Steel: A History of Strength. A Future of Possibilities.

Canadian Institute of Steel Construction

Toronto Eaton Centre

retail revolution using the strength of steel

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photos: Terri Meyer Boake
 

Some Key Numbers

Construction Cost: $277.5 million (Phases 1 to 5)
Construction Completion: Galleria Phase 1 and 1 Dundas Street West office tower - February 1977
Galleria Phase 2 - August 1979
Project Size: 3,434,290 square feet
- Office Towers: 2,198,002 sf
- Retail: 484,960 sf
- Dundas Parking Garage: 313,532 sf (825 spaces)
- Yonge Parking Garage: 274,034 sf (785 spaces)
- Galleria Office Space: 163,762 sf

Contributors

Architect: Zeidler Partnership, Toronto

The Toronto Eaton Centre was the first "galleria" type retail establishment of its era. It changed the way designers thought and created shopping space.

The establishment of the "atrium" type of shopping centre, brought new issues to the design table -- how to create glazed, steel framed, central spaces, while keeping with the fire codes. The Eaton Centre was helpful in initiating the way that fire control systems in atrium spaces were legislated. It led the way for countless building of both similar and related typologies to be constructed.

The Centre was one of the key inaugural buildings for Zeidler Partnership. Similar use of steel is to be found on both Ontario Place as well as the Edmonton Hospital -- one of the first hospitals to use steel supported daylit space to assist in patient healing.