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Biofuels in Bulgaria


Mandatory targets set by the by the Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources from January 2008 indicates 16 % share of RES on the final consumption of energy in 2020. At least 10% share of biofuels of final consumption of energy in transport in 2020. Indicative Target set by the European Biofuels Directive from 2003 Biofuels consumption of 5.75% of petrol and diesel use for transport in 2010.

 On December 18, 2009 The National Assembly adopted amendments to the Energy Act. They provide the Energy Strategy of Bulgaria has to be taken by the National Assembly and not by the Council of Ministers. The law was written that the state energy policy is implemented through the National Assembly and the Council of Ministers. Parliament will adopt the Energy Strategy of Bulgaria upon proposal of the government. It will identify the main objectives, stages, means and methods for energy development. Council of Ministers will oversee energy does the country in accordance with the adopted strategy by the National Assembly. 

Parliament adopted at second reading on December 11 amendments to the Law on renewable and alternative energy sources and biofuels. They provide a mixture of phases required for diesel fuels with biofuels. Penalty is provided by BGN 200 000 for that marketed liquid fuels from petroleum origin which contain regulated quantities of biofuel. The aim is to improve the laws to achieve real supply and consumption of transport fuels of petroleum origin containing biokomponent. According to the developed and adopted by the National MS long-term program to promote consumption of biofuels in the transport sector for the period 2008-2020 was set by 2 percent share of biofuels in the consumption of petrol and diesel in 2008, 5.75 percent -- in 2010, 10 percent - in 2020 Based on the analysis of European practices and comparison with the situation in Bulgaria, according to which these terms are not met, the new proposal provides for the introduction of a mandatory requirement for mixing the conventional diesel with biodiesel in a gradual growing scheme. Thus, the actual supply of diesel fuel with biodiesel will start on May 1, 2010, and subsequent steps to increase the statutory minimum will be implemented accordingly by November 1, 2010 and May 1, 2011 

Renewables in transport: biofules

In accordance with ZVAEIB, by Decision under point 2 of Protocol No 43 approved at a meeting of the Council of Ministers of 15 November 2007, a National Long -Term Programme for the Promotion of the Use of Biofuels in Transport in the time period 2008 -2020 was adopted. The Programme sets out the national indicative targets for the promotion of the use of biofuels in Bulgaria in the time period 2008-2020.

The national indicative targets for the use of biofuels were determined on the basis of an analysis which reflects the actual potent ial for the cultivation of energy crops in Bulgaria. That analysis takes into account the information about existing plants and notified future plants expected to be commissioned before the end of 2010. In determining the national indicative targets, the c urrent condition and future development of the use of petrol and diesel fuels in the transport sector in the country has also been taken into consideration.

The following national indicative targets for the use of biofuels in transport have been set:

In 2008 – 2.00%

In 2009 – 3.50%

In 2010 – 5.75%

In 2015 – 8.00%

In 2020 – 10.0%


Future programme changes expected

Bulgaria is boosting its biofuels mix. All Bulgarian petrol stations will be obliged to add at least 2% biodiesel in the diesel fuel after 1 March 2010.

All petrol stations will have a two-month period in which they must apply the new rules. This measure has been included in the amendments of the Law on Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources and Biofuels, which the Council of Ministers passed on 14 October. The next step is to be passed in the National Assembly.
After September 2010, the amount of biodiesel in the regular diesel must be at least 3%, and after 1 March 2011 at least 4%.  According to a proposed law, which come into force on 1 May, all of Bulgaria’s diesel must be blended with 2% biofuels.

The law was scheduled to be enforced back in 2007, however since then a very small number of biofuels refineries have been constructed. Despite this, Bulgaria has a production capacity of around 240,000 tonnes.

Bulgaria’s Economy, Energy and Tourism Ministry has revealed that in 2009 the nation manufactured 18,456 tonnes of biodiesel. Around 350 tonnes of this was sold to the domestic market, while the rest was exported.

The production of biofuels is based on local raw materials which could contribute to improving the security of supplies. For Bulgaria, biofuels represent an alternative to petrol and diesel fuels which allows the dependency on the import of fuels to be reduced and contribute to the security of energy supplies.





Report on the achievement of the national indicative targets for the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels in transport in 2008

The Republic of Bulgaria's 2006 report to the European Commission on the implementation of Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 - republic of Bulgaria Ministry of economic affairs and energy

Economic analysis of the bio-fuels sector in Bulgaria and its perspectives - Workshop in Hungary, Ivan Kalchev

Update : December 2010

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