Photovoltaic energy in
Portugal electricity represents around 20% of final energy consumption,
of which 30% to 40% is renewable-based, mainly large hydro plants. Of
the renewable technologies, wind power has been growing fastest over
recent years. Targets exist for new renewables: for wave power a pilot
area will be chosen for testing different concepts.
Portugal is developing actions to increase and improve the
environmental issues in the energetic laws, with base in the
“Estratégia Nacional para a Energia” - RCM n.º 169/2005 (Energetic
National Strategy). In this context, all the efforts are to look for a
more sustainable energy using the best available technology and, in
long term, to support the development of new technologies.
to the Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the
Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources
the target for the share of energy from renewable sources in gross
final consumption of energy in the year 2020 for Portugal is 31% (in
the year 2005 the share was 20.5%). The Directive has a mandatory 10 %
target for transport to be achieved by all Member States, which refers
to renewable sources as a whole, not biofuels alone.
Renewable energy projections according to the National Renewable Energy Action Plan for Portugal
National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) for Portugal was
submitted in August 2010. The target according to Annex I of Directive
2009/28/EC is 31% for the year 2020 and the projected NREAP share in
that year exactly matches the target. According to the projection, the
most important contribution in the year 2020 is expected from biomass
(renewable heating and cooling) (2322 ktoe, 38% of all renewable
energy). Second important contribution is expected from wind power
(14.6 TWh or 1255 ktoe, 21% of all renewable energy). The third largest
contribution is from hydropower (14.1 TWh or 1210 ktoe, 20% of all
renewable energy). Wind power contributes with 6.9 GW (14.6 TWh) in the
year 2020 (onshore wind 6.8 GW and 14.4 TWh, offshore wind 0.1 GW and
0.2 TWh). For solar photovoltaic the 2020 contribution is projected to
be 1.0 GW (1.5 TWh). For solar thermal the 2020 contribution is
projected to be 160 ktoe. The two most important biofuels are projected
to contribute 450 ktoe (biodiesel) and 27 ktoe (bioethanol / bio-ETBE)
by 2020. The renewable electricity production from solid biomass
amounts to 1.5 TWh (126 ktoe) and for biogas it is expected to be 0.5
TWh (45 ktoe). The consumption of renewable heat is expected to amount
to 1484 ktoe for solid biomass and 37 ktoe for biogas.
photovoltaic energy (PV)
to the feed-in tariff programme of the Decree Law 33-A/2005 of 16th
February 2005 the level of the feed in tariffs in 2007 were: for
installations < 5 kW: 45 € cents/ kWh and for installations
kW: 31 € cents/ kWh. More recently, with Decree Law 225/2007 new
tariffs were introduced for emerging technologies such as solar thermal
power and wave power. For PV
installations < 5 kW the tariff remained 45 € cents/ kWh and for installations
kW the tariff it is 31.7 € cents/ kWh.
Solar thermoelectric installations up to 10 MW receive 27.3 € cents/
kWh. The tariffs are guaranteed for a
period of 15 years or in the limit of a production of 21 GWh per MWp,
after which the market electricity price is the remaining income.
Future programme changes
No information available on future policy changes.
M, Ministry of Economy and Innovation, Portugese Republic, Promotion of
RES-E in Portugal, Fourth workshop of the International Feed-In
Cooperation, Ljubljana, October 18-19, 2007.
M, Ministry of Economy and Innovation, Directorate General for Energy and Geology, Promotion of
RES-E in Portugal, Sixth workshop of the International Feed-In
Cooperation, Brussels, November 3-4, 2008.
Interactive EurObserv’ER Database, http://www.eurobserv-er.org, 2007
Photovoltaic Energy Barometer, http://www.eurobserv-er.org, April 2008
The National Renewable Energy Action
Plans (NREAPs) are all published on the Transparency Platform on
Renewable Energy: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/transparency_platform/action_plan_en.htm
(sourced July - December 2010)
Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable
Energy Action Plans of the European Member States, http://www.ecn.nl/nreap
(sourced December 2010)
Interactive EurObserv’ER Database
Last update: March 2011
This information canbe referenced without permission provided that the
source is mentioned completely and correctly: 'Interactive EurObserv'ER
Database, http://www.eurobserv-er.org (date of last update)'
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The EurObserv'ER barometer is a project supported by the European
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EurObserv'ER Barometer is the result of the investigation and research
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