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Wind energy in Romania

General

 

According to the Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources the target for the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy in the year 2020 for Romania is 24% (in the year 2005 the share was 17.8%).

 

Renewable electricity: wind

 

Starting from the current situation, namely 112 wind farms with 2624MW power have connection contract with the grid operators and 85 wind farms, with total installed power of 5000 MWe, have grid connection authorizations. The construction-mounting works of such installations are under execution, their commissioning being estimated to take place in the relatively near future.

 

The wind power generators/plants (WPG/WPP) which are connected to the Romanian electrical and energy system must comply with a series of technical conditions, comparable with the “Technical conditions for the connection to the electricity grids of public interest for wind power plants.” approved by ANRE by Order 51/2009.

 

Romania is on the third place in Europe in terms of the rapidity with which the building permit for a wind power plant can be obtained: on average, 15 months are necessary for the obtaining of a building permit for a wind power plant (the European average 42 months). The average number of authorities that must be contacted for the obtaining of the permit in Romania is 13.10, the European average being 18.16 (for onshore installations).

 

The current scheme promoting E-RES production is the obligatory shares system combined with the GC trading. The scheme is applicable also to electricity produced from the wind power.· The producer of electricity from renewable energy sources that benefits from the promotion system presented ensures its revenues from the sale of the electricity produced on the electricity market and the sale of green certificates on the market. Distinctly, the producers commercialise GC on the GC competition exchange organised by OPCOM at a price that must range between the limits established by law. At present, according to Law 220/2008, these limits are respectively 27 Euro/MWh and 55 Euro/MWh. Taking into consideration the unbalance between the (high) demand and (low) offer of GC, the price is close to the maximum value. Therefore, the average closing price of the green certificates market was 53.146 Euro/GC for 2009.  By means of the amendments to Law 220/2008 approved in 2010, the number of GC was changed and additionally differentiated per types of sources and the minimum and maximum trading values of GC is annually indexed by ANRE according to the average inflation index. The amendments to Law 220/2008 approved in the Chamber of Deputies in 2010 lay down the following: 2 green certificates, until 2017, and 1 green certificate, as from 2018, for each 1 MWh produced and delivered by the producers of electricity from wind energy. The promotion system shall apply for a period of: 15 years, for electricity produced according to paragraph  in new electric units/ power plants.

 

Structural funds financing shall be performed within the Sectoral Operational Programme “Increase of Economic Competitiveness” (SOP IEC). Ministry of Environment Order 1342/2009 on the approval of the Guide on financing the Programme for the production of electricity from RES. The first project  submission session took place during the period 9 – 27 November 2009. 19 projects have been approved (6 wind).


Future programme changes expected

 

The installed capacity in Romania in 2010 amounted to 514 MWe, the planned extension is  3,200 MWe in 2015 and 4,000 in 2020. In accordance with the data issued by European Wind Energy Association, with a probability of over 90%, wind power units with an installed power of 553.5 MW, respectively 780.5 MW shall be installed in Romania in 2010 and 2011; and 956 and 1067 MW shall be installed in 2012 and 2013. It has been considered that by 2020 no offshore installations will be established since the attention (and funds) shall be concentrated on the establishment of onshore installations; the problem related to the discharge of the power generated in Dobrogea region emphasizes the difficulties encountered in the establishment of offshore installations.

 

In 2008, TRANSELECTRICA drew up a Substantiation Study on the company’s strategy related to the integration of wind power plants into the national energy system. The study analyses the functional features of the wind power plants and their implications on the national energy systems. Inter alia, it shows that:

· in Romania, the problem of connecting the wind power plants to NES is currently characterised by the concentration of applications in Dobrogea area. Taking into consideration the relatively low consumption of the area, the development of the nuclear power plant (4×710 MW), the projects for the construction of thermal energy plants and the interconnection links, there is the problem of connecting such plants to ETG/EDG as regards the capacities of the grids in Dobrogea area and the voltage adjustment in the area.

· The applications for the connection of wind power plants to NES in Transylvania and Moldavia areas do not yet pose special problems in terms of the capacities of the power evacuation grids from the respective areas.



Sources

Institute for Renewable Energy,  Poland.

http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/transparency_platform/doc/national_renewable_energy_action_plan_romania_en.pdf

http://www.renewable-energy-sources.com/2009/10/26/romania-prices-for-energy-from-renewable-source/

 

Update: February 2011


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