Technology


Moore's Law Made real by Intel Innovations

Intel co-founder Gordon Moore is a visionary. His prediction, popularly known as Moore's Law, states that the number of transistors on a chip will double about every two years. Intel has kept that pace for over 40 years, providing more functions on a chip at significantly lower cost per function.

Intel continues to help move the industry forward by delivering:

  • A worldwide silicon fab network with high volume fabs
  • The world's first 32nm silicon technology
  • Revolutionary technologies on a chip, like hafnium-based high-k metal gate (HKMG); Intel began producing HKMG processors in 2007, and has shipped more than 400 million HKMG 45nm and 32nm processors
  • Advanced research into tri-gate transistors and silicon nanotechnology

More transistors per area

Processing power, measured in millions of instructions per second (MIPS), has steadily risen because of increased transistor density coupled with improved multiple core processor microarchitecture. However, Moore's Law also means decreasing costs per transistor since more transistors can be built on the same silicon wafer. Over time, silicon-based technology gains in performance becomes less expensive to produce, is more plentiful and capable, and becomes more seamlessly integrated into our daily lives.

Moore's Law evolves

While Moore's Law has driven the industry for over 45 years, the continuation of Moore's Law now requires innovations not only in dimensions and scaling but through integrated circuit materials and structure. Physical limits of atomic structures or power density could be reached by 2020, to address this Intel will look beyond CMOS to the use of alternative computing mechanisms and logic devices.

Moore's Law graph

Caption: Transistor dimensions scale to improve performance, reduce power and reduce cost per transistor.


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