Film Music Review
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50th Anniversity Tribute

On the anniversary of the television show's premiere in 1959,
we offer here a fond remembrance of this landmark series.
Just scroll down this page to read all the information.

Part One: TZ Writings

Bernard Herrmann's "Walking Distance" -- a personal remembrance of this memorable episode including the discovery of a classical theme used by Bernard Herrmann.

TZ@50 -- a report from the anniversary event held in Binghamton, New York (October 1-4, 2009) to celebrate Rod Serling and THE TWILIGHT ZONE.

"THE TWILIGHT ZONE: AN ELEMENT OF TIME" by Steve Vertlieb -- an article describing how THE TWILIGHT ZONE came into existanece and some of the more memorable episodes.

The Twilight Zone Magazine and sample issues -- with comments by Carol Serling and a list of reader favorites.

Part Two: CD Collections

THE TWILIGHT ZONE 40th Anniversary Collection (Silva Screen 4 CD Set))

FAHRENHEIT 451 and "Walking Distance"-- music by Bernard Herrmann
(Tribute Film Classics CD)


I consider THE TWILIGHT ZONE to be the best television series of its era. Being one of those lucky viewers able to watch it week after week, I encountered many thrills and surprises during the five seasons from 1959 to 1964. Not every episode was great, but for the most part, this was a series that made you think and kept you enthralled with its outstanding writing, acting and music scores.

-- Roger Hall, Editor, Film Music Review


Rod Serling Speaks

At the beginning of the episodes viewers heard the familiar voice of Rod Serling smoothly speaking this introduction, recorded on June 17, 1959:

There is a fifth dimension...beyond which is known to man. It is dimension as vast as space and as timeless as infinity. It is the midle ground between light and shadow, between science and superstition, and it lies between the pit of man's fear and the summit of his knowledge. This is the dimension of imagination.

It is an area which we call, The Twilight Zone.

Enter now that fifth dimension area after 50 years, we still call...

The Twilight Zone...

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TZ@50 (Binghamton, New York)

It was my pleasure to attend the TZ @50 event held on October 1- 4, 2009, It was a very full weekend and all events were free as well. Among the highlights were: the showing of the very good PBS documentary, "Submitted for Your Approval," about Rod Serling's life and career, and artist Robert Keller signing his First Day Cover design of Rod Serling at the 50th anniversdary showing of the first TZ episode, "Where Is Everybody?" Also, it was thrilling to take a ride on the carousel at Rec Park, where the TZ episode,"Walking Distance" played continoulsy on four large TV monitors.

It was a special treat to have Rod Serling's widow, Carol [above left], and Rod's daughters Anne and Jodi, attending the weekend events. Anne Serling-Sutton [above right] has completed a book about growing up with her father and she read portions from her poignant memoir.


There was a bus tour to places related to hometown boy, Rod Serling. I actually lived not far away from the home where he grew up on Bennett Avenue [shown at left]. I lived on Schubert Street (named after the classical composer) and received my Master's Degree from Binghamton University in ethnomusicology. I also began my preliminary study of film music.


I met several prominent writers at the Binghamton event.

The featured guest for the conference at Ithaca College was one of the primary writers for THE TWILIGHT ZONE, George Clayton Johnson. He was the author of such classic episodes as: "Nothing In The Dark," "The Four of Us Are Dying," "Ninety Years Without Slumbering" (music by Bernard
Herrmann) and his favorite episode and one of my favorites too, "Kick The Can.



Another writer I met was Tony Albarella, who has undertaken the massive task of editing all 92 Rod Serling scripts from THE TWILIGHT ZONE, and publishing them in handsome hardcover editions, complete with notes and documents from the Rod Serling Collection at Ithaca College. This is one of those published volumes:

As Timeless As Infinity: The Complete Twilight Zone Scripts of Rod Serling



Rod Serling Exhibit at the TZ@50 event in Binghamton

The Rod Serling Memorial Foundation planning committee members are to be congratulated for organizing such a wonderful weekend event in celebration of Rod Serling and THE TWILIGHT ZONE. I think he would have been proud to be recognized by his hometown of Binghamton.

-- by Roger Hall, Editor, Film Music Review



Rod Serling Remembered on the Binghamton Sidewalk of Stars


See also these links:

The Rod Serling Memorial Foundation, Binghamton, New York -- a great deal of information about the creator, writer and executive producer of THE TWILIGHT ZONE.

Rod Serling (Wikipedia)



Theme from THE TWILIGHT ZONE by Marius Constant

Rod Serling's Introduction to THE TWILIGHT ZONE




By Steve Vertlieb


There is an obscure Air Force term relating to a moment when a plane is coming down on approach and a pilot cannot see the horizon. It’s called The Twilight Zone. For a writer searching for his voice in the midst of corporate conservatism during the late 1950’s, the creative horizon seemed elusive at best. Television, although still a youthful medium, had begun to stumble and fall, succumbing to the pressures of financial backing and sponsorship in order to survive its early growing pains. Navigating a successful career through a cloak of fear and indecision became problematic for a young writer struggling to remain relevant.


The Storyteller

Rod Serling had penned several landmark teleplays for The Columbia Broadcasting System, including PATTERNS, and REQUIEM FOR A HEAVYWEIGHT, but the perils of network censorship were beginning to take a toll on the idealistic author. As his artistic voice and moral integrity became increasingly challenged by network cowardice, Serling found his search for lost horizons alarmingly elusive. Searching for new avenues of expression, and freedom from scrutiny, Serling explored provocative issues cloaked in the guise of science fiction and fantasy, firing his sphere of social commentary significantly over the heads of most network executives and censors. Social commentary and journalistic heroism were no longer being courted by the three television networks. The most original and daring literary treatments were becoming alarmingly watered down in the wake of the McCarthy era, while networks pursued innocuous pabulum appealing to only the lowest common denominator. Sponsors, eager to sell their products to millions of television viewers, were adamant about playing it safe, rather than running the risk of offending anybody.

Serling’s plan was to continue challenging the censors with provocative adult teleplays camouflaged as harmless science fiction and fantasy. Searching for a suitable, if non confrontive story, he submitted a script to the Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse entitled THE TIME ELEMENT concerning a man whose dreams of re-living the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor torment him every night. William Bendix was cast as the hapless bartender who inexplicably visits Honolulu on December 6, 1941 every night in his dreams. His attempts at warning the locals of an impending attack by the Japanese fall, understandably, on deaf ears. He consults a psychiatrist, explaining that he’s never even visited Hawaii. In the midst of his analysis, Pete Jenson (Bendix) falls asleep on the couch, returning to Pearl Harbor in his dreams one last time. The doctor, seemingly asleep himself, awakens with a start to find his office empty of patients. Shaken, he goes to a local bar where he recognizes an old photo of his patient hanging on the wall. Inquiring about the familiar man in the photo, he learns that Pete Jenson had tended bar there years ago before the war. He was killed at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

On November 24, 1958, CBS aired THE TIME ELEMENT as part of the Desilu anthology series. The episode received positive recognition by the critics, and generated more mail than any other episode of the series. Still skeptical of long range appeal for fantasy programming, CBS nonetheless commissioned a pilot episode for a new series to be called THE TWILIGHT ZONE.

Premiere Episode

The premiere episode, “Where Is Everybody” aired on October 2, 1959. Composer Bernard Herrmann’s ethereal theme for the infant program’s first season eerily set the parameters and direction of subsequent episodes in which lost, lonely people eaten up by frustration might find ultimate happiness on planes of existence beyond the realm of man. Serling patterned many of his characters and situations on The Twilight Zone after his own weary search for meaning and value within the unforgiving corridors of corporate America. He was a writer who, at least in these early years of his artistry, refused to compromise his integrity or beliefs.

Two of the series most poignant episodes, “Walking Distance,” and “A Stop At Willoughby” were painfully illustrative of the writer’s own search for peace of mind and of heart in an ever changing, increasingly cynical world.


Bernard Herrmann: THE TWILIGHT ZONE
(re-recordings conducted by Joel McNeely, including "Where Is Everybody?; "Walking Distance"; "The Lonely"; "Eye Of The Beholder"; "Little Girl Lost"; "Living Doll"; "Ninety Years Without Slumbering"; and various Twilight Zone themes)





"Walking Distance"

“Walking Distance,” generally considered the show’s most significant episode, aired on October 30, 1959. Written by Serling, sensitively directed by Robert Stevens, with an exquisite original musical score by Bernard Herrmann, “Walking Distance” remains the quintessential heart of the series. Witness Martin Sloan, an emotionally exhausted New York City advertising executive whose psychological scars have nearly destroyed his humanity, and left him impotent. He is a haunted soul…weary…embittered…a skeletal marionette dancing on tattered strings. Racing from the frenzied madness of Madison Avenue toward salvation, he is mercifully enveloped within a tender accident of time.

At a rural gas station, Sloan leaves his battered car for repairs as he returns to the little town in which he spent his youth. Homewood is a mere mile and a half away…walking distance. Nothing has changed as he returns to his childhood. The town appears the same. In his idyllic dreams, innocence recaptured is simply a stone’s throw across a pond. It is Summer, and the purity of sacred memory is within his reach. Twenty five years have evaporated in a wistful moment. He is home once more and there is, after all, “no place like home.” Mom and Dad are alive as they were in his childhood. Even Martin himself is transformed into the sweet boy that he was. As if hurled through a miraculous mirror in time, the reflection of forgotten purity brings comfort and aching solace to the faded specter of his wounded heart. Martin is a lonely stranger in a strange land, and he yearns for the peace and tranquility he left behind so many forgotten years ago.

(4 CD box set)

"Walking Distance" (CD One, track 17, 12:24)

But none of this real. It is simply a reminder that life is not to be wasted on the frenzied highway of imagined success. Each moment is a precious gift to be savored, and lovingly remembered with the passage of time. Martin must return to his own time and place, for he does not belong here. As “pop” gently reminds him as he points to the little boy left behind…”This is his time…his Summer. Don’t make him share it.” His eyes opened, perhaps, for the first time in his adult life, Martin must learn to cherish the memory of the child he was and carry the sublime serenity of innocence in his heart forever. Gig Young who played the adult Martin Sloan seemed to harbor an innate understanding of, and sensitivity to, the inner longing of this tortured characterization, for his own primal hunger for acceptance and affection led inevitably to his own personal tragedy so many years later. Yet, if the winding road had ended for the actor portraying Serling’s troubled character, there may still have been salvation offered to his fictional Martin Sloan…for in the closing narration there is redemption:

Martin Sloan, age thirty-six. Vice President in charge of media. Successful in most things, but not in the one effort that all men try at some times in their lives – trying to go home again – and also like all men perhaps there’ll be an occasion, maybe a Summer night sometime, when he’ll look up from what he’s doing and listen to the distant music of a calliope-and hear the voices and the laughter of the people and the places of his past. And perhaps across his mind there’ll flit a little errant wish-that a man might not have to become old, never outgrow the parks and the merry-go-rounds of his youth. And he’ll smile then too because he’ll know it is just an errant wish. Some wisp of memory not too important really. Some laughing ghosts that cross a man’s mind…that are a part of The Twilight Zone.

(4 CD box set)

"A Stop at Willoughby" (CD Three, track 8, 12:22)

"A Stop At Willoughby"

In “A Stop At Willoughby,” which aired later that season on May 5, 1960, Serling composed another heartbreaking scenario in which an emotionally fragile advertising executive crosses the lonely border between sanity and psychological escape. James Daly plays Gart Williams, an ulcer ridden slave to his wife’s economic demands and expectations. On the brink of mental collapse, Williams takes the commuter train each day from New York back to his home in Connecticut. On this particular day, however, his commute will be interrupted by an unscheduled stop at Willoughby, “a place where a man can slow down to a walk, and live his life full measure.” It’s Summer. Willoughby is a small, uncomplicated town, like many such towns across America at the turn of the last century. There are band concerts, and creeks where boys can tell tall tales and go fishing. Gart longs to find peace in the gentle obscurity he observes beyond the wintry reflection of the train’s frozen windows. As he leaves his briefcase behind on the seat he will never occupy again, Gart walks off the platform of a moving train, falling instantly to his death in a blanket of icy snow beside the silver track. His body is transported by hearse to the undertaker whose name clearly adorns the side of the waiting vehicle…Willoughby Funeral Home. But Gart is unaware of the tragedy unfolding in the cold night air beside the silent train, for he is walking happily with the children toward a day of fishing at the waiting pond, and the heat of the noon day sun.

Romantic melancholia was a searing presence in the stories of the fantasy series. Sad, frustrated children in grown up bodies searched yearningly for an escape from the cynical madness sealing their hearts in cruel isolation from the wonder and magic of youth and comparative innocence.

"Kick The Can"

Among The Twilight Zone’s loveliest moments was the airing of a bittersweet segment concerning the elderly residents of a county nursing home. “Kick The Can,” written by George Clayton Johnson, told the tender story of a charming pied piper who, like Peter Pan, vows never to succumb to the emotional boundaries of old age. Charles Whitley (Ernest Truex) is confined by his son to Sunnyvale Rest, an arthritic waking coffin inhabited by lifeless zombies waiting in lonely succession to pass from seemingly pointless mortality. Whitley attempts to convince his hapless neighbors that by thinking young, one can remain forever vital and young. To return to the sweet purity of childlike games will restore withered minds and hearts to renewal and physical regeneration. Gathered about the sprawling grass surrounding Sunnyvale Rest, frail residents cavort as if time had frozen still, joyfully playing Kick The Can until, one by one, the starched voices and bodies of lifeless emotional cadavers disappear as little children into the waiting bushes, giggling in utterly infectious enthusiasm at the wondrous discovery of the fountain of youth. Only a shadow remains, crying in lonely despair to be taken along with his chums. For Ben Conroy (Russell Collins), the time has passed. Embittered and cynical, he is left behind to suffer in isolation and bewilderment, for he was unwilling to dream. “Come back…come back, Charley…take me with you…I want to come.” But it is too late now, and he is left alone in the empty night with only his bitterness in which to find respite.

(4 CD box set)

"Sixteen Millimeter Shrine" (CD Four, track 8, 10:47)
"A World Of Difference" (CD Three, track 7, 11:46)
"The Trouble With Templeton" (CD Four, track 7, 11:42)
"When The Sky Was Opened" (CD Four, track 6, 11:53)


"The Sixteen-Millimeter Shrine"

In "The Sixteen Millimeter Shrine, written by Rod Serling and airing on October 23, 1959, time becomes a virtual prison for Barbara Jean Trenton, played by Ida Lupino. Trenton is a pathetic remnant of an era long ago extinguished by talking pictures. A former star of the silent screen, Trenton channels Norma Desmond in a heartbreaking performance as she clasps ineffectually at forgotten memories that come alive only in her parlor, lit by the flickering imagery of a sixteen millimeter film projector. Her beloved co-stars, still handsome and alluring on the faded screen, appear elderly and embarrassingly balding when attempting to jolt her back to reality. In the end, she fades from reality into the projected shadows of her own films, there to spend eternity in the light of celluloid dreams.

"A World Of Difference"

Arthur Curtis (Howard Duff) experienced “A World Of Difference” on March 11, 1960, as an actor who comes to believe that the simple, uncomplicated domesticity scripted for him by Richard Matheson is his sheltered reality, rather than the high powered, stress induced world of film sets, greedy agents, and shallow wives proliferating the ulcer ridden nightmare he calls home. As a sordid cloak of psychological repression descends upon his life upon completion of shooting, Curtis retreats in lonely desperation to the imagined camouflage of film sets and props being dismantled before his eyes. At the last, he finds redemption and spiritual salvation, becoming lost within the invisible confines of his own imagination. Caligari’s cabinet has opened and closed in sublime invitation, as Arthur Curtis survives only in whispered imaginings.

"The Trouble With Templeton"

For “The Trouble With Templeton,” which aired on December 9, 1960, former matinee idol Brian Aherne was cast as a distinguished elderly actor longing for the romantic recollection of an idealized past. World weary, frightened, and no longer certain of his abilities, Booth Templeton yearns wistfully for simpler times and the secure serenity of his prime. Through a fragile portal in time he returns to the acclaim and respect offered him as a younger man. To his utter despair, however, he discovers that memories are rarely faithful interpretations of literal experience. The idealized reverie of love and faithful marriage seem ill used as his once beloved Laura ignores and mocks him before their friends, leaving him bewildered and hurt, betrayed by a false perception of time and history. He returns to the present wiser for the experience, better able to confront reality and survive in the moment. Laura faces her act of sacrifice with resignation and sadness, knowing that time will deliver her beloved husband back into her arms soon enough. For the moment, however, she has sent Booth back to his own life…better able to cope with the present, rather than drown helplessly in melancholy reflections of the past.


In “Static,” first broadcast on March 10, 1961 and written by Charles Beaumont, a disgruntled cynic ridicules the fast paced society he feels has passed him by. Living in a safe, sanitary, homogenized replica of the world he once knew, Ed Lindsay (Dean Jagger) abandons the saccharine company of his boring, one dimensional neighbors and longs for the more colorful legacy of his youth. Finding an old antique radio in the basement of the boarding house he lives in, Lindsay is astounded to tune into live presentations of Tommy Dorsey and Jack Benny on the faded dial. No one believes him, of course, until…through a gentle miracle of time and space…he returns to a magical realm of wonder and perceived innocence he recalled as a young man, finding restorative happiness and escape in the enchanted invitation of a forgotten radio.

"And When The Sky Was Opened"

As merciful an escape as such bedeviled characters might have enjoyed, poetic repose was not to be for the survivors of the X-20, and experimental space craft that should never have come back to Earth after its ill fated flight. Rod Serling based his nightmarish teleplay on a short story by Richard Matheson titled “Disappearing Act.” Among the most disturbing half hours ever produced for television, “And When The Sky Was Opened” premiered on December 11, 1959, and starred Rod Taylor with Jim Hutton and Charles Aidman as triumphant astronauts who begin to suspect that they were never meant to return home. Mirror images offer no reflection as the doomed flyers begin, one by one, to disappear from memory and sight, their families retaining no recollection of their ever having existed. In the end, not even their craft remains in this fragile dimension of time and space:

And if any of you have any questions concerning an aircraft and three men who flew her, speak softly of them…and only in The Twilight Zone.

The Writers

Rod Serling encouraged his small stable of writers, directors, actors, and composers to let their imaginations soar. Stories by Serling, along with Ray Bradbury, Richard Matheson, Charles Beaumont, George Clayton Johnson and other distinguished science fiction and fantasy poets helped bring the five year run of this cherished CBS anthology series to enduring life and success.

Scene from "The Invaders"


The Composers

Composers Bernard Herrmann, Jerry Goldsmith, Franz Waxman and Fred Steiner contributed some of the most expressively original scoring of their respective careers to the cherished program…with Herrmann’s music for “Walking Distance” among the tenderest and most exquisite ever written for television.

The Best of Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone
includes original scores by Jerry Goldsmith ("The Invaders"/"Nervous Man In A Four Dollar Room"/ Jazz Theme), Bernard Herrmann ("Where is Everybody" and "Walking Distance"), Nathan Van Cleave ("I Sing The Body Electric"), Rene Garriguence (Jazz Theme), and Marius Constant (Main and End Titles).



The Legacy


As for the visionary face, voice, and legend behind the transformational series, Rod Serling’s reputation and legend remain forever encased in both bravado and tragedy. A workaholic and prolific chain smoker, Serling died prematurely on the slab of a surgical table of a massive, fatal heart attack, occurring during ten hours of coronary surgery, on June 28, 1975 in Rochester, New York. He had long ago relinquished all rights to the series he had created, and would never again achieve the fame and celebrity he derived as the on camera personification and sultry vocal inflection of these twilight excursions into the unknown. Rod Serling was fifty years old. Perhaps he succumbed to the beckoning imagery of a simpler, less complicated landscape in which frustration and regret might be tenderly enveloped by hope and infinite promise.

This tantalizing scenario is respectfully submitted for your approval, for his legacy grows undiminished with the misty passage of time, and echo’s in scarlet reverberations to be found only in…THE TWILIGHT ZONE.


This article has been reprinted with different graphics on this site:

The Thunder Child

See this site about the official tribute book:

TWILIGHT ZONE 50th anniversarary




Editor's Note:

In the now defunct Twilight Zone Magazine from March/April 1984, there was a list of favorite episodes from a Reader's Poll.

The Top 20 favorites are listed below with scores added after each title, except for stock" music from the CBS library, much of it composed by Bernard Herrmann.

-- Roger Hall, Film Music Review


In commenting about the series some years ago, Rod said, "We had some real turkeys, some fair ones, and some shows I'm really proud to have been a part of."
My feeling is that the program was at its best when it went beyond pure entertainment and dealt with timely issues and ideas, giving a gentle prod to the viewer and aking him think. If there is a lingering message to be found in The Twilight Zone, it is a reminder of man's inhumanity to man -- and a warning that the crime of the century is a lack of caring and the loss of our capacity for outrage.
-- Carol Serling, Associate Publisher

Here are the results of the Reader's Poll:

1. "Eye Of The Beholder" (a runaway favorite) -- music: Bernard Herrmann
2. "Time Enough At Last" -- music: Leith Stevens
3. "Nightmare At 20,000 Feet" -- music: stock
4. "To Serve Man" -- music: stock
5. "Night Of The Meek" -- music: stock
6. "It's A Good Life" -- music: stock
7. "Walking Distance" -- music: Bernard Herrmann
8. "A Stop At Willoughby" -- music: Nathan Scott
9. "The Invaders" -- music: Jerry Goldsmith
10. "The Monsters Are Due On Maple Street" -- music: Rene Garriguenc
11. "Living Doll" -- music: Bernard Herrmann
12. "Five Characters In Search Of An Exit" -- music: stock
13. "The After Hours" -- music: stock
14. "Kick The Can" -- music: stock
15. "The Obsolete Man" -- music: stock
16. "A Hundred Yards Over The Rim" -- music: Fred Steiner
17. "A World Of His Own" -- music: stock
18. "And When The Sky Was Opened" -- music: Leonard Rosenman
19. "Will The Real Martian Please Stand Up?" -- music: stock
20. "Death's Head Revisted" & "Nothing In The Dark" (tie) --
music: stock


What is your favorite music score from THE TWILIGHT ZONE?

Send the program title and composer (if known) to:


Rod Serling's THE TWILIGHT ZONE Magazine
(Sample Issues: April 1983, October 1983,
June 1984, April 1985 )





A 40th Anniversary Celebration
Charles Beaumont, George Clayton Johnson,
Richard Matheson, Jerry Sohl,
Harlan Ellison, Ray Bradbury


No. 75-76 (Oct - Jan 2000)


Recommended Books
Rod Serling



Rod Serling and The Twilight Zone: The Official 50th Anniversary Tribute

Rod Serling and The Twilight Zone: The Official 50th Anniversary Tribute
by Douglas Brode and Carol Serling


As Timeless As Infinity: The Complete Twilight Zone Scripts of Rod Serling
Vol. 5 (Hardcover)
by Carol Serling (Author), Tony Albarella (Editor)


Dimensions Behind the Twilight Zone:
A Backstage Tribute to Television's Groundbreaking Series (Paperback)
by Stewart T. Stanyard


The Twilight Zone Companion (Paperback)
by Marc Scott Zicree


The Twilight Zone:
Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic (Paperback)
by Martin Grams


CD Reviews

It was named Editor's Choice, Best CD of the Month for December 2007, and also received a Sammy Award for Best Restored Film Score of 2007

FAHRENHEIT 451 (1966) and "Walking Distance" (1959)

Music composed by Bernard Herrmann.
The Moscow Symphony Orchestra,
conducted by William Stromberg






MusicComposed and Conducted by Jerry Goldsmith





Listen to radio shows about the composer who contributed the most memorable scores to

CD: Bernard Herrmann On Radio
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