How to Use the Mental Measurements Yearbook
- If you know the title of the test, use the alphabetical page
headings to go directly to the test entry.
- If you do not know, cannot find, or are unsure of the title of a
test, consult the Index of Titles for possible variants of
the title or consult the appropriate subject area of the Classified
Subject Index for other possible leads or for similar or related
tests in the same area.
- If you know the author of the test, consult the Index
of Names and look up the author's titles until you find the test
- If you know the test publisher, consult the
Directory and Index and look up the publisher's titles until you
find the test you want.
- If you are looking for a test that yields a particular kind of
score, look up the score in the Score Index and
locate the test or tests that include that score.
- Once you have found the test or tests you are looking for, read
the descriptive entries for these tests carefully
so that you can take advantage of the information provided. A
description of the information provided in these test entries will be
presented later in this section.
- Read the test reviews carefully and analytically. The information
and evaluation contained in these reviews are meant to assist test
consumers in making well-informed decisions about the choice and
applications of tests.
- Once you have read the descriptive information and test reviews,
you may want to order a specimen set for a particular test so that you
can examine it firsthand. The Publishers Directory and Index has the
address information needed to obtain specimen sets or catalogs.
Making Effective Use of the Test
Entries. The test entries include extensive information.
For each test, descriptive information is presented in the following
a) titles. Test titles are printed in boldface
type. Secondary or series titles are set off from main titles by a
b) purpose. For each test we have included a
brief, clear statement describing the purpose of the test. Often these
statements are quotations from the test manual.
c) population. This is a description of the
groups for which the test is intended. The grade, chronological age,
semester range, or employment category is usually given. "Grades
1.5--2.5, 2--3, 4--12, 13--17" means that there are four test booklets:
a booklet for the middle of first grade through the middle of the second
grade, a booklet for the beginning of the second grade through the end of
third grade, a booklet for grades 4 through 12 inclusive, and a booklet
for undergraduate and graduate students in colleges and universities.
d) publication date. The inclusive range of
publication dates for the various forms, accessories, and editions of a
test is reported.
e) acronym. When a test is often referred to by
an acronym, the acronym is given in the test entry immediately following
the publication date.
f) scores. The number of part scores is presented
along with their titles or descriptions of what they are intended to
represent or measure.
g) administration. Individual or group
administration is indicated. A test is considered a group test unless it
may be administered only individually.
h) forms, parts, and levels. All available forms,
parts, and levels are listed.
i) manual. Notation is made if no manual is
available. All other manual information is included under Price Data.
j) restricted distribution. This is noted only
for tests that are put on a special market by the publisher. Educational
and psychological restrictions are not noted (unless a special training
course is required for use).
k) price data. Price information is reported for
test packages (usually 20 to 35 tests), answer sheets, all other
accessories, and specimen sets. The statement "$17.50 per 35 tests"
means that all accessories are included unless otherwise indicated by the
reporting of separate prices for accessories. The statement also means
35 tests of one level, one edition, or one part unless stated otherwise.
Because test prices can change very quickly, the year that the listed
test prices were obtained is also given. Foreign currency is assigned
the appropriate symbol. When prices are given in foreign dollars, a
qualifying symbol is added (e.g., A$16.50 refers to 16 dollars and 50
cents in Australian currency). Along with cost, the publication date and
number of pages on which print occurs is reported for manuals and
technical reports (e.g., '85, 102 pages). All types of machine-scorable
answer sheets available for use with a specific test are also reported in
the descriptive entry. Scoring and reporting services provided by
publishers are reported along with information on costs. In a few cases,
special computerized scoring and interpretation services are given in
separate entries immediately following the test.
l) foreign language and other special editions.
This section concerns foreign language editions published by the same
publisher who sells the English edition. It also indicates special
editions (e.g., Braille, large type) available from the same or a
m) time. The number of minutes of actual working
time allowed examinees and the approximate length of time needed for
administering a test are reported whenever obtainable. The latter
figure is always enclosed in parentheses. Thus, "50(60) minutes"
indicates that the examinees are allowed 50 minutes of working time and
that a total of 60 minutes is needed to administer the test. A time of
"40--50 minutes" indicates an untimed test that takes approximately 45
minutes to administer, or--in a few instances--a test so timed that
working time and administration time are very difficult to disentangle.
When the time necessary to administer a test is not reported or suggested
in the test materials but has been obtained through correspondence with
the test publisher or author, the time is enclosed in brackets.
n) comments. Some entries contain special
notations, such as: "for research use only"; "revision of the ABC Test";
"tests administered monthly at centers throughout the United States";
"subtests available as separates"; and "verbal creativity." A statement
such as "verbal creativity" is intended to further describe what the test
claims to measure. Some of the test entries include factual statements
that imply criticism of the test, such as "1980 test identical with test
o) author. For most tests, all authors are
reported. In the case of tests that appear in a new form each year, only
authors of the most recent forms are listed. Names are reported exactly
as printed on test booklets. Names of editors generally are not
p) publisher. The name of the publisher or
distributor is reported for each test. Foreign publishers are identified
by listing the country in brackets immediately following the name of the
publisher. The Publishers Directory and Index must be consulted for a
q) foreign adaptations. Revisions and adaptations
of tests for foreign use are listed in a separate paragraph following the
r) sublistings. Levels, editions, subtests, or
parts of a test available in separate booklets are sometimes presented as
sublistings with titles set in small capitals. Sub-sublistings are
indented and titles are set in italic type.
s) cross references. For tests that have been
listed previously in a Buros Institute publication, a test entry
includes--if relevant--a final paragraph containing a cross reference to
the reviews, excerpts, and references for that test in those volumes. In
the cross references, "T3:467" refers to test 467 in Tests in Print
III, "8:1023" refers to test 1023 in The Eighth Mental
Measurements Yearbook, "T2:144" refers to test 144 in Tests in
Print II, "7:637" refers to test 637 in The Seventh Mental
Measurements Yearbook, "P:262" refers to test 262 in Personality
Tests and Reviews I, "2:1427" refers to test 1427 in The 1940
Yearbook, and "1:1110" refers to test 1110 in The 1938
Yearbook. In the case of batteries and programs, the paragraph also
includes cross references--from the battery to the separately listed
subtests and vice versa--to entries in this volume and to entries and
reviews in earlier Yearbooks. Test numbers not preceded by a
colon refer to tests in the current Yearbook; for example, "see
45" refers to test 45 in this Yearbook.