Appendix L

Weapons and Equipment

MP must be rapidly deployable, versatile, and as lethal as the force that they support. MP are organized and equipped to provide functional battlefield capabilities that range from the deliberate attack (area security) to civil-disturbance control operations (L&O;). Although not all inclusive, the listed data is intended to aid in planning MP operations. In any tactical situation, it is important that MP be able to properly identify threat weapons, vehicles, and aircraft. When threat is observed, MP report their location, activity, and direction of travel to higher HQ by the fastest means available.

FRIENDLY VEHICLES

L-1. Table L-1, gives MP leaders a quick look at the capabilities of the various vehicles in the Army inventory.

Table L-1. Vehicle Capabilities

Vehicle Capabilities 

M998 

M1025/1026 

M1114 

M1117 

Light Medium Tactical Vehicle (LMTV) 

Weight (gross vehicle weight [GVW]) (in pounds) 4,950 5,250 12,100 29,500 16,500
Height (in inches) 69 73/73 73 102 112
Length (in inches) 180 180/185 190.5 237 251
Width 85 85/85 85 101 96
Fuel capacity (in gallons) 25 25 25 50 58
Maximum speed (in miles per hour) 55 55 55 63 58
Range (in miles) 350 300 275 440 400+

Fording Capabilities 

With kit (in inches) 60 60 60 NA 60
Without kit (in inches) 30 30 30 60 60
Pay load (maximum pounds) 2,500 2,500 NA 3,360 5,000

FRIENDLY WEAPONS

L-2. Table L-2 gives MP leaders a quick look at the capabilities of the weapons used by MP units.

Table L-2. Weapon Capabilities

Weapon Capabilities

M2

M4

M9

M16A2

MK-19

M136 (AT4)

M203

M249

Weight (in pounds) 84 7.5 2.6 8.7 76 14.8 11 15.5
Length (in inches) 66 29.75 closed, 33 open 8.5 39 43 40 39 41.1

Range
Maximum (in meters) 6,765 3,600 1,800 3,600 2,212 2,100 400 3,600
Arming (in meters) NA NA NA NA 18 to 30 10 14 NA
Minimum safe (in meters) NA NA NA NA 28 NA 31 NA

Effective Range
Area target (in meters) 1,830 600 NA 800 2,212 NA 350 800
Point target (in meters) 1,200 500 50 580 1,500 NA 160 600
Moving target (in meters) NA NA NA 200 NA NA NA NA

Rate of Fire (in Rounds Per Minute)
Cyclic 500 700 to 970 NA 700 to 800 375 NA NA 800
Rapid 40* NA NA NA 60 NA 35 200*
Sustained 40* 12/15 60 16 40 NA 35 85

*With barrel change.

FRIENDLY NONLETHAL EQUIPMENT AND MUNITIONS

L-3. The following descriptions and illustrations describe nonlethal equipment and munitions that are currently available.

NONLETHAL EQUIPMENT

L-4. The following nonlethal equipment provides bodily protection for soldiers involved in a nonlethal operation and allows soldiers to capture the threat with a minimum of force.

Nonballistic and Ballistic Riot Face Shields

L-5. The riot face shield (Figure L-1) provides soldiers with improved facial protection from thrown objects. The face shield is lightweight, adaptable to the current helmet, transparent, and scratch-resistant. It is adjustable to up and down positions. The mechanism for attaching and removing the shield from the helmet is robust and simple and requires no tools in the field.

Figure L-1. Riot Face Shield

Figure L-1. Riot Face Shield

L-6. The ballistic riot face shield is similar in design, but it is heavier and provides facial protection up to a 9-millimeter full metal jacket (FMJ) or 124 grains at 1,400 feet per second. This face shield is primarily used by SRTs in force-entry scenarios and can also be used for MOUT operations.

Nonballistic and Ballastic Riot Body Shields

L-7. The nonballistic riot body shield (Figure L-2) is 24 inches by 48 inches by .157 inches. It provides soldiers with improved protection from frontal, side, and overhead assaults. This shield is lightweight, transparent, and scratch-resistant. The ballistic riot body shield (Figure L-3) is 24 inches by 36 inches with a 4- by 16-inch window for viewing the threat. It is similar in design to the nonballistic shield but is heavier. It provides ballistic protection up to a 9-millimeter FMJ or 124 grains at 1,400 feet per second. This shield is primarily used by SRTs in forced-entry scenarios and can also be used for selected MOUT operations.

Figure L-2. Nonballistic Riot Body Shield

Figure L-2. Nonballistic Riot Body Shield

 

Figure L-3. Ballistic Riot Body Shield

Figure L-3. Ballistic Riot Body Shield

Nonballistic and Ballistic Shin Guards

L-8. Nonballistic shin guards (Figure L-4) provide soldiers with improved protection from thrown objects. They are lightweight and black in color.

Figure L-4. Nonballistic Shin Guards

Figure L-4. Nonballistic Shin Guards

L-9. Ballistic shin guards are similar in design to nonballastic guards, but they are heavier and provide protection up to a 9-millimeter FMJ or 124 grains at 1,400 feet per second. They are primarily used by SRTs in forced-entry scenarios and can also be used in selected MOUT operations.

Baton

L-10. The standard 36-inch wooden riot baton (Figure L-5) is currently in use for riot control. It is used for self-defense and to keep rioters out of arm's reach of the soldiers conducting crowd control tactics.

Figure L-5. Standard 36-inch Wooden Riot Baton

Figure L-5. Standard 36-inch Wooden Riot Baton

Portable Bullhorn

L-11. The portable bullhorn (Figure L-6) is a critical communication device when conducting crowd control tactics. The bullhorn can facilitate communication with the crowd in conjunction with linguist or PSYOP support. It also assists in communicating commands to troops engaged in crowd control by projecting over the crowd's noise.

Figure L-6. Portable Bullhorn

Figure L-6. Portable Bullhorn

Individual Voice-Amplification System

L-12. The individual voice-amplification system (Figure L-7) is a critical communication device for conducting crowd control tactics when using RCAs and wearing a protective mask. This device facilitates oral communications and increases the user's ability to be heard on radios and other devices.

Figure L-7. Individual Voice-Amplification System

Figure L-7. Individual Voice-Amplification System

Individual Oleoresin Capsicum and M36 Individual Chlorobenzyl Malononitrile Dispersers

L-13. These individual RCA dispersers (Figure L-8) are used primarily for self-defense and to keep rioters out of arm's reach of soldiers conducting crowd control tactics or engaged in missions were noncombatant threat exists.

Figure L-8. Individual OC and CS Dispersers

Figure L-8. Individual OC and CS Dispersers

Midsize Riot Control Dispersers of Oleoresin Capsicum and Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile

L-14. This RCA disperser (Figure L-9) is primarily used by formations conducting crowd control tactics, law enforcement, and I/R operations. It is lightweight, can be operated by one person, and is easily refilled and pressurized with available maintenance equipment or 2- or 5-ton truck compressors. It is intended to provide a small unit with self-defense capabilities from large crowds out to 10 meters (more range is possible based on the wind) or offensively to clear crowds from critical areas (toward preplanned escape routes).

Figure L-9. Midsize Riot Control Dispersers of OC and CS

Figure L-9. Midsize Riot Control Dispersers of OC and CS

M33A1 Riot Control Disperser Filled With Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile or Dibenz (B, f)-1, 4-Oxazepine (CR)

L-15. This RCA disperser (Figure L-10) is primarily used by formations conducting crowd control tactics. It is twice as heavy as a midsized disperser, carries a larger payload, and dispenses powdered CS or liquid CR. One individual can operate it, and it can be refilled and pressurized with available M4 compressors. It is intended to provide a small unit with self-defense capabilities from large crowds out to 15 meters (100 meters is possible based on wind speed and direction). Use the M33A1 offensively to clear crowds from critical areas.

Figure L-10. M33A1 Riot Control Disperser Filled With CS or CR

Figure L-10. M33A1 Riot Control Disperser Filled With CS or CR

L-16. Some training is required to operate the dispenser. The unit NBC NCO may conduct this training. The device requires up to 2,000 pounds per square inch of pressure to function properly, and it is maintained with an M254 maintenance kit.

High-Intensity Xenon Searchlight

L-17. Use this individual, handheld searchlight (Figure L-11) for illumination in crowd control operations during darkness. Use it for general illumination of the operational area; to pinpoint agitators or threat, to reduce the ability of rioters to see troop formations and actions, and to enhance tactical deception techniques for units conducting crowd control operations.

Figure L-11. High-Intensity Xenon Searchlight

Figure L-11. High-Intensity Xenon Searchlight

Lightweight Disposable Restraints

L-18. Lightweight disposable restraints (Figure L-12) are also known as flex cuffs. Individual soldiers can carry large quantities of these restraints to immobilize individuals being detained. When freeing a detainee, cut the restrains off him with the safe cutting device supplied with the restraints or with utility shears. A reusable, red restraint training device is available.

Figure L-12. Lightweight Disposable Restraints

Figure L-12. Lightweight Disposable Restraints

Shotgun Munitions Carrier

L-19. The shotgun munitions carrier (Figure L-13) is a 12-gauge ammunition carrier that straps to the stock of the M12 shotgun. It allows the firer to carry nonlethal ammunition that is readily available.

Figure L-13. Shotgun Munitions Carrier

Figure L-13. Shotgun Munitions Carrier

Portable Vehicle-Arresting Barrier (PVAB)

L-20. The PVAB (Figure L-14) is designed to assist with short-term physical security of critical facilities and for use at checkpoints. Use the PVAB to augment a vehicle checkpoint. It adds the ability to stop any light vehicle (up to 7,500 pounds) that attempts to flee without killing the occupants. This device may be set up by 2 or 3 soldiers in less than an hour.

Figure L-14. Vehicle Entrapped in a PVAB

Figure L-14. Vehicle Entrapped in a PVAB

L-21. When emplaced, the PVAB resembles a standard speed bump. When armed, the device operates within 1.5 seconds and deploys a high-tensile net that catches the vehicle and slows it to a stop with internal braking mechanisms. The net and other features prevent occupants from fleeing the vehicle. The PVAB is best suited for mobile, short-term vehicle checkpoints in areas under US control where there is a threat of terrorist-type activity and where the threat uses the cover of noncombatants to infiltrate US AOs.

NONLETHAL MUNITIONS

L-22. The following munitions provide soldiers with a nonlethal way to break contact, enforce a buffer zone, or stun an individual.

12-Gauge Nonlethal Point Target Cartridge Round (M1012)

L-23. The point target cartridge round (Figure L-15) stuns individuals by delivering a strong blow to the body without penetrating it. This munition allows soldiers to enforce a buffer zone (standoff distance) with a violent crowd, break contact, or stun an individual target for possible detention by snatch teams. Fire the round at the center mass of an adult subject at ranges of 10 to 30 meters. Beyond 30 meters, the projectile loses accuracy and may no longer have the velocity required to stun an individual. This round has applications in law enforcement, I/R facilities, and US military detention facilities.

DANGER

Shots fired at subjects closer than 10 meters or shots to the head or groin may cause serious injury

Figure L-15. 12-Gauge Nonlethal Point Target Cartridge Round

Figure L-15. 12-Gauge Nonlethal Point Target Cartridge Round

12-Gauge Aerial Diversionary-Device Round

L-24. The aerial diversionary-device round (Figure L-16) provides multishot nonlethal capability to distract individuals or crowds. In crowd control, it delivers a flash bang projectile over the heads of a violent or potentially violent crowd, and is used to distract the crowd (in combination with other distraction devices and troop maneuvers). It allows other troop formations to maneuver to positions that are more advantageous

L-25. The round is designed to be fired at ranges of 75 to 100 meters and is placed about 5 meters above the crowd.

DANGER

Shots fired directly at subjects or in enclosed areas may cause serious injury.

Figure L-16.  12-Gauge Aerial Diversionary-Device Round

Figure L-16. 12-Gauge Aerial Diversionary-Device Round

12-Gauge Nonlethal Area Target Cartridge Round (M1013)

L-26. The area target cartridge round (Figure L-17) provides the capability to stun or deter two or three threats by delivering a strong blow to the body without penetrating it. This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations.

Figure L-17. 12-Gauge Nonlethal Area Target Cartridge Round

Figure L-17. 12-Gauge Nonlethal Area Target Cartridge Round

L-27. The round is designed to be fired at the center mass of an adult threat at ranges of 10 to 30 meters. Shots fired closer than 10 meters may cause serious injuries. The projectile loses accuracy when shot beyond 30 meters and may no longer be effective.

40-Millimeter Sponge Round (Point) (M1006)

L-28. The 40-millimeter sponge round (Figure L-18) delivers a strong, stunning blow to a threat's body without penetrating it. This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations.

Figure L-18. M1006 40-Millimeter Sponge Round

Figure L-18. M1006 40-Millimeter Sponge Round

L-29. The round is designed to be fired at the center mass of an adult threat at ranges of 10 to 50 meters.

WARNING

Shots fired closer than 10 meters may cause injuries.

40-Millimeter Crowd Dispersal Round (Area) (XM1029)

L-30. The 40-millimeter crowd dispersal round (Figure L-19) delivers a strong, stunning blow to a threat's body without penetrating it. This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations. In crowd control, it provides a nonlethal capability that can be used to break contact and enforce a buffer zone (standoff distance) with a violent crowd.

Figure L-19. 40-Millimeter Crowd Dispersal Round (Area)

Figure L-19. 40-Millimeter Crowd Dispersal Round (Area)

L-31. The round is designed to be fired at the center mass of an adult threat at ranges of 10 to 30 meters. The projectile loses accuracy when shot beyond 30 meters and may not stun or deter the threat.

WARNING

Shots fired closer than 10 meters may cause injuries.

40-Millimeter Carrying Pouch

L-32. The 40-millimeter carrying pouch is slung over the shoulder of a soldier. It provides the ability to carry nonlethal ammunition separate from lethal rounds.

M84 Stun Grenade (Diversionary Device, Hand-Thrown)

L-33. The M84 (Figure L-20) is a hand-thrown, flash bang, stun device used primarily by SRTs in forced-entry scenarios. It is used for selected MOUT or crowd control operations.

Figure L-20. M84 Stun Grenade

Figure L-20. M84 Stun Grenade

L-34. The M84 is designed to be thrown into a room (through an open door, a standard glass window, or other opening). It delivers a loud bang and a brilliant flash that temporarily disorients and detracts the occupants. Because of its reusable metal body, do not throw it into a crowd, as it may be returned to friendly troops in the form of a projectile. Instead, throw it into a controlled area in conjunction with other deception and distraction techniques.

NONLETHAL, TURRET-MOUNTED, 66-MILLIMETER GRENADE LAUNCHER (M315) AND LIGHT VEHICLE OBSCURATION SMOKE SYSTEM, 66-MILLIMETER, NONLETHAL GRENADE (L96/97 XM98/99)

L-35. The LVOSS/M315 (Figure L-21) is a 66-millimeter smoke grenade-launching platform designed to give HMMWVs ASV M1117 the ability to obscure their position in the same manner as armored vehicles. These launchers can launch any of the smoke or nonlethal 66-millimeter munition.

Figure L-21.  LVOSS and M315

Figure L-21. LVOSS and M315

L-36. The M315 turret-mounted, 66-millimeter, multipurpose, adjustable grenade launcher installation kit was developed to provide a vehicle-mounted nonlethal platform. The system is capable of delivering nonlethal payloads to support a variety of mission requirements and can be mounted on various vehicles (M1025, M1026, M966, M114, or ASV M1117) equipped with a machine gun or a TOW II missile system mount. The system electronically fires 66-millimeter cartridges from four adjustable firing tubes.

L-37. The LVOSS, 66-millimeter, nonlethal grenade (L96/97 XM98/99) is an area target munition that can be fired from the standard LVOSS/M315 launcher (Figure L-22) . It can be mounted on selected armament carrier HMMWVs and can be fired from any 66-millimeter, smoke-launching system found on most armored vehicles.

Figure L-22. LVOSS/M315 66-Millimeter Nonlethal Grenade

Figure L-22. LVOSS/M315 66-Millimeter Nonlethal Grenade

L-38. These rounds are designed to be fired from 80 to 100 meters. They deliver a flash bang diversionary warning (M98), a payload of rubber nonpenetrating projectiles (M99) (affecting a 10- to 20-meter circular area), or CS/cinnamic acid (CA) practice below the point of burst (L96A1/L97A1). These munitions lack the ability to be precision-delivered and are meant to affect a large number of people at long standoff ranges. This provides convoys and crowd control formations a long range support weapon to affect crowds beyond the range of shoulder-fired nonlethal weapons. Use the rounds to provide supporting nonlethal fires to crowd control formations.

M5 Modular Crowd Control Munitions

L-39. The MCCM (Figure L-23) munition is similar in operation to a claymore mine, but it delivers nonlethal effects to the threat by delivering a strong, nonpenetrating blow to the body with multiple submunitions (600 rubber balls). This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations. In crowd control, it provides a nonlethal counterpersonnel capability that can be used to break contact, enforce a buffer zone (standoff distance), or demonstrate a show of force.

Figure L-23. M5 MCCM

Figure L-23. M5 MCCM

L-40. This round is designed to be fired at the center mass of adult threats at ranges of 5 to 15 meters. It has a shot arc covering between 60 to 80 degrees (laterally).

WARNING

Shots fired at subjects closer than 5 meters may cause injuries.

FRIENDLY COMMUNICATION, SINGLE-CHANNEL, GROUND-TO-AIR RADIO SYSTEM (SINCGARS)

L-41. SINCGARS is the primary communication system for MP. It is a series of 2-way FM radio sets that use an 18-element keypad for tuning 2,320 channels. This includes 8 preset channels in the single-channel mode and 6 preset channels in the jam-resistant, frequency-hopping mode. Table L-3 and Table L-4 provide the planning ranges for SINCGARS.

Table L-3. Voice Transmission Maximum Planning Ranges

Type of Radio

RF Switch Position

Planning Ranges

Manpack or vehicular LO
M
HI
200 to 400 meters
400 meters to 5 kilometers
5 to 10 kilometers
Vehicular only  PA 10 to 40 kilometers

L-42. To increase the transmission range of SINCGARS, connect the OE-254 antenna group. It is an omnidirectional, biconical antenna designed for broadband operation, without field adjustment, from 30 to 88 megahertz, up to 350 watts. The following is the tabulated data transmission range of the OE-254:

Table L-4. Data Transmission Maximum Planning Ranges

Type of Radio

Baud Rate Used

RF Switch Position

Planning Ranges*
(In Kilometers)

Manpack/vehicular

(short range) 

600 to 4,800 baud per second (BPS)

16,000 BPS (16 kilobauds per second [KBPS])

HI

HI 

3 to 5

1 to 3 

Vehicular

(long range)

600 to 2,400 BPS

4,800 BPS
16,000 BPS (16 KBPS)

PA

PA
PA

5 to 25

5 to 22
3 to 10

*Ranges are based on the line of sight and are average for normal conditions. Ranges depend on the location, the sighting, the weather, and the surrounding noise level, among other factors. The use of the OE-254 antenna increases the range for both voice and data transmissions. Enemy jamming and mutual interference conditions degrade these ranges. In data transmission, the use of a lower baud rate increases the range.

THREAT WEAPONS AND EQUIPMENT

L-43. In any tactical situation, it is important that MP be able to properly identify threat weapons, vehicles, and aircraft. MP report threat location, activity, and direction of travel to higher HQ by the fastest means available.

L-44. Tables L-5 through L-12, outline the most common features of threat weapons, equipment, and vehicles that MP may encounter in a hostile environment. Special operations forces and airborne assault, reconnaissance, and insurgent units often use these weapons.

Table L-5. Small Arms

Small Arms Characteristics 

9-Millimeter PM Pistol 


5.45-Millimeter AK-74 Assault Rifle

Range, effective and maximum (in meters) 50 500/1,000
Rate of fire, practical and cyclic (rounds per minute) 30 100/600
Ammunition type 9- by 18-millimeter ball 5.45- by 39-millimeter ball, ball tracer, incendiary T
Fire mode Semiautomatic Selective semiautomatic or fully automatic


Table L-5. Small Arms (Continued)

Small Arms Characteristics 

5.45-Millimeter Squad Machine Gun (RPK)-74 Light MG 

5.45-Millimeter AKSU-74 Submachine Gun (SMG) 

7.62-Millimeter Soviet Sniper Rifle (SVD)

Range, effective and maximum (in meters) 800/2,500 300/1,500 1,300 with scope, (800 without)/3,800
Rate of fire, practical and cyclic (rounds per minute) 150/600 150/600 30
Ammunition type 5.45- by 39-millimeter ball, ball tracer, incendiary T 5.45- by 39-millimeter ball, ball tracer, incendiary T 7.62- by 54R-millimeter light or heavy ball, steel core, tracer, AT, incendiary "rose" sniper bullet
Fire mode Selective semiautomatic or fully automatic Selective semiautomatic or fully automatic Semiautomatic


Table L-5. Small Arms (Continued)

Machine Gun Characteristics 

RPK-74 


PKM 

Range, effective and maximum (in meters)

800/2,500

1,000/3,800

Rate of fire, cyclic and practical (rounds per minute)

600/150

650/250

Ammunition type

5.45- by 39-millimeter, rimless

7.622- by 54-millimeter ball, ball tracer, API-T, incendiary

Fire mode

Selective

NA

Armor penetration (in millimeters)

NA

8 millimeters at 500


Table L-6. Grenade Launchers

Grenade Launcher Characteristics 


Armored Gun System (AGS)-17 


BG-15/GP-25 

Range, effective and maximum (in meters) 1,200 indirect fire, 700 direct fire/1,730 4 to 400/400
Rate of fire, practical and cyclic (rounds per minute) 60 to 100/100 to 450 5
Elevation (in degrees) 7 to 87 NA
Traverse (in degrees) 30 NA
Platform Tripod, vehicle, or helicopter Under barrel grenade launcher
Fire mode Selective, semiautomatic, or fully automatic Single shot
Feed 29-round belt in drum magazine Muzzle loaded
Ammunition type 30-millimeter, HE fragment 40-millimeter, HE fragment, bounding HE fragment
Caliber (in millimeters) 30 40
Crew 3 1
Remarks 15-meter lethal area of burst Bounding HE fragment strikes the ground and "bounds" up 1.5 to 2 meters before exploding


Table L-7. Rocket-Propelled Grenades

AT Grenade Launcher
Characteristics 


Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG)-7V 

RPG-16D 

Projectile 

PG-7

PG-7M

PG-VR

PG-VL

OG-7/7V

PG-16

Range, moving and stationary target (in meters) 300/500 NA NA NA NA 500/800
Armor penetration (in millimeters) 330 330 >750 >PG-7M <PG-VR NA 375
Ammunition type High-explosive, antitank (HEAT) HEAT Tandem HEAT HEAT HE fragment HEAT
Warhead caliber (in millimeters) 85 72 105 93 NA 58.3
Rate of fire (rounds per minute) 6 6 6 6 6 6
Crew NA NA NA NA NA 2
Tube caliber (in millimeters) 40 40 40 40 40 58.3


Table L-7. Rocket-Propelled Grenades (Continued)

AT Grenade Launcher Characteristics

 

RPG-18 RPG-22


RPO-A

 

Projectile 

 

 

 

Range, moving and stationary target (in meters) 200 250 200 direct fire
1,000 indirect fire
Armor penetration (in millimeters) 360 390 NA
Ammunition type HEAT HEAT FAE
Rate of fire (rounds per minute) NA NA 2
Crew 1 NA NA
Tube caliber (in millimeters) 64 73 93


Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles

AT Gun and Rifle Characteristics 

Self-Propelled Gun (SPG-9) Recoilless Rifle 

84-Millimeter Carl Gustaf Recoilless Rifle 

Range, HEAT (in meters) 1,000 500
HEAT, rocket assist (RA) NA 250
HE NA 500
Indirect fire NA 1,000 HE, 1,300-meter smoke, 2,300-meter illumination
Armor penetration (in millimeters) 400 500 HEAT, 900 HEAT, RA
Rate of fire, maximum and sustained (rounds per minute) 6 6
Fire control Direct-view optics II (DVO) 3x DVO
Ammunition type HEAT, HE, rocket-assisted projectile (RAP), armor piercing (AP) AT hollow charge HEAT, HEAT RA, illumination, smoke, high explosive, dual purpose (HEDP), HE
Crew 3 or 4  


Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)

Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) Characteristics 

Bronevaya Maschina Piekhota, Armored Vehicle, Infantry (BMP)-1P IFV 

BMP-2 IFV 

BMP-3 IFV 

Main Armament (Caliber and Model) 

73-millimeter 2A38 gun 30-millimeter 2A42 gun 100-millimeter 2A70
Ammunition type HEAT FS, HE fragment High explosive incendiary (HEI), high explosive tracer (HET), APT HE fragment, HE
Range, effective (in meters) 800 1,500 light armor, 3,000 air, 2,500 ground 4,000 HE fragment
Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained/maximum 10 300/500 10/15


Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)

IFV Characteristics 

BMP-1P IFV (Continued) 

BMP-2 IFV
(Continued) 

BMP-3 IFV
(Continued) 

Secondary Armament 

AT-4a/5a ATGM

AT-4a/5a ATGM

AT-10 ATGM

Range, effective (in meters)

2,000/4,000

2,000/4,000

5,000

Rate of fire, cyclic and practical (rounds per minute)

 

 

 

Penetration (millimeters at meter range)

600/650

600/650

660

Auxiliary Armament 

7.62-millimeter PKT MG

 

30-millimeter 2A72 gun

Range, effective (in meters)

 

 

 

Ammunition type

 

 

APT, HE, HET

Auxiliary Armament 

 

 

 

Model

 

7.62-millimeter PKT MG

3- by 7.62-millimeter PKT MG

Commander

IR 

IR 

IR 

Speed, road and off road (kilometers per hour)

65/45

65/50

70/50


Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)

IFV Characteristics 

BMP-1P IFV (Continued) 

BMP-2 IFV
(Continued) 

BMP-3 IFV
(Continued) 

Vehicle Characteristics (Continued) 

 

 

 

Range, road and off road (in kilometers) 600/570 600 600
Ground clearance (in millimeters) 390 420 190 to 510
Armor, hull/turret (in millimeters) 19/23 19/23  
Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters) 6.735 by 2.94
by 2.068
6.86 by 3.13 by 2.45 7.2 by 3.2 by 2.6
Crew and passengers 3/8 3/7 3/7


Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)

IFV Characteristics 

BMD-2 

BMD-3 

BRM 

Main Armament (Caliber and Model) 

30-millimeter 2A42 gun 30-millimeter 2A42 gun 73-millimeter 2A38 gun
Ammunition type APT, fragment T, HEI APT, fragment T, HEI HEAT FS, FE fragment
Range, effective (in meters) 1,500 light armor, 2,000 air, 4,000 soft skin 2,000 AP, 4,000 HE 800
Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained and maximum 240/600 240/600 10

Secondary Armament 

AT-4/5 ATGM AT-4a/5a ATGM 7.62-millimeter PKT MG
Range, effective (in meters) 2,000/4,000 2,000/4,000 1,000
Rate of fire, cyclic and practical (rounds per minute)     650/250
Penetration (millimeters at meter range) 600 at 650 600 at 650 8 at 500 meters


Table L-8. Recoilles Rifles (Continued)

IFV Characteristics 

BMD-2 (Continued) 

BMD-3
(Continued) 

BRM
(Continued) 

Auxiliary Armament 

  30-millimeter, AG-17 grenade launcher

 

Model 2- by 7.62-millimeter PKT MG 7.62-millimeter PKT MG  

Vehicle Characteristics 

 

 

 

Night sights   Active IR Second generation
Speed, road and off road (kilometers per hour) 60/35/10 70/45/10 70/10
Range, road and off road (in kilometers) 500/350 500 500
Armor, hull and turret (in millimeters)   16 10
Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters) 5.4 by 2.63 by 1.615 6.1 by 3.134 by 2.25 6.75 by 2.97 by 1.98
Crew and passengers 2/5 2/5 3/6

Table L-9. Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs)

APC Characteristics 



BTR-60PB
 


BTR-70 

BTR-80 

Main Armament
(Caliber and Model) 

14.5-millimeter Soviet 14.5-millimeter, heavy, MG (KPVT)

14.5-millimeter
MG (KPVT)

14.5-millimeter
MG (KPVT)

Range, effective (in meters)

2,000 ground, 1,400 air

2,000 ground, 1,400 air

2,000 ground, 1,400 air

Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained and maximum

80/600

80/600

80/600

Secondary
Armament 

7.62-millimeter PKT MG

7.62-millimeter PKT MG

7.62-millimeter PKT MG

Range, effective (in meters)

1,000

1,000

1,000

Rate of fire, cyclic and practical (rounds per minute)

650/250

650/250

650/250

Penetration (millimeters at meter range)

8 at 500 meters

8 at 500 meters

8 at 500 meters

Table L-9. APCs (Continued)

APC Characteristics 

BTR-60PB
(Continued) 

BTR-70
(Continued) 

BTR-80
(Continued) 

Vehicle Characteristics 

 

 

 

Commander

IR

IR

IR

Driver

IR

IR

IR

Range, road and off road (in kilometers)

500

450

800

Armor, hull and turret (in millimeters)

 

10/7

 

Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters)

7.5 by 2.8 by 2.23

7.85 by 2.8 by 2.45

7.62 by 2.9 by 2.35

Crew and passengers

3/7

2/8

3/7

Table L-9. APCs (Continued)

APC Characteristics 

BTR-80A

BTR-D

BRDM-2 Reconnaissance  

Main Armament
(Caliber and Model) 

30-millimeter 2A72 gun 2 by 7.62 PKT MG 14.5-millimeter KPVT MG
Range, effective (in meters) 2,000 APT, 4,000 HEI, 800 night 1,000 2,000 ground, 1,400 air
Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained and maximum   250/650 80/600

Secondary Armament 

7.62-millimeter PKT MG   7.62-millimeter PKT MG
Range, effective (in meters) 1,000   1,000
Rate of fire, cyclic and practical (rounds per minute) 650/250   650/250
Penetration (millimeters at meter range) 8 at 500 meters   8 at 500 meters

Table L-9. APCs (Continued)

APC Characteristics 

BTR-80A (Continued) 

BTR-D
(Continued) 

BRDM-2 Reconnaissance (Continued) 

Vehicle Characteristics 

 

 

 

Night sights      
Range, road and off road (in kilometers) 800 500/350 750
Armor, hull and turret (in millimeters)      
Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters)   5.883 by 2.63 by 1.67 5.75 by 2.262 by 2.31
Crew and passengers 2/8 3/10 4
Remarks   Airborne assault. Can have AGS-17 grenade launcher. BTR-RD has 5 AT-4 antitank guided missiles (ATGMs), dismountable to 2 tripods.  

Table L-9. APCs (Continued)

APC Characteristics 

MTLB 

Main Armament (Caliber and Model) 

7.62 PKT MG

Range, effective (in meters)

1,000

Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained and maximum

250/650

Vehicle Characteristics 

 

Night sights  
Range, road and off road (in kilometers)  
Armor, hull and turret (in millimeters) 7/7
Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters) 6.45 by 2.85 by 1.87
Crew and passengers 2/11
Remarks  

Table L-10. ATGM

ATGM Characteristics 

AT-3c SAGGER 9K11 Malyutka 

AT-4a/b SPIGOT 9K111/9K111M Fagot/Faktoriya 

AT-5 a/b SPANDREL 9K133/9K133m Konkurs/Konkurs-M 

AT-6 a/b/c SPIRAL 9K114 Shturm 

Range (in meters) 500 to 3,000 70 to 2,000/75 to 3,500 70 to 4,000/75 to 4,000 400 to 5,000/400 to 5,000/400 to 6,000
Flight time to maximum range (in seconds) 23 to 26 11/19.5 19 13.3/16/18.6
Guidance and command link Wire MCLOS, 9M14-2: wire SACLOS Wire SACLOS Wire SACLOS Radio freguency (RF) SACLOS
Warheads HEAT, 9M14-2: tandem HEAT HEAT HEAT/tandem HEAT HEAT or FAE
Remarks The AT-3 continues to be improved and proliferated worldwide. The M14-2 missile is effective against reactive armor. Thermal sight detection range is 3,600 meters, with identification at 2,000 meters. Thermal sight detection range is 3,600 meters, with identification at 2,000 meters. FAE ranges 400 to 5,000 meters.

Table L-10. ATGM (Continued)

ATGM Characteristics 

AT-7 SAXHORN 9K115 Metis 

AT-8 SONGSTER 9K112 Kobra 

AT-9 9K120 Ataka 

AT-10 STABBER 9K116-1/9K116 Bastion/Kastet 

Range (in meters) 40 to 1,000 100 to 4,000 400 to 6,000 100 to 5,000
Flight time to maximum range (in seconds) 6 10 14.5 15
Penetration (rolled hardened armor (RHA)/behind extended range artillery (ERA), in millimeters) 500 800 1,000/800 660
Guidance and command link Wire SACLOS RF (30 gigahertz) SACLOS   Laser beam rider SACLOS
Warheads HEAT HEAT Tandem HEAT, blast, FAE, antihelicopter HEAT
Remarks Thermal sight detection range is 3,200 meters, with identification at 1,600 meters. Emplace and displace times are 12/20 seconds. Fired through the main gun tube.   Fired through the main gun tube. Off BMP-3 range is 100 to 4,000 meters, but it can fire on the move.

Table L-10. ATGM (Continued)

ATGM Characteristics 

AT-11a/b SNIPER 9K119/9K119M Svir/Invar 

AT-12 STABBER 9K116-2 Sheksna 

AT-13 9K115-2 Metis-M 

AT-14 Kornet 

Range (in meters) 100 to 5,000 100 to 5,000 80 to 1,500 100-5,500
Flight time to maximum range (in seconds) 15 12 to 4,000 8.4 22
Penetration (RHA/behind ERA in millimeters) 770 AT-11a, 1,050 AT-11b 800 1,000/800 1,200/980
Guidance and command link Laser beam rider SACLOS Laser beam rider SACLOS Wire SACLOS Laser beam rider SACLOS
Warheads HEAT/tandem HEAT HEAT Tandem HEAT, FAE Tandem HEAT, FAE
Remarks Fired through the main gun tube. T-72 variants have a 4,000-meter maximum range. Fired from the halt through the main gun tube. FAE has greater power than 152-millimeter artillery round. Thermal sight range is 4,000-meter detection and 3,500-meter identification. Maximum altitude of engaged helicopters is 3,000 meters.

Table L-10. ATGM (Continued)

ATGM Characteristics 

AT-16 9K121 VIKhR 

Milan (France [FR]) 1/2/2T/3 

Tow (US) 1/ITOW/2a/2b 

HOT (FR/Germany [GE]) 

Range (in meters) 1,000 to 10,000 20 to 2,000 3,750/3,750/65-3,750/200 to 3,750 75 to 4,000
Flight time to maximum range (in seconds) 23 12.5 2a: 20, 2b: 21 16.5
Penetration (RHA/behind ERA in millimeters) 1,050/900 600/1,060/1,200/1200 500, ITOW:800,
2:920, 2a 1,000
850, 2:950
Guidance and command link Laser beam rider SACLOS (lock on before launch) 1 and 2: SACLOS wire SACLOS IR SACLOS wire SACLOS wire
Warheads Tandem HEAT      
Remarks Maximum airborne target speed is 800 kilometers per hour. Milan 3 medium range ATGM has IR command link resistant to jamming and tandem warhead. TOW 2b is fly over, shoot down, top attack, with self-forming penetrant 2nd generation forward looking infrared (FLIR). HOT 3 long-range ATGM has a tandem warhead, bispectral day and night sights, and may be mounted on posts, vehicles, or helicopters.

Table L-11. Rotary Wing Aircraft

Rotary Wing Aircraft Characteristics 

Mi-8 HIP

Mi-17 HIP H

Mi-24 HIND D/E/F

Mission Utility, transport Utility, transport Attack, close support
Gun 12.7 millimeter 12.7 millimeters 30-millimeter HIND F
12.7-millimeter HIND D/E
ATGM AT-2c AT-2c, AT-3c 4-16
AT-2c HIND D
AT-6c HIND E/F
Rockets 57 millimeters 57 millimeters 57 millimeters or
80 millimeters
Bombs 250 kilograms,
500 kilograms
250 kilograms,
500 kilograms
250 kilograms,
500 kilograms

Table L-11. Rotary Wing Aircraft (Continued)

Rotary Wing Aircraft Characteristics 

Mi-8 HIP
(Continued) 

Mi-17 HIP H
(Continued) 

Mi-24 HIND D/E/F
(Continued) 

Range, normal payload (in kilometers) 460 495 480
Crew 3 3 2
Passengers 24 24 8
Remarks Troops can fire personal weapons through windows. It has four external hard points. Improved version of Mi-8MT, have upgraded engines and six external hard points.  

 


Mi-28N HAVOC

Gazelle (FR) 


Ka-50 HOKUM "Black Shark" or "Werewolf" 

Mission Attack, close support Light attack utility Attack, close support
Gun 23 millimeters
30 millimeters
2 by 7.62 millimeters  2A42 30-millimeter cannon

Table L-11. Rotary Wing Aircraft (Continued)

Rotary Wing Aircraft Characteristics 

Mi-28N HAVOC 

Gazelle (FR) 

Ka-50 HOKUM 

ATGM 16 AT-6/9/16 AT-3, HOT AT-16
Rockets 57 millimeters 5 millimeters
68 millimeters
2.75 inches
80 millimeters
Bombs NA NA 250 kilograms, 500 kilograms
Range, normal payload (in kilometers) 470
1,100 with drop tanks
710 455
Crew 2 or 3 1 or 2 1
Passengers NA 2 NA
Remarks This system is not operationally fielded in any armed force.  NA The armored cockpit withstands 23-millimeter fire and the windscreen withstands 12.7-millimeter fire.

Table L-11. Rotary Wing Aircraft (Continued)

Rotary Wing Aircraft Characteristics 

MD 500 (US) 

UH-1H (US) 

BO-105 (GE) 

Lynx (UK) 

Mission General purpose, light attack Utility General purpose, light attack General purpose, attack
Gun 7.62 millimeters 7.62 millimeters 20 millimeters 2 by 20 millimeters
ATGM TOW NA HOT
TOW
HOT
Hellfire
TOW
Rockets 70 millimeters NA NA Sura, 80 millimeters
Range, normal payload (in kilometers) 540 465 318 540
Crew 2 2 2 2
Passengers 2 11 3 10

Table L-12. Combat Aircraft

Combat Aircraft Characteristics 

An-12 CUB 

SU-25 FROGFOOT 

Mission Medium transport aircraft CAS
Gun(s) NR-23 23 millimeters in the tail turret GSh-30-2, 30 millimeters (250 rounds), AO-17a, 30-millimeter pods
ATGMs   16x AT-16 or AT-9
Rockets   57-millimeter S-5 pod, 80-millimeter S-8 pod (up to 8 pods)
Air-to-surface missiles   AS-7, AS-10, AS-11, AS-14, AS-17
Bombs   100 kilograms, 350 kilograms, 500 kilograms (up to 4,000 kilograms)
Combat radius (in kilometers) 1,500 to 1,800 495
Payload, paratroops 90  
Remarks It can operate from dirt strips. SU-25M: AT, SU-25UB: trainer, ceiling 10,000 meters, 4,344 kilograms maximum payload, 6.5 gram limit.

Table L-12. Combat Aircraft (Continued)

Combat Aircraft Characteristics 

SU-27 Flanker B 

Mission Fighter/intercepter, fighter bomber variant
Gun(s) GSh-301, 30-millimeter cannon
ATGMs  
Rockets 80-millimeter S-8 or 120-millimeter S-25
Air-to-air missiles R-27, R-73, AA-10, AA-11
Bombs 100 kilograms, 250 kilograms, 500 kilograms
Combat radius (in kilometers) 1,125/1,950 with tanks

 

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