Top 100 Irish America's Finest Peacemakers
the contribution of the Irish in America been more crucial than in Northern
Ireland, where, at last, an atmosphere of peace and reconciliation reigns.
It would not have happened were it not for the efforts of the edicated
Irish-Americans profiled in the following pages.They come from all corners
of the community – corporate chieftain, politician, building contractor,
pub owner, union representative – united in their desire for peace,
they represent the many who, all across America, raised their voices and
and Hillary Clinton
As major supporters of the Irish peace process, Bill and Hillary Clinton
moved mountains. The 42nd President of the United States took the strongest
position on Irish issues ever taken by an American president. In 1994
he granted a visa to Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams, fulfilling
a campaign promise and stating “the U.S. cannot miss this rare opportunity
for our country to participate in the peace process.”
Then in November, 1995, President Clinton became the first sitting American
president to visit Northern Ireland. He and Hillary were greeted by tens
of thousands of people lining the streets in Derry and Belfast. It was
the first of several visits that the Clintons made to Ireland. The First
Lady would also play a leading role in moving the peace process along.
She helped create links between the White House and leaders on the ground,
and worked closely with women on both sides of the divide at a time in
the conflict when women’s voices were hardly heard.
President Clinton’s Irish roots are traced through his mother,
Virginia Cassidy Kelley, who was the granddaughter of Irish immigrants,
“poor Irish farmers,” as she called them. The Cassidys are
believed to have emigrated from Ballycassidy, County Fermanagh.
In March, 1996, President Clinton was Irish America’s Irish-American
of the Year.
In March, 2007, Hillary Clinton was named Irish America’s Person
of the Year.
Bill Barry’s involvement with Ireland is simply the natural progression
of his life. As a young FBI agent he was assigned to Attorney General
Robert Kennedy and became a close friend of the Kennedy family.
In 1993, Barry met up with Bill Flynn, Chairman of the National Committee
on American Foreign Policy. It didn’t take long for Barry and Flynn
to recognize their common interest in the land of their ancestors and
become great friends. Together, they made incredible things possible.
Working with Flynn, Barry was among the first to welcome Gerry Adams to
the United States. He continued his work alongside Flynn in engaging the
political leadership of the Loyalists.
It is with great pride that Barry, who grew up in Brooklyn, with roots
going back to County Cork, surrounds himself with his family of five sons
and two daughters. He and his wife, Mary, live in Rockland County.
Susan Brophy joined the White House staff in 1993, serving as Deputy
Assistant to President Clinton and Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs
until 1998. She proved a key player in the peace process in terms of keeping
the president up to speed on matters concerning Northern Ireland. In 1998,
Brophy moved to Lisbon, with her husband, Gerald McGowan, the U.S. Ambassador
While in Lisbon, she oversaw the coordination of the visits of President
Clinton, several bipartisan Congressional delegations, Cabinet officers
and other dignitaries. During this period, she also served as a board
member of the Advisory Committee on Trade Policy and Negotiations.
A Massachusetts native, Brophy graduated from the Kennedy School of Government
at Harvard University. She recently joined the Washington, D.C. firm Glover
Park Group as a partner in the legislative affairs practice.
A prominent New York lawyer, John Connorton worked to bring together
politicians from different traditions in Northern Ireland, and as head
of the New York chapter of the Friends of Belfast, he continues to encourage
investment, innovation and enterprise as a way to support the peace process.
An influential Democratic Party strategist, Connorton, who served as
a naval officer in Vietnam, was the New York State director of presidential
campaigns for Gary Hart (the first presidential candidate to have an opinion
paper on Northern Ireland), Al Gore and John Kerry.
Connorton, who is on the board of the Flax Trust, Belfast, went to Holly
Cross College and Fordham Law School. He was awarded an honorary CBE (Commander
of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) for his N.I. efforts.
His grandparents came from Counties Roscommon, Mayo, Kerry and Cork.
Rep. Joe Crowley (D-NY), co-chair of the Ad-Hoc Committee on Irish Affairs,
was first elected to the New York State Assembly in 1986. He served as
the treasurer of the American-Irish Legislators Society of New York State
which was instrumental in obtaining a visa for Gerry Adams, and as a member
of the Americans for a New Irish Agenda group.
In 1994, Crowley sponsored a legislative resolution urging President
Clinton to implement five recommendations on Irish issues which would
set in motion a constructive U.S. policy with regard to the North of Ireland,
and in the following years his dedication to the peace process has not
Congressman Crowley’s mother was born in Killeen, County Armagh.
On his father’s side, his grandfather was from Stabbanon, County
Louth. His grandmother was from Mullaghorn, County Cavan.
As a Bronx Assemblyman from 1973 to 2002, John Dearie secured passage
of the MacBride Principles through the New York State Legislature in 1986,
in the teeth of a well organized opposition campaign. Dearie’s tactic
of targeting key members of the State Senate paid off, as did the considerable
personal effort he put in.
He organized “Irish-American Presidential Forums” in 1984,
1988, 1992, 1996 and 2000. Candidate Clinton’s strong commitments
made during the 1992 forum concerning Northern Ireland, are viewed as
significant contributions to the peace process.
Dearie was born and raised in the East Bronx. He graduated from the University
of Notre Dame having received a full basketball scholarship. He went on
to earn an MBA from the Kellogg Graduate Business School at Northwestern
University, and graduated from New York University School of Law. He and
his wife, Kitty, have two sons, John, 6 years old, and Michael, 4.
Anyone dealing with Northern Ireland for the past 20 years will have
come across the name Fay Devlin, the co-founder and CEO of Eurotech, a
multi-million-dollar New York firm specializing in high end interior construction.
A strong supporter of the Gerry Adams and Sinn Féin strategy as
the way forward in Northern Ireland, the County Tyrone-born businessman
has helped raise millions of dollars in funds to support the party’s
In May, 1995, Devlin was one of the key people behind setting up Friends
of Sinn Féin U.S. The organization came into being when President
Clinton decreed that Sinn Féin was a legitimate political party
and as such should be allowed to raise funds in the U.S. The Friends of
Sinn Féin U.S., who in addition to fundraising, have become the
voice of the party in the U.S., are dedicated to helping Sinn Féin
achieve peace, justice and the aims of the Good Friday Agreement. Fay
is married to Rosemary, who is also from County Tyrone, and they have
As a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Chris Dodd,
who is in his fifth term as Connecticut’s senior senator, has played
a central role in nearly every foreign policy debate over the past 25
years. Working with six presidents he has fostered relationships with
many of today’s most important world figures.
Dodd’s involvement in Northern Ireland dates to the 1980s when
he championed the cause of IRA prisoner Joe Doherty. His lobbying efforts
helped secure a visa for Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams in 1994.
And in 1995, he was a member of the delegation that accompanied President
Clinton to Ireland.
Dodd continues to take an active interest in the peace process today,
meeting with Northern Ireland’s leaders whenever possible.Chris
Dodd was born in Willimantic, Connecticut, the fifth of six children to
the late Senator Thomas J. Dodd and Grace Murphy Dodd.
In 1984, Pat Doherty, then a new- comer to the New York City comptroller’s
office, took on the MacBride Principles as his first major assignment.
Armed with a master’s degree in international relations from Columbia
and a law degree from Hofstra, Doherty, the son of an Irish immigrant
from Derry, began the long, often tedious task of contacting the various
organizations with a stake in the Irish question and gathering all relevant
information on employment discrimination in Northern Ireland.
The MacBride Principles, named for the late Irish statesman and Nobel
Peace laureate Sean MacBride, were a set of fair employment guidelines
for firms operating in Northern Ireland, focused on U.S. firms doing business
They were passed by the New York State Legislature in 1986, and finally
passed by the House and by the Senate in March 1996. They were signed
into law by President Clinton in October, 1998.
Doherty continues to work for the office of the New York City comptroller.
Pat Donaghy emigrated from Carrickmore, County Tyrone to New York City
in 1959. Eleven years later he co-founded Structure Tone, a general contracting
and construction management firm that went on to become one of the most
successful in the country.
Donaghy, who says that it was an accident of birth that he was born
in a country where nationalists like him had no say in the government
and many had no option but to leave, saw Sinn Féin’s strategy
as the way forward, and his dedicated support was vital in establishing
the peace process in the early 1990s.
He was one of the key players lobbying for a U.S. visa for Gerry Adams,
and further lent his support to the establishment of Friends of Sinn Féin
U.S., an organization supporting the party and its policies. When asked
at a fundraising dinner why he supported Friends of Sinn Féin,
Donaghy replied: “Because I am a peace hound – I believe in
peace. A lot of people have been trying for years to support something,
but this is the
first time ever we could do it legitimately.”
President of Friends of Sinn Féin U.S., Larry Downes, a New York
lawyer, has for many years focused his energies on improving the situation
in the North of Ireland. Raised in Queens, New York, one of seven children,
Downes became interested in politics in 1977 when he worked on the gubernatorial
campaign of Mario Cuomo, and went on to serve on his staff at the New
York Sate Department.
When Downes entered the field of law, he worked for O’Dwyer and
Bernstein, founded by Paul O’Dwyer, the New York lawyer who was
a legend in championing civil rights at home and abroad. Downes said the
Hunger Strike in 1981 educated people around the world about the Republican
cause. “It was the springboard for the current peace process,”
When asked about Friends of Sinn Féin U.S., Downes said, “We
started the project in 1995 when President Clinton permitted Mr. Adams
to come into the U.S. and raise funds. So far, we’ve raised over
$5 million. That money didn’t buy arms, but office space, computers
The name Charles “Chuck” Feeney has become known worldwide
since it emerged that the New Jersey-born businessman had given away his
entire personal fortune of almost $4 billion and in the process created
one of the world’s largest philanthropic organizations.
Feeney’s interest in Ireland has also included a strong desire
to help with the situation in the North, and he became involved in the
peace process as early as 1987 when he met with Gordon Wilson, whose daughter
Marie died in the IRA bombing in Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh that year.
Feeney, who traces his roots to Fermanagh, decided he wanted to help
end the conflict and made contact with Sinn Féin and the other
major political parties in the North. He was a member of the Irish-American
delegation that traveled to Ireland in 1993 and 1994 to negotiate for
a ceasefire, and with the IRA ceasefire, Feeney agreed to fund a Washington
office for Sinn Féin. The Friends of Sinn Féin still have
an office in Washington, D.C.
William “Bill” Flynn was a crucial figure in the Northern
Ireland peace process, chairing the National Committee on American Foreign
Policy (NCAFP) and helping to broker the IRA ceasefire. The then chairman
of Mutual of America put his career and his reputation on the line by
traveling to the North and speaking out for justice and Sinn Féin’s
right to participate in all-party talks.
The NCAFP, under Flynn’s guidance, helped procure a U.S. visa for
Gerry Adams by inviting him to speak in New York, and further moved the
peace process along by hosting speakers from all sides at forums at the
Mutual of America building in New York.
Flynn, now chairman emeritus of Mutual, continues his work with the NCAFP,
which is dedicated to the resolution of world conflicts that threaten
the security of the U.S., and has contributed to the debates on the Middle
East, Russia and Central Asia. Flynn, who was Irish-American of the Year
in 1995, served as Grand Marshal of the St. Patrick’s Day Parade
in 1999. He is a first- generation Irish-American with roots in Mayo and
In 1958, Denis Kelleher emigrated from County Kerry and landed a job
as a messenger at Merrill Lynch. Acutely talented in matters of finance,
Kelleher quickly rose through the company ranks. Today, he is CEO and
founder of Wall Street Access, a diversified financial services organization
with expertise in money management and trading for institution and hedge
Despite his extraordinary success, Kelleher has never lost sight of his
humble roots. He has been a major contributor to Sinn Féin and
hosted the first ever lunch for Gerry Adams in New York. Kelleher also
supports The American Ireland Fund, which promotes peace in Northern Ireland.
He set up his own special scholarship fund in his native Kerry to help
promising students. In 2007, Kelleher served as the Grand Marshal for
the New York City St. Patrick’s Day Parade. He is a graduate of
St. John’s University, and serves as its chairman of the board.
Kelleher is married with three children and was proud to be recognized
with the Ellis Island Medal of Honor in 1995.
As Ambassador to Ireland Jean Kennedy Smith played a leading role in
the peace process. Convinced that a U.S. visa for Gerry Adams was a key
component in the peace framework, she risked her diplomatic reputation
by clearing the way for the U.S. visit. The Kennedy Smith move was a bombshell
forcing a major debate within the upper echelons of the State Department
on the Irish issue.
The ambassador’s brother Senator Edward Kennedy and the Irish-American
lobby began a concerted effort to win the visa, which they did, and on
February, 1, 1994, Adams was allowed in the U.S.
Kennedy Smith had seen an opportunity for peace and she grabbed it. It
was the culmination of a long-time desire to help bring peace to Northern
Ireland. In 1974, she had stayed with John and Pat Hume in Derry, and
upon witnessing the depressing sight of streets full of bombed-out buildings
violence reached its zenith, she vowed to help if the opportunity presented
As one of the original Four Horsemen who formed the Friends of Ireland
group, along with Tip O’Neill, Patrick Moynihan and Governor Hugh
Carey of New York, Senator Kennedy championed the cause of the International
Fund for Ireland, an annual appropriation of U.S. funds to benefit disadvantaged
areas. In more recent years, he has spearheaded the push for immigration
Kennedy’s support for constitutional nationalism in Ireland has
long been evident through his friendship with the legendary John Hume,
former leader of the SDLP party. He played a vital role in bringing American
influence to bear on both the British and Irish governments at key moments
in the peace process, and had a hand in convincing President Clinton to
remain strongly involved.
And while many politicians who espoused Irish causes ran for the hills
when Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams came to the U.S., Senator
Kennedy was there to greet him. In fact, he was instrumental in persuading
President Clinton to grant Adams a visa in February of 1992.
Ed Kenney’s diplomacy skills proved a valuable tool throughout
the peace process. When Kenney joined Mutual of America in 1994, he brought
with him the knowledge honed in a 25-year career with the Federal Bureau
of Investigation, and a background as a liaison with other law enforcement
and government agencies.
Kenny joined Mutual just as chairman Bill Flynn’s invitation to
Gerry Adams won the Sinn Féin leader a visa to the U.S. Flynn and
Tom Moran, who succeeded Flynn as Mutual’s chairman, president and
CEO, continued to extend hospitality to loyalist and nationalist politicians
at the New York offices of Mutual of America, and it was Kenney’s
job as executive vice president of external affairs to facilitate those
visits and the many visits that Flynn and Moran made to the North in the
Born in Queens, New York to parents of Roscommon and Tipperary heritage,
Kenney graduated from St. Joseph’s Seminary with a degree in philosophy.
He and his wife Brigid live in Ossining, New York. They have five children
and one grandchild.
Donald Keough’s pride in his Irish heritage remains constant. After
a career in corporate America he turned to a venture of a different kind
– investing in Irish Studies. When he retired as President &
CEO of Coca-Cola in 1993, he established the Keough Institute of Irish
Studies at Notre Dame, and the Keough Notre Dame Centre in Dublin, Ireland
with an endowment of $2.5 million.
Keough, whose ancestors immigrated from County Wexford shortly after
the Irish famine, grew up in Sioux City, Iowa, and has been involved in
the peace process, setting up American political and business contacts
for many leading Northern Irish politicians. He accompanied President
Clinton to Belfast in 1999 and met with Northern Ireland leaders there.
Keough is the recipient of numerous honors, including the Horatio Alger
Award and the Notre Dame Laetare Medal. In June, 2007, he was granted
Irish citizenship, something he celebrated by taking his wife Mickie,
his children and grandchildren on a trip to Ireland.
Congressman Peter King (R-NY) has long been recognized as an outspoken
advocate for human rights and justice in Northern Ireland. He visited
the six counties on many occasions and was supportive of Irish Republicans
in the days when it was extremely unfashionable to do so.
A staunch friend of Ireland in Congress, he was first elected to represent
New York’s Third District in Nassau County on Long Island in 1992.
King served on the Committee on International Relations and co-chaired
the Congressional Ad Hoc Committee for Irish Affairs.
In 1985, King was elected the Grand Marshal of the New York City St.
Patrick’s Day Parade and has been honored by organizations such
as the Ancient Order of Hibernians and The Irish National Caucus. A graduate
of St. Francis College in Brooklyn, the former attorney earned his law
degree at Notre Dame. He traces his Irish ancestors to counties Limerick
and Galway. He and his wife, Rosemary, have two grown children, Sean and
In 1998, Gerald Lynch was one of two U.S. delegates named to the Independent
Commission on Policing in Northern Ireland, a group charged with examining
and recommending future change in the police force there. At the time,
Lynch was president of John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York
City and respected internationally as a foremost authority on and advocate
of criminal justice.
In 2003, Lynch stepped down as president of John Jay after serving for
28 years. During his time there he oversaw regular exchanges between the
Irish police and John Jay College and established The Jerry McCabe Fellowship
program in memory of an Irish detective killed during an attempted robbery.
He continues to speak on police corruption, ethical behavior and other
subjects related to criminal justice and policing. Lynch, who graduated
from Fordham Preparatory School and received his B.S. from Fordham University
and his Ph.D. from New York University, is a second-generation Irish-American
with roots in counties Limerick, Louth, Meath and Tipperary.
Seán Mackin has been very visible and proactive in the Irish peace
process. As a boy and young man growing up in West Belfast he was
consistently harassed, beaten and seriously injured by the RUC and British
He and his wife Philomena and their Irish-born daughter, Jennifer, moved
to New York, where they lived for many years before they were placed in
deportation proceedings by the U.S. government. In a historic ruling,
Philomena and Jennifer were granted political asylum in 1991 and Seán
was granted a “suspension of deportation.”
The entire family have since become United States citizens. (The Mackins
also have a younger child, Seán Óg, who is a U.S. citizen
by birth.) Mackin has used his high profile in the Irish community to
promote the strategy of Sinn Féin on its pathway to peace and is
an active fundraiser and member of the Friends of Sinn Féin.
Far fewer Irish-Americans support the Unionist cause in the Northern
Ireland peace process than the Nationalists. But from 1994 onwards, mainly
in response to the expanding involvement of the Clinton administration
in the peace process, a small but determined Unionist support network
was put forth by Putnam County resident Bill McGimpsey, a native of County
His relatives in Northern Ireland are members of the Ulster Unionist
Party (his cousins Chris and Michael McGimpsey came to prominence when
they challenged the Anglo-Irish Agreement by bringing a suit against the
Irish government, arguing that the Agreement was invalid because it contradicted
Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland).
A supporter of David Trimble, the Ulster Unionist Party leader who made
a considerable contribution to the peace process by signing the Good Friday
Agreement, Bill McGimpsey also contributed, particularly in conveying
Unionist perspectives to White House policymakers.
Sean McManus & Rita Mullan
The Irish National Caucus, founded by Fr. Sean McManus, opened its office
on Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. on December 10, 1978 to lobby for Irish
justice and peace. One of its first objectives was to “stop U.S.
dollars subsidizing anti-Catholic discrimination in Northern Ireland.”
McManus and his Executive Director Rita Mullan met with Sean MacBride
(pictured above), the Nobel Peace Prize and Lenin Peace Prize winner,
who agreed to act as chairman of the U.S. group in the Republic of Ireland.
Thus, the foundation was laid for the MacBride Principles, a set of fair-hiring
practices for N.I.
McManus, a Redemptorist priest from County Fermanagh, was arrested in
1971 because he helped a stone thrower escape the police. He moved to
the U.S. shortly after. Mullan, who lost her father and mother to the
“troubles,” grew up in Belfast. She qualified as a nurse and
for a time worked in Little Rock, Arkansas, before moving to Washington,
D.C. to open the national office of the Caucus.
The name George Mitchell is synonymous with the Irish peace process.
The former senator from Maine was tapped as President Clinton’s
economic advisor on Ireland and headed up the first ever White House-
sponsored Economic Conference on Ireland in May 1995.
In June 1995, Mitchell took on the monumental task of co-chairing, and
later chairing, the all-party talks which ultimately led to the Good Friday
Agreement. “Senator Mitchell’s role was indispensable to the
success of the negotiation process and to the securing of the Good Friday
Agreement. There can be no doubt that without his patience and stamina
the outcome could have been very different,” said Sinn Féin
leader Gerry Adams.
On the Unionist side, David Kerr, press secretary to David Trimble, said,
“I don’t think anybody else could have done what he did, it
was a remarkable political balancing act.” Mitchell, whose grandparents
emigrated from Ireland in the 1800s, was first elected to the Senate in
Former Congressman Bruce Morrison is known for his dedication to the
peace process in Northern Ireland: In 1994, he was part of a delegation
of Irish-American business leaders who toured the troubled province in
a trip organized by Irish America publisher Niall O’Dowd, which
helped secure the first IRA ceasefire.
Morrison began working on Irish issues in 1983 and won his place in
the annals of Irish history when as a member of the House of Representatives
he authored and helped enact the Immigration Act of 1990, which provided
nearly 50,000 Irish citizens with green cards.
Morrison has served as co-chair of the Congressional Ad Hoc Committee
on Irish Affairs, and, in 1992, as chairman of Irish-American for Clintons,
helping to develop the campaign’s Irish agenda.
A 1973 graduate of Yale Law School, Morrison lives with his wife Nancy
in Bethesda, Maryland.
Rep. Richie Neal (D-MA), chairman of the Friends of Ireland group in
Congress, was first elected to the House of Representatives in 1988. Since
then, Neal has maintained his dedication to concerns of Irish-Americans
and fostering peace in Northern Ireland.
Shortly after joining the Friends of Ireland in 1993, Neal was appointed
co-chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on Irish Affairs. He worked diligently
towards a peace treaty in Northern Ireland and was considered an important
figure in the 2005 disarmament of the IRA.
Neal, who described the agreement between Gerry Adams and Ian Paisley
to work together as one of the most significant developments on the island
of Ireland in more than a century, garnered several awards for his Irish
efforts including the International Leadership Award by The American Ireland
Fund as well as the John F. Kennedy Memorial Medal in 2006 by the Ancient
Order of Hibernians. A devoted family man, Neal resides in Springfield
with his wife Maureen and four children.
Terence M. O’Sullivan, general president of the 800,000 member-strong
Laborers’ International Union, the largest immigrant union in the
United States, has also put the union on the forefront of the fight for
true immigration reform that would include a legalization component for
O’Sullivan throughout his career as a union organizer has also
been a strong supporter of peace and justice in Northern Ireland, a tradition
that goes back to the early days of the American labor movement’s
support for a free Ireland.
The San Francisco-born O’Sullivan was an early support of Sinn
Féin and the path to peace as envisioned by its
leadership. He has traveled to Ireland and Northern Ireland, and spoke
at the Sinn Féin Ard Feis (the party’s annual meeting).
O’Sullivan’s grandfather was born in Glencar, County Kerry,
and moved to the U.S. in the 1920s. His maternal great grandfather was
from Roscrea, County Tipperary, and he immigrated at the turn of the century.
A key White House official with responsibility for Ireland during the
early days of the peace process, Nancy Soderberg, played an important
role in delivering on Clinton’s pre-election promises on Irish issues.
As a former staffer for Senator Edward Kennedy, the Massachusetts native
became the Foreign Policy Advisor for the Clinton Administration (1993-1997)
and brought her knowledge on Irish issues to bear with both the president
and National Security Advisor Tony Lake.
Soderberg wrote the position papers on Ireland during Clinton’s
presidential campaign, and she played a vital role on the Gerry Adams
visa issue. For her proactive role she was vilified in the British media.
Soderberg, who has Irish and Scottish roots through her McGillvarry and
Mullin ancestors, served as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations from
1997-2001. From 2001-2005, she served as vice president for Multilateral
Affairs of the International Crisis Group in New York, before moving to
Florida with her husband, Richard Bistrong.
Ciaran Staunton, who emigrated from Westport, County Mayo in 1982, is
renowned for his support of Irish Republican causes. Whether organizing
protests outside the British Consulate or holding fundraisers to support
the families of those affected by the Troubles, his voice has long been
vocal on the need for justice in Northern Ireland.
At the onset of the negotiations that led to the Good Friday Agreement,
he played a major part in the American role and worked closely with the
Sinn Féin leadership and Irish American leaders to bring about
the Adams visa and the IRA ceasefire.
Ciaran, who owns O’Neill’s Bar and Restaurant, one of the
most popular Irish spots in Manhattan, is the Vice Chairman of the Irish
Lobby for Immigration Reform (ILIR) and has been described as “one
of the most dynamic personalities involved in ILIR” and as “the
man that won’t take no for an answer.” He also helped co-found
the Irish Immigration Reform Movement in the late 1980s, which lobbied
successfully for the Donnelly and Morrison visa programs.