The Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence (ALTBMD) Programme was established in September 2005 after the completion of a two-year feasibility study in which eight NATO nations and various NATO projects cooperatively participated.
The focus of the Programme is the upgrade, test and integration of NATO’s command and control (C2) systems and underlying communication network to enable effective information exchanges between various NATO and national missile defence systems in both real-time (engagement) and non real-time (planning). This integrated system-of-systems architecture will create a larger range of detection, communication and missile defence capabilities for NATO forces, whether deployed within or beyond NATO’s area of responsibility. It will also provide complete coverage against the threat posed by tactical ballistic missiles with ranges up to 3,000 kilometres.
The Programme is incrementally building toward its final Reference Architecture in two distinct phases, known as Capability 1 and Capability 2. Capability 1 will include the available C2 units, sensors and lower tier weapon systems, while Capability 2 will add upper tier weapon systems approximately two years later. The ALTBMD programme is hosted by the NATO Consultation, Command and Control Agency (NC3A), located in Brussels, Belgium and The Hague, The Netherlands.
Programme Manager - The programme is led by retired Italian Major General Alessandro Pera. A graduate in Aeronautical Sciences, General Pera has served in the NATO-led Stabilisation Force (SFOR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo; he supported NATO operations in Kosovo; and he also participated in Operation Enduring Freedom.
General Pera has received several awards, including the NATO Medal for operations in the former Yugoslavia and Kosovo.
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