Ionian Sea

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The Ionian Sea.
The Ionian Sea, as seen from Corfu Island, Greece, and with Saranda, Albania in the background
The Ionian Sea, view from the island Kefalonia

The Ionian Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. It is bounded by southern Italy including Calabria, Sicily and the Salento peninsula to the west, southern Albania to the north, and a large number of Greek islands, including Corfu, Zante, Kephalonia, Ithaka, and Lefkas to the east. The islands are collectively referred to as the Ionian Islands, and other islands include the Strophades, Sphagia, Schiza, Sapientza and Kythira. The sea is one of the most seismic areas in the world.

There are ferry routes between Patras and Igoumenitsa, Greece, and Brindisi and Ancona, Italy, that cross the east and north of the Ionian Sea, and from Piraeus westward. Calypso Deep, the deepest point in the Mediterranean at −5,267 m (−17,280.2 ft), is located in the Ionian Sea, at 36°34′N 21°8′E / 36.567°N 21.133°E / 36.567; 21.133.[1][2]


[edit] Geography

[edit] Extent

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Ionian Sea as follows:[3]

On the North. A line running from the mouth of the Butrinto River (39°44'N) in Albania, to Cape Karagol in Corfu (39°45'N), along the North Coast of Corfu to Cape Kephali (39°45'N) and from thence to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca in Italy.

On the East. From the mouth of the Butrinto River in Albania down the coast of the mainland to Cape Matapan.

On the South. A line from Cape Matapan to Cape Passero, the Southern point of Sicily.

On the West. The East coast of Sicily and the Southeast coast of Italy to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca.

[edit] Places

From south to north in the west, then north to south in the east:

[edit] Gulfs and straits

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Barale, Vittorio (2008). "The European Marginal and Enclosed Seas: An Overview". In Vittorio Barale and Martin Gade (eds). Remote Sensing of the European Seas. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 3–22. LCCN 2007-942178. ISBN 978-1402067716. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 
  2. ^ NCMR - MAP
  3. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 

Coordinates: 38°N 19°E / 38°N 19°E / 38; 19

[edit] External links

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