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Trajan

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Trajan, detail of a marble bust; in the British Museum.
[Credit: Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum]

Trajan, Latin in full Caesar Divi Nervae Filius Nerva Traianus Optimus Augustus, also called (97–98 ce) Caesar Nerva Traianus Germanicus, original name Marcus Ulpius Traianus   (born September 15?, 53 ce, Italica, Baetica [now in Spain]—died August 8/9, 117, Selinus, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), Roman emperor (98–117 ce) who sought to extend the boundaries of the empire to the east (notably in Dacia, Arabia, Armenia, and Mesopotamia), undertook a vast building program, and enlarged social welfare.

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