Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013

By Jeffrey Beall

Released December 4, 2012

The gold open-access model has given rise to a great many new online publishers. Many of these publishers are corrupt and exist only to make money off the author processing charges that are billed to authors upon acceptance of their scientific manuscripts.

There are two lists below. The first includes questionable, scholarly open-access publishers. Each of these publishers has a portfolio that ranges from just a few to hundreds of individual journal titles.

The second list includes individual journals that do not publish under the platform of any publisher — they are essentially independent, questionable journals.

In both cases, we recommend that researchers, scientists, and academics avoid doing business with these publishers and journals. Scholars should avoid sending article submissions to them, serving on their editorial boards or reviewing papers for them, or advertising in them. Also, tenure and promotion committees should give extra scrutiny to articles published in these journals, for many of them include instances of author misconduct.

There are still many high-quality journals available for scholars to publish in, including many that do not charge author processing fees. An additional option is author self-archiving of articles in discipline-specific and institutional repositories.

The author is grateful to the many colleagues who have shared information about potential predatory publishers. Last year’s list included 23 publishers, and this year’s has over 225, evidence of the rapid growth in the number of predatory journals and publishers. This list will be updated throughout the year at the blog Scholarly Open Access,

The criteria for inclusion in the lists can be found here. The author’s email address is:

A PDF version of this document is available here.

List 1: Predatory Publishers

  1. Abhinav
  2. A M Publishers
  3. Academe Research Journals
  4. Academia Publishing
  5. Academic and Business Research Institute
  6. Academic Journals
  7. Academic Journals and Research ACJAR
  8. Academic Journals, Inc.
  9. Academic Journals Online (AJO)
  10. Academic Publications, Ltd.
  11. Academic Research Publishing Agency
  12. Academic Sciences
  13. Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center(AIRCC)
  14. Academy Journals
  15. Academy of Knowledge Process
  16. Academy of Science and Engineering (ASE)
  17. Academy Publish
  18. Access International Journals
  19. Ada Lovelace Publications
  20. Advanced Research Journals
  21. Advancements and Development in Technology International (Aditi)
  22. AENSI
  23. Akademik Plus Publication
  24. American Academic & Scholarly Research Center(AASRC)
  25. American V-King Scientific Publishing
  26. ANSINetwork
  27. Antarctic Journals
  28. Apex Journals
  29. ARPN Journals
  30. Ashdin Publishing
  31. Asian Economic and Social Society (AESS)
  32. Asian Research Consortium
  33. Australian International Academic Centre Pty. Ltd.
  34. Baishideng Publishing Group
  35. Basic Research Journals
  36. Bentham Open
  37. Better Advances Press
  38. BioInfo Publications
  39. BioIT international Journals 
  40. BioMedSciDirect Publications
  41. Bioscience Research & Educational Institute [Link dead as of 2012-11-14]
  42. Bonfring
  43. British Association of Academic Research (BAAR)
  44. British Journal
  45. Business Journalz (BJ)
  46. Canadian Center of Science and Education
  47. Center for the Development and Dissemination of Knowledge
  48. Center for Enhancing Knowledge (CEK), UK
  49. Center for Promoting Ideas
  50. Centre For Info Bio Technology (CIBTech)
  51. Centre of Promoting Research Excellence (CPRE)
  52. Cloud Journals
  53. The Clute Institute
  54. Computer Science Journals
  55. CONFAB Journals
  56. Cosmic Journals
  57. CSCanada
  58. Discovery Publishing Group 
  59. David Publishing
  60. Deccan Pharma Journals
  61. E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium (E-ISRJC)
  62. e-journals
  63. e3Journals
  64. eCanadian Journals
  65. Econjournals
  66. EISRJC Journals (E-International Scientific Research Journal Consortium)
  67. eLearning Institute
  68. Elewa Bio Sciences
  69. eJournals of Academic Research & Reviews
  70. Electronic Center for International Scientific Information
  71. Elmer Press
  72. Engineering and Technology Publishing
  73. Erudite Journals Limited
  74. eSci. Journals Publishing
  75. EuroJournals
  76. Far East Research Centre
  77. Ficus Publishers
  78. Global Advanced Research Journals
  79. Global Journals, Inc. (US)
  80. Global Research Journals
  81. Global Research Online
  82. Global Research Publishing (GRP)
  84. GlobalSkope Publishing Society
  85. Green Global Foundation (GGF)
  86. Greener Journals
  87. Growing Science Publishing Company
  88. Herald International Research Journals
  89. Herbert Open Access Journals
  90. Hikari Ltd.
  91. Human and Sciences Publications (HumanPub)
  92. Human Resource Management Academic Research Society (HRMARS)
  93. IBIMA Publishing
  94. Indian Society for Education and Environment
  95. Indus Foundation for Education, Research & Social Welfare
  96. Innovative Space of Scientific Research (ISSR Journals)
  97. INREWI
  98. Insight Knowledge
  99. Institute of Advanced Scientific Research
  100. Institute of Electronic & Information Technology
  101. Institute of Language and Communication Studies
  102. InTech Open Access Publisher - Mirror site
  103. Integrated Publishing Association
  104. Intellectual Archive
  105. Intercontinental Electronic Journals
  106. International Academic Journals
  107. International Academy of Business & Economics
  108. International Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (International ASET)
  109. The International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA)
  110. International Association for Engineering & Technology
  111. International Association for Engineering and Management Education (IAEME)
  112. International Association of Journals & Conferences (IAJC)
  113. International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering
  114. International Digital Organization for Scientific Information (IDOSI)
  115. International House for Academic Scientific Research
  116. International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE)
  117. International Institute of Informatics and Systemics
  118. The International Journal Research Publications
  119. International Journals of Engineering & Sciences
  120. International Journals of Multidisciplinary Research Academy
  121. International Journals of Scientific Research (IJSR)
  122. International Network for Applied Sciences and Technology
  123. International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
  124. International Research Journal (Rajasthan, India)
  125. International Research Journals (Lagos, Nigeria)
  126. International Research Journals (Accra, Ghana)
  127. International Scholars Journals
  128. International Science Congress Association
  129. International Scientific Engineering and Research Publications
  130. International Scientific Publications
  131. International Society of Universal Research in Sciences(EyeSource)
  132. Internet Medical Publishing
  133. Internet Scientific Publications
  134. Interscience Journals
  135. Interscience Open Access Journals
  136. ISISnet
  137. Ivy Union Publishing
  138. Jyoti Academic Press
  139. KEJA Publications
  140. Knowledgebase Publishers
  141. Knowledgia Scientific (formerly Knowledgia Review)
  142. Lifescience Global
  143. Macrothink Institute
  144. Marsland Press
  145. Maryland Institute of Research
  146. Maxwell Scientific Organization
  147. MASAUM Network
  148. Medical Science Journals [Link dead as of 2012-11-14]
  149. Medwell Journals
  150. Mehta Press
  151. Merit Research Journals
  152. MNK Publication
  153. Modern Scientific Press
  154. Muhammadon Centre for Research and Development (MCRD)
  155. Narain Publishers Pvt. Ltd (NPPL)
  156. National Social Science Association (NSSA)
  157. Net Journals
  158. NobleResearch Publisher
  159. Noto-are
  160. OA Publishing London
  161. OMICS Publishing Group
  162. Online Research Journals
  163. OpenAccessPub
  164. Open Research and Science Library (ORSlib)
  165. Open Research Society
  166. PBS Journals
  167. Pelagia Research Library
  168. Pharmaceutical Research Foundation
  169. Pharmacognosy Network Worldwide
  170. PharmaInfo
  171. PharmaInterScience Publishers
  172. Photon Foundation
  173. Praise Worthy Prize
  174. Prime Journals
  175. Research Publisher
  176. RedFame Publishing
  177. RG Education Society
  178. Ross Science Publishers
  179. Sacha International Academic Journals
  180. SAVAP International
  181. Scholar Journals
  182. Scholar People
  183. Scholar Science Journals
  184. Scholarlink Resource Centre Limited
  185. Scholarly Journals International
  186. Scholars Research Library
  187. Sciedu Press
  188. Science & Knowledge Publishing Corporation Limited
  189. Science Academy Publisher
  190. Science Alert
  191. Science and Education Publishing
  192. Science and Engineering Publishing Company
  193. Science Education Foundation
  194. Science Instinct Publications
  195. Science Journal Publication
  196. Science Park Journals
  197. Science Publications
  198. Science Publishing Group
  199. Science Record Journals
  200. Science Target
  201. ScienceDomain International
  202. ScienceHuβ
  203. Sciencepress Ltd.
  204. Scientific & Academic Publishing
  205. Scientific Journals
  206. Scientific Journals International
  207. Scientific Research Publishing
  208. SciTechnol
  209. ScottishGroup Education and Testing Services
  210. Segment Journals
  211. Signpost e Journals
  212. Silicon Valley Publishers
  213. SJournals
  214. Sky Journals
  215. Society for Science and Nature
  216. Society of Engineering Science and Technology (SEST India)
  217. Sphinx Knowledge House
  218. Southern Cross Publishing Group
  219. Suryansh Publications
  220. Swiss Journals
  221. Technical Journals Online
  222. Technopark Publications
  223. Textroad Journals
  224. Thavan E ACT International Journals
  225. Today Science
  226. Trade Science, Inc
  227. Trans Stellar (Transstellar)
  228. Transnational Research Journals (formerly Universal Research Journals)
  229. Universal Research Publications
  230. Valleys International
  231. VBRI Press
  232. Whites Science Journals
  233. Victorquest Publications
  234. Wilolud Journals
  235. Wireilla Scientific Publications
  236. World Academic Publishing
  237. World Academy of Research and Publication
  238. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (WASET)
  239. World Scholars
  240. World Science Publisher
  241. World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS)
  242. Wudpecker Research Journals
  243. Wyno Academic Journals

List 2: Individual Journals:

  1. Academic Exchange Quarterly
  2. American Journal of PharmTech Research (AJPTR)
  3. Archives Des Sciences Journal
  4. Archives of Pharmacy Practice
  5. Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  6. Asian Journal of Business and Management Sciences(AJBMS)
  7. Asian Journal of Pharmacy and Life Science
  8. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care (AJPRHC)
  9. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
  10. British Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
  11. British Journal of Science
  12. Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences & Applications
  13. Bulletin of Society for Mathematical Services and Standards
  14. ChemXpress
  15. Computer Science Chronicle
  16. Computer Science Journal
  17. Current Discovery
  18. Elixir Online  Journal
  19. Frontiers in Aerospace Engineering
  20. Global Journal of Management Science and Technology
  21. Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health
  22. Indian Journal of Research Anvikshiki
  23. Indian Journal of Scientific Research
  24. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
  25. Indo-Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  26. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business
  27. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business (IDJRB)
  28. An International Journal of Agricultural Technology (IJAT)
  29. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature
  30. International Journal of Applied Research & Studies (iJARS)
  31. International Journal of Applied Research & Studies (iJARS)
  32. International Journal of Biomedical Science
  33. International Journal of Business and Social Research
  34. International Journal of Computational Engineering Research
  35. International Journal of Computer and Information Technology (IJCIT)
  36. International Journal of Computer Applications
  37. International Journal of Computer Applications in Engineering Sciences (IJCAES)
  38. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security
  39. International Journal of Computer Science and Network(IJCSN)
  40. International Journal of Computer Science Engineering (IJCSE)
  41. International Journal of Computer Science Issues
  42. International Journal of Current Research
  43. International Journal of Current Research and Review
  44. International Journal of Current Research and Review
  45. International Journal of Development and Sustainability(IJDS)
  46. International Journal of Development Research
  47. International Journal of Drug Development and Research(IJDDR)
  48. International Journal of E-Computer Science Evolution
  49. International Journal of Economics and Research
  50. The International Journal of Educational and Psychological Assessment
  51. International Journal of Emerging Sciences (IJES)
  52. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering
  53. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT)
  54. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  55. International Journal of Engineering and Computer Science (IJECS)
  56. International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT)
  57. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
  58. International Journal of Engineering Science & Advanced Technology
  59. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology
  60. International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT)
  61. International Journal of Fundamental & Applied Sciences
  62. International Journal of Health Research
  63. International Journal of Humanities, Engineering and Pharmaceutical Sciences
  64. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research
  65. International Journal of Information Technology & Management
  66. International Journal of Innovative Ideas
  67. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development
  68. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE)
  69. International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research
  70. International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research (IJLBPR)
  71. The International Journal of Management
  72. International Journal of Management Research and Business Strategy (IJMRBS)
  73. International Journal of Mathematics and Soft Computing(IJMSC)
  74. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health(IJMSPH)
  75. International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research
  76. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health
  77. International Journal of Medicobiologial Research
  78. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER)
  79. International Journal of Novel Drug  Delivery Technology
  80. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences (IJPBS)
  81. International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Research Science (IJPRS Journal)
  82. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Research
  83. International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (IJPT)
  84. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences
  85. International Journal of Power Electronics Engineering
  86. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research
  87. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE)
  88. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Computer Engineering (IJRICE)
  89. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
  90. International Journal of Research in Computer Science
  91. International Journal of Reviews in Computing
  92. International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology (IJSAT)
  93. International Journal of Science and Technology
  94. International Journal Sciences (IJSciences)
  95. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research
  96. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research
  97. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP)
  98. International Journal of Scientific Knowledge (IJSK)
  99. The International Journal of Social Sciences (TIJOSS)
  100. International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering
  101. International Research Journal of Applied Finance
  102. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities
  103. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences (Nairobi, Kenya)
  104. Journal of Applied Pharmacy
  105. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science
  106. Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
  107. Journal of Business Management and Applied Economics
  108. Journal of Comprehensive Research
  109. Journal of Contradicting Results in Science
  110. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences
  111. Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology
  112. Journal of Medical Research and Practice (JMRP)
  113. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences (JPBMS)
  114. Journal of Scientific Theory and Methods
  115. Mathematical and Computational Applications (MCA)
  116. People’s Journal of Scientific Research
  117. The Pharma Research (Journal)
  118. Research in Biotechnology
  119. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences (RJPBCS)
  120. Researchers World – Journal of Arts Science & Commerce
  121. Seventh Sense Research Group Journal
  122. South Asian Journal of Mathematics
  123. Universal Journal of Applied Computer Science and Technology
  124. Universal Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Technology (UniCSE)
  125. World Applied Sciences Journal
  126. World Journal of Science and Technology (WJST)


49 Responses to Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013

  1. Thanks Jeff, I get asked about some of these publishers more than I’d like, but the profs and students they are targeting are grateful to know there are librarians keeping an eye on them, even if the industry can’t seem to police it. Your list is a super resource.

  2. Nils says:

    Thanks indeed. This list is going to be very useful to me as a member of hiring committees, especially since the predators have started to imitate the names of serious journals.

  3. Tevni says:

    What are the criteria to determine what journal is predator? If an academic group of people want to create a Scholar Journal are they free to do it? Do they need to request some authorization from some publisher association? If so, which one?

  4. [...] Beall habla en estos casos de Editores depredadores y ofrece en su blog Scholarly Open Access un listado, realizado de manera colaborativa, de los editores y revistas Open Access ha [...]

  5. Faraz Ahmed says:

    I do not believe totally on your list. There are some 370 journal, which you verified and inquired. Strange!!! I checked some of them, they are doing good providing good research without subscription charges and they are open access. Is your post more to stop open access and help publishers who charge hefty amount even to read the research?

  6. Zerdana says:

    Jeff, it would be even more helpful if you can append a link to an article you have written about these publishers/journals next to their names and URLs, so the readers get some more context. Thanks for the great work!

  7. [...] 2013 list of predatory open access publishers and journals has been released. This year’s list includes over 200 predatory open access publishing [...]

  8. [...] Each year, Jeffrey Beall, an academic librarian at the University of Colorado Denver, publishes a list of allegedly scientific journal publishers who really just want your submission [...]

  9. Rory McGreal says:

    The problem is with the “gold” open access model itself. It is an encouragement for them to profit from faculty who are not being careful about where they publish. This is a faulty revenue model in any case. Why would institutions 1. Donate works for free; 2 Then pay for the privilege of so doing. 3. Then 3 Pay again to purchase rights to the database.
    This model is worse than the present donate and buy back model. At least you don’t pay twice.

    • Nils says:

      In addition, a gold OA publisher’s revenue is proportional to the number of papers he accepts. So there is no incentive to maintain a serious peer review process.
      Of course, in the long run this will have a negative effect on the journal’s reputation. But it is so easy to start a whole bunch of new ones…

      • Robin Hood says:

        Every single one of my blog posts has been deleted because I state the truth and because I have a fundamental insight that has not led to a profound improvement of Mr. Beall’s blog. I hope that this one comment will be left in peace. The problem is not with the gold OA model or the whatever colour model. It is with who implements it. And, to think that the publishers are serving the maximum profit in this scheme is extremely naive. Please start to question the main-stream publishers, the ministries of education and who serves on them. Finally, if we look at Italy and Greece, please examine the banking sector and the government positions in the EU, and please start to draw parallels to the corporatism taking place in science and science publishing. The astute will be able to link the dots. Its those who are unable to link the dots that worries me the most… if we have enough people linking the dots, then the solution to OA fraud can be found. One clue to the way forward: No. 148 on Beall’s list 1. Medical Science Journals. We need boycotts followed by total closure. I personally hope to see “Dead link” on at least half the list by next year.

  10. [...] Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 « Scholarly Open Access [...]

  11. [...] hilfreich. Um schwarze Schafe, also die unseriösen Open-Access-Verlage, zu identifizieren, ist Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013 ein geeignetes [...]

  12. [...] List” hatten wir hier vor einiger Zeit schon einmal. Die Liste wurde nun aktualisiert und vor einigen Tagen wurden auch die Kriterien veröffentlicht, die zu einer Aufnahme [...]

  13. [...] approach is to consider where you should not publish by consulting Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers for 2013. The number of nefarious publishers has exploded over the past year, rising from 23 in the previous [...]

    • Terri Boake says:

      I have this week alone received separate emails for at least 4 of this organization’s journals. When one online journal includes 19 separate topics, it is no wonder that the number has escalated! Most of the journals mentioned below have no issues out and any that have an issue, seem to be very “thin”.


      Dear author,

      I hope this email reaches you fine.

      We are looking forward to your submission. Here is the information of this journal.


      International Journal of Engineering Practical Research (IJEPR)

      About the journal:

      International Journal of Engineering Practical Research (IJEPR) is an internationally refereed journal dedicated to publishing the latest advancements in engineering research. The goal of this journal is to record the latest findings and promote further research in these areas. Scholars from all relevant academic fields are invited to submit high-quality manuscripts that describe the latest, state-of-the-art research results or innovations.




      Science and Engineering Publishing Company, USA




      Your paper will be published with no charge if it is accepted.

      Submission deadline: 2013-01-11

      Submit papers:

      Prepare your paper

      Authors are invited to submit full papers, in English;

      All submissions will be peer-reviewed based on originality, technical quality and presentation. Your submission must not have been and will not be published elsewhere.

      Aims and Scope:

      • Artificial Intelligence
      • Aerospace Engineering
      • Agriculture Engineering
      • Biological Engineering Application
      • Civil Engineering
      • Computer Science Application
      • Chemical Engineering
      • Energy and Power Engineering
      • Electronic and Communication Engineering

      • Engineering Enterprise Education
      • Engineering Technology Education
      • Engineering Training
      • Experimental Teaching Reform
      • Engineering and Technology Science
      • Information Engineering
      • Material Engineering
      • Mechanical Engineering
      • Power and Electrical Engineering

      • Environmental Engineering

  14. Sergio Tomás Saravia says:

    Thank you very much! Excelent!

  15. [...] or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers’. Yang tertarik sila, lirik daftarnya di sini. Daftar ini memuat 244 penerbit ‘predator’ dengan puluhan judul jurnal per penernit dan [...]

  16. [...] degli editori scientifici che pubblicano qualunque bufala, basta pagare. In un anno sono passati da 23 a 243 per via del boom e della sua [...]

  17. Peter Nonacs says:

    I have a specific comment/question about Ashdin Publishing on the predatory list. Recently we published an article in their Journal of Evolutionary Medicine. The editorial board has real people, who are actually well known in the field. Our paper was rigorously reviewed. And the charges were $300 – which is much more reasonable than the supposedly non-predatory PLoS group. In short our experience was in every way comparable or better than many an established journal. Now Ashdin has multiple new journals and I certainly cannot vouch for all. But is it possible that a publisher can put out both predatory and reputable journals at the same time? And if a publisher ever makes your list, what can they do, or what info has to come in to get off of it?

  18. Prof.R.Sivakumar says:

    It is a good list but why the journals in USA and developed countries are not analysed and listed, is it because they may sue the author immediately. Also the journal Hindawi was added some time back, suddenly removed, is it because of any personal reason? Why only journals from developing countries are being targeted and also only open access journals? Is it because the author is lobbying for the non open access journals ? How far this list is reliable is seriously questionable. I appreciate its a good work which is needed but the list is completely biased which is proved beyond doubt

  19. Leanne says:

    Completely agree with “Scientific and American Publishing” (one of their journals was “American Journal of Tourism Management” ) I found a completely plagarized study with fabricated data in it during my own dissertation research. I emailed “SAP” about their included a false study (and sent them the original article). No reply, surprise!

    • Robin Hood says:

      Leanne, some friendly advice. Publish your story so that it serves as a historical document for posterity and also to warn others to take care. The only way to advance our cause against fraud is through publishing. So, make your case, present all the evidence, and publish it. Once published, it will be a historical document forever that no-one can ever deny. This is my new approach in 2013 since who of us has money and resources to take these crooks to court? Moreover, how do we take a fraud to court that sits 10,000 km away? The only way is by publically and formally exposing their fraud through a more formal medium than a blog, for posterity. Hope to see your story in OA soon.

  20. [...] of Colorado librarian Jeffrey Beall — who produces a frequently updated list of predatory publishers — first wrote about the case on his blog last week. Beall alerted a journal about a [...]

  21. [...] tricks are a recent phenomena in the world of publishing. This website lists  hundreds of them What is this all about? Looks like everyone wants to publish some crap somehow. Now, there must be [...]

  22. [...] Thanks to Retraction Watch for alerting us to the existence of CONFAB, the journal’s publisher, and for the further knowledge that CONFAB is included in Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2013. [...]

  23. [...] called Jeffrey Beale (click here), has been keeping tabs on these Predatory Publishers (click here).  He’s found 243, many with a hundred or more titles on their lists, as well as another 126 [...]

  24. mbmahiques says:

    I´m not sure if you´ve missed this one
    ¨IJMSEA is a referred journal: reviewed, indexed and cited by : “Zentralblatt Für Mathematik” (Germany), “Mathematical Reviews” (USA), Maths Sci. net, Google and Google Scholar, EBSECO Publishing, USA, & Open Directory J., Russia, Open J-Gate (Ele. Jou.), ULRICH’s Periodically Directory, Universe Digital Library etc.

    The consolidated impact factor registered by International Journal of Mathematical Sciences & Engineering Applications (IJMSEA) for 2011 is 0.1752.¨

    Thank you for a great post, and be aware!

    • That journal appears to belong to the publisher Ascent International Journals. This publisher’s journals are toll-access. I only include OA journals on my lists. Still, I recommend that authors avoid all the journals published by Ascent. They create and boast fake impact factors for their journals.

  25. rleonhard says:

    I searched for some of these journals on Google Scholar and found them. Assuming that all of these journals come up in Google Scholar searches, how do you address this issue with students (and other teachers/professors) intent on using Google Scholar to do research? I typically tell them to stay away and/or be wary along with other approaches, but I know they still use it anyway. I’m interested in hearing how others deal with this issue. Thank you for your input.

    • Robin Hood says:

      Leonard, I have an idea. Why don’t YOU take care of being responsible for contacting Google and aksing them about their responsibilities towards academic quality. That would serve the community of academics and scientists best. Then, when you have something productive to say, please come back to the blog and share your moral victories with us. If each of us plays our part and each of us tackles the fraudsters and those who support the fraudsters, then maybe something effective can be achieved. If you assume that Jeff, who I assume does not wear a large red, blue and yellow “S” on his shirt, is responsible for taking care of all of these things, I am afraid he might go bald quickly.I am not suggesting that Google is supporting fraud, but if they are allowing plagiarised texts, and fraudulently produced pseudo-academic papers to be published, then surely we should hold Google accountable for supporting fraud (to a limited degree). The same principle would apply to editors-in-chief, editors and authors who support or publish or pay such predatory publishers. The bottom line: we should all play our part in fighting the crime, using Jeff’s blog as the launch pad. Wouldn’t you say that this ia a fair and logical way of trying to deal with the problem, especially accross transnational borders?

      • rleonhard says:

        Robin Hood, you’ve completely misunderstood my comment and question. I was asking the author Beall (and anyone else who cared to respond politely) how he dealt with this issue as a librarian with students doing research using Google Scholar. Are librarians comfortable with students using Google Scholar knowing that these publications are frequent results in searches? Do they inform their students about the possible fraudulent articles and journals and the risks of using Google Scholar? And what are their tactics in addressing this specific topic with students? I was not asking anyone to do work for me or to take on Google. In my experience as a librarian, these issues and topics are frequently discussed and shared among colleagues.

  26. Ymir says:

    This is a helpful list, thanks for putting it together. Consider changing the links to use “no follow” (see so that you’re not promoting the PageRank of these journals as more people begin linking to your blog.

  27. [...] last year Jeffrey Beal published an update to his list of Predatory Open Access Publishers. The list grew from 23 questionable publishers in 2011 to 225 in 2012.  With his list Beal reminds [...]

  28. George says:

    I’m really concerned to see that Hindawi is not included this year after being under investigation this year. In Hindawi is clear that you pay to get something published. There are no anonymous reviewers. What else is needed to define them a predatory publisher?

    • Peter Nonacs says:

      I did publish this year in a Hindawi journal. It was anonymously reviewed and and our experience was professional. The journal is Psyche, which has had a long history of being published by the Cambridge Entomological Society. Apparently the rights to this journal were bought/transferred to Hindawi. Again, this raises the problem of apparently legitimate journals having a publisher that may or may not be partially predatory.

  29. Hilary Carey says:

    What about this kind of approach? I do not need to pay publishers to accept my work and I wonder why I am being pressured (I was approached multiple times with the same request) to publish in this journal which does not appear in Australia’s list of approved journals. It does not sound like a scam – just an imposition. And they ask for money.

    Hilary Carey

    [Dear X]

    We contacted you on 22 November 2012, regarding a Special Issue on
    “Expanding the Study of Religion and Missions”to be published in
    Religions (ISSN 2077-1444,

    On behalf of the Guest Editor, Dr. Jennifer Graber, we would
    like to renew our invitation for you to contribute a full research
    paper or an outstanding long review for peer-review and
    possible publication in the following Special Issue:

    Special Issue: Expanding the Study of Religion and Missions
    Guest Editor: Dr. Jennifer Graber
    Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 May 2013

    If you decide to contribute, please let us know, and send us your
    manuscript now or up until the deadline. Submitted papers should
    not have been published previously, nor be under consideration
    for publication elsewhere. We also encourage authors to send us
    their tentative title and short abstract by e-mail for approval to the
    Editorial Office at:
    In case you cannot meet the deadline, please feel free to contact us.

    This Special Issue will be fully open access. Open access (unlimited
    and free access by readers) increases publicity and promotes more
    frequent citations as indicated by several studies. Open access is
    supported by the authors and their institutes.
    More information is available at

    The Article Processing Charges (APC) are 300 CHF for well
    prepared manuscripts. In addition, a fee of 250 CHF may apply
    if English editing or extensive revisions must be undertaken by the
    Editorial Office.
    More information can be found at

    Please visit the website of Instructions for Authors before submitting
    a paper at
    Manuscripts should be submitted through the online manuscript submission
    and editorial system at

    Religions (ISSN 2077-1444) is an international, open access
    scholarly journal publishing peer-reviewed studies of religious
    thought and practice. It is available online to promote critical,
    hermeneutical, historical, and constructive conversations. It aims
    to serve the interests of a wide range of thoughtful readers and
    academic scholars of religion, as well as theologians, philosophers,
    social scientists, anthropologists, psychologists, neuroscientists
    and others interested in the multidisciplinary study of religions.

    MDPI publishes several peer-reviewed, open access journals listed at The Editorial Board members, including several
    Nobel Laureates (, are all leading
    active scholars. All MDPI journals maintain rapid, yet rigorous, peer-
    review, manuscript handling and editorial processes. MDPI journals have
    increased their impact factors, see “2011 Newly Released Impact

    In case of questions, please contact the Editorial Office at:

    We are looking forward to hearing from you.

    Kind regards,
    Wanda Gruetter

    On behalf of the Guest Editor

    Dr. Jennifer Graber
    The University of Texas at Austin
    Department of Religious Studies
    Burdine 406 – Mail Code A3700
    Texas 78712

    Wanda Gruetter
    Kandererstrasse 25
    CH-4057 Basel, Switzerland
    Tel. +41 61 683 77 34
    Fax: +41 61 302 89 18

    • J Bottle says:

      OA publishers ask for money, but the redatory publishers work for money. A real publisher has their standard of publication, and money is not the reason to accept a paper.

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