Galáthach hAthevíu – Modern Gaulish

 

Tengu in Galáthed

 

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eđi galataca atebiu tengua senna inda brogi galataca auuot inte noio ris dumno noio inda aiu canto uoconti cinto

Édhi Galáthach hAthevíu tengu sen in brói Galáthach, ávoth inth nhói ri dhumon nói in áiu-canth gwochon-cinth.

“Modern Gaulish is the old language of the Gaulish country, made new for the new world of the twentyfirst century”.

Welcome to the Homepage of Galáthach hAthevíu, Modern (Revived) Gaulish, where Tengu in Galáthed, the language of the Gauls, is brought back to life again and is transformed into a modern language suitable for everyday use in the twentyfirst century.

Gaulish is the earliest known and attested aboriginal language of continental western Europe, as defined as the area bordered by the Alps in the east and southeast, the Mediterranean and the Pyrenees in the south, the river Garonne in the southwest, the Atlantic in the west and northwest and the river Rhine in the north and northeast. This area roughly corresponds to the territory referred to as Gaul in classical times, and comprises the modern European states of France and Belgium, and parts of Switserland, Germany and the Netherlands.

The language, or closely related versions of it, was once also spoken across the Alps into present day Switserland, Austria and Northern Italy, and across the Rhine into what is now Germany and the Netherlands. Another language, Vasconian, thought to be the direct ancestor of modern Basque, is attested concurrently in the area southwest of the river Garonne and across the Pyrenees to the south, but will here not be discussed though it can undoubtedly lay as solid a claim to being an aboriginal language of western Europe as Gaulish can.

Gaulish is an Indoeuropean language of the Celtic family, and is as such related to Welsh, Cornish, Breton, Irish, Manx and Scottish Gaelic, as well as to an extinct variant, Celtiberian, spoken in Classical times in parts of the Iberian peninsula, home to the modern day nations of Spain and Portugal. There is a lot of academic argument about how to classify these various languages, but suffice to say here that Gaulish is most widely accepted as being most closely related to the Brittonic group of Celtic languages, comprising Welsh, Cornish and Breton, based on historically attested soundchanges. Detailed discussions of these classifications and the arguments surrounding them can be found elsewhere. Wikipedia is a good start.

The document made available here aims to lay out and explain the workings of the revived Gaulish language with a view to making it possible for anyone interested to take it up, learn it and become involved in the revival of Gaulish as a vehicle for modern communication. Systematic lessons to facilitate learning will be added later. It is important to realise that as classical Gaulish is imperfectly attested and ceased to be spoken in the early middle ages, significant amounts of creativity and license have gone into the redeveloping of the language.
Below is an example of a translation into Modern Gaulish of the first few paragraphs of a document often referred to in the context of Gaulish language and culture.
"Édhi Galathía hol rhanthu en dri raníon, péluch édhi in Belghed en athrévi on echís, édhi in hAchithaned en athrévi al, ach péluch édhi en athrévi in tríeth, in tuth anwíthu Celthed gwe Galáthed en só dengu ích, ach “Galli” en in tengu Rómach. Édhi disimilióned dengu, hacháothed ach hasúed entherís ol. Édhi in avon Garun enther in Galáthed ach in hAchithaned, ach in avóned Mathron ach Séchúan enther in Galáthed ach in Belghed. Édhi in Belghed lonam in tuthed-sin ol. Édhi sí pelam ao veslú ach hachóthed dichwíru in Bróvins Rhrómach, ach édhi sí célanthu bachanam tar chwenethed o ch’ achánu druthóched o ch’ ávo blath in túth. Cóeth, édhi sí nedham in Gerwáned tré in avon Rin, ach édhi cingíon entherís aman hol."
“All Gaul is divided into three parts, of which the Belgae inhabit one, the Aquitani another, the third, those who in their own language are called Celts or Galates, and in the Roman language, Galli. All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. The river Garonne separates the Galátes from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae. Of all these people the bravest are the Belgae. They are the furthest away from the culture and civilized ways of the Roman Province, and are least often visited by the merchants who bring luxuries which tend to make people soft; also they are nearest to the Germans across the river Rhine and are continually at war with them."
From De Bello Gallico - Ar In Cingíon Galáthach.