Sequence of Recording Soldiers Names from
the Civil War to the CWSS
The fundamental source for all the names entered into this phase
of the CWSS is the General Index Cards of the Compiled Military
Service Records, which were derived from muster rolls of the Union and
Confederate Armies. The Union Army muster roles were already in the possession
of the War Department when General Ainsworth's staff began their work. The Confederate Army muster rolls were sent to
Washington for this purpose with the permission and assistance of the
Governors of the eleven states formerly in the Confederate States of America (CSA).
The War Department clerks transposed the information by hand to an estimated
140 million, 3x8-inch cards. These cards, known collectively as the "Compiled
Military Service Records," are located in the National Archives,
as are the original muster roles from which the data were taken. The muster
rolls are extremely fragile and rarely used; individuals seeking information
on Civil War soldiers from the Archives either use the cards or microfilm
copies of some of the cards.
(How Soldier Names Progressed from Original Historical Documents
to a Posting on the Internet)
I. Muster Rolls (1861-1864)
These were the routine official records kept by the Union and Confederate
armies during the Civil War. They are today stored in the National Archives,
but are too fragile to be readily available to the public.
II. Compiled Military Service Records
The approximately 140 million cards include 5.4 million General Index
Cards, each containing a soldier's name. It is important to understand
that the first phase of the CWSS, known as the Names Index phase, is limited
to less than ten pieces of information on each of the 5.4 million General
Index Cards. The most important pieces of information are the name of
the individual, rank in and out, and the name of the organizational unit
(such as regiment and sometimes the company).
III. Microfilm Copies of General Index Cards
The National Archives produced microfilm records of the General Index Cards for public use at the Archives in Washington and in regional offices; copies were also made by the Genealogical Society in Utah.
IV. Paper Copies of Microfilm Records (c. 1992)
Paper copies of the microfilm ("blowback" records) were made by NPS and GSU for use by volunteers entering
data for the CWSS.
V. Data Entry into UDE (Universal Data Entry) Software by FGS and UDC volunteers
As of the year 2000, volunteers in over 36 states had completed initial data entry for all
of the 6.3 million soldier names. All of this work was done on home computers using the Mormon Church's universal data entry (UDE) software, from paper copies of the microfilm records.
VI. Editing by GSU, FGS, and The Utah Army Corps
The data from the FGS and UDC volunteers around the country was received by the GSU
and was edited for accuracy, consistency, etc. Also, Unit Codes were derived
from the original data. The Utah Army Corps provided invaluable support during this final editing process.
VII. Converting Data into the CWSS
NPS staff converted the data into an Oracle database for use in the CWSS on the Internet. Data was made available on the CWSS as it was completed by the GSU and FGS.