The Iranian History 1963 AD

 


Iranian Jets Bomb Katanga Airport In Congo

Jan, 16, 1963 AD

24Esfand Square which changed name to Enghelab (revolution) Square 1963 with the Universal Cinema in the backgroundAfter a request by the secretary general of the United Nations, six Iranian jet planes took off for a mission in Congo where a local separatist rebel had seized control of Katanga. Because of rich diamond mines, some foreign states including Germany were supporting rebel groups for their own interests. The bombing of the Katanga airport took place in accordance with similar operations that pave the way for UN forces to arrive and take control. Iran later took the title "Gendarme of the Middle East" as a puppet regime. On the other hand, Africa has been scene of many genocides, discrimination, and it seems the resource rich but poor continent will not easily be able to get rid of centuries of colonization. (Updated: Jan, 16, 2008)






Referendum On White Revolution

Jan, 26, 1963 AD

Iranian Women Voting. During what the Pahlavi regime called the referandum on White Revolution in 1963, Iranian women experience their right to vote for the first time on major issues such as land reforms.Iranians participated in a referendum to approve social and economic changes that was called the White Revolution. This was the first time that Iranian women were exercising their right to vote. These changes included land reforms, labor benefits, acknowledging women rights to vote, etc. These reforms were initiated by advices from the U.S. The administration in Washington was trying to establish a model in Iran to counter Soviets Union's influence in the Middle East. John F. Kennedy sent his congratulations for the reforms. Official ceremonies celebrating the event took place every year. (Updated: Jan, 27, 2008)






Shah Censors Israel Relations

Jun, 29, 1963 AD

Tehran Mosalla Quran exhibition: A poster mocking the famous brand Coca Cola which is supposed to support a pro-Palestine cause.On June, 29, 1963 The Iranian Ministry of Foreign affairs was ordered to keep relations with Israel secret and not to publish any related news or reports about Iran-Israel relations at the media. This decision was taken 3 days after Shah announced in an interview on July, 23, 1960 that Iran-Israel relations date back to its formation. This announcement created outrage among Arab countries especially Egypt.
On March, 14, 1950, Iran recognized the state of Israel; as De Facto, one year after its creation during Saed government. But Dr. Mosaddegh cut ties with Israel on July, 7, 1951, knowing that the Zionist state was a tool of the British government against nations in the Middle East. The British embassy and officials were evicted from Iran in October 1952. After the CIA backed coup of 1953, diplomatic relations with Britain and her illegitimate child re-started and Mohammad Reza Shah entered a close relationship with Israel, especially in terms of weapons and intelligence. Iran purchased a $500,000,000 worth of arms from Israel per year and exported petroleum even at the time of OPEC embargo.
Iranians were sensitive towards the Palestinian issue. Israel was known for apartheid and discrimination against native residents of Palestine. Therefore Shah wanted to keep their relations secret.
On Feb, 19, 1979, only a week after the Islamic Revolution, in its first official response to the issue, the Revolutionary interim government stated that Iran-Israel relations were to be cut completely. Imam Khomeini declared every last Friday of Ramazan as the Qods Day in support of oppressed Palestinians.
The Israel embassy was shut down and it was dedicated as the Palestinian embassy. Iran’s support for Palestinian resistance groups and Lebanese Hezbollah and close ties with Syria are parts of her official long-term policy that has resulted in pressure from US and its satellite countries. Although the cost has been high, Iranians seem to have embraced staying besides the oppressed rather than cheering international arrogance and ignorance. (Updated: Jul, 23, 2010)






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