The preference for the descendant of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) to serve as the SULTAN of the Islamic state is based in the following Hadith; â€œAllah chose Ismail from the sons of Ibrahim; and the sons of Ismail, the Banu Kinanah, and from the Banu Kinanah, the Quraish; and from the Quaraish the Banu Hashim.â€
Hashim was a great grandfather of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), and Hashemites were a family of the tribe of Quraish. The family of Hashim to which the Prophet was most closely related inhabit Mecca, Madina, Yemen, Egypt, Esh-Shams and Baghdad. It is from the Banu Hashim that the Sultans of Brunei Sultanate, Sulu Sultanate and Maguindanao Sultanate claim descent (Majul, page 5).
Historical Notes, augmented by Sulu Royal Tarsila account that Sayeed Jainul (Zaynul) Abirin, a descendant of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), whose bloodline or lineage can be traced from the fourteen generation of HUSSEIN, the grandson of the Prophet. Sayeed Jainul Abirin emigrated from Hadramaut, Yemen, South Arabia to Johore, Malay Peninsula. Sultan Iskandar Thul-Karnain, the reigning Sultan of Johore welcomed the arrival of Sayeed Jainul Abirin to his Kingdom. He was highly respected by the people of Johore knowing that he was a descendant of the Prophet. He soon joined the court of Sultan Thul-Karnain, and later was given the hand of the Sultanâ€™s beautiful daughter in marriage whose name was Princess Jusul-Asiqin. Out of their wedlock, they begot three sons, namely; Sayeed Ahmad, Sayeed Abu Bakr (Abubakar) and Sayeed (Sharif) Kabungsuan. The Sulu Royal Tarsila further accounts that the eldest son, Sayeed Ahmad ruled in Brunei Sultanate, while Sayeed Abubakar founded the Sultanate of Sulu, and Sharif Kabungsua n established the Maguindanao Sultanate.
Sulu Tarsila accounts that in 808 A.H. or 1401 A.D., a valiant and handsome Prince named Sayeed Abubakar arrived at Buansa Ummah (village), Lupah Sug (Sulu), from Johore by way of Palembang and Brunei. At the time of his arrival in Sulu, Islam was already anchored at Buansa village, having been introduced in 1380 to the Datus and their people by an Arab scholarÂ and missionary named Sheikh Abdul Karim Al-Makhdum. The arrival of Sayeed Abubakar at Buansa village, Lupah Sug, was welcomed by Rajah Ali Baginda, the ackonlwedged ruler of Buansa Muslim village, and accepted him to join the court of Rajah Baginda as a Qadi (Judge). Sayeed Abubakar married the daughter of Rajah Baginda named Dayang-Dayang Paramisuli. Out of their wedlock they begot three children, namely: Batara Alauddin, Putri (Sarip) Saripa and Batara Kamaluddin. Soon after, he laid the ground of his missionary work in preaching Islam to the natives who were still pagans in faith, and Islamic Jurisprudence to the different Muslim Ummah or villages in Sulu. After the death of Rajah Baginda, and due to his famed authority on Islamic Jurisprudence, he became the peopleâ€™s spiritual master and temporal overseer.
Sulu Tarsila accounts further that on the 24th day of Jumadil Awal, 808 A.H., or 17th of November, 1405 A.D., Sayeed Abubakar founded the sparkling Kingdom of Sulu Sultanate. He was enthroned the first Sultan of Sulu Sultanate at Buansa village, Lupah Sug, under the regal name of PADUKA MAHASSARI MAULANA AL-SULTAN SHARIF ul-HASHIM. He reigned from 1405 to 1415. His tomb is still existing up to this time at Mount Tumantagis, Indanan, Sulu with a stone marker where his regal name was written in full, but unfortunately, failed to indicate the date of his death.
The tomb of Sultan Sharif ul-Hashim is a sacred place to the Muslims of Sulu archipelago. Despite of having been recognized by the Philippine government as one of the Filipino Great Men, officially recorded by the Philippines Historical Institute (PHI), and instead of declaring the place of his tomb as a HERITAGE SITE, the place is neglected by the government. HARIIN NA IN MGA MUSLIM TAU-SUG GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS SIN LUPAH SUG? UWAY NA NILA HIYA HALGAAN IN â€œBIN SIN KAMAASANâ€? SALAM DUWAA PA MGA KATAN DATU SIN LUPAG SUG.