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45 AIR DIVISION

Posted 10/5/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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45 Air Division Emblem
In accordance with Chapter 3 of AFI 84-105, commercial reproduction of this emblem is NOT permitted without the permission of the proponent organizational/unit commander.
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Lineage

Established as 45 Bombardment Wing (Medium) on 15 Feb 1943. Activated on 1 Apr 1943. Redesignated: 45 Bombardment Wing (Heavy) on 6 Apr 1943; 45 Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) on 30 Aug 1943; 45 Combat Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 24 Aug 1944. Disestablished on 18 Jun 1945. Reestablished, and redesignated 45 Air Division, on 24 Sep 1954. Activated on 8 Oct 1954. Inactivated on 18 Jan 1958. Activated on 20 Nov 1958. Inactivated on 15 Jun 1989..

Assignments

Third Air Force, 1 Apr 1943-c. 5 Aug 1943; Eighth Air Force, c. 25 Aug 1943; 3 Bombardment Division, (by 18 Aug 1944)-18 Jun 1945. Eighth Air Force, 8 Oct 1954-18 Jan 1958. Eighth Air Force, 20 Nov 1958; Second Air Force, 31 Mar 1970; Eighth Air Force, 1 Jan 1975-15 Jun 1989.

Components

Wings. 17 Bombardment: 2 Jul 1969-30 Jun 1971. 42 Bombardment: 8 Oct 1954-18 Jan 1958; l Dec 1958-29 Mar 1989. 95 Strategic: 2 Oct 1966-30 Sep 1976. 99 Bombardment: 30 Jun 1971-31 Mar 1974. 380 Strategic Aerospace (later, 380 Bombardment): 1 Jul 1968-2 Jul 1969; 30 Jun 1971-29 Mar 1989. 702 Strategic Missile: 1 Jan 1959-25 Jun 1961. 416 Bombardment: 2 Jul 1969-30 Jun 1971; 1 Jul 1973-1 Dec 1982. 509 Bombardment: 30 Jun 1971 -9 Mar 1989. 4081 Strategic: 1 Jan 1959-25 Jun 1966. 4082 Strategic: 1 Jan 1959-2 Oct 1966.

Stations

MacDill Field, FL, 1 Apr-4 Aug 1943; Brampton Grange, England, c. 25 Aug 1943; Snetterton Heath, England, 13 Sep 1943-18 Jun 1945. Loring AFB, ME, 8 Oct 1954-18 Jan 1958. Loring AFB, ME, 20 Nov 1958; Pease AFB, NH, 30 Jun 1971-15 Jun 1989.

Commanders

Maj Carl L. Liles, c. Apr 1943; Col Archie J. Old Jr., 14 Sep 1943; Brig Gen Charles P. Cabell, c. 1 Dec 1943; Brig Gen Archie J. Old Jr., 12 Apr 1944-18 Jun 1945. Brig Gen Bertram C. Harrison, 8 Oct 1954; Brig Gen William K. Martin, 18 Jun 1955-18 Jan 1958. Brig Gen Selmon W. Wells, 20 Nov 1958; Brig Gen William B. Kieffer, 1 Jul 1960; Brig Gen John C. Meyer, 7 Sep 1961; Brig Gen William E. Creer, 1 Aug 1962; Brig Gen Frank B. Elliott, 6 May 1964; Brig Gen Robert J. Dixon, 18 Sep 1965; Brig Gen Albert J. Bowley, 15 Jul 1967; Brig Gen Madison M. McBrayer, 16 Oct 1968; Brig Gen Harry C. Bayne, 18 Apr 1970; Brig Gen Eugene Q. Steffes Jr., 1 Jul 1971; Brig Gen Harold E. Confer, 15 Jun 1972; Brig Gen Richard M. Baughn, 13 Feb 1973; Brig Gen Thomas F. Rew, 24 May 1974; Brig Gen Jack L. Watkins, 28 Jul 1975; Col Edward Batchelor, 30 Nov 1977; Brig Gen Guy L. Hecker Jr., 11 Jan 1978; Col Edward Batchelor, 4 Dec 1978; Brig Gen Robert E. Messerli, 30 Mar 1979; Brig Gen Gerald D. Larson, 23 Jun 1980; Brig Gen Thomas G. Tobin, 29 Jun 1982; Brig Gen Martin J. Ryan Jr., Nov 1983; Brig Gen John R. Allen Jr., 4 Jun 1986; Brig Gen Stanley O. Smith, 17 Sep 1987; Col Jimmie R. Campbell, 10 Apr-15 Jun 1989.

Aircraft and Missiles

B-17, 1943-1945. B-36, 1954-1956; KC-97, 1955-1957; B-52, 1956-1958; KC-135, 1957-1958. B-52, 1958-1989. KC-135, 1958-1989. SNARK, 1959-1961; FB-111, 1971-1989.

Operations

The 45th Bombardment Wing, began bombing operations against German occupied Europe on 14 Sep 1943. Its bombers attacked targets in such German cities as Bremen, Emden, Kiel, Ludwigshafen, Munster, Saarbrucken, Schweinfurt, and Wilhelmshaven. In Jun 1944 the 45th supported the Allied invasion of Normandy, France, with tactical missions, against enemy airdromes, airfields, bridges, coastal defenses, field batteries, gun positions, and railway junctions. On 21 Jun 1944, Col Archie J. Old, commanding officer of the 45th Combat Bombardment Wing, served as the task force commander of a shuttle bombing mission to the Soviet Union. The task force raided a synthetic oil plant just south of Berlin, and then proceeded to Poltava in the Soviet Union, where a large number of the 45th's bombers were destroyed on the ground during a raid by German bomber and fighter aircraft. The surviving bombers bombed an oil plant at Drohobycz, Poland, while returning from Poltava to Foggia, Italy. Shortly before the German surrender, in late Apr 1945, the wing flew five "Chow Hound" mercy missions, dropping food and other supplies to the people in occupied Holland. After the German surrender on 8 May 1945, it helped transport displaced Europeans back to their respective native countries. The 45th, reestablished as an Air Division, in Oct 1954, assumed responsibility for the training and combat readiness of its assigned units. It achieved this goal through staff assistance visits and supervising or participating in exercises such as Golden Hour Tango, Rubber Ball, and Sky Shield.

Service Streamers. World War II European African Middle Eastern Theater .

Campaign Streamers. None.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. None.

Emblem

Argent, a bend azure charged in dexter chief with the Big Dipper of the first, over all centered in nombril point a compass rose palewise or, in middle chief the Polaris of the like, in sinister chief a stylized aircraft and missile bendwise volant of the second, each emitting two vapor trails of the last and all within a diminished border of the third. (Approved 12 May 1960.)

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 15 Jun 1989.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 15 Jun 1989.







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