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From Lads to Lord's

The History of Cricket: 1751 – 1760 | The History of Cricket: 1771 – 1775 | Index

The History of Cricket: 1761 – 1770

1761 | 1762 | 1763 | 1764 | 1765 | 1766 | 1767 | 1768 | 1769 | 1770
How cricket came to Australia and New Zealand | Guildford Bason
Edward "Curry" Aburrow | William Barber | John Bayton | John Boorman | William Bowra | Thomas Brett | The Duke of Dorset | James Fuggles
William Hogsflesh | Squire Land | George Leer | Sir Horatio Mann | Richard & Thomas May | Joseph Miller | John Minshull | Richard Nyren
William Palmer | Thomas Pattenden | Thomas Quiddington | Thomas Ridge | Richard Simmons | John Small | Edward "Lumpy" Stevens
Peter "Buck" Stewart | Tom Sueter | Shock White | John Wood | John Thomas Wood


the history

George III married Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenberg-Strelitz. Unlike other Hanoverian marriages, this one was a complete success and the couple produced 15 children including the abysmal George IV (1762 – 1830); his successor William IV (1765 – 1837); Edward, Duke of Kent (1767 – 1820), ostensibly the father of Queen Victoria; and Ernest Augustus (1771 – 1851), the Duke of Cumberland who became King of Hanover in 1837.

Meanwhile, the Seven Years War rumbled on but there were some significant developments. At home, William Pitt resigned as Secretary of State after the cabinet, led by the Earl of Bute, refused to ratify his demand for a declaration of war against Spain. Abroad, the East India Company's army captured France's Indian capital of Pondicherry and thereby ended all serious European rivalry in India.

Elsewhere in India, the battle of Panipat took place and Afghan forces defeated the Marathas. This had the effect of splitting the Maratha state into five independent parts: Holkar, Scindia, Bhonsle, Gaekwar and Peshwa. These states frequently fought amongst themselves and their resultant weakness eventually allowed the British to overrun them in the Maratha Wars of 1775 – 1782, 1803 – 1805 and 1817 – 1818.

the cricket

Although the results are unknown, three of the year's four significant matches involved the Chertsey club, which would in years ahead play some famous matches against Hambledon.

Thursday, 2 July. The Whitehall Evening Post reported the death of Mr George Smith on Monday, 29 June at The Castle in Marlborough. He was formerly the keeper of the Artillery Ground and the landlord of the adjoining Pyed Horse in Chiswell Street.

Tuesday, 7 July. The Leeds Intelligencer (now the Yorkshire Post) announced a game to be played at Chapeltown the following Thursday (9 July) and this is the earliest known game in the Leeds area. There have been definite references to cricket in Sheffield from 1757 and to the creation of a Leeds club in 1760. (PVC)

Saturday, 18 July. The General Evening Post reported that part of the walls of Bunhill Fields Burial Ground and the Artillery Ground will shortly be taken down to widen that part of the City Road. See also 28 August 1776.

Thursday, 3 September. The General Evening Post announced an odds game in Essex with 22 of the county to play the Dartford XI. This is the first known instance of 22 playing against 11. Dartford were to have Tom Faulkner, Durling and "one other" as given men. (PVC)

significant matches

Essex v Kent

Billericay, Essex

Saturday, 27 June 1761

result unknown (GB18)

This was announced in the Ipswich Journal of the previous Saturday, 20 June, as: "11 men of Kent v. the best 11 of Essex". The precise venue was The Crown in Billericay

Chertsey v Dartford

Laleham Burway Ground, Chertsey, Surrey

Wednesday, 1 July 1761

result unknown (GB18)

Played for 20 guineas a side. The Whitehall Evening Post on Saturday, 27 June said: "Great sport is expected as they are accounted as good 22 men as any in England"

Chertsey had three given men: William Piper, Charles Sears and Thomas Woods. The latter is very interesting given the confusion over players called Wood or Woods in the 1770s. He may well be the Surrey long stop who played for All-England against Dartford in 1759. There was another Surrey player in the 1770s who was called John Wood (born in 1744) but Haygarth calls him Thomas, probably because he confused John Wood with Thomas Woods.

Shock White

The enigmatic "Shock" White (dates of birth and death unknown) was a Middlesex player. He has famously been mistaken for Thomas "Daddy" White but there is no doubt at all that he was a different player altogether. His first name and the source of his nickname are unknown. He lived in Brentford and was a member of the local club

Shock White is first mentioned in the Whitehall Evening Post on Saturday, 26 September 1761. In the Chertsey v Hampton game at Laleham Burway on the following Monday, Hampton were to have Charles Sears, John Haynes and Shock White as given men

Shock White has often been described as the culprit in the Monster Bat Incident of 1771 but it has been conclusively proved that the wide bat was used by his namesake Thomas White of Reigate. He was twice mentioned by the Daily Advertiser in 1773 as "Shock White of Brentford". Furthermore, while Shock played at Tothill Fields for Westminster versus London on Wednesday 18 August 1773, Thomas was simultaneously playing for Surrey v Kent at Sevenoaks Vine!

There are no statistics for Shock White's career and all that is definitely known of him is that he was active between 1761 and 1773.

Richmond v Chertsey

Richmond Green, Richmond, Surrey

Monday, 31 August 1761

result unknown (DC)

Played for £20 a side.

Chertsey v Hampton

Laleham Burway Ground, Chertsey, Surrey

Monday, 28 September 1761

result unknown (GB18)

Announced in the Whitehall Evening Post on Saturday, 26 September. Hampton had Charles Sears, John Haynes and Shock White as given men. The enigmatic Shock White, who was a Brentford man, is not to be confused with Thomas "Daddy" White of Reigate: see 1771!


the history

Despite Pitt's resignation the previous year, Spain entered the Seven Years' War as an ally of the French against Britain. In the East, the Treaty of St Petersburg ended hostilities between Russia and Prussia. Catherine the Great succeeded as Tsarina of Russia (to 1796) and she was famously more interested in the bedroom than the battlefield.

At home, the Duke of Newcastle resigned in May under pressure from George III, who was desperate to conclude peace with France. John Stuart, the 3rd Earl of Bute (1713 – 1792) became prime minister to April 1763. The former tutor of George III, Bute was a Scot of no fixed party and was therefore detested by the Whigs.

This was a notable year in literary history with the first meeting of Samuel Johnson (1709 – 1784) and James Boswell (1740 – 1795).

In France, a significant event took place in the cultivation of the "revolutionary spirit" which in many ways underwrote the events of 1789. This was the publication of The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778). Rousseau opened this momentous work with his famous paradox: "Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains". He encouraged all individuals to surrender their rights to the "general will". In all his works he criticised civilisation and society, which he saw as having corrupted man and as a delimiter on freedom. He was severely critical of private property. He coined the phrase Liberty, Equality, Fraternity that became a motto during the French Revolution.

the cricket

Chertsey was highly rated and could challenge county opponents but with mixed success.

significant matches

Guildford v Chertsey

Merrow Down, Guildford, Surrey

Monday, 21 June 1762

Chertsey won by 2 runs (CS)

Mr Waghorn says "the former brought 99 and the latter 101" so the result was probably a win for Chertsey by 2 runs but it is by no means certain. Evidently the stakes amounted to "several hundred pounds"

Surrey v Kent

unknown venue at Carshalton, Surrey

Monday, 19 July 1762

drawn (CS)

This was played for 100 guineas but was undecided. The report as quoted in CS says: "...but was not decided, a dispute arising about one of the players being catched (sic) out when Surrey was 50 ahead the first innings. From words they came to blows, which occasioned several broken heads, as likewise a challenge between two persons of distinction. The confusion was so great that the bets were withdrawn".

London v Kent

Artillery Ground, Bunhill Fields, Finsbury, London

Monday, 30 August 1762

London won by 8 wickets (CS)

"Played eleven-a-side for a considerable sum".

Chertsey v Middlesex

Laleham Burway Ground, Chertsey, Surrey

Monday, 30 August 1762

Middlesex won by 6 wickets (CS/GB18)

When announcing the return match, the Daily Advertiser on Saturday, 4 September refers to the above by saying that Middlesex won "with great difficulty" but Mr Waghorn reports that Middlesex "had five to go in when they beat them".

NB: It should be pointed out, perhaps, that contemporary reports tended to number the men who have "not yet gone in" and it must be remembered that there are two men who have gone in who are still not out, so when there are five to go in it means that four wickets have fallen and the fifth wicket partnership is intact.

Middlesex v Chertsey

Moulsey Hurst, near Molesey, Surrey

Tuesday, 7 September 1762

Middlesex won (GB18/CS)

The Daily Advertiser describes the teams, probably quite accurately, as "the County of Middlesex" and "the parish of Chertsey".

Rest of Surrey v Chertsey

Ripley Green, Ripley, Surrey

Monday, 13 September 1762

result unknown (GB18)

Played for £50. Chertsey was a very strong club at the time (see report of the next two matches) and a game against the rest of Surrey would be a significant fixture. Mr Buckley quotes from the Daily Advertiser the curious sentence: "Ordinary at Mr Fowler's at the White Horse". If anyone understands that, please let the author know what it means!

Middlesex & London v Chertsey & Dartford

Hampton Court Green, Middlesex

Tuesday, 21 September 1762

result unknown (GB18)

Chertsey & Dartford v Middlesex & London

Laleham Burway, Chertsey, Surrey

Monday, 27 September 1762

result unknown (GB18)

A report in the Daily Advertiser of Friday, 17 September says that the teams are: "the County of Middlesex and London against the famous (sic) Parish of Chertsey with 3 of the best men from Dartford in Kent". This underlines the afore-mentioned quality of the Chertsey team

The report also confirms the dates and venues of the two games as above and says: "Each match to begin at 11, and to be played out".

Richard Nyren

Richard Nyren, William Hogsflesh and William Barber were all noted Hambledon bowlers who, as a group, were later augmented by the addition of the great fast bowler Thomas Brett.

Richard Nyren was born c.1734 at Eartham in Sussex. He died in Kent on 25 April 1797. A genuine all-rounder and the earliest known left-hander of note, Nyren was the captain of the Hambledon Club during its heyday in the 1760s and 1770s. Indeed, he was known as the club's "general".

He was a nephew of the great Slindon player Richard Newland. He moved to Hambledon from Sussex sometime before 1770 and was "mine host" of the famous Bat & Ball Inn at Clanfield, which is still open for business immediately next to the Hambledon Club's old ground at Broadhalfpenny Down.

His son, John Nyren, was the author of The Cricketers of My Time.


the history

The Seven Years War was formally ended by the Treaty of Paris in February. The Prime Minister, the Earl of Bute, signed on behalf of Great Britain. Bute did not remain long in office. In April he was forced to resign, despite having the King's confidence, because he had imposed a controversial cider tax (yes, indeed) and had been accused of, well, "cronyism"! He was succeeded by George Grenville (1712 – 1770; prime minister to July 1765), the man who introduced colonial taxation. Without representation.

The immediate impact of the Treaty of Paris was that Great Britain expanded its North American Empire to its greatest-ever extent, until the Americans cottoned on to the "no representation" condition. France ceded all its possessions in Canada and all its territory east of the Mississippi, apart from the islands of St Pierre et Miquelon. In addition, Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain. In historical terms, this was very important as it ensured that British ideals and customs would prevail in the USA and Canada while those countries developed during the next two centuries.

In the Caribbean, the French islands of Dominica, Grenada, St Vincent and the Grenadines were ceded to Great Britain.

But of more immediate importance was the fact that the Seven Years War exhausted the British and French treasuries and this became the proximate cause of the two great revolutions to follow. Great Britain mistakenly tried to recover its costs at the expense of its American colonists and this caused the American Revolution. France by supporting the Americans completely bankrupted itself in the process and this created the "revolutionary situation" of 1789.

the cricket

Importantly for the future of cricket, French influence in India was reduced to a handful of trading posts and its hopes of an eastern Empire were no more, though Bonaparte certainly tried to revive those hopes. Great Britain expanded its interests in India and the era of the British Raj and the consequent hegemony of cricket in Indian sport began.

In the short term, economic hardship at home meant little for investment in cricket and we have only a couple of matches in 1763.

Wednesday, 30 July. DC records the death of Mr Edmund Chapman of Chertsey in his 69th year, which means he was born in either 1694 or 1695. Chapman was an eminent master bricklayer and "accounted one of the most dextrous cricket players in England". We have no earlier references to Edmund Chapman who must have been active c.1715 to c.1740, presumably playing for Chertsey, or perhaps Croydon, and for Surrey as a county.

significant matches

Surrey v Middlesex

Ripley Green, Ripley, Surrey

Wednesday, 3 August 1763

Middlesex won "with great ease" (DC)

Played for £200

Middlesex v Surrey

Artillery Ground, Bunhill Fields, Finsbury, London

Monday, 22 & Tuesday, 23 August 1763

Middlesex won (DC/CS)

This was a return match announced in the report of the first. DC records this and says the match was not reported, but the result is in CS by the same author! CS says Middlesex won "by a great majority"

PVC records that a spectator during play on the Monday lost over £20 to a pickpocket! The Artillery Ground had by this time fallen into disrepute and it would not last much longer as a major venue.

John Small

The 1764 season provides the first mentions known of some of the great Hambledon players, including the master batsman John Small (1737–1826), who was recently included in an All-Time All-England Eleven. He was probably the greatest batsman of the entire underarm era and arguably the greatest of all time until W G Grace came along. John Small will loom large in this work.

He was born in 1737 at Empshott in Hampshire; he died on 31 December 1826 at Petersfield, where he lived and which he made famous. He was originally a cobbler but he later expanded his business to the manufacture of cricket bats and balls. It is sometimes said that he introduced the straight bat, instead of the old curved bat, after bowlers started pitching the ball instead of skimming or trundling it. It is more likely that he was simply the first batsman to master the use of the straight bat and that he subsequently made them.

Small was a playing member of the legendary Hambledon Club during its years of greatness. Indeed, it was largely because of him that Hambledon was such a famous club. Although our knowledge of the early years of his career are sketchy due to the lack of detailed records before scorecards became common from 1772, it is believed he began playing in top-class cricket during the 1750s and may well have taken part in the earliest known Hambledon matches, the tri-series against Dartford Cricket Club in 1756. Small was definitely playing for Hambledon in 1768, when he is known to have scored 140-plus runs in a single match (a feat almost unheard of in those days) and his name is found in the club's scorecards right up to 1798 when he was over 60.

Small's most famous feat was to score the first-ever known century in a first-class match. He made 136* for Hambledon against Surrey at Broadhalfpenny Down on 13 July 1775.

Like so many of his contemporaries, Small's fame is based largely on the testimony paid to him by John Nyren in The Cricketers of My Time. Small received high praise indeed for Nyren declared him to have been "a star of the first magnitude" (i.e., a superstar).

John Small is often referred to as "John Small senior" to differentiate him from his son Jack who is formally referred to in the records as "John Small junior". Instead of messing about with seniors and juniors, I have called the father John Small throughout this work and the son Jack Small (he makes his debut right at the end of this, though the bulk of his career was post-Lord's). Jack Small was a close friend of John Nyren and Nyren in his book repeatedly calls him Jack, obviously because that was the name everybody used. The same applies to the Aburrows but with them the time difference and the context always makes clear who is who. Cuddy the smuggler played in the 1740s for Slindon and other contemporary teams; Curry the son of Cuddy was a Hampshire player in the Hambledon era and the first mention of him is in 1767, long after Cuddy packed up.


the history

No doubt Great Britain felt well pleased with its successes in the Seven Years War but it immediately began an inexorable lurch into yet another conflict.

The Sugar Act was the first piece of legislation passed by a British government that was intent on forcing the North American colonists to fund the costs of the Empire. Basically, the Act provided for strong customs enforcement of duties on refined sugar and molasses imported into the colonies from non-British Caribbean sources. It was in fact harmless and reasonable but the colonists were unhappy about it. Their problem was essentially the lack of involvement in the process of government and this legislation was seen as an arbitrary infringement of their right to be represented.

And from that small seed, the USA has grown.

If that was the beginning of the American revolution, the Industrial one was already under way and took a big leap towards industrialisation with the invention by James Hargreaves (1720 – 1778) of the spinning-jenny.

the cricket

The 1764 season marks the beginning of the Hambledon era in earnest, although the team must have continued to make a name for itself ever since the tri-series v Dartford in 1756. There can be no doubt that records of many matches have been lost.

significant matches

Chertsey v Hambledon

Laleham Burway Ground, Chertsey, Surrey

Monday, 10 & Tuesday, 11 September 1764

Hambledon won by 4 wickets (CS/GB18)

The team scores were: Chertsey 48 and 127; Hambledon 76 and 100-6. The stakes were £20 a side

The Hambledon team is believed to have been: Richard Nyren (captain), John Small, Peter "Buck" Stewart, William Hogsflesh, William Barber, John Bayton, Osmond, John Woolgar, Edward Woolgar, Thomas Ridge and Squire Land aka Lamb. Hambledon at this time was sometimes referred to as Squire Land's Club. Chertsey is believed to have had three given men from Dartford, perhaps including John Frame. Thomas White and Edward "Lumpy" Stevens may have played for Chertsey. John Edmeads and Thomas Baldwin certainly did for they shared a partnership of 40.

At the end of Monday's play, Chertsey had scored 115 in their second innings (wickets unknown) and so led by 87. They added 12 in the morning and Hambledon needed exactly 100 to win. They scored them after being 4-3!

GDC remarks that Richard Nyren travelled to this match leaving a six-months pregnant wife at home (at least, it is assumed she stayed at home!) for the author of The Cricketers of My Time, John Nyren, was born in December.

Hambledon v Chertsey

unknown venue (possibly Broadhalfpenny Down?)

Monday, 17 & Tuesday, 18 September 1764

Chertsey won by 2 wickets (GB18)

The return match to the one a week earlier and it was probably at Hambledon but this is not certain. There are references in the Whitehall Evening Post and the St James Chronicle both before and after the game.

Chertsey v Hambledon

venue unknown

Monday, 24 September 1764

result unknown (GB18)

The two clubs apparently agreed to stage a decider but it is not known if it ever took place.

peter "buck" stewart

Peter "Buck" Stewart (1730–1796), known to have been a "natty dresser", was a considerable player but one of many whose best years were before 1772 and whose records are lost. He seems to have had several trades. it is known he was variously a carpenter, a shoemaker and an innkeeper. He is said to have been one of the team's characters and a noted humorist. He was a good batsman in his prime and strong in his offside strokes.

Stewart was also a tough and courageous player for in the above game at Chertsey he played on with a knee strain and a broken finger. it is known another Hambledon player was injured and so were three Chertsey players. Mr Waghorn's source says they were all "much hurt".

william hogsflesh

William Hogsflesh (1744–1818), whose career ended in 1775, was a well known Georgian bowler but his best years were in the 1760s and so the records are lost. He was noted in The Cricketers of My Time as one of the corps de reserve or change bowlers to Brett and Nyren. He is said to have had a high delivery with a generally good length.

william barber

William Barber (1734–1805) finished playing in 1777. He is said to have bowled a "high delivery" on a good length. Originally from Walberton, near Chichester, he came to Hambledon to play after being "spotted".

His family and that of Thomas Brett were inter-married. Barber seems to have been a shoemaker but he latterly took over the Bat and Ball Inn from Richard Nyren. He died aged 71 in 1805 and was buried in Catherington.

squire land

Squire Thomas Land (1714–1791) was apparently the leading light in Hambledon cricket until about 1764 when he seems to have withdrawn from the scene. It is believed the Hambledon Club proper was formed not long afterwards. Squire Land was evidently more interested in hunting and maintained a pack of hounds that earned him recognition as "one of the most celebrated foxhunters in Great Britain". He would not have thought much of New Labour, then–and who could blame him for that?

thomas ridge

Thomas Ridge (c.1737–3 February 1801) was a Hampshire squire who was a prominent member of the Hambledon Club and played in a number of its matches, including 6 known appearances between 1768 and 1775. Ridge, who lived at Kilmiston, was famous among the hunting set and was very keen on racing.

John Bayton

John Bayton has variously been called Bayton, Boyton or Boynton and was certainly an accomplished batsman but he seems to have been past his best when regular scorecards began in 1772 and, sadly, little is known about him.

Bayton was mentioned a few times between 1768 and 1777. He seems to have been a very good batsman indeed in both 1768 and 1769, but then he becomes an occasional name. He was a Sussex man, hailing from West Dean near Chichester, and was due to play for Sussex against Hampshire in a cancelled match of 1773.

In his Hambledon Cricket Chronicle, Ashley-Cooper says that Bayton and Lamb (i.e., Squire Thomas Land) were "the two mercenaries who had deserted the Club", but it may just be that they moved on. In Reynell Cotton's song is the verse "(why should we) repine at the loss of Bayton and Lamb". In John Bayton's case he was from Sussex and he may have found the travel too arduous or he may have retired. He is believed to have died in 1797.

other matches

Norfolk v Suffolk

Bury St Edmunds Race Course, Norfolk

Thursday, 23 August 1764

Norfolk won (GB18)

This was reported in the Gazetteer & London Daily Advertiser on Tuesday, 28 August.

Romford v Dartford

Romford Race Course, Romford, Essex

Tuesday, 28 August 1764

result unknown (GB18)

This was announced in the Chelmsford Chronicle on Friday, 24 August. Dartford was a leading club; it is interesting they travelled to play an Essex team on presumably level terms as this would suggest that playing standards in Essex were good at this time

Norfolk v Suffolk

Scole Common, Norfolk

Monday, 10 September 1764

Suffolk won (DC)

Norfolk v Suffolk

Scole Common, Norfolk

Wednesday, 12 September 1764

Suffolk won (DC)

Mr Waghorn reports these together and says Suffolk won (both?) "with the greatest of ease". He has the dates wrong, saying Monday, 9 September and Wednesday, 11 September; but those dates were on the Sunday and the Tuesday

Arundel v East Sussex

Henfield Common, Henfield, West Sussex

Friday, 21 September 1764

Arundel won by 2 wickets (PVC)

Reported in the Sussex Weekly Advertiser dated Monday, 24 September


the history

The Stamp Act was imposed by Grenville's government to raise revenue from all documents and newspapers published in the North American colonies. The government argued its need to recover the costs it had incurred in suppressing the tribes involved in the Pontiac's War uprisings a year earlier. The reaction of the colonists was one of furious, widespread protest on the principle of "no taxation without representation". The Act was negated by the refusal of most colonists to use the stamps.

Meanwhile, the renegade politician John Wilkes (1727 – 1797) was prosecuted for libelling the King and his chief ministers but was acquitted on grounds of parliamentary privilege. The strain of colonial protests and the Wilkes case told on George III who suffered a physical collapse. Grenville over-reacted and rushed through a Regency Act. The King soon recovered, although his collapse may have been the beginnings of his eventual descent into insanity. Grenville was held to be incompetent and was dismissed in July.

Charles Watson Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham (Whig) became prime minister (his first term was to July 1766). Although he had previously dismissed Rockingham from government for opposing Earl Bute, the King now agreed for the first time to have a Whig as prime minister.

Transport and communications systems have always had a profound effect on the spread of cricket. The Bridgewater Canal between Worsley and Manchester was completed, work having begun in 1759. The original length was 7.5 miles and it was later extended to Runcorn where it entered the Mersey estuary and provided a route from Manchester to Liverpool.

This marked the beginning of the canal building boom that went on into the early 19th century. Among canals built during the period were the Leeds-Liverpool, the Trent & Mersey, the Birmingham, the Forth & Clyde and the Grand Junction.

the cricket

Few matches were reported in 1765 but events at the Artillery Ground in August may have been almost the last straw where this infamous old venue was concerned.

A notice in the Salisbury Journal on Monday 16 September might have interested the Hambledon Club: "The Cricket players of the parish of Portsea (in Hampshire) will play the game of Cricket with any parish in the said County for 20 guineas each match, home and home (sic)". It is not known if the challenge was taken up.

single wicket

GB18 records a "threes" game on Friday 30 August at Moulsey Hurst in which Surrey beat Kent "after a smart contest". The source is the Gazetteer & London Daily Advertiser on Wednesday, 4 September.

significant matches

Surrey v Dartford

Artillery Ground, Bunhill Fields, Finsbury, London

Monday, 19 – Tuesday, 20 August 1765

Surrey won (CS)

Played for 100 guineas a side with a crowd estimated at 12,000. Mr Waghorn records re the close of play situation on the Monday: "the mob (many of whom had laid large bets), imagining foul play, several of whom were dangerously wounded and bruised".

There is a fascinating report in the St James Chronicle of Thursday, 22 August about this match (see GB18) which states that: "a young fellow, a butcher, being entrusted with about £40 by his mistress to buy cattle in Smithfield market, instead went into the Artillery Ground and sported away the whole sum in betting upon the Cricket players".

These reports give a clue to the disrepute that the Artillery Ground had acquired by this time and few matches of importance were played there after 1765. After 1778, it ceases to appear in the records.

Chertsey v Richmond

Laleham Burway Ground, Chertsey, Surrey

c. Tuesday, 9 September 1765

result unknown (CS)

All it is known is that this game took place a week before the next one

Richmond v Chertsey

Richmond Green, Richmond, Surrey

c. Tuesday, 16 September 1765

Chertsey won by 106 runs (CS)

The scores were: Chertsey 130 & 116; Richmond 48 & 92. Mr Waghorn says "Chertsey headed 94" so someone had his maths wrong.

Stephen Harding, Chertsey bowler, scored 24 in four balls with a five, two sixes and a seven. The Edmeads brothers, Richard and John, scored 108 between them in the whole match.

other matches

Leeds v Sheffield

Chapeltown Moor, near Leeds

Monday, 26 August 1765

Sheffield won (PVC)

This was reported by the London Chronicle on Thursday, 5 September. Sheffield won "with great difficulty". As it was rated a "great match" and reported by a London newspaper, this shows that cricket was already well-established in Yorkshire only a few years after it was first reported there. The same report had appeared locally in the Leeds Intelligencer the day after the match.

Sheffield v Leeds


Thursday, 5 September 1765

Sheffield "won hollow"(Draper)

This was a return of the game on 26 August. It was reported by the Leeds Intelligencer on 10 September and the information came to me from Steven Draper.

How cricket came to Australia and New Zealand

In 1766, the Royal Society commissioned Captain James Cook (1728 – 1779) to lead an astronomical expedition to the Pacific Ocean for the primary purpose of charting a transit of Venus. He had a second purpose which was to search for a southern continent called Terra Australis, and to establish if this had a connection with the lands visited by Abel Tasman in the 1640s.

Captain Cook left England in 1768. He sailed south and around Cape Horn to reach Tahiti in April 1769, where the astronomical survey was concluded. He then sailed west to try and find New Zealand. He did so and, apart from a few minor errors, mapped the complete coastline. He discovered the Cook Strait between the two main islands, which Tasman had missed, thinking it was a bight.

In April 1770, the expedition sailed westward from New Zealand and they became the first Europeans to reach the east coast of Australia at a place called Point Hicks on the coast of Victoria. Cook sailed northwards, following the coast, and charted some famous landmarks including Botany Bay, which would soon earn notoriety. In June, he encountered, rather than found, the Great Barrier Reef when his ship, HM Bark Endeavour, ran aground on one of its shoals. During repairs near modern Cooktown, his men made contact with Aboriginals and saw kangaroos. Cook continued the voyage around the northeast coast and through the Torres Strait to Batavia before returning to England in 1771.

Cook's voyages were a highly significant precursor to the worldwide spread of cricket. It was to be some years before colonisation of Australia (from 1788) and New Zealand (after 1800) began but cricket soon arrived there too and the first definite reference to the sport in Australia is in 1804 and in New Zealand in 1832.


the history

William Pitt the Elder, who had been semi-retired since resigning from office in 1761, returned to the political limelight by leading protests on behalf of the American colonists against the Stamp Act, which was then repealed by Rockingham. But, at the same time, Rockingham passed the Declaratory Act which was a firm statement of imperial intent and asserted the complete authority of Parliament to make binding laws on the American colonies "in all cases whatsoever".

In July, internal dissension within the government caused Rockingham to resign from office. Rockingham became an opposition leader for the next 16 years, strenuously objecting to Britain's North American policies.

William Pitt the Elder, as 1st Earl of Chatham, became prime minister to 1768. Asked by the King to form a government of all parties, Pitt was in no shape to take office because of ill-health. He accepted the title Earl of Chatham and a seat in the House of Lords but could play little part in government, which drifted aimlessly under his eventual successor Grafton. Rockingham and his secretary Edmund Burke (1729 – 1797) led a vociferous opposition.

The Royal Society commissioned Captain James Cook's voyage to the south Pacific.

the cricket

Another season about which very little is known.

On Thursday, 6 February, Robert Bartholomew died (PVC). He had played for Surrey in the 1750s and may well have been related to the Bartholomews who played for Chertsey in the 1770s. He was the master of the Angel Inn at Islington (well-known to Monopoly enthusiasts) and also of White Conduit House.

Perhaps another nail in the coffin of the Artillery Ground when its latest keeper Mr Read died on Thursday, 25 September (PVC). Like George Smith before him, he was also the landlord of the Pyed Horse Inn.

significant matches

Sussex v Hampshire

venue unknown

c. Thursday, 19 June 1766

Hampshire won (CS/TJM)

This is the earliest reference to Hampshire as an individual county team. Whether the Hambledon Club was involved is unrecorded but presumably it was. Some historians believe it was at about this time that the club, as distinct from a parish organisation, was founded. After the first innings the odds were 40 to 1 against Hampshire

GDC has recorded Tuesday, 17 June as the date and has surmised that Goodwood was the venue but all we can say for certain is that the Hampshire team won. CS says the game was on a Thursday and 19 June seems a likely candidate.

Bourne v Dartford

Bishopsbourne Paddock, Bourne, near Canterbury, Kent

Monday, 29 September 1766

result unknown (CQ)

No details known apart from a mention in the Kentish Weekly Post.

Chertsey v Hambledon

Dartford Brent, Dartford, Kent

Wednesday, 8 October 1766

result unknown (CQ)

No details known. The venue seems a strange choice for a game between these two teams.

Tom Sueter

Tom Sueter (born 17 April 1750 at Hambledon, Hampshire; died 17 February 1827 at Hambledon) was a left-handed batsman and, with William Yalden, one of the two most famous wicket-keepers of the 18th century. He played mainly for Hambledon but in his closing seasons he represented Surrey, probably because of temporary residence in the county, though he evidently returned to Hambledon after he finished playing.

Sueter was a carpenter and builder by trade and Arthur Haygarth recorded that above the Hambledon church door in the 1860s was affixed a plaque saying: "Thomas Sueter and Richard Flood, builders, 1788".

Sueter began playing in the 1760s and made 67 known significant appearances from 1772 to 1790. Haygarth records that Sueter is said "to have been the first (or one of the first) who departed from the custom of the old players, who deemed it a heresy to leave the crease for the ball; but he would get in at it, hit it straight off and straight on, and Egad! it went as if it had been fired (sic)".

Sueter was also considered to be an excellent judge of the short run:

O my Sueter and my Aburrow
Long ago, long ago!

Like George Leer, he was a fine singer and he belonged to the choir at his parish church. When he died, according to Haygarth, he left behind him a sovereign in order that an anthem should be sung in the church over his coffin; and this was done. Haygarth records that Sueter's tombstone was still standing in Hambledon churchyard in 1858 with the following inscription:

Sacred to the memory of THOMAS SUETER
who departed this life the 17th day of February, 1827, aged 77 years


the history

The controversial Townshend Acts were passed to tax various imports into American colonies.

The Mason-Dixon Line was defined as the border between Maryland and Pennsylvania to settle a dispute between two families. It later became known as the boundary between slave states and free states.

The first use of cast-iron railways took place in Shropshire. Railways, then called wagonways, had been in use since the 16th century to assist with haulage of coal, ore and stone from mines and quarries to ports and waterways. At first, the wagonways had been parallel lines of wood. The iron rails could withstand much greater weights and were more durable.

the cricket

Hambledon's success continued and the team staged some remarkable batting performances but unfortunately very little is known of them

There was an interesting report concerning the Laws of Cricket in the Reading Mercury dated Monday 8 June which states: The Articles of the Game of Cricket as settled in the year 1744 by the Society of Noblemen & Gentlemen at the Star & Garter in Pall Mall, may be had at the Printing Office in reading or of the newsmen, neatly printed on a whole sheet of fine writing paper, price only 3d, or on a pasteboard bordered with marble paper, price 6d. See GB18, p.46.

The "Society of Noblemen & Gentlemen" may well have been the name of the organisation that ran cricket and other sports. It was essentially a social club with sporting interests. They have been loosely referred to as the London Club but that was surely a cricketing enterprise based at the Artillery Ground that they backed, as they also formed and subsidised the Jockey Club, and subsequently both the White Conduit Club and MCC.

The May 1767 journal of the Reverend Joseph Ismay refers to cricket in the Leeds area. He writes of "a very good Inn at Ye Bowling Green" where the cricket club meets every Thursday during the summer (see 1760 re the formation of the Leeds club). His room at the inn gave him a good view of "the gentlemen playing cricket". This information was kindly provided by Steven Draper in e-mail correspondence.

single wicket

Monday, 17 August. There was a "fives" game on Richmond Green between Richmond and Brentford. King George III was present and ordered dinner for the players at the Feathers in Richmond. He also awarded a guinea each to the winners and half a guinea each to the losers (see CS).

significant matches

Hampshire v Sussex

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Tuesday, 4 August 1767

Hampshire won (GB18/TJM)

No details are known other than the outcome, which was given in the Reading Mercury of Monday, 10 August

GDC records a second Hampshire v Sussex game on Saturday, 8 August, also won by Hampshire, but this may be a duplicate of the above as it is not recorded elsewhere.

Sir Horatio Mann

Sir Horatio (Horace) Mann (1744–1814) made his final recorded appearance as a player in 1773 though he was still only 29. He was a famous patron of the game in Kent and staged several matches on his own estate at Bourne House near Canterbury, where his ground was called Bishopsbourne Paddock (an interestingly "Australian" term given that Captain James Cook first reached Botany Bay in 1770!).

Mann became MP for Sandwich from 1774 to 1807, which could have been the reason for curtailing his playing career. He was no businessman and became bankrupt in later life.

He is believed to have played frequently before he entered Parliament and is said to have been "a batter of great might".

Bourne v Surrey

Bishopsbourne Paddock, Bourne, near Canterbury, Kent

c. Wednesday, 5 August 1767

result unknown (GB18)

This was announced in the Kentish Weekly Post on 5 August. Bourne Club (Sir Horace Mann's team) had four given men so may have had a very useful side. The announcement says: "Wickets to be pitched at 10 so the match may be played out that day (sic) on account of the Assizes". It is not known what date "that day" was, unfortunately. The Surrey team was probably Mr Henry Rowett's Caterham Club

Caterham v Hambledon

Duppas Hill, Croydon, Surrey

c. Monday, 21 September 1767

Hambledon won by 262 runs (CS)

A very large margin for the times and Hambledon reportedly had a partnership of 192 which was described in a contemporary report as "the greatest thing ever known". This is the earliest known century partnership. The game was played for 200 guineas.

GDC says the partnership was believed to have been between Tom Sueter and Edward Aburrow (i.e., Aburrow junior) but that seems to be conjecture. As far as I can tell, the primary sources do not name the players.

The CS report simply says "October" and that the game was played a few days earlier. As it took place near Croydon, the venue was almost certainly Duppas Hill.

Hambledon v Caterham

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Monday, 28 – Tuesday, 29 September 1767

Hambledon won by 224 runs (CS)

Another huge margin of victory but no details have survived

Caterham v Hambledon

Caterham Common, near Caterham, Surrey

Wednesday, 14 October 1767

Caterham won (CS)

This was played for £100 and, surprisingly, given the results of the two previous games, was won by Caterham.

edward aburrow

Edward Aburrow junior (born 1747 at Slindon, Sussex; died 6 October 1835 at Hambledon, Hampshire) was a right-handed batsman and useful change bowler. He was a mobile outfielder with a strong throw. He was the son of the Slindon smuggler of the same name. Whereas his father was called "Cuddy", Aburrow junior was always known as "Curry".

He is known to have played in 44 first-class matches from 1772 to 1782 but his career with Hambledon began in the 1760s. Aburrow was born in Slindon and died in Hambledon: a classic combination for a cricketer.

other matches

Greenwich v London

The Heath, Blackheath, Kent

Monday, 6 July 1767

London won by 2 runs (CS)

Afterwards, "an elegant dinner was provided at the Assembly Rooms"

Richmond v Kingston

Richmond Green, Richmond, Surrey

Wednesday, 23 September 1767

Kingston won by 2 wickets (CS)

Richmond scored 70 & 55; Kingston replied with 71 and 55-8

The Duke of Dorset

John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset (born 24 March 1745; died 19 July 1799) is best remembered for his love and patronage of cricket, upon which he also gambled very heavily. The only son of Lord John Philip Sackville, second son of the 1st Duke of Dorset, he succeeded to the Dukedom in 1769 on the death of his uncle, the 2nd Duke.

He was educated at Westminster, where he first became involved in cricket. He went on to join the Hambledon Club where he befriended Sir Horatio Mann and Charles Bennet, the 4th Earl of Tankerville, who became his keen rivals. Dorset was a good player, as the records clearly reveal, taking many wickets and making a few high scores. He had 23 known appearances in first-class matches between 1773 and 1783.

Dorset's patronage of cricket was expensive. The Whitehall Evening Post in 1783 noted that the cost to Dorset of maintaining his team, before bets, was £1,000 a year. This was a lot, but less than the amounts some of his contemporaries were spending on racing.

In 1784 Dorset moved to Paris, surprising his critics with newfound public dedication, to serve as ambassador to France. He continued to promote cricket amongst the locals and British expatriates. In 1786,The Times reported on a cricket match played by some English gentlemen in the Champs Elysées: "His Grace of Dorset was, as usual, the most distinguished for skill and activity. The French, however, cannot imitate us in such vigorous exertions of the body, so that we seldom see them enter the lists".

In 1789, Dorset planned what would have been the first international cricket tour. His touring side got as far as congregating at Dover on 10 August. But the French Revolution meant that they never got to France, thereby making his tour the first international cricket tour to be cancelled for political reasons. The French Revolution destroyed any footholds the game had in France.

Back in England, Dorset had become one of the first members of the Marylebone Cricket Club. His public life continued in the post of Steward of the Royal Household, in which capacity his main role was to keep an eye on the dissolute Prince of Wales, the future George IV.

In 1790, Dorset married Arabella Diana Cope. They had one son together, George John Frederick Sackville, 4th Duke of Dorset, who was born on 15 November 1793. George John Frederick became the 4th Duke of Dorset on his father's death at the family seat, Knole House, Sevenoaks, Kent in 1799.


the history

Pitt resigned but his government continued under his deputy Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton (1735 – 1811), who was prime minister to January 1770. Grafton was an ineffective and vacillating politician who came under fire from friends, opponents and press alike. His resignation was only a matter of time.

Elsewhere in the world, Genoa ceded the island of Corsica to France. Genoa had controlled the island since 1312 apart from 1458 to 1558 when France possessed it. It meant that when Corsica's most famous citizen joined the human race only a year later, he was born a Frenchman and not an Italian, which may have made a difference to the history of the world.

the cricket

Hambledon, Caterham and Bourne were the centres of excellence in 1768

This was a season which could well have seen (though tantalisingly we cannot be certain) the earliest known century in major matches. The player of the season was unquestionably the great John Small, master batsman of the Hambledon Club, who produced two of the most brilliant performances recorded to date, including that possible first-ever century.

Friday, 3 June. William Bedle died at his house near Dartford. He was "near 90" and was "formerly accounted the most expert cricket player in England". He must have been in his prime during the first quarter of the eighteenth century. His death was reported by the Lloyd's Evening Post on Friday, 10 June (see GB18).

An Essex v London match was arranged for Wednesday, 8 June on Epping Common but the London team did not appear and forfeited their deposit (GB18).

The secondary sources have recorded three ladies' matches that took place in June between teams from Harting and Rogate in Sussex. These games attracted crowds of two to three thousand.

single wicket

Saturday, 28 May. The Kentish Weekly Post reported that "last week in the Artillery Ground", a "fives" game between Hon. J F Sackville's team and Sir Horace Mann's team lasted two days. Sackville (soon to become 3rd Duke of Dorset) won by 4 wickets. The players and their individual scores are known. Mann's team of Bellchambers, John Boorman, James Fuggles, May and Muddle scored 26 and 29; Sackville's team of Brobham, John Bayton, John Small, Birchett and Mandy scored 20 and 36-1. May scored 10 and 12 for Mann and Bayton of Hambledon scored 8 and 36* for Sackville, so Bayton's performance decided the match. The more notable John Small scored only 3 and 0. There were two brothers called May but it is not known which one took part here.

significant matches

Caterham v Bourne

Westerham Heath, near Caterham, Surrey

Friday, 10 June 1768

Caterham won by 14 runs (GB18)

Caterham 63 (Smailes 25) & 150 (Foule 33, Mr H Rowett 30); Bourne 60 & 139 (R Simmons 45, W Palmer 23)

The Kentish Weekly Post of Saturday, 11 June records the teams and individual scores. The Caterham club is referred to as Westerham & Caterham, probably because of the venue. Bourne is actually Mr (later Sir) Horatio Mann's team and the newspaper on this occasion calls it Bourne, where Mr Mann had his residence and his own very famous venue: Bishopsbourne Paddock. In other reports, Mr Mann's teams are variously referred to as Kent or, perhaps most accurately, East Kent.

This is the third time (and the first since 1744) that the individual scores of a major match have survived. No details of dismissal were recorded. Teams:

Caterham – Henry Rowett, Smailes, Twinker, Edward Francis, T Francis, Miller, Carpenter, Foule, Bellchambers, Birchett, Blake.

Bourne – Horatio Mann, Ward, Richard Simmons, John Boorman, James Fuggles, William Palmer, Tom May, Muddle, Golding, Richard May, Love.

Caterham v Bourne

Caterham Common, near Caterham, Surrey

Tuesday, 26 July 1768

result unknown (GB18)

Announced in the St James Chronicle on Saturday, 23 July. Caterham was to give Bourne two men. The St James Chronicle referred to the teams as "Horatio Mann Esq.'s Club" and "Mr Henry Rowett's Club"

Middlesex v Surrey

Stamford Hill, Middlesex

Friday, 29 July 1768

result unknown (PVC)

Pre-announced in Lloyd's Evening Post on Wednesday, 27 July. To be played for 100 guineas a side.

In Mr Waghorn's Dawn of Cricket is a Surrey v Hampshire (aka Caterham v Hambledon) game starting on Monday 31 July 1768. 31 July in 1768 was a Sunday. Further investigation as by Martin Wilson in his Index to Waghorn has revealed that the game was in 1769 (see below). Indeed, Mr Waghorn in CS reports the same game in 1769!

Caterham v Bourne

Caterham Common, near Caterham, Surrey

Tuesday, 2 August 1768

result unknown (GB18)

Announced in the St James Chronicle on Saturday, 23 July. Bourne (Sir Horatio Mann) was to give Caterham (Henry Rowett) one man

Hampshire v Sussex

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Friday, 5 August 1768

result unknown (TJM)

Referred to in a letter dated Wednesday, 27 July 1768 from Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh of Uppark to Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle:

"I hear there is to be a great Cricket match play'd next Friday S'ennight upon Broad-halfpenny, about 7 miles West of this place in Hampshire & at wch. The Duke of Richmond & many from the Chichester Div. Of the County will be present, for it is a match made by the Duke (Sussex against Hampshire) with a Mr. Ridge near Warnford; at wch. Mr. Sackville is to play on the Sussex side".

The now archaic word s'ennight often occurs in 18th century writing. It is an abbreviation of "seven nights" and means "seven nights hence". In this instance, Sir Matthew refers to a game taking place "a week on Friday", as we would say.

"Mr Sackville" was Lord J F Sackville who became 3rd Duke of Dorset the following January.

"Mr Ridge" was Thomas Ridge (c.1737 – 3 February 1801), a Hampshire squire who was a prominent member of the Hambledon Club and played in a number of its matches, including 5 known major cricket appearances between 1772 and 1775. Ridge, who lived at Kilmiston, was famous among the hunting fraternity and was very keen on racing.

Bourne v Surrey

Bishopsbourne Paddock, Bourne, near Canterbury, Kent

Friday, 12 August 1768

result unknown (GB18)

The Kentish Gazette on Wednesday, 10 August announced this game by saying: "The last match was thought to be as good a match as was ever played. This is the last match that will be played in Bourne Paddock this year". Although billed as "Bourne v Surrey", it was probably a fourth game in the Caterham v Bourne series.

Hambledon v Kent

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Monday, 29 – Tuesday, 30 August 1768

Hambledon won by 144 runs (CS)

Reported in the Reading Mercury on Saturday, 3 September. The report stated: "Last Tuesday the second great match at cricket was played on Broad-Halfpenny between eleven gentlemen of the Hambledon Club against eleven gentlemen of the county of Kent for a considerable sum, which was won by the former by upwards of 100 notches; but what is very remarkable, one Mr Small, of Petersfield, fetched above seven score notches off his own bat".

The team scores were: Hambledon 131 and 194 (total 325); Kent 141 and 40 (total 181)

We now come to one of early cricket's most tantalising questions. Did the legendary John Small score the earliest known top-class century in this game?

The Mercury is ambiguous as we cannot say for certain if his 140-plus was his match total or his score in the second innings. GDC states that if he scored 140-plus out of 194 that "would have been a truly astonishing performance". Astonishing, yes, but not impossible. Even if it was his match total, it remains possible that his second innings was a century if he scored less than 50 in the first innings. Alas, we will probably never know.

Hambledon v Sussex

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Monday, 5 September 1768

Hambledon won by 7 wickets (TJM)

More confusion caused by Mr Waghorn's difficulty with dates! In DC, he has this game taking place on Monday, 5 September 1769 but he also refers to it in CS when he quotes the Reading Mercury report dated Saturday, 10 September 1768, which states:

"Last Monday another great match at cricket was played on Broad Halfpenny between eleven gentlemen of the county of Sussex, against eleven of the Hambledon Club, for a large sum, which was won by the latter, who had seven wickets to go down. Mr Small got about four score notches in this match, and was not out when the game was finished".

See TJM for the definitive record. Once again, it is not known if John Small scored his 80-plus in one innings or if it was his match total. GDC states that he scored 80 not out but this is incorrect as he scored "about four score"; and it was "in this match" so not necessarily in one innings.

The issue is further confused by an entry in GDC which refers to a Sussex v Hambledon game on Monday, 12 Sept, "possibly played at Goodwood". This is almost certainly an error arising from the fact that the Reading Mercury report of the 5 September game was repeated on Monday, 12 September.

john boorman

John Boorman (c.1754–1807) was possibly a genuine debutant in 1772, when he is believed to have been 18, although there was a Boorman active in 1768. Most if not all of the others who played in 1772 are believed to have been active in earlier seasons.

He apparently came from Sevenoaks and usually represented Kent but he seems to have relocated to Essex c.1790 and played in Essex teams also. He was a very useful bowler and may have been left handed.

John Boorman made 61 known first-class appearances from 1772 until 1793.

james fuggles

James Fuggles of Kent who played in all three recorded matches in 1772, made his final recorded appearance in 1773. In his four recorded appearances, he played 8 innings and scored 51 runs with a top score of 21. It is believed that he was a regular player before 1772 but little is known of him.

richard and thomas may

There were two players called May in the years either side of 1770, probably brothers, who were called Richard and Thomas but, owing to the initials being frequently omitted in the old scores, it is impossible to distinguish one from the other in many matches. However, there is a verse that tells us:

Tom was for batting, Dick for bowling famed

Of Thomas May, nothing is known at all

Of Richard May, it is known he was a gamekeeper on Sir Horace Mann's estate at Bishopsbourne and that he died in a drunken fit about 1796, when he was aged about 46. His dying request to his friend George Ring was that Ring should kill his favourite dog and bury it with him! Apparently, this was done despite the remonstrances of the officiating clergyman who said it was sacrilege.

william palmer

William Palmer (1737–1790) was active in the 1760s and so very little is known of him. He played in first-class matches until the 1776 season. He was a noted batsman in his day and had some fine innings in 1773 especially.

Palmer seems to have been a member of the Coulsdon club in Surrey but he also played a number of times for Kent. In recorded matches from 1772, he made 20 appearances and took 2 catches but no wickets. He scored 478 runs in 37 innings with a top score of 68, which is a very good record considering the prevailing conditions that were entirely in the favour of the bowlers. He made 2 known scores of 50-plus and 4 more that were 25-plus.

richard simmons

Richard Simmons (1737–1802), of Bridge, was a noted wicket-keeper and useful batsman. He probably began playing in the late 1750s and was active until 1779, so the statistical record has caught the tail-end of his career. He is recorded in 13 first-class matches from 1772.

Guildford Bason

Guildford is the location for the earliest definite reference to cricket in English history. A 1597 court case proves that a certain plot of land was used by boys who were playing the game in c.1550. Guildford Bason (or Basin) was on Merrow Down near Guildford and some early references are to the Down as venue rather than the Bason, so it is likely that the matches concerned were all played at the same place.

In July 1730, we have a reference to Merrow Down as the venue for a match between Mr Andrews' XI and the Duke of Richmond's XI (effectively a Surrey v Sussex match). In September 1741, Merrow Down is the venue for a famous match between, to quote the Duke of Richmond: "poor little Slyndon (sic)against almost your whole county of Surrey". Slindon, featuring Richard Newland, won "almost in one innings". We then have to fast forward to 1762 for another Guildford reference and, again, it is at Merrow Down with Guildford losing by 2 runs to Chertsey.

The first actual reference to Guildford Bason is the game played 31 July - 1 August 1769 between Caterham and Hambledon. Hambledon won by 4 wickets thanks to "the batting of Messrs Small and Bayton".

Sussex lawyer John Baker, a regular spectator at Georgian matches, described some of them in his diary. One is the All-England v Hampshire game in July 1772 which Baker attended with his parson friend, John Woodward. He writes that Hambledon was already batting when they arrived. It was a cheerful scene and "the Basin on Merrow Down" was ringed by a big crowd of spectators, most of them standing. Indeed, contemporary paintings of matches show no sign of seating accommodation for the ordinary folk. The local publicans were doing good business in their booths, some of them rented by the local nobility and thus the equivalent of the present-day sponsors' tents or boxes. As in our own times, the occupants were often more interested in the food and drink than in the cricket. Guildford had fixed up a small grandstand "with benches above one another over his booth below", but it was already full. Baker then talks about "finding a small booth where we had a good cold dinner and good cider and ale". He says this was better and cheaper than the one they had on the following day in the White Hart booth.

The last mention of Guildford Bason is the All-England v Hampshire match in August 1777. This produced a tense finish with Hampshire scoring 162-9 in the last innings to win by 1 wicket. Tom Taylor scored 62 and it required several runs by the last pair (Tom Sueter and Richard Nyren) to secure the win with Lumpy bowling to them.


the history

A year of very famous births: Wellington, Bonaparte and the steam engine.

On 29 April, Arthur Wesley (1769 – 1852) was born in Dublin. He later became Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.

Far more portentous was the birth on 15 August of Wellington's great enemy Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 – 1821) in Ajaccio, just one year after Corsica became a French island. Until 1796, his surname was spelled Buonaparte.

One of the most important events in the history of the Industrial Revolution occurred when Scottish engineer James Watt (1736 – 1819) patented a steam engine that incorporated a separate condensing chamber for the steam while the cylinder was kept hot. This was a great improvement on Newcomen's machine as it retained steam that was previously lost when the cylinder was heated and cooled alternately

The ailing French East India Company was finally suspended by royal decree in 1769 and in the following year it had to turn over its capital of more than 500 million livres to the Crown. In 1719 it had been reorganised with the American and African French colonial companies as the Compagnie des Indes. This company, headed by the Scottish financier John Law, suffered severely with the collapse of the Mississippi Scheme. It lost its slave trade with Africa in 1730, its general trade with Louisiana in 1731 and its coffee trade with the Americas in 1736

The company prospered in India, however, under the governors Benoît Dumas, from 1735 to 1741, and Joseph François Dupleix, from 1742 to 1754; Dupleix directed the unsuccessful French struggles against the British control of India. The capture of Arcot in 1751 by the British under Robert Clive limited French control to southern India, where it remained supreme until 1761, when the British captured Pondicherry.

the cricket

PVC carries a notice of a meeting of the "late Knightsbridge Cricket Society" to be held at Mr Wise's aka "The Bell" at Hampton on Saturday, 1 July. Each member is requested to "bring with him a Cricket Friend". The notice is signed Slaughter's Coffee House on Monday, 26 June and it appeared in the Public Advertiser on Wednesday, 28 June.

significant matches

Coulsdon & Caterham v XI of All-England

Smitham Bottom, Croydon, Surrey

Monday, 8 May 1769

result unknown (GB18)

The fixture was "announced" in the Daily Advertiser on Friday, 12 May but not reported! The exact venue was a field belonging to the Red Lion at Smitham Bottom and it was a Whitsuntide event. Coulsdon and Caterham challenged any 11 men in England, rather in the style of Slindon two decades earlier.

"The winners to have 10/6 each man, and the losers 5/3 each man, to be paid by Edward Smith at the Red Lion. Wickets pitched at 12 noon, and dinner to be ready at 11: a very good Ordinary, and good eating at any time".

Berkshire v Surrey

Datchet Common, Datchet

Thursday, 8 June 1769

Surrey won by 6 runs (GB18)

Reported by the St James Chronicle on Tuesday, 13 June.

Apart from the references to Thomas Waymark and others who took part in single wicket contests in the 1740s, this is the first time we encounter Berkshire as a county team. Although Berkshire has been classified as a minor county for the last two centuries, it was a strong centre of the game in the late 18th century and produced numerous players good enough to take part in major matches. As with other counties such as Essex, the strength of Berkshire was vested in one prominent club, in this case the Oldfield Club of Maidenhead which had a noted venue at Oldfield Bray.

Hambledon v Caterham

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Thursday, 29 June 1769

result unknown (GB18)

Announced by the Reading Mercury on Monday, 26 June as the "first match" between the two clubs, with wickets to be pitched at nine (early!).

Edward "Lumpy" Stevens

Although he has been mentioned previously, the Caterham v Hambledon match in 1769 is the first in which the greatest bowler of the 18th century is definitely known to have played.

Edward "Lumpy" Stevens (born 1735 at Send, Surrey; died 7 September 1819 at Walton-on-Thames, Surrey) is generally regarded as the first great bowler in the game's history.

How he came by his legendary nickname is uncertain but it may have been because he was adept at choosing a pitch to suit his very subtle variations of pace, length and direction. In those days, it was the leading bowler on each side who chose the place where wickets would be pitched and according to the famous verse:

For honest Lumpy did allow
He ne'er would pitch but o'er a brow

Lumpy was a gardener by trade and his bowling prowess earned him a job on the Walton-on-Thames estate of the Earl of Tankerville, a noted patron of the game.

The beginning of Lumpy's career is lost in the mists of time before scorecards began to kept on a regular basis from 1772. He may have come from a line of cricketers as two Surrey players called Stevens are mentioned in connection with the London v Slindon match in 1744. Lumpy probably began playing in great matches around the mid-1750s at a time when bowlers still bowled (i.e., trundled) the ball all along the ground, as in crown green bowls. It is not known if Lumpy was the first to "give the ball air" but he was certainly around when that particular revolution occurred, probably well before 1770. What is known is that Lumpy was the bowler who made the most careful study of flight and worked out all the implications of variations in pace, length and direction mentioned above. He became a master of his craft.

It is known that in a single-wicket match on 22–23 May 1775, Lumpy beat the great John Small three times with the ball going through the two stump wicket of the day. As a result of his protests, the patrons agreed that a third stump should be added, though it was some years before this became the norm.

Indeed, any history of bat versus ball rivalries in cricket must start with these two Georgian giants; not only for the keen competition between them over many years at the highest level, but also because their rivalry actually brought about a significant change in the Laws and the structure of the game.

Unlike the Hambledon players who tended to represent their club only, Lumpy made appearances for just about every team under the sun, including Hambledon. He is normally associated with Surrey teams in general and with the famous Chertsey club in particular. He continued as a player until he was over 50 and played his last match on 2-5 September 1789 for All-England v Hampshire at Sevenoaks Vine.

Caterham v Hambledon

Guildford Bason, near Guildford, Surrey

Monday, 31 July – Tuesday, 1 August 1769

Hambledon won by 4 wickets (DC)

In Mr Waghorn's Dawn of Cricket he has this game starting on Monday 31 July in 1768. That for a start raises suspicion because 31 July in 1768 was a Sunday. Further investigation as by Martin Wilson in his Index to Waghorn has revealed that the game was in 1769, not 1768! In DC, the team totals are also wrong with Hambledon given as winners by 86 runs when in fact they won by 4 wickets!

The report of the game in the Reading Mercury on Saturday, 5 August reads: "On Monday last began to be played at Guildford, in Surrey, the decisive grand match at cricket between the Hambledon and Caterham Clubs, which, after a long and vigorous contest, was determined on Tuesday evening in favour of the former. The utmost activity and skill in the game was displayed by each individual through the whole course of this match, but particularly the batting of Messrs Small and Bayton on the Hambledon side. There were near 20,000 spectators, and it is generally allowed by the best judges to have been the finest match that ever was played".

The team totals were: Caterham 104 and 137 (total 241; Hambledon 99 and 143-6 (total 242-6)

Hambledon: Thomas Ridge, William Hogsflesh, Thomas Brett, Peter Stewart, Richard Nyren, John Small, John Bayton, Glazier, Tom Sueter, Purdy, William Barber

Caterham: Mr Henry Rowett, Bellchambers, Edward "Lumpy" Stevens, Page, Joseph Miller, Smailes, John (?) Wood, William Palmer, Shepherd, Thomas Quiddington, Wessing

Mr Buckley in GB18 helpfully adds a report from the Whitehall Evening Post on Tuesday, 8 August: "Guildford. The benefit arising to this town by the last great match at Cricket has set many projections on foot for more sport of that sort. They talk of a match soon for £1,000 a side between a certain Duke against All England".

The "certain Duke" was surely the 3rd Duke of Dorset, the former John Frederick Sackville, who had succeeded to his title on 6 January 1769.

GB18 also recorded from the Middlesex Journal dated Thursday, 3 August that: "The afternoon of the first day was wet; the close of play scores were: Caterham, 104 ; Hambledon, 51 for 4".

As this was the "decisive grand match", it leaves open the question of another one played between the "first match" on 29 June (see above) and this one.

Kent v London

The Heath, Blackheath, Kent

Wednesday, 9 & Thursday, 10 August 1769

Kent won by 47 runs (GB18)

The Middlesex Journal on Saturday, 19 August described the teams as: "Greenwich, Woolwich and Deptford beat the Artillery Club of London by 47 notches".

London v Kent

Artillery Ground, Bunhill Fields, Finsbury, London

Thursday, 17 & Friday, 18 August 1769

London won by 56 runs (CS/DC)

"A great match at cricket was played in the Artillery Ground, for a very large sum of money (i.e., £20,000), and great bets depending, between eleven gentlemen of London and eleven of Kent: the match not being played out, they began again yesterday at two in the afternoon; when the Londoners beat by 56 notches".

The team scores were: London 81 and 99 (total 180); Kent 65 and 59 (total 124)

London v Kent

Artillery Ground, Bunhill Fields, Finsbury, London

Thursday, 24 August 1769

Kent won by 6 wickets (GB18)

The Middlesex Journal on Saturday, 26 August reported: "in the third match between Kent and London, Kent won by 6 wickets".

Middlesex v London

Stanmore, Middlesex

Saturday, 26 August 1769

London won (GB18)

The Bath Chronicle reported this on Thursday, 31 August and said that "London beat Middle­sex for 50 guineas".

West Kent v Surrey

The Vine, Sevenoaks, Kent

Friday, 22 September 1769

result unknown (GB18)

Announced in the St James Chronicle on Thursday, 21 September. West Kent was the Duke of Dorset's team.

Thomas Brett

Thomas Brett (born 1747 in Hampshire; died 1809 in Hampshire) was cricket's first well-known fast bowler and was a star of the legendary Hambledon team of the 1770s. Noted for his accuracy, Brett was a leading wicket taker in the 1770s and was lauded by John Nyren in The Cricketers of my Time.

An unusual feature of Brett's career at a time when players freely swapped sides as "given men" was that he always played for Hampshire. Indeed, he did not even play for Hambledon per se because he resided at Catherington and so was ineligible to represent Hambledon's Parish XI.

Brett featured in the Monster Bat Incident as the bowler who led the protest; and it is almost certain that he wrote out the formal objection to Thomas White's huge bat.

Thomas Brett was a consistent wicket-taker as the match summaries to follow do clearly reveal. He made 31 known first-class appearances from 1772 to 1778. Oddly, in those days of given men and All-England elevens, Brett played only for Hampshire.

His last recorded match was in October 1778 when he was still only 31. It seems he went to live in Portsmouth so a change of occupation may have been the reason for his apparently early retirement.

Hambledon v Surrey

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Thursday, 28 September 1769

Hambledon won by an innings & 41 runs (DC)

The second known century partnership was achieved in this game when Tom Sueter and George Leer of Hambledon scored 128 for the first wicket.

DC records: "On Thursday, Sept. 28 1769, the second great match of cricket was played on Broad-halfpenny, Hampshire, between the Hambledon Club, and the County of Surrey, which was decided in favour of the former, by 41 notches, in one innings ; what is very remarkable, the two first mates on the Hambledon side (Sueter and Leer) fetched 128 before they were parted".

other matches

Duke of Dorset's XI v Wrotham

The Vine, Sevenoaks, Kent

Thursday, 31 August 1769

result unknown (Duke of Dorset's archives)

A partial score has survived. This was the match in which John Minshull scored 107, the earliest definitely known century, though it is not improbable that John Small scored one in 1768. Unfortunately, there are no details at all of Wrotham's team or its scores, though we have all the scores and means of dismissal for Dorset's team who made 68 and 236: see CricketArchive.

Apart from Minshull and Dorset, the only recognised players are Thomas Pattenden, John Wood and William Bowra, though the player called Fish appears in a few scorecards. Obviously, none of the Wrotham players can be recognised. As such, the status of this game must be considered minor in terms of its quality.

DC has Hambledon v Sussex on 5 September 1769 but the game took place in 1768.

Four reports found in GB18 which provide a flavour of the times:

Middlesex Journal (Thursday, 6 July) – "Yesterday a Mr. Carter, a very eminent butcher of Grub Street, but of a corpulent body, was playing at Cricket in the Artillery Ground, making a stroke at the ball which he missed, he threw himself round with so great force that he broke his knee pan (patella). He was carried home, with little hope of ever recovering the use of his leg again".

Whitehall Evening Post (Thursday, 20 July) – "Nothing can exceed the vogue that Cricket has in some parts of Surrey and Hampshire: the people are so fond of it that it is common for them to ride 40 miles to be mere spectators at a Cricket match. A few days ago 22 expert players played a match not far from Godalming when each side got the same number of notches at both innings, which was esteemed very extraordinary".

Reading Mercury (Monday, 24 July) – "A letter from 'An old Cricket Player' re the match Reading v. Sonning on Bulmarsh Heath on Fri., July 21, complaining of the latter's unfair tactics. Sonning batted first and made 86: Reading then made 187, sacrificing their last five wickets: Sonning then made 125 which put them 24 ahead. There had been a bet between a player on each side on their total individual scores. The Sonning player made 9 the first innings, and between 60 & 70 the second : the Reading player having made 41 the first innings could not exceed the other's total as only 25 runs were wanted to win the match. There was a dispute over that, but finally the Reading player agreed to go in for the game. Sonning at first refused to play or to pay the money, although there was nearly an hour to go ; they finally went into the held, and 'by throwing the ball about, out of the way' so delayed the game that it could not be played out".

Whitehall Evening Post (Tuesday, 1 August) – "We are informed that the great match at Cricket, which has been so long in agitation, will be decided one day next week on the downs at Calais. On this match near £5,000 is depending : the players are to be all English men".

That visit to Calais may have been successful, unlike the one which the Duke of Dorset tried to organise in 1789: only to find that the French Revolution had begun!

Joseph Miller

The outstanding Kent batsman Joseph Miller (?–1784) is first recorded in 1768. Little is known about him personally except that he seems to have been a gamekeeper employed by the Duke of Dorset and his burial took place at Bridge in Kent on 31 October 1784. Even his name is subject to question for he is called Richard in John Major's book, but S&B, GDC, TJM and several others call him Joseph. There was a Richard Miller who played occasionally and took part in one first-class game for Surrey in 1774. He may have been Joseph's brother.

Joseph Miller is known to have made 55 first-class appearances from 1772 to 1783. He was unquestionably an outstanding batsman and probably second only to John Small. He made numerous good scores as the match details will show. His best known performance was for Kent v Hampshire at Sevenoaks Vine in August 1774 when he made 95 out of 240 and enabled Kent to win by an innings and 35 runs. This score was briefly the highest individual score recorded in first-class cricket since the statistical record began in 1772, beating the 88 scored by William Yalden in 1773. Miller's "world record" lasted only a year until Small's century beat it.

william bowra

William Bowra (1752–7 May 1820) played regularly for Kent teams until 1788 and then for Sussex until 1792. He had 47 known first-class appearances between 1775 and 1792. His name was pronounced Borra. In the Hampshire Chronicle report of this game, his name is spelt "Bower". Bowra, probably the son of John Bowra, was a very useful batsman who was employed by the Duke of Dorset as a gamekeeper. He is believed to have been an outstanding fielder in close positions as a great many catches were credited to him.

The Duke of Dorset was a great admirer of his play and it is said, perhaps as an anecdote, that Dorset used to sit on the railing round the Sevenoaks Vine ground to watch him bat, often exclaiming: "Bravo, my little Bowra".

Bowra subsequently played for the Brighton team during 1790–1792 and once made 60* for Brighton v MCC. At this time he was perhaps employed on one of Dorset's estates in Sussex. He returned to Knole House in 1807, again as gamekeeper, and it is believed he stayed there till his death in 1820.

george leer

George Leer (born 1748 at Hambledon, Hampshire; died 1 February 1812 at Petersfield, Hampshire) began playing in the 1760s and was a native of Hambledon, one of the few who played for the famous club. According to Haygarth, Leer "was a good and successful bat, but was mostly famous as long-stop to Brett's tremendous bowling in the Hambledon matches. He was always called Little George, and was a fine singer, having a sweet counter-tenor voice. In Nyren's book, he is stated to have been a native of Hambledon, but latterly he was a brewer, residing at Petersfield, where he died".

George Leer was a small man who made 44 known first-class appearances from 1772 to 1782.

john minshull

John Minshull was a famous Kent batsman during the 1770s. He was last recorded in June 1780.

According to John Nyren, Minshull was a "capital hitter, and a sure guard of his wicket" but "not an elegant player, his position and general style were both awkward and uncouth". He is described as a thick-set man, about 5 foot 9 in height and "not very active" (presumably a slow mover in the field). Minshull evidently had a high opinion of his own ability and was said to have been "as conceited as a wagtail and from his constantly aping what he had no pretensions to, was, on that account only, not estimated according to the price at which he had rated his own merits". So there!

As S&B points out, Minshull is sometimes known as Minchin. Little about him is certain except that held the post of gardener at Knole House (the Duke of Dorset's residence near Sevenoaks).

thomas pattenden

Thomas Pattenden (born c.December 1741 at East Peckham, Kent; died November 1791 at East Peckham) was a very good Kent batsman of the 1760s and 1770s.

He was probably the Pattenden playing for the Duke of Dorset's XI against Wrotham in 1769 when Minshull scored his century. There are often doubts about the name "Pattenden" in the old sources. Thomas had a brother, William Pattenden, born at East Peckham in October 1747 (details of death unknown). William played with his brother in a number of Kent teams from 1777 to 1781. He may also have played for Kent v Surrey in 1773 for in one account the Pattenden was William and in another it was Thomas. A good example of the confusion caused when initials or first names are left out of the scorecards. The same applies to various Woods, Mays, Rimmingtons, Whites, etc.

Thomas Pattenden was clearly the better player of the two. His highest score was 72 for Kent v Hampshire in 1775, when he so upset the odds that "more money was won and lost than ever known". He made a number of other good scores including 52 against the bowling of Lumpy and David Harris in 1783.

Thomas Pattenden is believed to have been an innkeeper in his native village of East Peckham, perhaps at the Rose & Crown adjoining the cricket ground.

thomas quiddington

Thomas Quiddington (christened 21 January 1743 at Coulsdon, Surrey; buried 6 December 1804 at Coulsdon) was a noted Surrey cricketer. He was a member of the famous Chertsey Cricket Club. His name has the alternative spelling of Quiddenden. He was primarily a bowler but it is not known what his pace was. He was a long stop fielder and described as a "steady batter"

Quiddington's career probably began in the aftermath of the Seven Years War and he was certainly active between the 1769 and 1784 seasons. He is first recorded playing for Caterham v Hambledon at Guildford Bason on 31 July and 1 August 1769, a game that Hambledon won by 4 wickets. His last recorded appearance was for Chertsey v Coulsdon in June 1784.

john wood

john thomas wood

John Wood was a change bowler who came from Seal, near Sevenoaks, in Kent. He is often confused with the Chertsey all-rounder of the same period whose name has been variously given as John Wood or Thomas Wood. To disambiguate, I have decided to call the Chertsey player John Thomas Wood.

John Wood of Seal is mentioned by John Nyren as an opponent of Hambledon. He is described as a good general player who was tall, stout and bony.

John Thomas Wood is called "Thomas Wood" in S&B but that is contradicted by Waghorn in particular who calls him Woods and implies that his first name was John. There may also have been confusion with Thomas Woods of Surrey who was active in 1761. According to S&B, Wood was a miller residing at Pirbright in Surrey and chiefly associated with the Chertsey club where he was a team mate of Lumpy and Yalden.

In the statistical period from 1772, John Wood appears once in 1772 and makes a total of 14 definite appearances to 1777. John Thomas Wood appears in 1773 (indeed, he is one of the outstanding players of that season) and makes a total of 14 definite appearances to the end of the 1776 season. The problem is that there are 12 other appearances by "Wood" from 1773 to 1783 where it could be either one of them playing on any occasion. Mr Haygarth adds that "most of the best performances of both no doubt took place before 1772". It is believed they were both active through the 1760s.

John Wood of Seal appears to have suffered a serious injury during or soon after the Kent v. Surrey match at Sevenoaks Vine in July 1773. According to the dreadful verse by Rev. J Duncombe that commemorates the Surrey victory:

For Wood of Seale (sic), needs must I wail,
As one in doleful dumps;
For if he e'er should play again,
It must be on his stumps.

For bare-footed Wood my heart was woe,
That his leg bound up should be;
For if both his legs should be cut off,
He would kneel and catch on his knee

This wasn't as drastic as it might sound, for Wood returned in 1774 when both he and J T Wood played for All-England against Hambledon. But he didn't play again in 1773 and it is possible he broke his leg giving rise to fears that amputation would be necessary.


the history

The year began with the resignation of the Duke of Grafton as Prime Minister. Lord (Frederick) North (1732 – 1792; Tory) succeeded him and held office till 1782, during which time the American War of Independence occurred and Great Britain lost the colonies that created the USA. Lord North was George III's man and held the same reactionary view towards the colonies.

The North American situation was the key political question of the day. Feelings in America were inflamed by the so-called "Boston Massacre" in March, when five citizens were killed after heavily provoked British troops opened fire on a mob. In April, the unpopular Townshend Acts were repealed apart from the tax on imported tea.

the cricket

Tuesday, 26 June. The Middlesex Journal on Thursday, 29 June reported the death of a Mr Johnson, who was a goldsmith at London Wall. His death was "occasioned by a blow which he received from a cricket ball on Thursday, 21 June near Islington". (GB18)

PVC records a notice in the General Evening Post dated Tuesday, 7 August that "His Majesty (i.e., George III) has given a silver cup to be played for at cricket on the 20th inst. on Richmond Green, on account of the Princes having been much pleased with a Cricket match there on Mon. last". Unfortunately, it is not known any details of either match.

In the year of the so-called "Boston Massacre", which occurred on Monday, 5 March, there was a report in the Middlesex Journal on Thursday, 16 August that: "about three days before the meeting of Parliament, a grand Cricket Match will be played by 11 of the Ministry against 11 of the Patriots, when great sport is expected". (GB18)

significant matches

London & Middlesex v Surrey

Artillery Ground, Bunhill Fields, Finsbury, London

Monday, 20 & Tuesday, 21 August 1770

result unknown (CQ)

The match was first reported by Cricket Quarterly magazine.

Hambledon v Coulsdon

Broadhalfpenny Down, Hambledon, Hampshire

Thursday, 4 & Friday, 5 October 1770

Hambledon won by 57 runs (JBD)

Hambledon scored 104 and 105; Coulsdon replied with 74 and 78. No other details are known. The match details were recorded by Sussex lawyer John Baker, who was a spectator, in his diary.

other matches

Brentford & Richmond v Essex

Richmond Green, Richmond, Surrey

Tuesday, 5 June 1770

result unknown (GB18)

Announced in the Whitehall Evening Post on Thursday, 7 June but no match details were reported.

Chertsey v Hampton

Moulsey Hurst, near Molesey, Surrey

Tuesday, 11 September 1770

result unknown (PVC)

The General Evening Post on Saturday, 8 September announced: "Mr Garrick has given two silver cups to be played for at Cricket between Chertsey and Hampton next Tuesday on Moulsey Hurst".

David Garrick (1717 – 1779) remains one of the most influential figures in British theatrical history. He was the pre-eminent Shakespearean actor and producer of the day. He was a close friend of Samuel Johnson, who was himself interested in cricket, having played while a student at Oxford. Garrick's name was an anglicised version of Garrigues, his grandfather having been a French Huguenot who escaped from the tyranny of Louis XIV after the Edict of Nantes was revoked in 1685.

The History of Cricket: 1751 – 1760 | The History of Cricket: 1771 – 1775 | Index

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