Air Force Historical Research Agency   Right Corner Banner
Join the Air Force

Home > Fact Sheets > 14 Air Division

14 AIR DIVISION

Posted 10/4/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
 
Photos 
14 Air Division Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
Download HiRes

Lineage

Established as 14 Pursuit Wing on 19 Oct 1940. Activated on 1 Nov 1940. Inactivated on 23 Jan 1942. Redesignated 14 Bombardment Wing on 23 Aug 1942. Activated on 1 Oct 1942. Redesignated: 14 Bombardment Wing (Heavy) on 1 Feb 1943; 14 Combat Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 7 Aug 1944; 14 Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 15 Jun 1945. Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945. Redesignated 14 Air Division on 1 Feb 1951. Organized on 10 Feb 1951. Discontinued on 16 Jun 1952. Activated on 16 Jun 1952. Redesignated: 14 Strategic Aerospace Division on 1 Mar 1962; 14 Air Division on 31 Mar 1972. Inactivated on 1 Sep 1991.

Assignments

Hawaiian Air Force, 1 Nov 1940-23 Jan 1942. Eighth Air Force, 1 Oct 1942 (attached Third Air Force, 1 Oct 1942-c. 11 May 1943); VIII Bomber Command, 4 Jun 1943; 2 Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy), Aug 1943; 2 Bombardment (later, 2 Air) Division, 13 Sep 1943 (attached 96 Combat Bombardment Wing, Heavy, 5-15 Jun 1945); 3 Air Division, 16 Jun-26 Aug 1945; Army Service Forces, 27 Aug 1945; Fourth Air Force, 6 Sep-7 Nov 1945. Fifteenth Air Force, 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952. Fifteenth Air Force, 16 Jun 1952-1 Sep 1991.

Components

Wings. 5 Strategic Reconnaissance (later, 5 Bombardment): 10 Feb 1951-25 Jul 1968 (detached 14 Jan-12 Apr 1955). 6 Strategic (later, 6 Strategic Reconnaissance): 30 Jun 1971-1 Oct 1976; 1 Oct 1985-9 Aug 1990. 9 Bombardment (later, 9 Strategic Reconnaissance): 10 Feb 1951-1 May 1953; 25 Jun 1966-1 Sep 1991. 17 Bombardment: 30 Sep 1975-30 Sep 1976. 22 Bombardment (later, 22 Air Refueling): 31 Mar 1970-30 Jun 1971; 23 Jan 1987-1 Jul 1988. 55 Strategic Reconnaissance: 30 Jun 1971-1 Oct 1976; 1 Oct 1985-1 Sep 1991. 92 Strategic Aerospace: attached 15 Jun-1 Jul 1968, assigned 2 Jul 1968-31 Mar 1970. 93 Bombardment: 1 Oct 1976-1 Oct 1985. 100 Strategic Reconnaissance (later, 100 Air Refueling): 30 Jun 1971-1 Aug 1972; 30 Sep 1976-15 Mar 1983. 320 Bombardment: 1 Feb 1963-1 Jul 1965; 31 Mar 1970-30 Jun 1971; 1 Oct 1972-1 Oct 1982. 456 Strategic Aerospace (later, 456 Bombardment): 1 Feb 1963-30 Jun 1971; 1 Oct 1972-30 Sep 1975. 4126 Strategic: 8 Feb 1959-1 Feb 1963. 4134 Strategic: 1 May 1958-1 Feb 1963. 4200 Strategic Reconnaissance: 1 Jan 1965-25 Jun 1966.

Groups. 15 Pursuit: 1 Dec 1940-23 Jan 1942. 18 Pursuit: 1 Nov 1940-23 Jan 1942. 44 Bombardment: 13 Sep 1943-14 Jun 1945 (detached 19 Sep-c. 18 Oct 1943). 94 Bombardment: 16 Jun-8 Aug 1945. 307 Air Refueling: 1 Jul 1977-1 Oct 1983. 385 Bombardment: 16 Jun-8 Aug 1945. 392 Bombardment: 13 Sep 1943-14 Jun 1945. 447 Bombardment: 16 Jun-c. 1 Aug 1945. 486 Bombardment: 16 Jun-Aug 1945. 487 Bombardment: 16 Jun-c. 26 Aug 1945. 490 Bombardment: c. Jul-Aug 1945. 491 Bombardment: 15 Aug 1944-c. 28 Jun 1945. 492 Bombardment: 12 Mar-5 Aug 1944.

Squadrons. 23 Pursuit: attached 5 Oct 1941-23 Jan 1942. 91 Air Refueling: 1 Apr-1 Aug 1972. 916 Air Refueling: 25 Jul 1968-31 Mar 1970; 1 Apr 1972-1 Jul 1977.

Stations

Wheeler Field, TH, 1 Nov 1940; Fort Shafter, TH, 17 Dec 1941-23 Jan 1942; MacDill Field, FL, 1 Oct 1942-May 1943; Camp Lynn, High Wycombe, England, 1 Jun 1943; Hethel, England, 4 Jun 1943; Camp Thomas, Old Patton, England, c. 1 Jul 1943; Shipdham, England, 13 Sep 1943; Bury St Edmonds, England, 13 Jun-26 Aug 1945; McChord Field, WA, 6 Sep-7 Nov 1945. Travis AFB, CA, 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952. Travis AFB, CA, 16 Jun 1952; Beale AFB, CA, 25 Jan 1960-1 Sep 1991.

Commanders

Col Harvey S. Burwell, 1 Nov 1940; Brig Gen Howard Davidson, 7 May 1941-23 Jan 1942. Unkn, 1 Oct-15 Dec 1942; Maj Alan W. Detweiler, 16 Dec 1942; Lt Col Roderick N. Ott by May 1943; Brig Gen Leon W. Johnson, 13 Sep 1943; Col Frederick R. Dent, 4 Apr 1944; Brig Gen Leon W. Johnson, 28 Apr 1944; Col Allen W. Reed, by 20 Nov 1944; Brig Gen Leon W. Johnson, 31 Dec 1944; Col Allen W. Reed, by 8 Jun 1945; Brig Gen Robert W. Burns, 16 Jun 1945; Lt Col Charles D. Birdsall, 24 Jul 1945; Col Robert W. Humphreys, 5 Aug 1945-unkn. Brig Gen Joe W. Kelly, 10 Feb 1951; Col John M. Sterling, 16 Sep 1951; Brig Gen Richard H. Carmichael, 22 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952. Brig Gen Richard H. Carmichael, 16 Jun 1952; Brig Gen Stanley J. Donovan, 16 May 1953; Brig Gen Alfred F. Kalberer, 1 Aug 1955; Col Lucion N. Powell, 1 Jul 1956; Brig Gen Alfred F. Kalberer, 31 Jul 1956; Col Lucion N. Powell, 16 Jun 1957; Brig Gen Charles M. Eisenhart, 1 Aug 1957; Brig Gen Robert B. Miller, 1 Jul 1959; Col Lawrence S. Lightner, 1 Aug 1961; Brig Gen Sam J. Byerley, 20 Feb 1963; Brig Gen John A. Desportes, 20 Sep 1965; Brig Gen Douglas T. Nelson, 11 Dec 1966; Brig Gen Paul N. Bacalis, 29 Jul 1968; Brig Gen Frank W. Elliot Jr., 26 Jan 1970; Brig Gen Robert H. Gaughn, 1 Jul 1971; Brig Gen Edgar S. Harris Jr., 24 Sep 1971; Brig Gen Don D. Pittman, 11 Jun 1973; Col Junior B. Reed, 15 Aug 1974; Brig Gen Albert L. Melton, 26 Aug 1974; Brig Gen Bill V. Brown, 1 Sep 1977; Col Frank J. Kisner, (acting) 3 Jan 1979; Brig Gen John A. Brashear, 17 Feb 1979; Col Van A. DePriest, (additional duty) 28 Nov 1980; Brig Gen Monroe W. Hatch Jr., 17 Feb 1981; Brig Gen Jesse S. Hocker, 14 Feb 1982; Brig Gen John R. Farrington, 1 Oct 1984; Brig Gen Howell Estes, 25 Jun 1987; Brig Gen Kenneth F. Keller, 19 Aug 1988; Brig Gen Lawrence A. Mitchell, 21 Sep 1989-1 Sep 1991.

Aircraft

A-12, 1940-1941; B-12, 1940-1941; BT-9, 1940; OA-3, 1940; OA-8, 1940-1942; OA-9, 1940-1941; P-26, 1940-1941; P-36, 1940-1941; P-39, 1940-1942. AT-6, 1941-1942; B-18, 1941-1942; 0-47, 1941-1942; P-40, 1941-1942. B-24, 1943-1945; B-17, 1945. B-29, 1951-1952. B-29, 1952-1953; RB-29, 1951; RB-36, 1951-1952. RB-36, 1952-1955, 1955-1958; B-36, 1955-1958; B-52, 1958-1971, 1972-1991; KC-135, 1959-1991; Titan I, 1962-1965; T-38, 1965-1966; SR-71, 1966-1991; AQM-34, 1971-1972; CH-3, 1971-1972; DC-130, 1971-1972; EC-135, 1971-1976, 1986-1991; RC-135, 1971-1976, 1986-1991; U-2, 1971-1972, 1976-1991; E-4, 1975-1976, 1986-1991; TR-1, 1982-1991; TC-135, 1986-1991.
Operations

Activated in Hawaii to contribute to the defense of the Hawaiian Islands, the 14th Pursuit Wing suffered heavy losses during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (7 December 1941), but airmen managed to shoot down several enemy aircraft. As a bombardment wing, it moved to England in May 1943 and received groups in September 1943. The groups flew bombing missions against German airfields, oil installations, and marshalling yards. Wing components supported the Normandy invasion in June 1944 by attacking strong points in the beachhead area and transportation targets behind the front lines. Later, in December 1944-January 1945, the wing helped to check the German offensive during the Battle of the Bulge. In March 1945, subordinate units supported the airborne assault across the Rhine. From 1951-1991, they provided operational reconnaissance, maintained round the clock radar surveillance to detect sea launched ballistic missiles from the Pacific Ocean area, and provided for crisis management during periods of increased operational readiness. For a brief period, 1962 1965, the division maintained a Titan ICBM complex, in addition to its assigned aircraft. The division also supervised all of SAC's initial combat crew training for the KC-135, B-52G/H, U-2, and SR-71 aircraft.

Service Streamers. World War II European African Middle Eastern Theater

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Central Pacific.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. None

Emblem

Per quarter, the first and fourth argent, second and third azure, on the first quarter a sword point to base proper, hilt or pommel sable surmounted by an olive branch vert in saltire, on the second quarter a stylized missile of the first emitting a vapor trail gules, on the third quarter a stylized aircraft bendwise of the first and on the fourth quarter an atomic symbol of the sixth, all within a diminished bordure of the fourth. (Approved 26 Nov 1962.) 

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through
1 Sep 1991 

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through
1 Sep 1991







 Inside AFHRA

ima cornerSearch

 




Site Map      Contact Us     Questions     Security and Privacy notice     E-publishing