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Information on Higher Education System

  CHED is responsible in the formulation and implementation of policies, plans and programs for the development and efficient operation of the higher education system in the country. The delivery of higher education in the Philippines is provided by private and public higher education institutions (HEIs).

  Geographically, there are 2,180 HEIs in the country distributed as follows:


Distribution of Higher Education Institutions by Region and Sector
 (As of August 2010)

Region Public Private Total
I 30 78 108
II 22 47 69
III 59 168 227
IVA 74 202 276
IVB 45 41 86
V 45 100 145
VI 72 80 152
VII 35 126 161
VIII 42 58 100
IX 49 52 101
X 19 64 83
XI 17 78 95
XII 16 75 91
NCR 34 278 312
CAR 19 33 52
ARMM 15 50 65
Caraga 14 43 57
Total 607 1573 2180

  The Public HEIs include: 110 SUCs main campuses, 388 satellite campuses, 93 LUCs, 10 Other Government Schools, one (1) CHED Supervised Institution (CHED-ARMM) and five (5) special HEIs.


Private Higher Education Institutions
  Private HEIs are established under the Corporation Code and are governed by special laws and general provisions of this Code. Those under non-sectarian are duly incorporated, owned and operated by private entities that are not affiliated to any religious organization while those under sectarian are usually non-stock, non-profit, duly incorporated, owned and operated by a religious organization.
  Generally, private HEIs are covered by the policies, standards and guidelines (PSGs) set by CHED in terms of program offerings, curriculum, administration and faculty academic qualifications, among others. Officials or owners of private HEIs usually manage their internal organizations and implement the PSGs formulated by CHED.


Public Higher Education Institutions

  The State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) are chartered public higher education institutions established by law, administered and financially subsidized by the government. SUCs have their own charters. The Board of Regents (BOR) for state universities and a Board of Trustees (BOT) for state colleges maintain the formulation and approval of policies, rules and standards in SUCs. The Chairman of CHED heads these boards. However, CHED Order No. 31 series of 2001 of the Commission en banc, also authorizes CHED Commissioners to head the BOR/ BOT of SUCs. Implementation of policies and management are vested on the president, staff, and support units of the public higher education institutions.

  The local universities and colleges (LUCs) are those established by the local government through resolutions or ordinances. LUCs are financially supported by the local government concerned. A CHED Supervised Institution (CSI) is non-chartered public post-secondary education institution established by law, administered, supervised and financially supported by government. Other government schools (OGS) are public secondary and post-secondary education institutions, usually technical-vocational education institutions that offer higher education programs. Special HEIs are directly under the government agency stipulated in the law that created them. They provide specialized training in areas such as military science and national defense.