Timeline to Global Governance


(Links followed by (M) available to members of the Environmental Conservation Organization)

1891 The Society of the Elect and the Association of Helpers - (also known as the "Secret Society,"), was created by Cecil Rhodes, Alfred Milner, William T. Stead, Reginald Baliol Brett, and Lord Esher, in London. Rhodes died in 1902, leaving the society, and his fortune, under the control of Milner, who established the Rhodes Scholar program. Good background here.
1910 The Round Table - a periodical, first published by Milner's "Secret Society" for Britain's intellectual community. The writers, and those associated with the publication became known as the Round Table Group, and later, the Chatham House crowd. Comprehensive background.
1912 Edward Mandell House - published Philip Dru: Administrator,a novel describing how the world could best be governed by a benevolent administrator. House traveled in Europe in 1909, and met Woodrow Wilson November 25, 1911. Chronology: Met Sir Edward Grey (member of Milner's group) in 1913.
1913 Woodrow Wilson, U.S. President - Edward Mandell House served as Wilson's campaign manager, and then as chief advisor. Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
Federal Reserve Act (M) enacted - creating the first "central bank" in America. Paul Warberg, whose family controlled the Reichsbank in Germany, was the architect of the system.
1914 World War I Begins - Wilson campaigned against U.S. entry into the war, then entered the war in 1917, one year before it ended.
1918 Wilson's 14 Points - presented to a joint session of Congress on January 8. The document was developed by Colonel Mandell House and advisors known as the "Inquiry."
The League of Nations - first proposed in The Round Table, in December, in an article entitled The League of Nations: A Practical Suggestion, written by Edward Mandell House and Lionel Curtis, a member of the original Rhodes/Milner "Secret Soceity."
1919 Paris Peace Conference - House is Wilson's chief deputy at the conference where he expanded his association with leaders of the Milner group.
Genesis of the CFR and RIIA - At a meeting on May 30, at the Majestic Hotel in Paris, Edward M. House, Lionel Curtis, Lord Eustace Percy, Harold Temperley, Herbert Hoover, Christian Herter, James T. Shotwell (Columbia), Charles Seymore (Yale), Archibald C. Coolidge (Harvard), were among 50 individuals who decided to create the Council on Foreign Relations in the U.S., and the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London.
The Treaty of Versailles - signed June 28, ended the war and incorporated The Covenant of the League of Nations as the first 30 Articles - very much as had been proposed by House and Curtis.
1920 League of Nations rejected by U.S. Senate - despite herculean efforts on both sides of the Atlantic.
Royal Institute of International Affairs - organized by the Milner group, housed at the Chatham House in London.
1921 Council on Foreign Relations - organized as U.S. counterpart to Royal Institute of International Affairs. John W. Davis, attorney to J.P. Morgan, was first president. Paul Warberg and J.D. Rockefeller were among initial funders. Began publishing Foreign Affairs in 1922. Described by Senator Barry Goldwater in 1979.
1925 Mein Kampf - published by Adolf Hitler.
1929 Stock Market Crash - Sets the stage for world wide depression, international response, and another war.
1930 Bank of International Settlements (M) - created in Basel, Switzerland. J.P. Morgan & Company, and others involved with the creation of the Federal Reserve, were among the founders.
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt - begins his presidency amid the great depression. "The New Deal" was formulated by leftist, Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture, and Secretary of State, Cordell Hulll, who, as a Senator, supported Wilson's League of Nations. Hull began drafting a United Nations Charter two weeks after Pearl Harbor.
1933 The Wilderness Society - founded by Bob Marshall, a socialist.
1936 National Wildlife Federation - founded.
1938 World marches toward war - A chronology of events leading to World War II, the event which gave rise to the United Nations.
1941 FDR delivers "Four Freedoms" speech - (January 6), and the Atlantic Conference (August 14), embody the idea of disarming sovereign nations under international authority.
Declaration of War on Japan (December 8); Declaration of War on Germany (December 11).
1942 Declaration by "United Nations" - first official use of the name "United Nations," suggested by Roosevelt. Chronnology of related events.
1943 Moscow Conference - Articles 5 - 7 refer to "United Nations" and post-war permanent organization.
United Nations Association - created by Eleanor Roosevelt.
1944 Bretton Woods Agreements - created the World Bank (M), and the International Monetary Fund (M). Henry Morganthau delivered the closing address. (Background and conference details.)
Dumbarton Oaks Conversations - produce the draft recommendations for a United Nations organization. The U.S. Team, led by Edward Stettinius, included Alger Hiss, Ralph Bunche, Leo Pasvolsky, and Grayson Kirk. Overview of the meeting.
1945 Yalta Conference - (February) reached agreement on U.N. draft recommendations and set the date for U.N. conference. Germany surrenders (May 7).
U.N. Charter - signed June 26, in San Francisco. Ratified by Senate (89-2) July 28.
International Court of Justice - established in The Hague.
August 6, & 9, atomic bombs dropped on Japan. Japan surrenders (August 14).
UNESCO - created in London, November 16.
1946 U.S. joins UNESCO - Julian Huxley, president of the Eugenics Society, and author of "The New Divinity", first Director. Socialist Joseph Needham, appointed Director of Natural Science.
World Health Organization created.
1947 World Federalist Association - founded in Asheville, North Carolina
World Federalist Movement - founded in Switzerland.
1948 IUCN Created - by Julian Huxley, in Geneva. Headquarters in Gland, Switzerland The U.S. Government, and several agencies are members.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights - adopted by U.N. General Assembly
Environmental Education - concept introduced to the U.N. by the IUCN.
1949 UNESCO Publication 356 (M) - "Toward World Understanding."
1951 The Nature Conservancy - organized.
1959 United Nations Development Program - evolved to maturity.
1960 Temple of Understanding - organized in New York. Dr. Robert Muller on Advisory Board.
1961 Freedom From War (M) - State Department Publication 7277, setting forth U.S. disarmament policy in favor of U.N. peacekeeping.
World Wildlife Fund - organized by Julian Huxley and IUCN.
1964 Wilderness Act of 1964 - and how it came to be.
UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development established.
1968 ECOSOC Resolution 1296 - directed by Dr. Robert Muller, establishes "Consultative Status" for NGOs (non-government organizations). Lucis Trust among first NGOs accredited.
Club of Rome - organized, and published Limits to Growth.
1970 First Earth Day - founder, Gaylord Nelson. Another view of Earth Day.
World Conference on Religion and Peace - opened headquartrs at the U.N. Center. Held conference in Kyoto, Japan, was accredited by ECOSOC in 1973.
Environmental Protection Agency - created.
1971 RAMSAR Treaty on Wetlands - signed in Ramsar, Iran. IUCN driving force behind RAMSAR.
1972 Clean WaterAct - passed by Congress. Wetland definitionexpanded by lawsuit brought by