Abdus Salam -Servant of Peace. That was his name and that washis life. He dedicated it to the improvement of the Third World. Hisvision -a new paradigm for development -that Science and itsconcomitant Technology will alleviate the lot of the under-privilegednations by allowing them to leap-frog straight from the nineteenth to thetwenty-first century. Not that he was a dreamer who expected there to bedevelopment without competition. He realised the importance of competitionin pushing development forward at a more rapid pace. He encouragedcompetition -not in the sense of conflict, but in the context ofcooperation. To him Evil flourished through ignorance and was to be foughtto the bitter end by knowledge. Science was to dispel th is Evil from theworld. To him the development of Science was a responsibility of the wholeworld, not only of the Third World. According to him, we were not pullingour load. He took on the responsibility of trying to help the Third Worldto struggle out of the darkness of ignorance and shed the light of Scienceto dispel its problems. Salam knew that he could not achieve his goal alone. He wasperfectly ready to commandeer any and all people he could, to help him inhis mission. He knew whom to request, whom to flatter into helping, whomto coax and cajole, whom to order and whom (like me) he could bully andbrow-beat into doing what was needed. He demanded the impossible from hishelpers in the enterprise of developing Science in the Third World, butinvariably still more from himself. His successes, like the Centre, aretruly amazing, but he remained dissatisfied. There was always more to bedone. His focus was not on what he had achieved, but on what remained tobe done. I remember telling him very proudly of the development of myDepartment and his immediate response to that: "But what are you doingfor the rest of the country?" He realised that there can be no stableequilibrium in development. If one does not go up one must come down. Nowthat he is no more I myself can feel his sense of urgency about gettingthings done. Though Salam's vision was for the Third World in general, he had aspecial soft corner for the Islamic World -and within that most of allfor his homeland, Pakistan. He did what he could to motivate us Pakistanisto work for scientific development in Pakistan. I met him for the firsttime in 1964, when I went to the Physics Department of the ImperialCollege of Science and Technology (as it was then called) as anundergraduate freshman, and my career was greatly influenced by him andhis advice. He was aware of the major problem of isolation faced byscientists in the Third World, and the enormous paucity of manpower there.He regarded it as imperative that Third World scientists diversify andcover more than one field, so as to reduce the problems of manpowershortage and isolation. This led to my pursuing research in Physics,Mathematics and Economics, and in various areas in each of them. When Icame to the ICTP for the first time in 1972 as a nearly fresh Ph.D. and anew faculty member at the Is lamabad University (as it was then called),he told me that it was my duty to see to it that other Pakistanis couldbenefit from it. I felt that it was unfair of him to ask that of me. Howcould someone so junior as I manage to make much of a difference?Following the usual plea of people in Pakistan, I said that he did notknow how difficult it was to get anything done there, particularly for anonentity like me. His answer was typical: "Do you think it was easy tobuild this Centre? Where do you think the money to run it comes from? Doyou suppose it runs itself?" When I thought about it, I could see that itmust have been well nigh impossible to convince the developed countries tosupport the Third World in developing basic science at the frontiers. It would be nearly as difficult to keep the funds flowing that enabled us tobenefit from it. We did indeed have a responsibility to him to ensureadequate utilisation of the Centre to provide him with the basis tocontinue to extract support from elsewhere . I still felt that too muchwas being asked of a mere nonentity like me. Of course, Salam did notleave me to manage it all on my own. He provided the support to make meless of a non-entity. I later went on to work actively for properparticipation in ICTP activities by Pakistani scientists. From there, itwas a short step to getting involved with working for the development ofScience in Pakistan (to what extent I could).When he received the Nobel Prize in 1979, he felt that he had won it, notfor himself, but for the Third World. As such, he felt that he had noright to use the Prize money for personal purposes but that it must beused to further his mission of developme nt of Science in the Third World.He specially put aside money to help Pakistan and Pakistani students. In1980 he asked Prof. Fayyazuddin, with my assistance, to formulate therules and procedures for a Prize to be awarded to young Pakistaniscientists for their research in the basic sciences. Our suggestion wasthat the Prize should be awarded annually by rotation for Physics,Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology to Pakistani nationals, normallyresident in Pakistan, below 35 years of age on the 31st of December ofthe year for which the Prize was to be awarded. It was to consist of acertificate giving a citation and a cash award of US$1,000. It was to beawarded on the basis of the collected research and/or a technical essaywritten specially for the Prize. (My idea, in making the latterprovision, was to allow for some thing like the Adams Prize as well.) Tomanage the Prize a committee was proposed, consisting of the two of us andProf. Riazuddin. This proposal was approved by Prof. Salam. Unfortunately, Riaz and Fayyaz both left the country and I was left to manage it onmy own. I took to myself the title of Secretary of the Salam PrizeCommittee and proceeded to "manage" it. The first Prize was for Physicsfor the year 1981. It was to be awarded at the end of the year andfortunately Prof. Salam himself was available to present the Prize to thewinner. I had dubbed the Prize "the Abdus Salam Prize for Young PakistaniScientists". As could have been anticipated, Prof. Salam protested againstthe name for the Prize. (This was at the ceremony to award the Prize.) I wasprepared for that, and put it to him that it enhanced the value of thePrize to be associated with his name. The matter was put to the House,which gave overwhelming support for my name for it. As such it acquiredthat name then and has retained it since. The Salam Prize has acquired avery high reputation. We have had some very notable Prize winners. Amongthem is one of the speakers at this Meeting today, Prof. Pervez AmiraliHoodbhoy of the Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Prof.Suhail Zuberi (for his work in Quantum Optics), Chairman of theDepartment of Electronics, Quaid-i-Azam University and the recent Prizewinner in Mathematics, Dr. Naseer Shahzad, who shows immense promise.There have been many other Salam Prize winners who have also demonstratedtheir worth since receiving the Prize. In fact, the Prize acquired aninternational reputation and has been emulated outside Pakistan. Iremember Prof. Salam telling me about it one day with great pleasure. Hisappreciation of my efforts displayed at the time will always be one of mymost cherished memories.Prof. Gordon Feldman mentioned that some time before he received the NobelPrize he had been referred to as "the next Einstein". This was not anexaggeration. A scientist does not enter that special category to whichEinstein belonged just on account of h is contributions to his specialfield, but because he has had a greater impact -- he has become ahousehold word for people outside his own field. Of course, he must havemade a major impact in his own field. No one can doubt that in Salam'scase. We have been hearing of the many contributions he has made to HighEnergy Physics. They started with his work on renormalization. Then hemissed getting the Nobel Prize for his idea of parity non-conservation. Hewent on to the pioneering work on SU(3) for which he could easily havegot the Nobel Prize. Though his early attempt at unification of internaland external symmetries (SU(6,6)) was not successful, it led to the ideaof supersymmetry, which is one of the main driving ideas of modern HighEnergy Physics. After Wess and Zumino presented their paper onSupersymmetry, he and Strathdee wrote it in more easily usable terms. Manyworkers continue to use the formalism set up by Salam and Strathdee. Hiswork on electro-weak unification needs no comments. However, it is worthpointing out that the first published idea of Grand Unification is in thepaper of Pati and Salam in 1972, as is the original suggestion of protondecay. Regardless of the outcome of the suggestions, it cannot be deniedthat these ideas have guided the development of High Energy Physics inrecent times. In fact, I remember a talk by him on the morning of the 29thof January 1971, just before my Ph.D. viva voce examination in theafternoon, in which he mentioned the hope of unifying the strong with theweak and electromagnetic forces and finally incorporating gravity. Thoughhe was thinking of SU(3) flavour instead of colour, the basic idea wasalready there at that time, and has driven developments in fundamentalPhysics ever since. All this, however, would not have made his name ahousehold word. The impact of Einstein was felt through the philosophicalimplications of his work, and was later felt at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.That is not the impact of the Servant of Peace. Due to him, a number ofscientists have been able to continue to work in the Third World and tomaintain their contact with the latest developments in Science. This hasenabled those countries to bring up a new generation of much bettereducated scientists, who can maintain a hope of trying to catch up withthe rest of the world. It is in this sense that he was the next Einstein.We, of the Third World, must re-dedicate ourselves to carry on the missionof Salam, to return to our home countries and with a fresh commitmentpursue the dream of development through the development of Science. We, ofPakistan, have lagged far behind in our attempts. We did not give enough recognition to Salam -but worse, we let him down in his mission. Now we need to work all the harder to bring a more measurable success to his attempts for the betterment of his home country.