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Solar thermal energy policy in Romania




According to the Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources the target for the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy in the year 2020 for Romania is 24% (in the year 2005 the share was 17.8%).


Renewable heat: solar thermal

The total installed capacity in 2009 in Romania was 114,300 m2, the annual dynamics is some 20-25,000 m2 per year. In Romania, solar – thermal systems are most frequently used in individual dwellings for water heating processes.


The most relevant areas of implementing solar power applications are Dobrogea area, the Black Sea coast and the Danube Delta, areas where the solar power yearly average flow is above 1200-1250 kWh/m2. In addition, also efficient for solar power exploitation are the Romanian Plain, the West Plain, the Banat region and a part of Transylvanian and Moldavian hill areas, with a solar power yearly average flow of over 1000-1250kWh/m2. The energy potential of solar-thermal systems is estimated at about 1,434 thousand toe/year and that of the photovoltaic systems is about 1,200 GWh/year.


Solar – thermal systems’ potential contribution to necessary household heat and hot water supply in Romania is estimated at approximately 1,434 thou toe per annum (60x106 GJ /year), which could cover 50% of the overall household hot water volume or 15% of the needed thermal energy for household heating purposes. Given Romania’s meteo-solar climate, a solar - thermal panel can function, within normal safety parameters, from March until October, at conversion levels ranging between 40% and 90%. Moreover, solar panels can also function efficiently in a hybrid regime with both conventional and unconventional thermal systems.

The solar thermal energy is supported by 2 programs:

The installation of heating on renewable energy, including replacing or supplementing conventional heating systems (The Green Home ) - Individuals. MEF Order 950/2010

The installation of heating on renewable energy, including replacing or supplementing conventional heating systems (The Green Home ) - Corporate. MEF Order no. 529/2010.


MEF Order 565/2009 approving the Guide on financing the Programme for the replacement or supplementation of the classical heating systems with systems using solar energy, geothermal energy and wind power energy or other systems leading to the air, water and soil quality improvement was repealed by order no 950/2010. The total amount is 900 Mio Lei (280 Mio EUR) each year 110 Mio lei (27 Mio EUR). Grants provided by the National Environmental Fund. The installation of solar panels in individual hosues (funding is up to 6,000 lei - 1,452 EUR). Through this programme, natural persons wishing to supplement their traditional heating and hot water systems within their dwellings with alternative ecological installations shall benefit from fixed subsidies from the State and not from an investment percentage as it has been initially announced. shall be granted represent up to 80% of eligible project costs.


MEF Order no. 529/2010 for corporate beneficiaries. The total amount of the fund dedicated for 2011 is 100 Mio lei (24 Mio EUR). The provisions are applicable to building owners (individuals, local authorities). It stipulates: the eligibility criteria to be fulfilled by the applicant of such financing; the data on the project; the expenses, the budget foreseen and the carrying out of the financing programme. The next session of the Green House program in 2011 will be announced during Apri 2011.

Future programme changes expected

Romania has not mentioned solar thermal energy’s projections to 2020 in its NREAP.



Interactive EurObserv’ER Database
Last update: April 2011

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