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TITLE:             More Power for Army Generals in Yugoslavia
BY:                Slobodan Stankovic
DATE:              1979-6-29
COUNTRY:           Yugoslavia
ORIGINAL SUBJECT:  RAD Background Report/145

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RAD Background Report/145
29 June 1979

(By Slobodan Stankovic)

Summary: Yugoslav army generals are becoming more
powerful from day to day: President Tito has
recently appointed six army generals to the
eleven-member National Defense Council, which is an agency
of the State Presidency, the country's top colletive
leadership. In the Federal Council for the
Protection of Constitutional Order two of the eight
members are generals. A top army general, General
Ivan Miskovic, who in 1973 was purged because of
his excessive influence on President Tito, has
reappeared, this time as President of the Council for
Civil Defense. General Ivan Miskovic was purged
six years ago after having helped Tito carry out
major purges in Croatia.

+ + +

This material was prepared for the use of the staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.

[page 2]

RAD BR/145

The Yugoslav Sluzbeni List [Official Gazette] of June 8
published two decisions signed by President Tito dealing with the
new composition of two very important councils: the Council for
National Defense, as an agency of the State Presidency, the country's
top state collective leadership; and the Federal Council for the
Protection of Constitutional Order, i.e., the supreme state security
controlling organ.

Of 11 members of the National Defense Council, 6 are army
generals; of the 8 members of the state security body 2 are army
generals. The following were appointed members of the National
Defense Council:

1. Chairman of the LCY CC Presidium (currently Branko

2. Milos Minic, a member of the CC Presidium;

3. Todo Kurtovic, President of the Socialist Alliance of
the Working People of Yugoslavia;

4. Mika Spiljak, President of the TU Confederation;

5. Dr. Ivo Margan, Vice-Premier in the Federal Government;

6. General Petar Matic, Chairman of the Commission for
Nationwide Defense in the CC Presidium of the LCY;

7. General Ivan Dolnicar, at that time still Deputy
Defense Minister but in the meantime appointed the new
Secretary-General of the State Presidency "in the rank
of a federal secretary," which means that he has been
put on the same footing as his previous chief, General
Nikola Ljubicic, the Defense Minister, whose official
title is "Federal Secretary for National Defense";

8. General Dzemil Sarac, Deputy Defense Minister;

9. General Milan Daljevic, Executive Secretary in the CC
Presidium, the liaison officer between the party and
the army;

10. General Dane Cuic, secretary of the party committee in
the Yugoslav People's Army; and

11. General Dusan Vujatovic, assistent to the Ministry of
Defense, in charge of the military-economic sector.

The membership of the Federal Council for the Protection of
Constitutional Order is composed as follows:

1. Dr. Vladimir Bakaric, president of the council;

2. Lazar Kolisevski, deputy president, currently

Vice-President of the State Presidency, i.e., Tito's deputy
in the nine-member state collective leadership;

3. Vidoje Zarkovic, member of the council;

[page 3]

RAD BR/145

4. Stane Dolanc, member of the council; both Zarkovic and
Dolanc are members of the CC Presidium while Zarkovic
is, in addition, also a member of the State Presidency;

The following four persons are ex officio members of the

5. Veselin Djuranovic, Yugoslavia's Prime Minister;

6. General Franjo Herljevic, minister in charge of police

7. General Nikola Ejubicic, Minister of Defense; and

8. Josip Vrhovec, Minister of Foreign Affairs.

The nationality composition of the National Defense Council
is as follows: five Serbs (Minic, Kurtovic, General Matic, General
Daljevic, General Cuic), three Croats (Mikulic, Spiljak, and Dr.
Margan), one Slovene (General Dolnicar), one Moslem (General Sarac),
and 'one Montenegrin (General Vujatovic). That of the Federal Council
for the Protection of Constitutional Order is as follows: three
Croats (Dr. Bakaric, General Herljevic, and Vrhovec), two Montenegrins
(Zarkovic and Djuranovic), one Serb (General Ljubicic), one Slovene
(Dolanc), and ore Macedonian (Kolisevski).

As previously reported, the Slovene General Ivan Dolnicar was
appointed Secretary-General of the State Presidency on June 6.[1]
In addition General Dolnicar has retained his membership in the
National Defense Council.

General Ivan Miskovic Reappears

On June 15 Radio Belgrade reported that General Ivan Miskovic
had been appointed the new President of the Council for Civil Defense,
replacing Admiral Bogdan Pecotic. The news, which thus far has not
been published in any of the major Yugoslav newspapers available,
is something of a surprise because precisely six years ago, in June
1973, General Miskovic was purged from his position as President
Tito's closest confident and constant companion and was, until mid-June
1973, the man responsible for Yugoslavia's state security service.
It was reported at that time that General Miskovic had been purged
because "he gained too much influence on the president, irritated
other officials in the process, and paid for this with his job when a
harsh 'vigilance' campaign backfired."[2]

The 58-year old three-star general had been involved in

intelligence and security work since World War II. "His basic outlook was
that Yugoslavia was the target of ceaseless foreign espionage, intrigue,
and subversive activity." [3] He was born in Pula on the Istrian coast


(1) See Slobodan Stankovic, "Tito Appoints Top Army Man as State
Presidency's Secretary-General," RAD Background Report/132
(Yugoslavia), Radio Free Europe Research, 13 June 1979.
(2) New York Times, 24 June 1973.
(3) Ibid.

[page 4]

RAD BR/145

and joined Tito's partisans together with his older brother, Milan
(who died one year ago in a traffic accident). Both brothers became
experts in the state security service: Milan rose to become
Yugoslavia's Minister of the Interior and was even a member of the first
collective State Presidency; Ivan, the general, was head of the
military counter-intelligence service, KOS, and Tito's top advisor
on state security questions. The two Croatians were like outsiders
in the secret service apparatus, which for years was in the hands
of the Serbs. But when Dr. Bakaric took over command of state
security service problems in the CC Presidium, a number of Croats
came to the fore.

During the December 1971 purges in Croatia the Miskovic
brothers played an important role, especially General Ivan Miskovic,
who actually prepared the decisive blow against Mika Tripalo, Mme.
Savka Dabcevic-Kucar, and their followers in Croatia. His sudden
return to become President of the Civil Defense Council is unusual,
in that purged people rarely reappear in such high posts. However,
three days after the Radio Belgrade report about General Miskovic's
appointment, a Belgrade daily reported on Admiral Bogdan Pecotic,
calling him "President of the Council for Civil Defense."[4]
Has a reporter made a mistake?

- end -


(4) Politika Ekspres (Belgrade), 18 June 1979.

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