Jat clan system

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The Jat are an South Asian social and ethnic group and are divided into numerous clans, often referred to as a gotra or vansha. Generally, a clan name is unique to the Jat community. However, some of their clan names do overlap with the Ahirs, Khatris, Lohar, Ramgarhias, Kamboh, Rajputs and Gujjars.[1] There is no consensus as to the total number of Jat clans, but according to some estimates there number may be as high as 2700. Theoretically, a clan is descended from a common ancestor, and among those Jats who follow the Hindu and Sikh religion, marriage is forbidden with in the clan and is considered incestuous. Hindu Jat clans of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh further align themselves into a larger supra-clan organization, known as a khap. Jat clans also derive themselves from Chandravanshi, Suryavansha, Agnivansha and Nagavanshi lineages.[2]


[edit] Clan names

A clan name can be based on ancestor, place or of origin or language spoken.

[edit] Based on persons

Some clans are named after their ancestor, examples include the: Chattha, Bains (Jat), Sandhu, Kalirai, Dhaliwal, Ghuman, Ballagan, Cheema, Dhahan, Kuhar, Mand, Daher, Hayer, Brar, Sindhu, Bhola, Bajwa, Bhangoo/Bhangu, Sidhu, Jyani, Maan, Yadavavansh, Raghuvansh, Pandava, Antil, Paurava, Kuruvanshi, Tanwar, Chambal, Salkhalan, Assoun, Jakhar, Kushan, Budhwar, Ahluwalia, Dhillon, Sidhu Sanghera, Bandesha, Deshwal, Dalal, Kadiyan, Dhami, Maan, SihagKadian, Hundet, Lamba, Pachar, Punia, Lalla, Balan, Nava, Mahal, Taxak, Thathaal,, Kakrana, Chandravanshi, Shivi, Banwala, Madra, Bhimbhraulia, Sangwan, Manj, mor Naich, Ganshi, Hala Suryavanshi, Waseer Dhatt, Tarar, Makhdoom, and Waraich[3] Glotar clan Chiniot

[edit] Based on places

The clans started on the basis of place are Gill (clan), Nahal (clan), Dhugga (clan), Gandhari, Kundu, Kuntal, Assoun, Ahlawat, Chedi, Sinsinwar, Bhind, Dahima, Nehra, Tewatia, Vahika, Bais Rajputs, Magadh, Majhail, Manj, Mohil, Tushar, Malloi (Malwa), Sikarwar, Sisodia, Sulehria, Kharoud and Dagur.[3]

[edit] Based on languages

The clans started on the basis of language are Kakurath, Kak, Kakk, Kukkur, Gandhir, Gandir, Gandila, Gandasia, Gul, Gala, Golia, Galaran, Manj, and Gahlot, etc.[3]

[edit] Based on titles

The clans started on the basis of title are Harawat, Chauhan, Solanki, Parihar, Parmar, Thakurela, Chhokar, Thenua, Chapotkat, Rana, Godara, Dixit, Mithe, Chatte, Khatte, Janghare, Bhagaur, Lohchab, Thakur, Antal, Antil, Malik, Gathwale, Jatrana, Chaudhari Tomar or Tomer, Manj, and Rajora etc.

[edit] Vanshas

Initially there was only one vansha that was Manuvansha. Later one branch started from sons of Manu, which was called Suryavansha and other branch started from daughter of Manu, Ila, that was called Aila or Chandravanshi.

Later to minimize the influence of Buddhism and Jainism in India, the Brahmans organized a grand yagya at Mount Abu in Rajasthan, which continued for 40 days. Almost all the ruling clans attended this yagya. The ruling clans which took part in this yagya were titled as ‘Rajputs’. Four kshatriyas appeared from the agnikunda namely, Solankis, Hundets, Pratiharas, Chauhans and Paramaras. These were termed Agnivansha kshatriyas.[4]

According to Agni Purana Agnivansha kshatriyas were born from the fire which resides in Mt. Abu in Northwestern India after the "destruction of ancient Kshatriyas". However historians interpret this as suggestive of Indo-Scythian origin because this place was entrance gateway for scythic groups in India. In fact lineage of all 36 Rajput ruling clans has been traced to Indo-Scythian races[5] The ruling clans who took part in the above yagya were termed Rajputs but those who did not take part remained Jats, Ahir, Gurjjars as such in their old clans. Gotras did not change in this process that is why common gotras are found in Jats, Ahirs and Gurjars.

A vansha is connected with ruling clan like Huna vansha in China and Agnivansha in India. All the gotras try to link with some vansha. Those who joined mount Abu yagya connect their gotra with four Rajput clans namely Solanki, Pratihara, Chauhan Paramara. Rest connect their gotra with Suryavansha or Chandravansha or some great Rishi or a King.

[edit] Based on system of worship

Some Jat people clans developed their clans according to their system of worship such as Devas and Nāgas. In Devas the worshippers of Indra were known as Aindra, worshippers of Varun as Vārun, worshippers of Mitra as Maitreya or Mitrā, worshippers of Shiva as Shivi or Shaivya, worshippers of Marut as Mārut, worshippers of Gandharva as Gāndharva, worshippers of Shesha as Sheshma, worshippers of Karka as Karkotaka, worshippers of Nāga as Nāgā or Nāgil.

[edit] Nagavanshi Jat clans

Jat people clans of Nagavanshi or Nāgas were originated from Kashyapa. The Nāgvanshis acquired the status of Devas due to their excellent qualities, behavior and actions. Purānas mention Nāgas along with devas. Purānas mention of many Nāga Kingdoms. In ancient times Nāgas were the rulers of entire India. During their peak period of rule they had sent armies to other countries also conquered them. In many places Indian Nāgas have been mentioned as ruling dynasties such as Tāk, Taxak, Tānak, Tushta etc. Apart from these there were many branches of Nāgas such as Karkotaka Vanshi, Shesha Vanshi, Vāsuki Vanshi, Ahi Vanshi, Manibhadra Vanshi etc. These branches further developed as sub branches such as Sindh Vansh, Kushan Vansh, Vaish Vansh and Saindhav Vansh etc.

Some of the nagavanshi Jat people clans are Dhaka, Dhaulya, Asit, Kala, Dahiya, Sewda, Khokhar, Mundwaria, Nil, Nagil, Gora, Tokas, Taxak, Takhar, Bhola, Pandul, Titarwal, Mandel, Matwa, Roja, Kalya, Kalwaria, Abuda, Vasath, Lega, Bhakhar, Bhinchar, Lochag etc.[6][7][8]

[edit] See also


[edit] References

  1. ^ Marshall, J., (Sir, Hon. Fellow of King's College, Cambridge University, and formerly Director-General of Archaeology in India), A Guide to Taxila, Cambridge University Press, London, 1960, pp. 24.
  2. ^ History of the Jats : contribution to the history of Northern India (up to the death of Mirza Najaf Khan, 1782) / by Kalika Ranjan Qanungo ; edited and annotated by Vir Singh ISBN/ISSN 8175362995
  3. ^ a b c Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat samudāy ke pramukh Ādhār bindu, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2004 (Page 7-8)
  4. ^ Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat samudāy ke pramukh Ādhār bindu, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2004 (Page 7)
  5. ^ Scythic Origin of the Rajput Race
  6. ^ Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998
  7. ^ Mansukh Ranwa:Kshatriya Shiromani Vir Tejaji, Page 9
  8. ^ Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas–The Ancient Rulers of India, Their Origins and History (The History of the Indigenous people of India Vol. 2), Published by Originals (an imprint of Low Price Publications), Delhi, 2002, ISBN 81-7536-287-1
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