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Advanced notes for Ulysses ch6 (Hades)

Jorn Barger Feb2000 (updated Feb2001)

As of Nov2000 these notes have been broken down into 18 separate pages, so some links will be broken (sorry). Basic skills intro.

 Sun's path:                       Scylla WRocks
                             Lestry             Sirens
                          Eolus                     Cyclops
              Proteus  > Hades <                      Nausikaa
             Nestor  LotusE                             OxenSun
       Telemachus  Calypso                                Circe
SD= Stephen Dedalus  BM= Buck Mulligan   LB= Leopold Bloom   Eumeus
SiD= Simon Dedalus   JAJ= James A Joyce  BB= Blazes Boylan    Ithaca
EB= EncycBritannica  Cath= CatholicEncyc MB= Molly Bloom       Penelope

This is meant to supplement Gifford's "Ulysses Annotated" [Amazon], not replace it. Line numbers use Gabler's system. [Amazon]

6: Hades [etext]

Compare text and notes via frames (Javascript alternatives below)

Linati schema: "Descent to Nothing" [more]

Odyssey: papyrus; Butcher-Lang

# Cunningham, Power, SiD and LB pass SD, in funeral carriage
# SiD curses brother-in-law, Mulligan
# smalltalk, rain, mimicking Kernan
# silence, LB scans paper, gazes out window
# Boylan triggers concert chat
# Reuben J triggers drowning anecdote
# gaffes about sudden death, suicide
# race-chat, blocked by cattle
# tramline-chat, spilled-coffin chat
# Childs-murder house, arrival at cemetery
# Cunningham fills in Power re suicide gaffe
# entry into chapel
# service in chapel, exit with coffincart
# Kernan chats LB, then Corny
# Menton considers LB, Mulcahy anecdote
# LB ponders decay
# LB puzzles over Macintosh
# Dignam buried, Hynes gets Mac name wrong
# burial done, Parnell chat
# LB ponders cemetery customs, sees rat
# LB scores off Menton's dinged hat

[rough map]

6.1 "Martin Cunningham"

based on Matthew 'Mat' Kane (b1865? drowned 1904, sometimes spelled Matt, Costello calls him Martin!?) [info] Ellmann says he was fond of 'oraculating'. [e133] If he was really born in 1865 he's almost the same age as Bloom, much younger than almost-55yo Simon. (I wonder if Kane went to Clongowes?)

Stannie: 'a squat, black-bearded man... ignorant but shrewd... regarded as reliable... a solid man' [mbk225]

there's a few curious doppelganger-doubling-ghost effects in this chapter, with the most significant being that Cunningham is in a sense attending his own funeral-- Joyce based most of the details on the 13 July 1904 funeral of Mat Kane which he attended with his father and Hunter (and Menton, Bergan, and John Wyse Power).

a second layer of ghosting is that many of the characters in this episode were depicted in the Dubliners story, 'Grace' [qv]. Costello claims the retreat in 'Grace' was taken by John Joyce in April 1903, just a year before Bloomsday. [j&c251] Ellmann [e133] says Stannie describes it, mentioning Kane and two others (named Chance and Boyd) and assigning drunken JSJ the 'I bar the candles' line.

Dignam would have been a good candidate for a retreat, so this funeral is also a sort of sequel, or alternate outcome.

and Joyce picked up many of the themes yet again in the 'four masters' (Mamalujo) vignette for FW: "and then poor Martin Cunningham, the official out of the castle on pension, when he was completely drowned off Dunleary at that time in the red sea and a lovely mourning paper" [etext]

6.1 "first"

who sits where is a puzzle Joyce requires we solve. Detailed analysis

[useless pic] ditto

6.2 "Mr Power"

firstname Jack (see Cyclops) [qv] but he doesmn't like people to use it: [Grace]

based on Tom Devin. On hearing of his death JAJ wrote Alf Bergan on 25May1937 [e704]: "Mr Devin's song was 'O boys, keep away from the girls I say.' The moral of it fell on deaf ears in my case and I don't think it meant very much to him either. He used to play the Intermezzo [RealAud- gentle and dreamy] from Cavalleria Rusticana-- a version of his own and would have been a fine pianist if he had studied as he had a very agreeable touch on the keys. He used to collapse with laughter after a preliminary scream in a high tone at certain sallies of my father's. He must have been a fine looking fellow when he was young and he had charming manners. He comes into Ulysses under the name of 'Mr Power' and also into Dubliners."

he happened to see JAJ and Nora as they eloped and tipped off JSJ [e179], and may thereby have gotten a small role in the T&I vignette. [etext] He borrowed money from JAJ in 1909 [e305]

Molly's phrase "Tom the Devils ad" [qv] probably refers to Tom Devin.

'Grace' [qv]: "Mr Power, a much younger man, was employed in the Royal Irish Constabulary Office in Dublin Castle. The arc of his social rise intersected the arc of his friend's decline, but Mr Kernan's decline was mitigated by the fact that certain of those friends who had known him at his highest point of success still esteemed him as a character. Mr Power was one of these friends. His inexplicable debts were a byword in his circle: he was a debonair young man." (for Kernan read John Joyce/Simon Dedalus)

'Grace' also describes a 'quincunx' seating arrangement [qv] with Power behind Cunningham, and Kernan beside him (cf Simon here)

6.6 "covered himself"

put on his hat. (MC has his on, so this must be the convention-- wearing them in the carriage?)

6.8 "Come along, Bloom."

MC's friendship for LB is pretty distant. (in fact, no one calls him by his first name except Molly-- 'Poldy'.) if Joyce had conceived of Bloom when he wrote 'Grace' in October 1905, he probably wouldn't have been invited to the retreat anyway...?

6.12 "avenue"

Newbridge avenue [old pic of site]

Joyce wanted the funeral to cross four rivers, so he had to start it between the Dodder and the bay. He also apparently needed Bloom to spot Stephen, so he placed Goulding's here too, to supply a destination for Stephen. And Bloom's evening return to Dignam's set up ch13 here as well. [Strand map]

but the choice of Newbridge may be determined by the Henry Flower murder case of 1900, for it was just behind them here that the corpse of Brigid Gannon was found [more] Joyce has them note the Childs murder site just before their destination, but he withholds the Flower site-- in the Ulysses world it probably never happened.

6.15 "huggermugger"

[etym] cf Hamlet [etext]

6.16 "slipperslappers"

from "The Fox" [RealAud] [lyric&midi] (Bloom takes the funeral very lightly.)

6.17 "Mrs Fleming"

JF Byrne explains [jfb88] that (Miss) Mary Fleming was his ignorant, kindly cousin, whose talkativeness Joyce (in 1909, at 7 Eccles) couldn't stand.

cf Eurycleia [Homer]

6.18 "Our windingsheet."

Joyce called the technic of this chapter 'incubism', a coinage that combines cubism (seeing the geometric solids in all things) with incubus [def] (seeing the haunting shape of death in all things). [schemata]

6.24 "in front"

this (falsely) suggests Bloom is facing front

6.28 "At walking pace."

symbolically, the huggermugger and slipperslapper are being reined in, out of respect.

6.31 "crazy glasses"

'crazed glass' is still a common term among fire-investigators [eg] but 'crazie' for these tiny cracks is pretty unique to George Herbert [etext]. At 4.494 [qv] the outhouse door was 'crazy' (poorly hung). So here, multiple small windowpanes have been shaken to odd angles and/or are showing many small cracks [def] (JAJ makes it plural just to be difficult, I suspect.)

6.33 "through both windows"

looking out each side in turn, presumably

6.34 "Irishtown"

[Strand map]

6.38 "smoother road"

they rejoin the tramtrack just a little further on (why?) [trams map]

6.39 "lithe"

Joyce was about 5'11, and anorectically thin for most of his life (112 pounds in 1928) [e603]

6.39 "young man"

this probably corresponds to the moment in the Proteus episode when SD thinks of Aunt Sara, but there's conflicting evidence-- Stephen may even be stopping in at the Gouldings' after his frig. [clues] [U timeline]

cf Agamemnon's discussion of Telemachus in Book XI "a child was at her breast, who now, methinks, sits in the ranks of men, happy in his lot, for his dear father shall behold him on his coming, and he shall embrace his sire as is meet" [Homer]

6.41 "Dedalus"

why not 'Simon'?

6.44 "stretching over across"

Bloom must have seen Stephen past Martin's shoulder on the 'wrong' side (Simon and LB are on the same side)

Gabler deleted a comma between "over, across" in most editions, and notes that Joyce may have intended to replace 'across' with 'over'.

6.49 "cad"

(so what character trait of BM's does SiD find unbearable?)

6.49 "fidus Achates"

'faithful Achates', from the Aeneid. Gifford suggests the Hades-oriented Book 6, eg: "Achates, the companion of his breast, Goes grieving by his side, with equal cares oppress'd." [qv]

(this quote is so perfectly ironic it makes Simon appear quite paternally sensitive to SD's real problem with Mulligan! but the level of education that would imply seems unlikely.)

6.51 "aunt Sally... Goulding... costdrawer... Crissie"

this attack apaprently does synchronise with Stephen's visitation at 3.61ff: [qv] The real-life Murray family was JAJ's mother's brother William, his wife Josephine, two sons over 16, and four daughters aged 5 to 15. William was an accountant, and contributed traits to Farrington in 'Counterparts' [qv] and Joe in 'Clay' [qv] (and even Shem in Finnegans Wake). They never lived in Sandymount, that I can find-- they were in Fairview in 1904, far to the north.

6.51 "I suppose"

as at 3.62 above, cf Telem to Eurycleia re sneaking off: "tell no word thereof to my dear mother, till at least it shall be the eleventh or twelfth day from hence, or till she miss me of herself"

6.53 "...the wise child that knows her own father. Mr Bloom smiled joylessly"

SiD is hinting at incest (cf 3.88's 'bedpal' [qv]), and JAJ may be hinting here that LB also feels some guilt. (3.87 mentions aunt Sara "bathing Crissie" so Crissie is probably the youngest daughter-- 5yo if she's a Murray)

also cf Telem on paternity [Homer]


6.55 "Dodder bridge."

at this point, a Joycean tour guide should point north (I think) down the Dodder to the field where the 'Encounter' took place in 1894 [Dubliners]

6.58 "Stamer street"

midway between two of LB's old residences, Lombard street and Ontario terrace, from his wealthier days, probably pre-1894. But this is probably a story LB heard, not something he witnessed.

the Murrays married in 1882, living near Joyce's birthplace in Rathgar until 1892, when they moved to 25 lower Hatch street near the High School and Harcourt street station. Apparently they later lived at 77 Haddington road (cf 'Counterparts') but by 1902 had moved up to Fairview. [pc114, pc30]

6.58 "Ignatius Gallaher"

cf A Little Cloud [qv] and ch7 Eolus

6.60 "backache... ironing... breadcrumbs"

this motif will turn up again in Circe (and FW), but it doesn't seem like LB suspects (Wm Murray's factual) syphilis, contracted only after 1899, which killed him in 1912, age 55. [pc307] (picture James running into his uncle in nighttown!?)

breadcrumbs were a common filler for pills [eg].

6.63 "contaminated... ruffian... name stinks... ruin my son"

SiD wants SD to make him proud, but BM seems to him a bad influence. SD had dropped out of med school a couple of years before, while Gogarty eventually became a surgeon (after longer-than-normal studies) [bio]. BM is very likely encouraging SD to drink and whore more, but SiD seems almost equally dissolute. (BM claims at 1.88 [qv] that his aunt thinks SD is the bad influence! and at 14.1487 [qv] BM says: "Aunty mine's writing Pa Kinch. Baddybad Stephen lead astray goodygood Malachi.")

Hayman hears an echo of Queensbury on Wilde and Boysie [background]

6.66 "his mother or his aunt"

Joyce implies at 1.43 Mulligan refers to his mother as 'the aunt' but Ulick O'Connor gives no clue that Gogarty did this

6.67 "I'll tickle his catastrophe, believe you me."

David Peacock suggests a parallel to 3.124: "A misty English morning the imp hypostasis tickled his brain."

6.70 "counterjumper's son"

apparently untrue-- the Gogarty line was prosperous doctors for three generations [uoc

6.72 "Mr Bloom glanced from his angry moustache to Mr Power's mild face and Martin Cunningham's eyes and beard"

oddly, Simon is directly in front of Bloom, Power is to his left, and MC is between the two

6.76 "Me in his eyes"

cf 4.28 "Wonder what I look like to her"

6.77 "From me. Just a chance."

this may be LB's guilt about Rudy's birth defects. [more]

6.78 "Raymond terrace"

17.2280 [qv] claims Rudy was born 29 Dec 1893, probably prematurely, so this would be spring or summer 1893. Other memories seem to put LB in Lombard street in Feb93, and in Holles street by December. Since Greystones is a summer resort, the missed concert couldn't have been later than September.

6.83 "I could."

is he arguing with an inner voice-- maybe Molly?

6.93 "if he hadn't that squint troubling him"

Gifford says this implies he skimps, but could it instead mean he spies (police tout)? generally, untrustworthy

6.97 "Crumbs"

thread: [password] ditto


6.108 "it's the most natural thing in the world."

probably death-- Simon noting the continuity/ comparability of picnic and funeral.

6.109 "Tom Kernan"

Kernan is the subject of 'Grace', based according to Stannie on a tea-tasting neighbor named Dick Thornton: plump, rubicund, bouncing, birdlike, Walter-Scott fan, converted Protestant, shared with JSJ a love of singing [mbk227] (with a daughter Eveline) [e43]

(MC's chain of associations here may be a clue to the crumbs or the squint. and he brings TK up again very quickly, below.)

6.110 "Ned Lambert and Hynes"

Lambert isn't in Dubliners, but Hynes is in Ivy Day [qv]

6.114 "M'Coy"

his phantom presence here echoes his 'also-ran' fifth position in the 'Grace' quincunx [qv]

6.124 "Canvassing for death. Don't miss this chance."

the image is of epidemics spreading as carriers go door to door, as if campaigning for a political cause or taking orders for something (or selling lottery tickets, maybe?) Death apparently makes them an offer many can't refuse.

6.125 "Athos"

Bloom's father was a dog-lover, Bloom himself is a cat-lover

6.130 "Like through a colander."

Joyce is up to something here-- apparently Bloom is asking why water falls from the sky in separate drops rather than a uniform damp drizzle..

6.131 "I thought it would."

cf? 4.216 "Watering cart. To provoke the rain." [qv]

6.131 "My boots were creaking."

cf 4.49 "On quietly creaky boots he went up the staircase" [qv]

6.140 "as uncertain as a child's bottom"

supposedly a witticism of JSJ's, he varies the (here tautological) cliche uncertain as the weather with soft as a baby's bottom

6.142 "Tom Kernan was immense last night"

I think what's happening here is MC wants to do his impression, so he's dropping (increasingly unsubtle) hints to Power

6.146 "pompously"

(we don't really see this in 'Grace')

6.149 "dead nuts"

M'Coy will use this expression of Bloom (wrt sales) at 10.524 [qv]


6.160 "Inked characters fast fading on the frayed breaking paper."

cf? 2.155 [qv] "Across the page the symbols moved in grave morrice, in the mummery of their letters, wearing quaint caps of squares and cubes. Give hands, traverse, bow to partner: so: imps of fancy of the Moors." and 3.414 [qv] "Who ever anywhere will read these written words? Signs on a white field."

6.162 "long and tedious"

the 'tedious' is Bloom's dry wit

6.168 "I tore up the envelope? Yes."

Bloom's paranoia may reflect his sense of Dublin as a small town, where if anyone hears of it everyone will soon know. Also his terror of displeasing Molly?

6.171 "Meade's"

this is where Bloom hid as he read Martha's letter, but it was the name 'Henry' that got him thinking of that coincidentally just before they reached it

6.180 "Antient concert rooms"

[current fate] [aerial view]

6.180 "Nothing on there... Not much grief there."

(awkward-- revise!)

6.183 "Saint Mark's"

Gabler mistook his own policies and changed this to 'saint' (it's a placename here, not just a person's title) [more]

6.186 "Big powerful change"

this was a common slogan in ads [PDF example] (sounds like self-parody today)

6.188 "the Gaiety"


6.189 "As broad as it's long"

six-to-one, half-a-dozen to the other [def]

this seems wildly inaccurate here-- a pint of porter was twopence, but a theater admission would have been closer to a shilling? [prices]

6.198 "Red Bank"

aka Bindon's Oyster Cellar [cite] Red Bank oysters will become a minor motif. "Near Pouldoody is the great Burren oyster bed, called the Red Bank... from which a constant supply is furnished for the Dublin and other large markets." [cite]

this would have been on their right, so SiD is on the left of the carriage. and MC sees BB first because he's facing forward.

6.199 "straw hat"

[pic] [pic source]


6.201 "Is there anything more in him that they she sees? Fascination. Worst man in Dublin. That keeps him alive."

this is hardly deserved! someone recently argued that Boylan is even Joyce's Bloomsday self-portrait, to some extent. but cf 1918 notebook, wrt Lestrygonians: "Antiphates - blasphemer accuser - curser (Blazes)" so Boylan is very much Mulligan's doppelganger

6.203 "My nails. I am just looking at them: well pared. And after: thinking alone. Body getting a bit softy. I would notice that: from remembering."

after what-- his nails-feint or her Blazes-rendezvous? who thinking alone? LB or BB? and whose body? Molly's? Dignam's? Bloom's?

6.204 "Body getting a bit softy."

Bloom's imagery of his own mortal flesh grows increasingly vivid as he descends into Hades

6.209 "He clasped his hands between his knees and, satisfied, sent his vacant glance over their faces."

he's quickly rebuilt his defenses.

6.220 "Mary Anderson"


6.226 "Smith O'Brien"

died 16 June 1864 [info&pic]

6.229 "dullgarbed old man"

this figure is echoed at 15.3045 [qv], and at 17.1936ff [qv] as Bloom contemplates the worst fate life might throw at him. It may be echoed further in the first Finnegans Wake vignette Roderick O'Conor, perhaps showing HCE at his lowest point (probably the midpoint of his lifecycle, surprisingly).

6.247 "Crofton"

cf [IvyDay] and Cyclops [qv]


6.249 "Liberator's form"

O'Connell statue 360 degree Quicktime VR tour

6.258 "Gray's"


6.265 "the son"

Reuben J Dodd Jr was at Belvedere with James [e38]

6.277 "Martin Cunningham thwarted his speech rudely"

this is just Bloom's view-- he doesn't realise how badly he's botching the telling.

thread: [password] [discussion]

6.279 "Isle of Man boat"

[old ad]

6.281 "For God' sake! Mr Dedalus exclaimed in fright. Is he dead?"

this reaction seems excessive-- why does SiD even care? (the real event took place in 1911. Joyce turns the dockworker who saved him into a boatman, for the Homeric echo. such incidents were pretty common: [cite])

6.290 "Isn't it awfully good? Mr Bloom said eagerly."

cf? 1919 Cyclops notesheet: "the jew hates the jew in the jew"

6.293 "Nelson's pillar"

[old pic], cf ditto, ditto [now]

6.294 "Eight plums a penny!"

echoed in SD's Parable of the Plums (ch7 Eolus).

6.307 "Blazing face: redhot."

cf 1918 notebook: "Elpenor - face of light" [Homer]


6.315 "No-one spoke."

(JAJ probably got this reaction a lot, himself.)

6.321 "Rotunda corner"

[pix&info] pic [pic]

6.332 "Rattle his bones"


"There's a grim horse hearse in a jolly round trot, To the churchyard a pauper is going I wot; The road it is rough, and the hearse has no springs, And, hark to the dirge the sad driver sings-- 'Rattle his bones over the stones, He's only a poor pauper whom nobody owns'" [cite]

6.348 "riverbed"

cf Ophelia in 'Hamlet' [etext]

6.350 "time after time"

cf Sisyphus in Homer's Hades [Homer] [cite]


6.370 "Gordon Bennett"

[old report]

6.378 "My house down there."

this might echo Homer's Odysseus meeting shades from Ithaca. cf Cyclops notesheet 7:15 "LB meets people from Eccles Street" and Ithaca notesheet 13:52 "LB dislikes meet Ithacans"

6.380 "Her feeding cup and rubbing her mouth with the spoon."

Joyce elaborated this motif at some length near the end of the Mamalujo vignette [etext]

6.391 "Huuuh! out of that!"

David Peacock suggests a parallel to 3.353: "Tatters! Out of that, you mongrel!"

6.393 "Roast beef for old England"

[lyric&midi] ditto [GIF of music] [info]

6.394 "all that raw stuff, hide, hair, horns"

a neat escalation of the image of fingernails and his body getting soft at 6.203 above


6.400 "tramline from the parkgate to the quays"

Joyce knew this was built soon thereafter (running alongside the Liffey)

6.417 "First round Dunphy's, Mr Dedalus said, nodding. Gordon Bennett cup."

(is this SiD punning first-round-of-drinks with first around the corner in a race?)

6.422 "brown habit"

ie, a lay Franciscan? [cite]

6.429 "pull up"

there's no evidence whether they do stop on the way back, but cf Circe's feast [Homer]

6.436 "Phibsborough road"

Simon doesn't comment that his house is a stone's throw west of here. cf [WRocks]

6.438 "canal"


6.439 "A man stood on his dropping barge"

cf Charon on the Styx

6.443 "past beds of reeds, over slime, mudchoked bottles, carrion dogs"

cf ch3 Proteus

6.444 "Athlone, Mullingar, Moyvalley"


6.446 "crock"



6.454 "Fogarty"

cf [Grace] where he has a grocery store on Glasnevin road, by Kernan's house-- which they would reach if they didn't turn onto Finglas just now.

in the Grace quincunx, Fogarty took Bloom's present position.

6.460 "silent shapes"

Gifford links this to Odysseus's entry into Hades [Homer]

6.474 "Better for ninetynine guilty to escape than for one innocent person to be wrongfully condemned."

cf 3.179 [qv] "Yes, used to carry punched tickets to prove an alibi if they arrested you for murder somewhere."

6.477 "unweeded"

cf Hamlet "Fie on't! ah fie! 'tis an unweeded garden" [etext]

6.479 "They love reading about it."

ie, women (or Christians?)

6.480 "Her clothing consisted of. How she met her death. Recent outrage."

Bloom here is intuitively practicing one of Joyce's own composition strategies-- collecting phrases that convey a characteristic literary style/ voice. (in the FW notebook called 'Scribbledehobble' the lengthy section for Eumeus is almost entirely phrases from Dublin courtroom journalism.) [examples]

6.484 "Catch them once with their pants down. Never forgive you after."

(is LB talking about Molly, maybe?)

6.486 "Prospect"


6.486 "Dark poplars"

Gifford compares this passage to the entrance into Hades in Aeneid 6 [qv] "An elm displays her dusky arms abroad: The God of Sleep there hides his heavy head, And empty dreams on ev'ry leaf are spread. Of various forms unnumber'd specters more, Centaurs, and double shapes, besiege the door."

6.501 "Simnel cakes"



6.513 "Mount Jerome"

near Harold's Cross [map, HC] [pix]

6.516 "Thousands every hour."

Bloom is right, for once. currently, with a world population of 6 billion, there are 6000 deaths per hour [cite] the world population in 1900 was about 1.6 billion [cite] so the corresponding figure would have been over 1600 (easily 2000 with the much greater mortality rate then)

6.517 "Mourners"

this paragraph is based on an early epiphany from mother May's 1903 funeral. Stannie says JAJ hated funerals and only attended May's and brother George's (overlooking Kane's) [mbk235]

"Two mourners push on through the crowd. The girl, one hand catching the woman's skirt, runs in advance. The girl's face is the face of a fish, discoloured and oblique-eyed; the woman's face is small and square, the face of a bargainer. The girl, her mouth distorted, looks up at the woman to see if it is time to cry; the woman, settling a flat bonnet, hurries on towards the mortuary chapel." [more]

Joyce has arranged things so this entry-into-the-cemetery is the exact midpoint of the chapter: line 517 out of 1033 (this obsession with symmetries will probably account for the placement of a lot of late additions to every chapter.) [symmetries]

6.534 "mausoleum"

[map, #2]


6.574 "chapel"

[map] [pic?]

6.591 "Who'll read the book? I, said the rook."

Who Killed Cock Robin [etext]


6.609 "Mervyn Browne"

cf [The Dead]

6.612 "doner"

1922 had 'goner' [Senn]

6.632 "gravediggers"

Elpenor's actual burial takes place in Book XII [Homer]

6.641 "O'Connell circle"

the 'Circle' is actually quite a ways north of the tower/monument. this map shows the edge of the Circle in the corner.

6.642 "lofty cone"

[old pic] [pic?]


6.663 "same boat"

thread: [password] ditto [query]

6.678 "Lazarus"

thread [password]


6.710 "John O'Connell"

Joyce dropped this 1917-notebook idea: "L.B asks the way back at Glasnevin from J. O'Connell wife" It might have corresponded to Circe's advice immediately after Elpenor's burial [Homer]

6.716 "two long keys"

anticipating the Keyes ad in the next chapter

6.726 "Mulcahy"

[j&c197] suggests Owen Patrick Farrelly as the closest actual matching grave at Glasnevin

6.732 "he fell back and spoke with Corny Kelleher, accepting the dockets given him"

symbolically, the god Hades receiving their souls?

6.746 "Silver threads"

[lyric&midi] [RealAud]

6.750 "churchyards"

cf Hamlet [etext]


6.770 "Botanic gardens"


6.771 "jews"


6.777 "Turning green"

Bloom anticipates the University of Tennessee's 'body farm' where they study the forensics of decomposition [article] ditto

6.784 "swurls"

cf Seaside Girls

6.792 "Gravediggers"

cf Hamlet [etext]


6.811 "Robinson Crusoe"

Joyce on Defoe [etext]


6.862 "towards Finglas"


6.883 "asked"

thread: [password] ditto [query]

6.888 "Charley"



6.913 "Silently at the gravehead another coiled the coffinband. His navelcord."

David Peacock suggests a parallel to 3.36: "A misbirth with a trailing navelcord, hushed in ruddy wool The cords of all link back, strandentwining cable of all flesh." (wrong end of the chapter, though?)

6.919 "chief's grave"

[pic] [map, #3]

6.929 "crosses"



6.988 "Drowning they say is the pleasantest. See your whole life in a flash."

David Peacock suggests a parallel to 3.482: "Seadeath, mildest of all deaths know to man."


Hades discussion

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[Next: ch7]

chapters: summary : anchors : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12a 12b 13 14a 14b 15a 15b 15c 15d 16a 16b 17a 17b 18a 18b
notes: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
reference: Bloom : clocktime : prices : schemata : Tower : riddles : errors : Homeric parallels : [B-L Odyssey] : Eolus tropes : parable : Oxen : Circe : 1904 : Thom's : Gold Cup : Seaside Girls : M'appari : acatalectic : search
riddles: overview : Rudy : condom : Gerty : Hades : Strand : murder : Eccles
maps: Ulysses : WRocks : Strand : VR tour : aerial tour : Dublin : Leinster : Ireland : Europe
editing: etexts : lapses : Gabler : capitals : commas : compounds : deletes : punct : typists
drafts: prequel : Proteus : Cyclops : Circe
closereadings: notes : Oxen : Circe

Joyce: main : fast portal : portal
major: FW : Pomes : U : PoA : Ex : Dub : SH : CM : CM05 : CM04
minor: Burner : [Defoe] : [Office] : PoA04 : Epiph : Mang : Rab
bio: timeline : 1898-1904 : [Trieste] : eyesight : schools : Augusta
vocation: reading : tastes : publishers : craft : symmetry
people: 1898-1904 gossip : 1881 gossip : Nora : Lucia : Gogarty : Byrne : friends : siblings : Stannie
maps: Dublin : Leinster : Ireland : Europe : Paris : Ulysses
images: directory : [Ruch]
motifs: ontology : waves : lies : wanking : MonaLisa : murder
Irish lit: timeline : 100poems : Ireland : newspapers : gossip : Yeats : MaudG : AE : the Household : Theosophy : Eglinton : Ideals
classics: Shakespeare : Dante : Pre-Raphaelites : Homer : Patrick
industry: Bloomsday : [movies] : Ellmann : Rose : genetics : NewGame
website: account : theory : early : old links : slow-portal fast-portal

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