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Abelmoschus esculentus

(Ladies´ fingers)

Overview

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Shrub from tropical Africa; the fruits are very mucilaginous and are much used in soups under the name "gumbo," the Spanish word for okra. This edible species releases large quantities of muscilaginous sap that gives gumbo its slimy consistency. Seeds can be used as a coffee substitute.

Interesting Facts

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Bâmyah, Bamije

Common Names in Burmese:

You padi

Common Names in Chinese:

Ch´aan k´e (Cantonese), Ch´iu k´ui (medicinal name), Chan qie, Huang qiu kui, Huang su kui, Ka fei huang kui, Qiu kui, Ts´au kw´ai (Cantonese)

Common Names in Croatian:

Jedilna oslez

Common Names in Danish:

Okra

Common Names in Dutch:

Okra

Common Names in English:

Bindi, Fingers Ladies, Gobo, Gombo, Gumbo, Ladies Finger, Ladies´ fingers, Lady´s finger, Lady´s-Fingers, Okra, Wild Okra

Common Names in French:

Bamie-okra, Gombeaud, Gombo, Ketmie comestible (Belgium)

Common Names in German:

Ocker

Common Names in Greek:

Bamia

Common Names in Hebrew:

Bamiya, Hibiscus ne´echal

Common Names in Hindi:

भिंडी, Bandakai, Bhindi, Bhindi), Bhindii (Bindi, Dheras, Vendakai

Common Names in Hungarian:

Bámia, Bámia, Gombó, Gombó

Common Names in Indonesia:

Kopi Arab

Common Names in Italian:

Bammia d´Egitto, Bammia D'egitto, Corna di Greci, Gombo, Ocra

Common Names in Japanese:

Amerika neri, Kiku kimo, Okura, Okura [オクラ]

Common Names in Khmer:

Pôôt barang, Pôôt Barang

Common Names in Laotian:

Khüa ngwàng

Common Names in Malay:

Bendi, Kacang bendi, Kacang lender, Kacang lendir, Kachang bendi, Kopi arab (Indonesia), Sayur bendi

Common Names in Malaysia:

Kacang Bendi

Common Names in Nepali:

Van Lasun [वन लसुन]

Common Names in Norwegian:

Grønsakhibisk, Grønsakhibisk

Common Names in Polish:

Czyli okra, Ketmia czerwona (red-podded), Ketmia jadalna, Ketmia zielona (green-podded)

Common Names in Romanian:

Bame

Common Names in Russian:

Bamija, бамия

Common Names in Sanskrit:

Tindisa

Common Names in Spanish:

Ají turco (Argentina), Ají Turko, Gombo, Ocra, Quimbombo, Ruibarbo (Argentina)

Common Names in Thai:

Bakhua mun, Krachiap khieo, Krachiap mon

Common Names in Turkish:

Bamya

Common Names in Urdu:

Bhindii

Description

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Genus Abelmoschus

Herbs annual , biennial, or perennial , often hispid or tomentose , hairs often mostly simple . Leaves entire or palmately lobed . Flowers solitary, axillary , yellow or red. Epicalyx lobes 5-15, filiform , very rarely lanceolate, persistent . Calyx spathaceous , splitting along 1 side at anthesis , apex 5-toothed, caducous with corolla. Corolla with a dark red center, funnel-shaped; petals 5. Staminal column shorter than corolla, 5-toothed at apex, with anthers at base . Ovary 5-loculed; ovule many per locule; style single with 5 sessile capitate stigmas. Capsule elongate , loculicidal, pubescent or hispid. Seeds reniform or globose , many, glabrous , smooth .

About 15 species: tropical and subtropical regions in E Hemisphere; six species (one endemic, one introduced ) in China.[1]

Physical Description

Species Abelmoschus esculentus

Herbs annual , 1-2 m tall, most parts with very sparse prickly hairs . Stem often hollow. Stipule filiform , 7-10 mm, sparsely hirsute ; petiole 7-15(-35) cm, long hirsute, often with pubescent adaxial groove ; leaf blade palmately 3-7-lobed, (5-) 10-30 cm in diam., lobes broad to narrow, sparsely hirsute on both surfaces, margin sparsely dentate and emarginate . Flowers solitary, axillary . Pedicel (0.5-) 1-2(-5) cm, sparsely strigose . Epicalyx lobes 7-10(-12), filiform, 5-18 × 1-2.5 mm, sparsely hirsute. Calyx campanulate , 2-3 cm, densely stellate puberulent . Corolla yellow or white with dark purple center, 5-7 cm in diam.; petals obovate , 3.5-5 × 3-4 cm. Filament tube 2-2.5 cm. Capsule cylindric to tower-shaped, 10-25 × 1.5-2(-3) cm, long beaked , sparsely strigose. Seeds dark brown or gray, globose to reniform , 5-15 per locule, (3-) 4-5(-6) mm, striate , minutely warty. Fl. May-Sep. [source]

Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May, June. • Flower Color: cream, tan

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 4-6' tall.

Habitat

Cultivated.[2].

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,225 meters (0 to 4,019 feet).[3]

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 18-24" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 6.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun .

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Unambiguous Synonyms

  1. H. longifolius Willdenow.
  2. Hibiscus esculentus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 696. 1753

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name . Latest taxonomic scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Place of publication : Methodus 617. 1794

Name verified on 26-Jul-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 26-Jul-1995

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Abelmoschus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 167 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

A. abelmoschus · A. achanioides · A. aculeatus · A. acuminatus · A. albo-ruber · A. alborubens · A. angulosus · A. angustifolius · A. aquaticus · A. ascendens · A. bammia · A. betulifolia · A. biakensis · A. brevicapsulatus · A. caillei (West African Okra) · A. cancellatus · A. chinensis · A. ciliaris · A. cisplatinus · A. coccineus · A. collinsianus · A. congener · A. crinitus · A. cruentus · A. cryptocarpus · A. cubensis · A. divaricatus · A. esculentus (Ladies´ Fingers) · A. esculentus 'Alabama Red' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Annie Oakley' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Annie Oakley Ii' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Arabica' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Aunt Hettie's Red' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Baby Bubba' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Beck's Big Buck Horn' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Big'un' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Blondie' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Burgundy' · A. esculentus 'Burmese' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Cajun Delight' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Cajun Jewel' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Chanchal' · A. esculentus 'Clemson Spineless' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Clemson Spineless 80' · A. esculentus 'Cowhorn' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Cowhorn 22' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Dad Speegle's Special' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Dwarf Green' · A. esculentus 'Emerald' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Evertender' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Ever Lucky' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'F696' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'F715' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Fife Creek Cowhorn' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Greennie' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Greeny Splendor' · A. esculentus 'Green Best' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Green Energy' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Green Glory' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Green Jewel' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Green Power' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Green Rocket' · A. esculentus 'Green Sparkler' · A. esculentus 'Hill Country Heirloom Red' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Indiana' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Jade' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Jakkawad' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'James Hopper' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Jet' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Jimmy T' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Jing Orange' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Joy' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Jubilee' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Kakuhou' (Ornamental Okra) · A. esculentus 'Komal' · A. esculentus 'Lee' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Lima' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Little Lucy' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Lomax' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Louisiana Green Velvet' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Lousiana Short' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Lucky Five' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Mac Green' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Mexicana' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'My Joanie' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Nirmal' · A. esculentus 'Okrazilla' (Ornamental Okra) · A. esculentus 'Orient Cannon' · A. esculentus 'Orient Galaxy' · A. esculentus 'Orient Rocket' · A. esculentus 'Pentagreen' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Penta Dragon' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Perkins Mammoth Long Pod' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Pure Luck' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Puso' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Red Burgundy' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Red Okra' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Rouge De Thies' · A. esculentus 'Silver Queen' (Okra) · A. esculentus 'Sok 6101' (Okra)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 12, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. "Abelmoschus". in Flora of China Vol. 12 Page 264, 283, 286. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. "Abelmoschus esculentus". in Flora of China Vol. 12 Page 284, 285. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  3. Mean = 239.900 meters (787.073 feet), Standard Deviation = 626.670 based on 60 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 7/1/2009