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Australia - Aboriginal culture and interactions with other cultures
Aboriginal culture and interactions with other cultures
Australia's indigenous people have seen several waves of migration reach
Australia since 1788, when the First Fleet arrived to found a convict colony.
Because the NSW coast had been so long inhabited, even the apparently
undisturbed 'natural' sites have been used and managed by humans for
Some 'natural' pools in national parks and less-developed parts of the coast
still function as both fishing and swimming places.
Some of the NSW ocean baths occupy the sites of
earlier Aboriginal fishtraps. Most of the ocean baths now popular as fishing
spots are probably at sites that have been popular as fishing spots ever
since there have been people along the NSW coast.
The popular term 'bogey hole' used to refer to a bathing place is said to
derive from an Aboriginal language from the Sydney area. But
the term 'bogey hole' also resonated with certain British
traditions, which use the term 'bogey' to refer to a water sprite.
There have also been
suggestions that the nineteenth-century colonial population followed established
Aboriginal practices of segregated bathing at Sydney's Coogee when they
- the northern headland for men's bathing and eventually for formalised
men's baths, and
- the southern headland for women's bathing and eventually
for formalised women's baths.
In the 1950s and 1960s, an
Aboriginal Welfare Board program paralleled a number of other social
tourism programs that brought inland children into contact with ocean
baths and ocean pools. Several summer camps organised by the Aboriginal
Welfare Board brought Aboriginal children
from inland NSW to Sydney's Northern Beaches, where they visited the ocean baths. Children at the
1952 Aboriginal Welfare Board Christmas Camp held at the Salvation Army
Camp at Collaroy swam in the Collaroy Rock Pool. Children at the 1966 Camp held at the Methodist Youth Centre at Elanora
Heights were photographed at the North Narrabeen Pool.