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|HIGH-MOBILITY MULTIPURPOSE WHEELED VEHICLE|
|作者：环球展望军事网编译 来源：今日中国防务 更新时间：2005-11-2 【字体：小 大】|
两种车辆以进口的美国通用公司“悍马”H1型车底盘为基础。DFM EQ2050的动力采用东风公司得到许可制造的康明斯EQB150-20 110千瓦/2,700转涡轮增压发动机，但是它也能配备美国制造的V8发动机，本来设计用于HMMWV车辆。车辆有一个5档速度的齿轮箱和一个2档速度的传动箱。车辆有独立悬挂和中央充气系统的四轮驱动。EQ2050已经再设计照明和散热器，不同于最初的HMMWV车辆。
HIGH-MOBILITY MULTIPURPOSE WHEELED VEHICLE
Two Chinese truck manufacturers are currently developing copies of the General Motors 'Hummer', which is also known as the M998 High-Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) in the U.S. Army: EQ2050 developed by DongFeng Motors (DFM) and SFQ2040 developed by the automobile-making branch of Shenyang Aircraft Industry Corporation (SAC). The EQ2050 has already passed the road tests and evaluations by the PLA and is currently in small batch production.
During the 1988 Beijing Defence Exhibition, AM General demonstrated an example of its M998 4x4 high-mobility multirole wheeled vehicle (HMMWV) to the PLA. The vehicle was reportedly left in China after the exhibition closed for further test and evaluation. The PLA did not show much interest initially due to the vehicle’s high unit price and maintenance costs, but this attitude was somehow changed during the 1991 Operation Desert Storm, when the HMMWV gained high publicity in front of press cameras.
Since the early 1990s the Chinese petroleum industry has purchased a small number of Hummer, the civilian version of the HMMWV, through commercial sources. This provided the Chinese auto makers with an opportunity to examine the vehicle closely. In 2002, SAC revealed its HMWWV copy known as SFQ2040. Later in 2003 another HMWWV copy EQ2050 'Dongfeng Armour' developed by DFM made its debut in a car show. Both companies are actively promoting their products to the PLA, hoping to win a share of the potentially huge market of replacing the Soviet-inspired jeep-size BJ2020S series light-weight vehicles currently used by the PLA.
Both HMMVEE copies rely heavily on imported U.S.-made parts including chassis, gear box, and diesel engine. It appears that at least DFM has the full consent and cooperation of the General Motors Corporation. Both manufacturers claimed that they will be able to gradually increase the percentage of indigenously made content on the vehicles in the future, since the PLA is unlikely willing to accept any equipment that relies completely on foreign made parts.
The latest reports confirmed that the DFM EQ2050 'Dongfeng Armour' has completed a comprehensive road and cross-country tests which lasted for several months. Several EQ2050s travelled to Tibet highland, Gebi desert, and snow region in northeast Heilongjiang province to test the vehicle’s performance in harsh weather and road conditions. This was followed by a small batch production to deliver several dozens of EQ2050s to the PLA special operations forces in Guangzhou Military Region.
Meanwhile SAC is trying to impress the PLA with a vehicle-mounted mobile air defence missile system jointly developed with NORINCO, the primary weapon manufacturer in China. The missile system, mounted on a SAC SFQ2040, is similar to the U.S. Army HMMVEE-mounted AIM-120 SLAMRAAM Avenger air defence system. SAC also emphasizes the low cost of its SFQ2040, only one third of the price of the U.S.-made HMWWV.
Both vehicles are based on imported AM General Hummer H1 chassis. The DFM EQ2050 is powered by a Dongfeng licensed built Cummins EQB150-20 110kW/2,700R turbo-charged diesel, but it can also be fitted with the U.S.-made V8 diesel originally designed for HMMWV. The vehicle has a 5-speed gear box and a 2-speed transfer box. The vehicle is four-wheel drive with independent suspensions and central inflating system. The EQ2050 also has re-designed lights and radiator to make itself look different to the original HMMWV.
Unlike the steel body EQ2050, the SAC SFQ2040 has an alumni alloy body, making it much lighter than the former. Bother vehicles have limited armour protection against small calibre weapons. The vehicles can be fitted with additional equipment such as air conditioning, GPS, night vision equipment, vehicle-mounted radio, electronic winch, and multipurpose weapon mount.
Like the HMMWV, both vehicles are available in a range of configurations including soft-top, hard-top, truck, shelter, etc. Dongfeng recently introduced two wagon versions of the EQ2050: the EQ2028 and its armoured military/police version EQ2058.
Seating: 1+4 (basic variant)