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Normal Anatomy

Peroneal artery

branch of the tibioperoneal trunk in the proximal calf which descends between tibialis posterior muscle and flexor hallucis longus muscle to the tibiofibular syndesmosis where it divides into calcaneal branches. Occasionally arises from the popliteal artery. It supplies a nutrient artery to the fibula and muscular branches to soleus, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus and peronei muscles. A distal perforating branch which traverses the interosseous membrane of the leg may continue as the dorsalis pedis artery. It provides a major supply to the foot in 7% of individuals. See blood vessels, knee, calf and foot (II), Fig. 1, blood vessels, knee, calf and foot (II), Fig. 3, blood vessels, knee, calf and foot (II), Fig. 4, blood vessels, knee, calf and foot (II), Fig. 5, blood vessels, knee, calf and foot (II), Fig. 6, blood vessels, knee, calf and foot (II), Fig. 10

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