MP must be rapidly deployable, versatile, and as lethal as the force that they support. MP are organized and equipped to provide functional battlefield capabilities that range from the deliberate attack (area security) to civil-disturbance control operations (L&O;). Although not all inclusive, the listed data is intended to aid in planning MP operations. In any tactical situation, it is important that MP be able to properly identify threat weapons, vehicles, and aircraft. When threat is observed, MP report their location, activity, and direction of travel to higher HQ by the fastest means available.
L-1. Table L-1, gives MP leaders a quick look at the capabilities of the various vehicles in the Army inventory.
Table L-1. Vehicle Capabilities
|Weight (gross vehicle weight [GVW]) (in pounds)||4,950||5,250||12,100||29,500||16,500|
|Height (in inches)||69||73/73||73||102||112|
|Length (in inches)||180||180/185||190.5||237||251|
|Fuel capacity (in gallons)||25||25||25||50||58|
|Maximum speed (in miles per hour)||55||55||55||63||58|
|Range (in miles)||350||300||275||440||400+|
|With kit (in inches)||60||60||60||NA||60|
|Without kit (in inches)||30||30||30||60||60|
|Pay load (maximum pounds)||2,500||2,500||NA||3,360||5,000|
L-2. Table L-2 gives MP leaders a quick look at the capabilities of the weapons used by MP units.
Table L-2. Weapon Capabilities
|Weight (in pounds)||84||7.5||2.6||8.7||76||14.8||11||15.5|
|Length (in inches)||66||29.75 closed, 33 open||8.5||39||43||40||39||41.1|
|Maximum (in meters)||6,765||3,600||1,800||3,600||2,212||2,100||400||3,600|
|Arming (in meters)||NA||NA||NA||NA||18 to 30||10||14||NA|
|Minimum safe (in meters)||NA||NA||NA||NA||28||NA||31||NA|
|Area target (in meters)||1,830||600||NA||800||2,212||NA||350||800|
|Point target (in meters)||1,200||500||50||580||1,500||NA||160||600|
|Moving target (in meters)||NA||NA||NA||200||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|Cyclic||500||700 to 970||NA||700 to 800||375||NA||NA||800|
L-3. The following descriptions and illustrations describe nonlethal equipment and munitions that are currently available.
L-4. The following nonlethal equipment provides bodily protection for soldiers involved in a nonlethal operation and allows soldiers to capture the threat with a minimum of force.
L-5. The riot face shield (Figure L-1) provides soldiers with improved facial protection from thrown objects. The face shield is lightweight, adaptable to the current helmet, transparent, and scratch-resistant. It is adjustable to up and down positions. The mechanism for attaching and removing the shield from the helmet is robust and simple and requires no tools in the field.
Figure L-1. Riot Face Shield
L-6. The ballistic riot face shield is similar in design, but it is heavier and provides facial protection up to a 9-millimeter full metal jacket (FMJ) or 124 grains at 1,400 feet per second. This face shield is primarily used by SRTs in force-entry scenarios and can also be used for MOUT operations.
L-7. The nonballistic riot body shield (Figure L-2) is 24 inches by 48 inches by .157 inches. It provides soldiers with improved protection from frontal, side, and overhead assaults. This shield is lightweight, transparent, and scratch-resistant. The ballistic riot body shield (Figure L-3) is 24 inches by 36 inches with a 4- by 16-inch window for viewing the threat. It is similar in design to the nonballistic shield but is heavier. It provides ballistic protection up to a 9-millimeter FMJ or 124 grains at 1,400 feet per second. This shield is primarily used by SRTs in forced-entry scenarios and can also be used for selected MOUT operations.
Figure L-2. Nonballistic Riot Body Shield
Figure L-3. Ballistic Riot Body Shield
L-8. Nonballistic shin guards (Figure L-4) provide soldiers with improved protection from thrown objects. They are lightweight and black in color.
Figure L-4. Nonballistic Shin Guards
L-9. Ballistic shin guards are similar in design to nonballastic guards, but they are heavier and provide protection up to a 9-millimeter FMJ or 124 grains at 1,400 feet per second. They are primarily used by SRTs in forced-entry scenarios and can also be used in selected MOUT operations.
L-10. The standard 36-inch wooden riot baton (Figure L-5) is currently in use for riot control. It is used for self-defense and to keep rioters out of arm's reach of the soldiers conducting crowd control tactics.
Figure L-5. Standard 36-inch Wooden Riot Baton
L-11. The portable bullhorn (Figure L-6) is a critical communication device when conducting crowd control tactics. The bullhorn can facilitate communication with the crowd in conjunction with linguist or PSYOP support. It also assists in communicating commands to troops engaged in crowd control by projecting over the crowd's noise.
Figure L-6. Portable Bullhorn
L-12. The individual voice-amplification system (Figure L-7) is a critical communication device for conducting crowd control tactics when using RCAs and wearing a protective mask. This device facilitates oral communications and increases the user's ability to be heard on radios and other devices.
Figure L-7. Individual Voice-Amplification System
L-13. These individual RCA dispersers (Figure L-8) are used primarily for self-defense and to keep rioters out of arm's reach of soldiers conducting crowd control tactics or engaged in missions were noncombatant threat exists.
Figure L-8. Individual OC and CS Dispersers
L-14. This RCA disperser (Figure L-9) is primarily used by formations conducting crowd control tactics, law enforcement, and I/R operations. It is lightweight, can be operated by one person, and is easily refilled and pressurized with available maintenance equipment or 2- or 5-ton truck compressors. It is intended to provide a small unit with self-defense capabilities from large crowds out to 10 meters (more range is possible based on the wind) or offensively to clear crowds from critical areas (toward preplanned escape routes).
Figure L-9. Midsize Riot Control Dispersers of OC and CS
L-15. This RCA disperser (Figure L-10) is primarily used by formations conducting crowd control tactics. It is twice as heavy as a midsized disperser, carries a larger payload, and dispenses powdered CS or liquid CR. One individual can operate it, and it can be refilled and pressurized with available M4 compressors. It is intended to provide a small unit with self-defense capabilities from large crowds out to 15 meters (100 meters is possible based on wind speed and direction). Use the M33A1 offensively to clear crowds from critical areas.
Figure L-10. M33A1 Riot Control Disperser Filled With CS or CR
L-16. Some training is required to operate the dispenser. The unit NBC NCO may conduct this training. The device requires up to 2,000 pounds per square inch of pressure to function properly, and it is maintained with an M254 maintenance kit.
L-17. Use this individual, handheld searchlight (Figure L-11) for illumination in crowd control operations during darkness. Use it for general illumination of the operational area; to pinpoint agitators or threat, to reduce the ability of rioters to see troop formations and actions, and to enhance tactical deception techniques for units conducting crowd control operations.
Figure L-11. High-Intensity Xenon Searchlight
L-18. Lightweight disposable restraints (Figure L-12) are also known as flex cuffs. Individual soldiers can carry large quantities of these restraints to immobilize individuals being detained. When freeing a detainee, cut the restrains off him with the safe cutting device supplied with the restraints or with utility shears. A reusable, red restraint training device is available.
Figure L-12. Lightweight Disposable Restraints
L-19. The shotgun munitions carrier (Figure L-13) is a 12-gauge ammunition carrier that straps to the stock of the M12 shotgun. It allows the firer to carry nonlethal ammunition that is readily available.
Figure L-13. Shotgun Munitions Carrier
L-20. The PVAB (Figure L-14) is designed to assist with short-term physical security of critical facilities and for use at checkpoints. Use the PVAB to augment a vehicle checkpoint. It adds the ability to stop any light vehicle (up to 7,500 pounds) that attempts to flee without killing the occupants. This device may be set up by 2 or 3 soldiers in less than an hour.
Figure L-14. Vehicle Entrapped in a PVAB
L-21. When emplaced, the PVAB resembles a standard speed bump. When armed, the device operates within 1.5 seconds and deploys a high-tensile net that catches the vehicle and slows it to a stop with internal braking mechanisms. The net and other features prevent occupants from fleeing the vehicle. The PVAB is best suited for mobile, short-term vehicle checkpoints in areas under US control where there is a threat of terrorist-type activity and where the threat uses the cover of noncombatants to infiltrate US AOs.
L-22. The following munitions provide soldiers with a nonlethal way to break contact, enforce a buffer zone, or stun an individual.
L-23. The point target cartridge round (Figure L-15) stuns individuals by delivering a strong blow to the body without penetrating it. This munition allows soldiers to enforce a buffer zone (standoff distance) with a violent crowd, break contact, or stun an individual target for possible detention by snatch teams. Fire the round at the center mass of an adult subject at ranges of 10 to 30 meters. Beyond 30 meters, the projectile loses accuracy and may no longer have the velocity required to stun an individual. This round has applications in law enforcement, I/R facilities, and US military detention facilities.
Figure L-15. 12-Gauge Nonlethal Point Target Cartridge Round
L-24. The aerial diversionary-device round (Figure L-16) provides multishot nonlethal capability to distract individuals or crowds. In crowd control, it delivers a flash bang projectile over the heads of a violent or potentially violent crowd, and is used to distract the crowd (in combination with other distraction devices and troop maneuvers). It allows other troop formations to maneuver to positions that are more advantageous
L-25. The round is designed to be fired at ranges of 75 to 100 meters and is placed about 5 meters above the crowd.
Figure L-16. 12-Gauge Aerial Diversionary-Device Round
L-26. The area target cartridge round (Figure L-17) provides the capability to stun or deter two or three threats by delivering a strong blow to the body without penetrating it. This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations.
Figure L-17. 12-Gauge Nonlethal Area Target Cartridge Round
L-27. The round is designed to be fired at the center mass of an adult threat at ranges of 10 to 30 meters. Shots fired closer than 10 meters may cause serious injuries. The projectile loses accuracy when shot beyond 30 meters and may no longer be effective.
L-28. The 40-millimeter sponge round (Figure L-18) delivers a strong, stunning blow to a threat's body without penetrating it. This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations.
Figure L-18. M1006 40-Millimeter Sponge Round
L-29. The round is designed to be fired at the center mass of an adult threat at ranges of 10 to 50 meters.
Shots fired closer than 10 meters may cause injuries.
L-30. The 40-millimeter crowd dispersal round (Figure L-19) delivers a strong, stunning blow to a threat's body without penetrating it. This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations. In crowd control, it provides a nonlethal capability that can be used to break contact and enforce a buffer zone (standoff distance) with a violent crowd.
Figure L-19. 40-Millimeter Crowd Dispersal Round (Area)
L-31. The round is designed to be fired at the center mass of an adult threat at ranges of 10 to 30 meters. The projectile loses accuracy when shot beyond 30 meters and may not stun or deter the threat.
Shots fired closer than 10 meters may cause injuries.
L-32. The 40-millimeter carrying pouch is slung over the shoulder of a soldier. It provides the ability to carry nonlethal ammunition separate from lethal rounds.
L-33. The M84 (Figure L-20) is a hand-thrown, flash bang, stun device used primarily by SRTs in forced-entry scenarios. It is used for selected MOUT or crowd control operations.
Figure L-20. M84 Stun Grenade
L-34. The M84 is designed to be thrown into a room (through an open door, a standard glass window, or other opening). It delivers a loud bang and a brilliant flash that temporarily disorients and detracts the occupants. Because of its reusable metal body, do not throw it into a crowd, as it may be returned to friendly troops in the form of a projectile. Instead, throw it into a controlled area in conjunction with other deception and distraction techniques.
L-35. The LVOSS/M315 (Figure L-21) is a 66-millimeter smoke grenade-launching platform designed to give HMMWVs ASV M1117 the ability to obscure their position in the same manner as armored vehicles. These launchers can launch any of the smoke or nonlethal 66-millimeter munition.
Figure L-21. LVOSS and M315
L-36. The M315 turret-mounted, 66-millimeter, multipurpose, adjustable grenade launcher installation kit was developed to provide a vehicle-mounted nonlethal platform. The system is capable of delivering nonlethal payloads to support a variety of mission requirements and can be mounted on various vehicles (M1025, M1026, M966, M114, or ASV M1117) equipped with a machine gun or a TOW II missile system mount. The system electronically fires 66-millimeter cartridges from four adjustable firing tubes.
L-37. The LVOSS, 66-millimeter, nonlethal grenade (L96/97 XM98/99) is an area target munition that can be fired from the standard LVOSS/M315 launcher (Figure L-22) . It can be mounted on selected armament carrier HMMWVs and can be fired from any 66-millimeter, smoke-launching system found on most armored vehicles.
Figure L-22. LVOSS/M315 66-Millimeter Nonlethal Grenade
L-38. These rounds are designed to be fired from 80 to 100 meters. They deliver a flash bang diversionary warning (M98), a payload of rubber nonpenetrating projectiles (M99) (affecting a 10- to 20-meter circular area), or CS/cinnamic acid (CA) practice below the point of burst (L96A1/L97A1). These munitions lack the ability to be precision-delivered and are meant to affect a large number of people at long standoff ranges. This provides convoys and crowd control formations a long range support weapon to affect crowds beyond the range of shoulder-fired nonlethal weapons. Use the rounds to provide supporting nonlethal fires to crowd control formations.
L-39. The MCCM (Figure L-23) munition is similar in operation to a claymore mine, but it delivers nonlethal effects to the threat by delivering a strong, nonpenetrating blow to the body with multiple submunitions (600 rubber balls). This round has a wide range of capabilities for tactical, law enforcement, I/R, and US military detention operations. In crowd control, it provides a nonlethal counterpersonnel capability that can be used to break contact, enforce a buffer zone (standoff distance), or demonstrate a show of force.
Figure L-23. M5 MCCM
L-40. This round is designed to be fired at the center mass of adult threats at ranges of 5 to 15 meters. It has a shot arc covering between 60 to 80 degrees (laterally).
Shots fired at subjects closer than 5 meters may cause injuries.
L-41. SINCGARS is the primary communication system for MP. It is a series of 2-way FM radio sets that use an 18-element keypad for tuning 2,320 channels. This includes 8 preset channels in the single-channel mode and 6 preset channels in the jam-resistant, frequency-hopping mode. Table L-3 and Table L-4 provide the planning ranges for SINCGARS.
Table L-3. Voice Transmission Maximum Planning Ranges
|Manpack or vehicular||LO
|200 to 400 meters
400 meters to 5 kilometers
5 to 10 kilometers
|Vehicular only||PA||10 to 40 kilometers|
L-42. To increase the transmission range of SINCGARS, connect the OE-254 antenna group. It is an omnidirectional, biconical antenna designed for broadband operation, without field adjustment, from 30 to 88 megahertz, up to 350 watts. The following is the tabulated data transmission range of the OE-254:
Table L-4. Data Transmission Maximum Planning Ranges
|Manpack/vehicular||600 to 4,800 baud per second (BPS)||HI||3 to 5|
|Vehicular||600 to 2,400 BPS||PA||5 to 25|
*Ranges are based on the line of sight and are average for normal conditions. Ranges depend on the location, the sighting, the weather, and the surrounding noise level, among other factors. The use of the OE-254 antenna increases the range for both voice and data transmissions. Enemy jamming and mutual interference conditions degrade these ranges. In data transmission, the use of a lower baud rate increases the range.
L-43. In any tactical situation, it is important that MP be able to properly identify threat weapons, vehicles, and aircraft. MP report threat location, activity, and direction of travel to higher HQ by the fastest means available.
L-44. Tables L-5 through L-12, outline the most common features of threat weapons, equipment, and vehicles that MP may encounter in a hostile environment. Special operations forces and airborne assault, reconnaissance, and insurgent units often use these weapons.
Table L-5. Small Arms
9-Millimeter PM Pistol
5.45-Millimeter AK-74 Assault Rifle
|Range, effective and maximum (in meters)||50||500/1,000|
|Rate of fire, practical and cyclic (rounds per minute)||30||100/600|
|Ammunition type||9- by 18-millimeter ball||5.45- by 39-millimeter ball, ball tracer, incendiary T|
|Fire mode||Semiautomatic||Selective semiautomatic or fully automatic|
Table L-5. Small Arms (Continued)
|Range, effective and maximum (in meters)||800/2,500||300/1,500||1,300 with scope, (800 without)/3,800|
|Rate of fire, practical and cyclic (rounds per minute)||150/600||150/600||30|
|Ammunition type||5.45- by 39-millimeter ball, ball tracer, incendiary T||5.45- by 39-millimeter ball, ball tracer, incendiary T||7.62- by 54R-millimeter light or heavy ball, steel core, tracer, AT, incendiary "rose" sniper bullet|
|Fire mode||Selective semiautomatic or fully automatic||Selective semiautomatic or fully automatic||Semiautomatic|
Table L-5. Small Arms (Continued)
Table L-6. Grenade Launchers
|Range, effective and maximum (in meters)||1,200 indirect fire, 700 direct fire/1,730||4 to 400/400|
|Rate of fire, practical and cyclic (rounds per minute)||60 to 100/100 to 450||5|
|Elevation (in degrees)||7 to 87||NA|
|Traverse (in degrees)||30||NA|
|Platform||Tripod, vehicle, or helicopter||Under barrel grenade launcher|
|Fire mode||Selective, semiautomatic, or fully automatic||Single shot|
|Feed||29-round belt in drum magazine||Muzzle loaded|
|Ammunition type||30-millimeter, HE fragment||40-millimeter, HE fragment, bounding HE fragment|
|Caliber (in millimeters)||30||40|
|Remarks||15-meter lethal area of burst||Bounding HE fragment strikes the ground and "bounds" up 1.5 to 2 meters before exploding|
Table L-7. Rocket-Propelled Grenades
|Range, moving and stationary target (in meters)||300/500||NA||NA||NA||NA||500/800|
|Armor penetration (in millimeters)||330||330||>750||>PG-7M <PG-VR||NA||375|
|Ammunition type||High-explosive, antitank (HEAT)||HEAT||Tandem HEAT||HEAT||HE fragment||HEAT|
|Warhead caliber (in millimeters)||85||72||105||93||NA||58.3|
|Rate of fire (rounds per minute)||6||6||6||6||6||6|
|Tube caliber (in millimeters)||40||40||40||40||40||58.3|
Table L-7. Rocket-Propelled Grenades (Continued)
|Range, moving and stationary target (in meters)||200||250||200 direct fire
1,000 indirect fire
|Armor penetration (in millimeters)||360||390||NA|
|Rate of fire (rounds per minute)||NA||NA||2|
|Tube caliber (in millimeters)||64||73||93|
Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles
|Range, HEAT (in meters)||1,000||500|
|HEAT, rocket assist (RA)||NA||250|
|Indirect fire||NA||1,000 HE, 1,300-meter smoke, 2,300-meter illumination|
|Armor penetration (in millimeters)||400||500 HEAT, 900 HEAT, RA|
|Rate of fire, maximum and sustained (rounds per minute)||6||6|
|Fire control||Direct-view optics II (DVO)||3x DVO|
|Ammunition type||HEAT, HE, rocket-assisted projectile (RAP), armor piercing (AP) AT hollow charge||HEAT, HEAT RA, illumination, smoke, high explosive, dual purpose (HEDP), HE|
|Crew||3 or 4|
Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)
|73-millimeter 2A38 gun||30-millimeter 2A42 gun||100-millimeter 2A70|
|Ammunition type||HEAT FS, HE fragment||High explosive incendiary (HEI), high explosive tracer (HET), APT||HE fragment, HE|
|Range, effective (in meters)||800||1,500 light armor, 3,000 air, 2,500 ground||4,000 HE fragment|
|Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained/maximum||10||300/500||10/15|
Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)
Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)
|Range, road and off road (in kilometers)||600/570||600||600|
|Ground clearance (in millimeters)||390||420||190 to 510|
|Armor, hull/turret (in millimeters)||19/23||19/23|
|Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters)||6.735 by 2.94
|6.86 by 3.13 by 2.45||7.2 by 3.2 by 2.6|
|Crew and passengers||3/8||3/7||3/7|
Table L-8. Recoilless Rifles (Continued)
|30-millimeter 2A42 gun||30-millimeter 2A42 gun||73-millimeter 2A38 gun|
|Ammunition type||APT, fragment T, HEI||APT, fragment T, HEI||HEAT FS, FE fragment|
|Range, effective (in meters)||1,500 light armor, 2,000 air, 4,000 soft skin||2,000 AP, 4,000 HE||800|
|Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained and maximum||240/600||240/600||10|
|AT-4/5 ATGM||AT-4a/5a ATGM||7.62-millimeter PKT MG|
|Range, effective (in meters)||2,000/4,000||2,000/4,000||1,000|
|Rate of fire, cyclic and practical (rounds per minute)||650/250|
|Penetration (millimeters at meter range)||600 at 650||600 at 650||8 at 500 meters|
Table L-8. Recoilles Rifles (Continued)
|30-millimeter, AG-17 grenade launcher|
|Model||2- by 7.62-millimeter PKT MG||7.62-millimeter PKT MG|
|Night sights||Active IR||Second generation|
|Speed, road and off road (kilometers per hour)||60/35/10||70/45/10||70/10|
|Range, road and off road (in kilometers)||500/350||500||500|
|Armor, hull and turret (in millimeters)||16||10|
|Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters)||5.4 by 2.63 by 1.615||6.1 by 3.134 by 2.25||6.75 by 2.97 by 1.98|
|Crew and passengers||2/5||2/5||3/6|
Table L-9. Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs)
|30-millimeter 2A72 gun||2 by 7.62 PKT MG||14.5-millimeter KPVT MG|
|Range, effective (in meters)||2,000 APT, 4,000 HEI, 800 night||1,000||2,000 ground, 1,400 air|
|Rate of fire (rounds per minute) sustained and maximum||250/650||80/600|
|7.62-millimeter PKT MG||7.62-millimeter PKT MG|
|Range, effective (in meters)||1,000||1,000|
|Rate of fire, cyclic and practical (rounds per minute)||650/250||650/250|
|Penetration (millimeters at meter range)||8 at 500 meters||8 at 500 meters|
|Range, road and off road (in kilometers)||800||500/350||750|
|Armor, hull and turret (in millimeters)|
|Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters)||5.883 by 2.63 by 1.67||5.75 by 2.262 by 2.31|
|Crew and passengers||2/8||3/10||4|
|Remarks||Airborne assault. Can have AGS-17 grenade launcher. BTR-RD has 5 AT-4 antitank guided missiles (ATGMs), dismountable to 2 tripods.|
|7.62 PKT MG|
|Range, road and off road (in kilometers)|
|Armor, hull and turret (in millimeters)||7/7|
|Dimensions (length by width by height, in meters)||6.45 by 2.85 by 1.87|
|Crew and passengers||2/11|
|Range (in meters)||500 to 3,000||70 to 2,000/75 to 3,500||70 to 4,000/75 to 4,000||400 to 5,000/400 to 5,000/400 to 6,000|
|Flight time to maximum range (in seconds)||23 to 26||11/19.5||19||13.3/16/18.6|
|Guidance and command link||Wire MCLOS, 9M14-2: wire SACLOS||Wire SACLOS||Wire SACLOS||Radio freguency (RF) SACLOS|
|Warheads||HEAT, 9M14-2: tandem HEAT||HEAT||HEAT/tandem HEAT||HEAT or FAE|
|Remarks||The AT-3 continues to be improved and proliferated worldwide. The M14-2 missile is effective against reactive armor.||Thermal sight detection range is 3,600 meters, with identification at 2,000 meters.||Thermal sight detection range is 3,600 meters, with identification at 2,000 meters.||FAE ranges 400 to 5,000 meters.|
|Range (in meters)||40 to 1,000||100 to 4,000||400 to 6,000||100 to 5,000|
|Flight time to maximum range (in seconds)||6||10||14.5||15|
|Penetration (rolled hardened armor (RHA)/behind extended range artillery (ERA), in millimeters)||500||800||1,000/800||660|
|Guidance and command link||Wire SACLOS||RF (30 gigahertz) SACLOS||Laser beam rider SACLOS|
|Warheads||HEAT||HEAT||Tandem HEAT, blast, FAE, antihelicopter||HEAT|
|Remarks||Thermal sight detection range is 3,200 meters, with identification at 1,600 meters. Emplace and displace times are 12/20 seconds.||Fired through the main gun tube.||Fired through the main gun tube. Off BMP-3 range is 100 to 4,000 meters, but it can fire on the move.|
|Range (in meters)||100 to 5,000||100 to 5,000||80 to 1,500||100-5,500|
|Flight time to maximum range (in seconds)||15||12 to 4,000||8.4||22|
|Penetration (RHA/behind ERA in millimeters)||770 AT-11a, 1,050 AT-11b||800||1,000/800||1,200/980|
|Guidance and command link||Laser beam rider SACLOS||Laser beam rider SACLOS||Wire SACLOS||Laser beam rider SACLOS|
|Warheads||HEAT/tandem HEAT||HEAT||Tandem HEAT, FAE||Tandem HEAT, FAE|
|Remarks||Fired through the main gun tube. T-72 variants have a 4,000-meter maximum range.||Fired from the halt through the main gun tube.||FAE has greater power than 152-millimeter artillery round.||Thermal sight range is 4,000-meter detection and 3,500-meter identification. Maximum altitude of engaged helicopters is 3,000 meters.|
|Range (in meters)||1,000 to 10,000||20 to 2,000||3,750/3,750/65-3,750/200 to 3,750||75 to 4,000|
|Flight time to maximum range (in seconds)||23||12.5||2a: 20, 2b: 21||16.5|
|Penetration (RHA/behind ERA in millimeters)||1,050/900||600/1,060/1,200/1200||500, ITOW:800,
2:920, 2a 1,000
|Guidance and command link||Laser beam rider SACLOS (lock on before launch)||1 and 2: SACLOS wire SACLOS IR||SACLOS wire||SACLOS wire|
|Remarks||Maximum airborne target speed is 800 kilometers per hour.||Milan 3 medium range ATGM has IR command link resistant to jamming and tandem warhead.||TOW 2b is fly over, shoot down, top attack, with self-forming penetrant 2nd generation forward looking infrared (FLIR).||HOT 3 long-range ATGM has a tandem warhead, bispectral day and night sights, and may be mounted on posts, vehicles, or helicopters.|
Mi-17 HIP H
|Mission||Utility, transport||Utility, transport||Attack, close support|
|Gun||12.7 millimeter||12.7 millimeters||30-millimeter HIND F
12.7-millimeter HIND D/E
AT-2c HIND D
AT-6c HIND E/F
|Rockets||57 millimeters||57 millimeters||57 millimeters or
|Range, normal payload (in kilometers)||460||495||480|
|Remarks||Troops can fire personal weapons through windows. It has four external hard points.||Improved version of Mi-8MT, have upgraded engines and six external hard points.|
|Mission||Attack, close support||Light attack utility||Attack, close support|
|2 by 7.62 millimeters||2A42 30-millimeter cannon|
|ATGM||16 AT-6/9/16||AT-3, HOT||AT-16|
|Rockets||57 millimeters||5 millimeters
|Bombs||NA||NA||250 kilograms, 500 kilograms|
|Range, normal payload (in kilometers)||470
1,100 with drop tanks
|Crew||2 or 3||1 or 2||1|
|Remarks||This system is not operationally fielded in any armed force.||NA||The armored cockpit withstands 23-millimeter fire and the windscreen withstands 12.7-millimeter fire.|
|Mission||General purpose, light attack||Utility||General purpose, light attack||General purpose, attack|
|Gun||7.62 millimeters||7.62 millimeters||20 millimeters||2 by 20 millimeters|
|Rockets||70 millimeters||NA||NA||Sura, 80 millimeters|
|Range, normal payload (in kilometers)||540||465||318||540|
|Mission||Medium transport aircraft||CAS|
|Gun(s)||NR-23 23 millimeters in the tail turret||GSh-30-2, 30 millimeters (250 rounds), AO-17a, 30-millimeter pods|
|ATGMs||16x AT-16 or AT-9|
|Rockets||57-millimeter S-5 pod, 80-millimeter S-8 pod (up to 8 pods)|
|Air-to-surface missiles||AS-7, AS-10, AS-11, AS-14, AS-17|
|Bombs||100 kilograms, 350 kilograms, 500 kilograms (up to 4,000 kilograms)|
|Combat radius (in kilometers)||1,500 to 1,800||495|
|Remarks||It can operate from dirt strips.||SU-25M: AT, SU-25UB: trainer, ceiling 10,000 meters, 4,344 kilograms maximum payload, 6.5 gram limit.|
|Mission||Fighter/intercepter, fighter bomber variant|
|Gun(s)||GSh-301, 30-millimeter cannon|
|Rockets||80-millimeter S-8 or 120-millimeter S-25|
|Air-to-air missiles||R-27, R-73, AA-10, AA-11|
|Bombs||100 kilograms, 250 kilograms, 500 kilograms|
|Combat radius (in kilometers)||1,125/1,950 with tanks|