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19 AIR DIVISION

Posted 10/4/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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19 Air Division Emblem
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Lineage

Established as 19 Composite Wing on 8 May 1929. Activated on 1 Apr 1931. Redesignated: 19 Wing on 14 Jul 1937; 19 Bombardment Wing on 19 Oct 1940. Inactivated on 25 Oct 1941. Activated on 24 Jul 1942. Redesignated: IX Bomber Command on 17 Nov 1942; 9 Bombardment Division, Medium on 30 Aug 1944; 9 Air Division on 10 May 1945. Inactivated on 20 Nov 1945. Activated in the Reserve on 20 Dec 1946. Redesignated 19 Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy on 31 Dec 1946. Redesignated 19 Air Division, Bombardment on 16 Apr 1948. Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949. Redesignated 19 Air Division on 1 Feb 1951. Organized on 16 Feb 1951. Discontinued on 16 Jun 1952. Activated on 16 Jun 1952. Inactivated on 30 Sep 1988..

Assignments

Second Corps Area, 1 Apr 1931; Panama Canal Department, c. 25 Jan 1933-25 Oct 1941. Ninth Air Force, 24 Jul 1942-20 Nov 1945 (attached III Fighter Command, 24 Jul-c. 28 Sep 1942). Fourteenth Air Force, 20 Dec 1946; Ninth Air Force, 22 Dec 1948; Fourteenth Air Force, 1 Feb-27 Jun 1949. Eighth Air Force, 16 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952. Eighth Air Force, 16 Jun 1952; Second Air Force, 1 Jul 1955; Eighth Air Force, 1 Jan 1975-30 Sep 1988.

Components

Wings. 2 Bombardment: 1 Sep 1964-1 Jul 1965; 2 Jul 1969-1 Dec 1982. 7 Bombardment: 16 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952. 16 Jun 1952-13 Jun 1988 (detached 10 Jul-13 Sep 1955). 11 Bombardment (later, 11 Strategic Aerospace; 11 Air Refueling): 16 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952. 16 Jun 1952-13 Dec 1957 (detached 4 May-2 Jul 1955); 2 Jul 1966-25 Mar 1969. 43 Bombardment: 15 Mar 1960-1 Sep 1964 (detached 19-31 Aug 1964). 96 Strategic Aerospace (later, 96 Bombardment): 2 Jul 1966-1 Jul 1973. 97 Combat Bombardment (later, 97 Bombardment): 12 Nov 1943-c. 11 Oct 1945; 2 Jul 1969-1 Jan 1970; 30 Jun 1971-1 Jul 1973. 98 Combat Bombardment (later, 98 Bombardment): c. 6 Nov 1943-c. 27 Nov 1945. 99 Combat Bombardment (later, 99 Bombardment): c. 10 Jun 1944-c. 5 Sep 1945. 305 Bombardment: 1 Jan 1961-1 Sep 1964. 308 Strategic Missile: 1 Dec 1982-18 Aug 1987. 340 Bombardment: attached c. 1-31 Aug 1964, assigned 1 Sep 1964-2 Oct 1966. 351 Strategic Missile: 1 Dec 1982-13 Jun 1988. 381 Strategic Missile: 1 Jul 1973-8 Aug 1986. 384 Air Refueling (later, 384 Bombardment): 1 Jul 1973-13 Jun 1988. 461 Bombardment: 2 Jul 1966-25 Mar 1968. 494 Bombardment: 1 Oct 1965-2 Apr 1966. 4123 Strategic: 10 Dec 1957-1 Mar 1959. 4130 Strategic: 1 Oct 1958-1 Jul 1963.

Groups. 6 (Composite) (later, 6 Bombardment): 1 Apr 1931-25 Oct 1941. 9 Bombardment: 12 Nov 1940-30 Oct 1941. 12 Bombardment: c. 12 Nov 1942-c. 1 Nov 1943. 16 Pursuit: 1 Dec 1932-c. 19 Oct 1940. 20 Pursuit: 1 Apr 1931-c. 25 Jan 1933. 3 37 Pursuit: 1 Feb-c. 19 Nov 1940. 98 Bombardment: c. 12 Nov 1942-c. 13 Sep 1943. 321 Bombardment: 22 Jul-c. 28 Sep 1942. 340 Air Refueling: 2 Jul 1968-16 Jun 1988. 376 Bombardment: 12 Nov 1942-13 Sep 1943. 3958 Operational Evaluation and Training (B-58): 1 Sep 1959-15 Mar 1960.

Squadrons. 11 Air Refueling: 25 Mar-2 Jul 1969; 30 Jun 1971-1 Jul 1977. 3958 Operational Evaluation and Training (B-58): 11 Aug 1958-1 Sep 1959. 4007 Combat Crew Training: 2 Jun-2 Jul 1968. 4017 Training (B-36 Transition): 17 Dec 1951-1 Jan 1954.

Stations

Mitchel Field, NY, 1 Apr 1931-19 Jan 1933; Albrook Field, CZ, 25 Jan 1933-25 Oct 1941. MacDill Field, FL, 24 Jul-28 Sep 1942; Cairo, Egypt, 11 Nov 1942; Ismailia, Egypt, 12 Nov 1942; Bengasi, Libya, 15 Feb-1 Oct 1943; Marks Hall, England, 6 Nov 1943; Chartres, France, 18 Sep 1944; Reims, France, Oct 1944; Namur, Belgium, Apr-20 Nov 1945. Birmingham AAB, (later, Municipal Airport), AL, 20 Dec 1946-27 Jun 1949. Carswell AFB, TX, 16 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952. Carswell AFB, TX, 16 Jun 1952-30 Sep 1988.

Commanders

Unkn, 1 Apr 1931-1933; Lt Col William C. McChord, 1933; Brig Gen George H. Brett, c. Jun 1936; Brig Gen Herbert A. Dargue, c. Sep 1938; Brig Gen Douglas B. Netherwood, 30 Oct 1940; Brig Gen Edwin B. Lyon, 4 Aug 25-Oct 1941. Unkn, 24 Jul-11 Nov 1942; Brig Gen Patrick W. Timberlake, 12 Nov 1942; Brig Gen Uzal G. Ent, c. 18 Mar 1943; Maj Gen Samuel E. Anderson, 16 Oct 1943; Brig Gen Richard C. Sanders, 24 May 1945; Col Reginald F. C. Vance, 12 Aug Nov 1945. Maj Gen Clarence S. Irvine, 16 Feb 1951; Brig Gen Joe W. Kelly, 10 Apr-16 Jun 1952. Brig Gen Joe W. Kelly, 16 Jun 1952; Brig Gen John D. Ryan, 4 Aug 1953; Brig Gen Nils O. Ohman, 17 Sep 1956; Brig Gen Howard W. Moore, 1 Sep 1961; Brig Gen William W. Wilcox, 1 Jul 1965; Brig Gen James H. Thompson, 24 Apr 1967; Brig Gen George H. McKee, 15 Jul 1968; Brig Gen A. W. Holderness Jr., by Mar 1970; Brig Gen Ray B. Sitton, 27 May 1971; Maj Gen James R. Allen, 25 Jan 1972; Brig Gen John W. Burkhart, 1 Aug 1972; Col Thomas P. Conlin, 1 Apr 1973; Brig Gen Thomas F. Rew, 23 Apr 1973; Brig Gen Thomas P. Conlin, 21 Jan 1974; Brig Gen Richard A. Burpee, 17 Jan 1977; Brig Gen Lyman E. Buzard, 1 Jul 1979; Brig Gen Harley A. Hughes, 25 Sep 1981; Brig Gen Rudolph F. Wacker, 18 Aug 1982; Brig Gen Loring R. Astorino, 1 May 1984; Brig Gen Robert M. Alexander, 15 Jul 1986; Col William O. West III, Jun 1988; Col Julio A. Echegaray, Aug-30 Sep 1988.

Aircraft and Missiles

DH-4, 1931; P-12, 1931-1939; P-16, 1932; P-26, 1934-1940; B-10, 1936-1939; P-36, 1936-1940; PB-2, 1936-1937; P-35, 1938-1939; B-18, 1939-1941; C-40, 1939-1940; YP-43, 1939-1940; P-40, 1940. B-17, 1941-1943, 1945; B-24, 1942-1943; B-25, 1942-1943; B-26, 1942-1945; A-20, 1943-1945; A-26, 1944-1945. B-29, 1947-1949. B-36, 1951-1952. B-36, 1952-1957; B/TB-58, 1960-1964; TF-102, 1960-1962; YRB-58, 1960; B-52, 1963-1988. KC-135, 1963-1988; Titan II, 1973-1987. Minuteman II, 1982-1988.

Operations

From 1 Apr 1931-25 Oct 1941, the 19th Wing defended the Panama Canal, participated in maneuvers, flew patrol missions, made good will flights to Central and South American countries, and flew mercy missions in South America. In January 1939, it flew missions to aid earthquake victims in Santiago, Chile. As the IX Bomber Command, transferred to North Africa in 1942, where its subordinate units attacked enemy storage areas, motor transports, troop concentrations, airdromes, bridges, shipping, and other targets in Libya, Tunisia, and other areas. It moved to England in Nov 1943, and its assigned units bombed German occupied territory in Europe through May 1945. Redesignated as 19 Bombardment Wing, it served another brief period with the Reserve from 1946-1949, carrying out routine training activities. It was redesignated again in Feb 1951, to Air Division, and some of its subordinate units trained in, and flew B-36 aircraft. These same units were later equipped with B-52 and KC-135 aircraft and trained in global strategic bombardment and air refueling operations. In early 1960, several of its assigned units evaluated various models of the B-58 aircraft, while at the same time operating a combat crew training school to train SAC aircrews in the B-58 weapons system. Following evaluation of the B-58, these units utilized the aircraft in the strategic bombardment role. In January 1967, the division began deploying B-52 aircraft and aircrews to Southeast Asia for combat operations, continuing until 1973. In 1975, the 19th provided air refueling support for the evacuation of Vietnamese and Americans from South Vietnam. After 1975, the division insured its subordinate units were manned, trained, equipped, and operationally ready to conduct bombing and air refueling missions, and if necessary, to launch intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Service Streamers. World War II European African Middle Eastern Theater

Campaign Streamers. None.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. None.

Emblem

Azure, surmounting a lightning flash gules, a globe argent with latitude and longitude lines dark blue and encircled with a planetary ring of the last strewn with stars of the third and fimbriated of the like all bandwise, in chief an olive branch fesswise or, all within a diminished border of the third. (Approved 11 Mar 1959.)

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 30 Sep 1988

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 30 Sep 1988







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