life" and "to live." It is held by deities who frequently offer it to the king's face.
108_100t.GIF (2709 bytes) "Given life" is represented by a conical loaf of bread, which means "to give" or "given," and by the ankh.
109_100t.GIF (2221 bytes) "Eternally" or "forever" ( djet) is represented by three glyphs: a cobra (for the sound dj), a round loaf of bread (the sign for t), and a flat tract of land (the determinative).
110_100t.GIF (2383 bytes) This combination of symbols means "given life forever." Note how hieroglyphic signs are always arranged to fill a square or rectangle in a balanced way.
111_100t.GIF (2230 bytes) The djed sign, meaning "stability," may represent a stylized tree with the branches cut back or a bundle of reeds. The sign was closely associated with Osiris.
112_100t.GIF (2402 bytes) The sa sign, meaning "protection," represents a herdsman's rolled-up shelter.
113_100t.GIF (1688 bytes) The was scepter, meaning "power," is a forked staff with an animal's head.
114_100t.GIF (3012 bytes) The wedjat eye, "the sound or restored one," used for protection against evil, is a human eye with the plumage marking of a Horus falcon's cheek.
115_100t.GIF (2836 bytes) The ka, the life force of an individual, is represented by two extended arms seen from above.
116_100t.GIF (2918 bytes) Tyet, the knot of the goddess Isis, resembling the knot in a sash of a robe, is a symbol of protection.
117_100t.GIF (1761 bytes) Hetep, meaning "offering" or, as a verb, "to be content": a conical loaf of bread on a reed mat.

118_100t.GIF (3384 bytes)

These glyphs mean "an offering that the king gives." The king is represented by the sedge plant. The word for "king" is always put at the beginning

See Hieroglyphs Frequently Used for Royal Identification

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