Solid biomass in the Netherlands
The new Dutch renewable energy support scheme, SDE, has been operational since April 2008. Per category, the SDE sets a fixed reference price based on the average production costs, given the duration of the subsidy. The actual feed-in premium varies as a result of annually determined correction values that correspond to the possible revenues of electricity sales on the market. In other words, the annual SDE feed-in premium would be equal to the fixed reference price minus the yearly set correction value. This is the major difference between SDE and MEP, the previous Dutch feed-in support scheme, as the latter was based on a fixed feed-in premium. Another important difference between these two support schemes is the definition of an annual subsidy ceiling for new projects per category.
Renewable energy projections according to the National Renewable Energy Action Plan for the Netherlands
The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) for the Netherlands was submitted in July 2010. The target according to Annex I of Directive 2009/28/EC is 14% for the year 2020 and the projected NREAP share in that year is 14.5%. According to the projection, the most important contribution in the year 2020 is expected from wind power (32.4 TWh or 2787 ktoe, 38% of all renewable energy). Second important contribution is expected from biomass (renewable heating and cooling) (1520 ktoe, 21% of all renewable energy). The third largest contribution is from biomass (renewable electricity) (16.6 TWh or 1431 ktoe, 19% of all renewable energy). Wind power contributes with 11.2 GW (32.4 TWh) in the year 2020 (onshore wind 6.0 GW and 13.4 TWh, offshore wind 5.2 GW and 19.0 TWh). For solar photovoltaic the 2020 contribution is projected to be 0.7 GW (0.6 TWh). For solar thermal the 2020 contribution is projected to be 23 ktoe. The two most important biofuels are projected to contribute 552 ktoe (biodiesel) and 282 ktoe (bioethanol / bio-ETBE) by 2020. The renewable electricity production from solid biomass amounts to 12.0 TWh (1030 ktoe) and for biogas it is expected to be 4.7 TWh (401 ktoe). The consumption of renewable heat is expected to amount to 650 ktoe for solid biomass and 288 ktoe for biogas. A contribution of 582 ktoe is expected from bio-methane for grid feed-in by the year 2020.
Renewable electricity and heat : solid biomass
The SDE subsidy ceiling in 2009 for renewable electricity from biomass is M€ 550 and relates to the following biomass-related options:
The period covered by the SDE subsidy for biomass-based combustion options is 12 years. The fixed reference price for solid and liquid biomass-based combustion options is within the range of 11.5 (at a heat utilisation coefficient of zero MJ/kWh) and 15.6 (at a heat utilisation coefficient of 4.0 or higher MJ/kWh) €c/kWh. The base electricity price is set at 4.4 €c/ kWh.Future programme changes expected
Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs: Regeling aanwijzing categorieŽn duurzame energieproductie 2009. Staatscourant (nr. 60), 27 maart 2009
The National Renewable Energy Action
Plans (NREAPs) are all published on the Transparency Platform on
Renewable Energy: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/transparency_platform/action_plan_en.htm
(sourced July - December 2010)
Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States, http://www.ecn.nl/nreap (sourced December 2010)
Last update: December 2010