Ancient Egyptian Mummies

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A Web Quest for 4th-6th Grade

(Social Studies)

Designed by

Lee Anne Brandt
Lee-Anne-Brandt@k111.k12.il.us

 

                   

Introduction | Task | Process | Evaluation | Conclusion | Credits | Teacher Page


Introduction

The Egyptians believed that death was simply a temporary interruption of life. They also thought that they could have eternal life by worshipping their gods, building statues and temples to the gods, and preserving their physical form  through mummification. To enjoy the afterlife, all these elements had to be in place and protected from harm. 

            

                  
The Task

Your Task is to learn about Ancient Egyptian mummy.  You will need a group of two or three.  You will follow through on the following five tasks.   When you are finished you will be an expert in the process of mummification!

1.  What is a sarcophagus?   Design and create a group sarcophagus. 

2.  How do they do that?  Write an expository paper on the mummification process. 

3.  Can I take my pet to the afterlife?  Make a mummy to put into your sarcophagus.  Pets are mummies too! You are also required to mummify at least two animals.  Be prepared to explain why you chose the animals you did.

4.  What is the significance of that?   Make death mask.  Be prepared to tell why Egyptians made/used death masks.

5.  Gosh, I learned a lot!  Make a PowerPoint presentation or a Jeopardy game on anything you learned about Ancient Egypt.  

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The Process

To accomplish the task, you will work in teams of three.  Research the sites given below or find other sites on your own.  Use the information you find to successfully complete each task.  Your group must complete all five tasks.

  1.  Research sarcophagi on the web, make a sarcophagus for your team.  Your sarcophagus should be decorated with pictures and hieroglyphs similar to sarcophagi found in Ancient Egypt.  The one pictured here is an excellent example.  It can be life size or miniature.  You may use the following links or find your own links.   To make your sarcophagus you may use paper, paper mache', homemade dough, a cardboard box or anything that works for you.  Be creative!

http://www.dia.org/education/egypt-teachers/mummies/index.html

http://www.utah.edu/umfa/container.html

http://koa.iolani.honolulu.hi.us/Publish/IMUA/1999nov22/sarcophagus.htm

http://www.bartleby.com/65/sa/sarcopha.html

http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/s/sarcophagus.html

http://www.fcps.k12.va.us/VirginiaRunES/museum/egypt/sarco.htm

 

anubis.gif (10486 bytes)  2.  Research the mummification process.  Write an expository paper detailing the process of mummification and describing what you learned.    You are required to mummify animals in the third task, so you will want to pay attention to animal mummification as well.   The following websites will be helpful in successfully completing this task.    Use these sites for task three also. (Click here for help with your writing task.)

http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/mummy/

http://www.neferchichi.com/mummies.html

http://www.clpgh.org/cmnh/exhibits/egypt/mummification.html

http://www.rom.on.ca/egypt/mummy/mum1.html

http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/academic/cult_sci/anthro/egypt/mummies.htm

http://www.fcps.k12.va.us/VirginiaRunES/museum/egypt/cat.htm

http://verdenet.com/isis/mummy.htm

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/media/tv/mummy/index.html

http://www.animalmummies.com/projectfiles/methodology.html

http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Cyberia/VideoTestbed/Projects/Mummy/mummyhome.html

http://www.clemusart.com/archive/pharaoh/rosetta/rosefaq.html

http://tqjunior.thinkquest.org/4368/mummies.html

 

catcrocbl.jpg (8340 bytes)  3.  Make your mummies.  Your group is making mummy representations.  You must make a human model and two animal models.   These may also be made of salt dough, old dolls, modeling clay, etc.  If you put your mummy in a sarcophagus, it must be removable.  Animals played an important role in Ancient Egyptian life and death.  Choose your animals carefully and be prepared to tell why you chose the animals you did.  There is an example pictured in task number one.

http://www.libra-mmsystemh.demon.nl/Html/pg_mum.htm

http://www.discovery.com/guides/ancientworlds/egypt/animalmummies/animalcults.html

http://www.cybercomm.net/~grandpa/animals2.html

4.  Death masks were very important to the Ancient Egyptians.  Using any materials you wish, create a death mask. It must fit over your mummy.  Write a brief explanation of the death mask tradition.

http://www2.shore.net/~matthews/egypt/museum/index.html

http://www.art-rageous.net/MummyMask-LP.html

http://www.art-rageous.net/Masks-LP.html

  5. Make a Jeopardy game about Ancient Egypt.  See your teacher for username and password to get on this site.  Your jeopardy game does not have to be an online game.   You may choose to make one using paper.  This would also be acceptable.  If you would rather create a Power Point presentation this is also acceptable.

http://www.quia.com/gamelist.cgi?new=0.2833565155652067

Optional:

QUIZ

http://www.quia.com/servlets/quia.activities.tq.PlayQuiz?id=105160

 

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Evaluation

 

 

Beginning

 

Developing

 

Accomplished

 

Exemplary

 

Score

 

Collaboration

Does not work toward group goals. Participates only with continuous prompting. Insensitive toward others. Occasionally works toward group goals. Participates with some prompting. Shows some sensitivity towards others. Works toward group goals without prompting. Accepts and fulfills individual role within the group. Contributes knowledge, opinions, and skills without prompting. Shows sensitivity to the feelings of others. Consistently and actively works toward group goals. Is sensitive to the feelings and learning needs of all group members. Willingly accepts and fulfills individual role within the group.
 

Writing

Difficult to understand, tangents, spelling and other errors Difficult to understand, tangents, spelling and other errors Easy to understand; perfect spelling; one or two grammar, syntax, or semantic problems Flawless, clear, concise and well written
 

Creativity

Work contains numerous flaws, lacks focus, and lacks effort. Work   needs more details, shows little detail, lacks quality, and shows little attention to detail. Work   contains ample detail, meets  requirements.   Project is attractive. Work is exceptionally detailed, meets or exceeds  requirements, is unique and visually outstanding.
 

Overall Performance

Project lacks effort or is incomplete. Project shows some effort, but is of substandard quality. Looks "thrown together." Meets all requirements. Shows ample effort. Attractive and completed on time. Project is exceptionally detailed, meets or exceeds  all requirements, is unique, visually outstanding & turned in on time.

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Conclusion

Through this Web quest you have traveled back in time to the lands of Ancient Egypt.  You will have had the opportunity to be immersed in the mummification process of the Ancient Egyptians. I hope this journey improved your understanding of mummies and Ancient Egyptian burials. You are now an expert in the field of mummification, and much more! The research you conducted has enriched your knowledge in the Ancient Egyptian afterlife. I hope that you enjoyed your journey!

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Credits & References

Thanks to http://www.neferchichi.com/ for ideas and use of graphics.

Thanks to Helen DeWitt for her help and the use of her website http://www.k111.k12.il.us/king/ .

Bibliography:

Crosher, Judith. New York: Penguin Group, 1992.

Ancient Egypt
Hart, George. San Francisco: Weldon Owen Pty Limited, 1995.
Ancient Egypt
Morley, Jacqueline. New York: The Salariya Book Cl Ltd, 1991.
An Egyptian Pyramid
O'Neal, Michael. St. Paul: Greenhaven Press, Inc., 1995.
Pyramids Great Mysteries Opposing Viewpoints
Smith, Brenda. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc., 1996.
Egypt of the Pharaohs

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Last updated on August 15, 1999.

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