: UNFPA Census Timor-Leste 2004
also spelled Díli,
Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor.
It lies on the northern coast of Timor island,
the easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands.
Dili is the chief port and commercial centre
for East Timor and also has an airport for use
by commercial and military flights.
Dili was settled about 1520
by the Portuguese, who made it the capital of
Portuguese Timor in 1596. During World War II,
Dili was occupied by the Japanese. East Timor
unilaterally declared independence from Portugal
on November 28th 1975. However, nine days later,
on December 7th, Indonesian forces invaded Dili.
On July 17th, 1976, Indonesia annexed East Timor,
which it called Timor Timur, with Dili as its
However, a brutal guerrilla
war ensued between Indonesian and pro-independence
forces, during which tens of thousands of civilians
were killed. Although Dili itself was under
Indonesian control, the East Timorese resistance
did manage to attack Indonesian property. Consequently,
it was not until 1989 that foreign nationals
or Indonesian civilians were allowed into the
Media coverage of
the 1991 Dili Massacre revitalised international
support of the East Timorese independence movement.
In 1999, East Timor was placed under UN supervision
and on May 20, 2002, Dili became the capital
of the independent Democratic Republic of East
Baucau is the second largest
city in East Timor, after the capital, Dili.
is a province of
East Timor. It is located on the western part
of Timor island. It is detached from the rest
of East Timor, and borders the sea and the Indonesian
part of Timor. The capital of the province is
Pante Makasar, also called Ocussi town.
It was in Pante Makasar
that an Indonesian fifth column raised the Indonesian
flag and took control of the enclave on 29th
November, 1975, a week before the Indonesian
invasion of East Timor proper. However, even
under Indonesian rule, Oecussi-Ambeno was administered
as part of the province of East Timor (Timor
Timur in Indonesian), just as it was as part
of Portuguese Timor. Consequently, it became
part of the independent state of East Timor