Air Force Historical Research Agency   Right Corner Banner
Join the Air Force

Home > Fact Sheets > 314 Air Division

314 AIR DIVISION

Posted 10/12/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
 
Photos 
314 Air Division Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
Download HiRes

Lineage

Established as 314 Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy on 15 Apr 1944. Activated on 23 Apr 1944. Redesignated 314 Composite Wing on 15 Apr 1946. Inactivated on 20 Aug 1948. Redesignated 314 Air Division on 21 Nov 1950. Activated on 1 Dec 1950. Inactivated on 1 Mar 1952. Activated on 15 Mar 1955. Consolidated (1 Jul 1978) with organization established as 314 Air Division on 13 Aug 1948, organized on 18 Aug 1948, and discontinued on 1 Mar 1950. Inactivated on 8 Sep 1986..

Assignments

Second Air Force, 23 Apr 1944; XXI Bomber Command, 8 Jun 1944; Twentieth Air Force, 16 Jul 1945; Fifth Air Force, 15 May 1946; V Bomber Command, 30 May 1946; Fifth Air Force, 31 May 1946-1 Mar 1950. Fifth Air Force, 1 Dec 1950; Far East Air Forces, 18 May 1951-1 Mar 1952. Fifth Air Force, 15 Mar 1955-8 Sep 1986.

Components

Wings. 3 Bombardment (later, 3 Tactical Fighter): 18 Aug 1948-1 Mar 1950. 15 Mar 1971-16 Sep 1974. 4 Fighter-Interceptor: attached 22 Dec 1950-7 May 1951. 8 Tactical Fighter: 16 Sep 1974-8 Sep 1986. 18 Fighter-Bomber: 1 Mar 1955-31 Jan 1957. 35 Fighter (later, 35 Fighter-Interceptor): 18 Aug 1948-1 Mar 1950. 25 May 1951-1 Mar 1952. 49 Fighter (later, 49 Fighter-Bomber): 18 Aug 1948-1 Mar 1950. 51 Air Base (later, 51 Composite; 51 Tactical Fighter): 1 Nov 1971-8 Sep 1986. 58 Fighter-Bomber: attached 15 Mar 1955-31 Dec 1956, assigned 1 Jan 1957-1 Jul 1958. 116 Fighter-Bomber: 24 Jul 1951-1 Mar 1952. 374 Troop Carrier: 1 Dec 1950-25 Jan 1951 (detached entire period). 437 Troop Carrier: 1 Dec 1950-25 Jan 1951 (detached entire period). 452 Bombardment: 1 Dec 1950-25 May 1951. 6013 Operations (Northern Area): 2 Nov 1951-1 Mar 1952. 6014 Operations (Central Area): 2 Nov 1951-1 Mar 1952. 6015 Operations (Southern Area): 2 Nov 1951-1 Mar 1952.

Groups. 3 Bombardment: 31 May 1946-18 Aug 1948. 19 Bombardment: c. 9 Dec 1944-15 May 1946. 29 Bombardment: c. 9 Nov 1944-15 May 1946 (not operational, 12 Feb-15 May 1946). 35 Fighter: 31 May 1946-18 Aug 1948. 58 Tactical Missile: 24 Apr 1959-25 Mar 1962. 71 Reconnaissance: 15 Apr 1947-18 Aug 1948 (not operational, 15 Apr-31 Oct 1947; detached 31 Oct 1947-18 Aug 1948). 330 Bombardment: c. 9 Nov 1944-c. 21 Nov 1945. 6146 Air Force Advisory (Republic of Korea Air Force) (later, 6146 Flying Training; 6146 Air Force Advisory): 15 Mar-24 Sep 1955; 18 Sep 1956-1 Apr 1971.

Squadrons. 6 Night Fighter: 10 Jun 1946-20 Feb 1947 (detached 7 Sep 1946-20 Feb 1947). 8 Photographic Reconnaissance (later, 8 Tactical Reconnaissance): 31 May 1946-28 Feb 1947 (not operational, 31 May-16 Dec 1946; detached 16 Sep-16 Dec 1946); attached 28 Feb-c. 31 Oct 1947; attached 18 Apr 1949-1 Mar 1950. 9 Reconnaissance: 20 Jun 1946-20 Oct 1947 (detached 25 Sep 1946-20 Oct 1947). 19 Tactical Air Support: 15 Jan 1972-30 Sep 1974. 20 Reconnaissance: 31 May-20 Jun 1946. 41 Fighter-Interceptor: attached 1 Dec 1950-25 May 1951. 56 Strategic Reconnaissance: attached 18 May 1951-1 Mar 1952. 63 Bombardment: attached 1-29 Sep 1947. 65 Bombardment: 1-29 Jan 1947. 68 Fighter (later, 68 Fighter-Interceptor): 1 Dec 1950-1 Mar 1952 (detached entire period). 82 Tactical Reconnaissance (later, 82 Reconnaissance): 31 May 1946-28 Feb 1947; attached 28 Feb-Nov 1947. 91 Strategic Reconnaissance: attached 18 May 1951-1 Mar 1952. 157 Liaison: 31 May-1 Jun 1946. 310 Fighter-Bomber: 1-15 Jul 1958 (not operational). 334 Fighter-Interceptor: attached 7 May-27 Jun 1951. 335 Fighter-Interceptor: attached 20 Sep-4 Nov 1951. 336 Fighter-Interceptor: attached 27 Jun-20 Sep 1951. 339 Fighter (later, 339 Fighter-Interceptor): attached 15 Dec 1946-20 Feb 1947 (not operational); attached 20 Feb 1947-18 Aug 1948; assigned 1 Dec 1950-1 Mar 1952 (detached entire period). 342 Bombardment: attached 1-28 August 1947. 431 Fighter: attached 1 Mar-unkn 1947. 436 Bombardment: attached 1-30 May 1947. 492 Bombardment: attached 2-30 Jul 1947. 6156 Flying Training (Trans ROKAF): 15 Mar-14 Sep 1955.

Flights. B, 15 Liaison Squadron: attached 25 Oct 1946-17 Feb 1947. B, 157 Liaison Squadron: attached 11-25 Oct 1972. 314 Operations: 1 Feb 1971-31 May 1972. 6113 All Weather: 26 Jan-10 Apr 1949 (detached entire period).

Stations

Peterson Field, CO, 23 Apr-9 Dec 1944; North Field, Guam, 16 Jan 1945; Johnson AFB, (later, AB), Japan, 15 May 1946-1 Mar 1950. Nagoya AB, Japan, 1 Dec 1950-1 Mar 1952. Osan Ni (later, Osan) AB, Korea, 15 Mar 1955; Yong San, Korea, 7 Nov 1978; Osan AB, Korea, 1 Apr 1979-8 Sep 1986.

Commanders

None (not manned), 23 Apr-20 May 1944; Lt Col Donald Mace, 21 May 1944; Brig Gen Roger M. Ramey, 1 Jun 1944; Lt Col Hewitt T. Wheless, 15 Jun 1944; Col John G. Fowler, 24 Jun 1944; Brig Gen Thomas S. Power, 29 Aug 1944; Col Carl R. Storrie, 23 Jul-Sep 1945; unkn, Sep-Nov 1945; Col Elbert D. Reynolds, 1 Dec 1945-unkn; none (not manned), c. 15-30 May 1946; Brig Gen Jarred V. Crabb, 31 May 1946; Col Clarence D. Wheeler, 30 Jul 1946; Brig Gen David W. Hutchison, 23 Aug 1946; Brig Gen Herbert B. Thatcher, 18 Feb 1947; Col Edward H. Underhill, 3 Jun 1947; Col Ray W. Clifton, 28 May 1948; Col Thomas B. Hall, 5-18 Aug 1948; unkn, 18 Aug 1948-1 Mar 1950. Brig Gen Delmar T. Spivey, 1 Dec 1950-1 Mar 1952. Col William W. Momyer, 15 Mar 1955; Col Thomas L. Mosley, c. Oct 1955; Brig Gen Thomas J. Gent Jr., 15 May 1956; Col Paul T. Hanley, Jul 1957; Brig Gen Virgil L. Zoller, Aug 1957; Brig Gen James B. Tipton, 7 Jul 1959; Brig Gen John M. Hutchison, 16 May 1961; Brig Gen William L. Mitchell Jr., 6 Sep 1963; Col Arthur C. Carlson Jr., 9 Jul 1965; Brig Gen Pinkham Smith, 1 Aug 1965; Brig Gen John W. Harrell Jr., 1 Jul 1967; Brig Gen Arthur W. Holderness Jr., 1 Jul 1968; Maj Gen Robert W. Maloy, 30 Apr 1970; Brig Gen Travil R. McNeil, 5 Jun 1972; Brig Gen Winfield W. Scott, 23 May 1973; Brig Gen Walter P. Paluch Jr., 12 Jul 1974; Maj Gen Don D. Pittman, 11 Aug 1975; Maj Gen Robert C. Taylor, 9 Apr 1977; Maj Gen George A. Edwards Jr., 27 Jul 1978; Lt Gen Charles A. Gabriel, 7 Nov 1978; Lt Gen Evan W. Rosencrans, 15 Mar 1979; Maj Gen George A. Edwards Jr., 1 Apr 1979; Maj Gen Fred A. Haeffner, 1 Aug 1980; Maj Gen Craven C. Rogers, 17 Jun 1983; Maj Gen James P. Smothermon, 23 Jul 1985; Maj Gen James T. Callaghan, 1 Aug-8 Sep 1986.

Aircraft and Missiles

B-29, 1944-1946, 1947; B-17, 1946-1947; F-2, 1946-1947; F-6, 1946-1947; F-7, 1946-1947; F-9, 1946-1947; P-47, 1946-1948; P-51, 1946-1948; P-61, 1946-1947; F-13, 1947; F-15, 1947, 1949; RB-17, 1947-1948; RB-29, 1947-1948, 1951-1952; RF-51, 1947-1948; RF-61, 1947-1948; RF-80, 1947-1950; B-26, 1948-1950; F-51, 1950-1951, 1951-1952; C-46, 1950-1951; C-47, 1951; F-86, 1951; WB-29, 1951-1952. F-86, 1955-1958; Matador, 1959-1962; F-4, 1971-1974, 1974-1986; OV-10, 1974-1982; F-16, 1981-1986; A-10, 1982-1986.

Operations

The 314th moved to Guam in Jan 1945. From then until the end of the war in Aug 1945, its subordinate units conducted daylight raids against strategic objectives, bombing aircraft factories, chemical plants, oil refineries, and other targets in Japan. These units also participated in several incendiary raids on Tokyo and other Japanese cities. Later in 1945, they mixed their missions between precision attacks against specific targets and fire raids against urban areas. Immediately after the end of the war, wing aircraft carried supplies to American prisoners of war. For approximately two years (1946-1948) the 314th served as one of Fifth Air Force's major components. It maintained intensive training schedules, participated in training exercises and took part in the post-hostilities program of mapping Japan. Activated at Nagoya AB, Japan, on 1 Dec 1950, the organization immediately assumed the missions of the air defense of Japan, logistical support for Fifth Air Force during the Korean conflict, and airfield construction in Japan. The division maintained assigned and attached forces at a high degree of combat readiness, Mar 1955-Sep 1986. In fulfilling its mission, the division supported numerous military exercises in the region, such as Commando Bearcat, Commando Jade, and Commando Night.

Service Streamers. Korean Service.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Western Pacific (Air).

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Air Force Outstanding Unit Award: 1 Jan 1980-31 Dec 1981. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: 19-20 Aug 1972.

Emblem

On a shield argent a roundle azure, charged with a sphere of the field, land areas sable edged or; a demi wing superimposed over the dexter area of the sphere of the first, highlighted or. (Approved 9 May 1956.)

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 8 Sep 1986.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 8 Sep 1986.







 Inside AFHRA

ima cornerSearch

 




Site Map      Contact Us     Questions     Security and Privacy notice     E-publishing