Topic: The Internet and the World Wide Web
As a co-founder of Netscape and co-author of Mosaic, Marc Andreessen
has a unique view of the development of web programming. In his
keynote address, he briefly reviews the history of the computer
industry and how programming has moved from being machine dependent
and complicated to become a dynamic and easy-to-learn process. In
combination with the meteoric drop in hardware and network costs,
more powerful applications are becoming much easier to develop
through worldwide collaboration.
Next generation web applications will be built by business owners, managers, and users who do not consider themselves to be software developers. IBM's Rod Smith explains how technically savvy users can "scratch their own itch," using technologies, such as PHP and wikis, to develop their own business applications.
On-line communities built on social software let people connect, share, create and communicate. How different are these virtual gatherings from collaboration in the real-world? Can users be trusted? This thoughtful panel delivers company perspectives on successful community building through mail, messaging, blogs, wikis and telephony. The panelists find the web is transformative in some ways, but still often parallels real life; success lies in harnessing the positive creativity of the majority while moderating the harmful tendencies of a few.
SPARQL is the query language of the Web, it doesn't discriminate between data sources, and it's ready for use! So says Elias Torres, Senior Software Engineer at IBM and member of the RDF and the SPARQL working groups at W3C. In an interview with Phil Windley, Torres explains his view of the Semantic Web and how it will be enhanced by RDF and SPARQL, once the two standards gain widespread adoption.
RSS is the most successful application of XML to date. So why change a good thing? At the O'Reilly's 2006 Emerging Technology conference Tim Bray, Director of Web Technologies at Sun Microsystems, explains the why, how and what of the Atom web syndication format. Bray indicates that the current RSS format is troubled by technical issues, showing there is a need for a new syndication format. Bray outlines the technical and people problems currently associated with the RSS 2.0 specification, and the work that has gone into the creation of the Atom syndication format.
The City of Philadelphia is in the vanguard of American municipalities offering ubiquitous wireless access to their citizens. Despite legislative opposition from the cable and telecommunications industries, the city has forged ahead with a public/private partnership to build the infrastructure and skills needed to bring affordable wifi to the city's diverse neighborhoods. Dianah Neff describes the vision and the logistics of Philly's plan to shrink the digital divide and connect residents to the information highway.
Craigslist is the electronic version of a flea market. Unlike the typical corporate site, Craig Newmark, founder and customer service rep for Craigslist, believes that the regular user is the person who can best police things and that the biggest mistake he could make would be a failure to trust. He admits that things aren't always perfect, particularly with spam and organized scams, but that by nuturing the good guys, the response will be positive.
Blogging is often associated with citizen journalism and new media sources for news and analysis of topics like technology and politics. However, according to Anil Dash of SixApart, many people who blog are doing it more to have personal conversations with friends, family, and people who share their interests. He argues that the ability for people to share personal information with others, who are interested in that topic, is the real power of blogs and that personal content holds as much, if not more, value than the so-called A-list.
In the not-too-distant future, the majority of electronic devices will be connected via the Internet or wireless protocols, bringing convenience and simplicity to daily living, but adding layers of technology and complexity to devices we use everyday. Jerry Fiddler offers a glimpse to his vision of the future: "The Connected World." He discusses how this "world system" will evolve through the convergence of multiple technologies resulting in one, giant interoperable system.
How we prove who we are while controlling our privacy in an online world that offers ever more opportunities for collaboration, participation and communication is becoming an increasingly important and complex issue. In this talk from the 2005 Web2.0 conference, Dick Hardt, CEO of Sxip Identity, walks through his view of personal identity and how it could be managed more successfully in the online environment.