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5 AIR DIVISION

Posted 10/4/2007 Printable Fact Sheet
 
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5 Air Division Emblem
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Lineage

Established as 5 Bombardment Wing on 19 Oct 1940. Activated on 18 Dec 1940. Inactivated on 5 Sep 1941. Activated on 10 Jul 1942. Redesignated 5 Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 1 Jan 1945. Inactivated on 2 Nov 1945. Redesignated 5 Air Division on 10 Jan 1951. Activated on 14 Jan 1951. Inactivated on 25 Jan 1952. Organized on 25 Jan 1952. Inactivated on 15 Jan 1958.

Assignments

GHQ Air Force, 18 Dec 1940-unkn; Second Air Force, unkn-5 Sep 1941. Eighth Air Force, 10 Jul 1942-unkn (attached First Air Force, 10 Jul 1942-unkn); XII Air Support Command, c. 13 Oct 1942; Fifteenth Air Force, 1 Nov 1943-15 Sep 1945; Unkn, 16 Sep-2 Nov 1945. Strategic Air Command, 14 Jan 1951-25 Jan 1952. Strategic Air Command, 25 Jan 1952; Sixteenth Air Force, 1 Jul 1957-15 Jan 1958.

Components

Wings. 2 Bombardment: attached 4 Aug-20 Sep 1954 and 6 Jul-26 Aug 1956. 7 Bombardment: attached 10 Jul-13 Sep 1955. 11 Bombardment: attached 4 May-2 Jul 1955. 19 Bombardment: attached 7 Jan-11 Apr 1956 and 8 May-7 Jul 1957. 44 Bombardment: attached 19 Jan 22-Feb 1953 and 19 Apr-17 Jun 1954. 55 Strategic Reconnaissance: attached 18 May-16 Aug 1955. 70 Strategic Reconnaissance: attached 26 Oct-17 Dec 1956. 301 Bombardment: attached c. 10 Feb-c. 17 Apr 1954. 303 Bombardment: attached 5 Oct-6 Nov 1952. 305 Bombardment: attached 3 Nov 1955-8 Jan 1956 and 7 Jan-8 Mar 1957. 306 Bombardment: attached 5 Jan-21 Feb 1955 and 23 Oct 1956-9 Jan 1957. 308 Bombardment: attached 21 Aug-c. 26 Oct 1956. 321 Bombardment: attached 9 Apr-3 Jul 1956. 379 Bombardment: attached 6 Mar-12 May 1957.

Groups. l Fighter: May 1943; Jan-27 Mar 1944. 2 Bombardment: 1 Nov 1943-15 Dec 1945. 12 Bombardment: 15 Jan-Dec 1941. 14 Fighter: May-10 Jul 1943; 14-25 Jul 1943; Sep-Nov 1943. 17 Bombardment: c. 18 Dec 1940-c. 25 May 1941. 39 Bombardment: 15 Jan-5 Sep 1941. 47 Bombardment: c. Oct-Dec 1942; 22 Jan-18 Feb 1943. 68 Reconnaissance: 31 Oct 1942-4 Dec 1943. 82 Fighter: 13 Jan-27 Mar 1944. 97 Bombardment: Jan 1943-c. 29 Oct 1945. 98 Bombardment: 1-17 Nov 1943. 99 Bombardment: Nov 1943-Nov 1945. 301 Bombardment: Jan 1943-10 Jul 1945. 325 Fighter: 22 Oct 1943-26 Mar 1944. 376 Bombardment: 1-17 Nov 1943. 463 Bombardment: 9 Mar 1944-25 Sep 1945. 483 Bombardment: 17 Mar 1944-25 Sep 1945.

Stations

McChord Field, WA, 18 Dec 1940; Fort George Wright, WA. 9 Jan-5 Sep 1941. Bolling Field, DC, 10 Jul 1942; Westover Field, MA, c. 31 Jul-Oct 1942; Casablanca, French Morocco, Nov 1942; Oujda, French Morocco, Dec 1942; Biskra, Algeria, c. Jan 1943; Chateaudun, Algeria, c. Mar 1943; Depienne, Tunisia, Aug 1943; Foggia, Italy, Dec 1943-2 Nov 1945. Offutt AFB, NE, 14 Jan 1951; Rabat/Sale Airfield, French Morocco, 25 May 1951-25 Jan 1952. Rabat/Sale Airfield, French Morocco, 25 Jan 1952; Sidi Slimane, French Morocco (later, Morocco), 29 May 1954-15 Jan 1958.

Commanders

Brig Gen Carlyle H. Wash, c. Dec 1940 1941. Unkn, 10-27 Jul 1942; Maj Charles R. Simpson, 28 Jul 1942; Col John W. Monahan, 11 Sep 1942; Brig Gen Joseph H. Atkinson, 5 Jan 1943; Brig Gen Charles W. Lawrence, 24 Jan 1944; Col Wallace E. Whitson, c. 22 May 1945-unkn. Unkn, 14 Jan-24 May 1951; Maj Gen Archie J. Old Jr., 25 May 1951-25 Jan 1952. Maj Gen Archie J. Old, Jr., 25 Jan 1952; Maj Gen David W. Hutchinson, 15 Jan 1953; Brig Gen Charles B. Dougher, 5 Mar 1954; Maj Gen Joseph J. Nazzaro, 6 Jul 1955; Brig Gen K. K. Compton, 4 Jul 1957-15 Jan 1958.

Aircraft

B-17, 1941; B-18, 1941; B-23, 1941; PT-17, 1941. A-20, 1942-1943; DB-7, 1942; L-4, 1942; 0-47, 1942; 0-49, 1942; 0-52, 1942; 0-59, 1942; P-40, 1942, 1943-1944; P-43, 1942; B-17, 1943-1945; B-24, 1943; P-38/F-4, 1943; P-38, 1943-1945; P-47, 1943-1944; P-51/F-6, 1943; P51, 1944. B-29, 1952 (Oct-Nov); KB-29, 1952 (Oct-Nov); B-47, 1953-1954, 1956-1957; KC-97, 1953-1954, 1956-1957; B-36, 1955; EB/RB-47, 1955 (May-Aug).

Operations

The 5th moved to North Africa in Nov 1942, and its subordinate units began flying missions from Algeria in January 1943. Targets included airdromes, marshalling yards, bridges, and troop concentrations. For example, in February 1943, the 5th, in direct support of ground operations, bombed enemy troop concentrations in the Kasserine Pass. As 1943 progressed, subordinate units bombed Pantelleria, Sicily, and marshalling yards and airdromes on the Italian mainland. In early 1944, the 5th began bombing targets in Germany, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Greece, and Bulgaria. In June 1944, it began shuttle bombing on the Russian front. American aircraft took off from airdromes in Italy, made a bombing attack, and landed on airdromes in the Soviet Union. Then they reversed the process. In August 1944, the 5th wing supported the invasion of southern France. It continued strategic bombing missions until the Germans surrendered in May 1945. Moved without personnel and equipment to French Morocco in May 1951, the 5th Air Division absorbed the resources and responsibilities of the USAF Mission to Morocco. It then manned, trained, and equipped assigned units and prepared installations in French Morocco for the support of other SAC units, in accordance with emergency war plans and operations orders, until the end of 1957.

Service Streamers. None.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Naples Foggia; Rome Arno..

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. None

Emblem

On a shield gules, a stylized silhouetted aircraft volant, nose to the chief argent; on a chief per fess gules and argent, five stars argent in chief, and a ribbon of the firmament, sky blue, in base charged with semee of stars of the second. (Approved 3 Nov 1954.)

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 15 Jan 1958

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 15 Jan 1958







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