Tour Xtra

Combativity Classification

History

The Combativity Classification was introduced to award the most combative rider(s). There is no jersey to mark the leader in this classification. However, several years ago, a new way to mark the leader in this classification was introduced: he wears a white-on-red number on the back of his shirt, while all other riders wear black-on-white ones. This method is still being used.

Most Combative Riders 1953-2011

 

1953 Wout Wagtmans (Ned)

1954 Lucien Lazarides (Fra) &

            François Mahé (Fra) ex aequo

1955 Charly Gaul (Lux)

1956 André Darrigade (Fra)

1957 Nicolas Barone (Fra)

1958 André Darrigade (Fra)

1959 – Gérard Saint (Fra)

1960 Jean Graczyk (Fra)

1961 Ouest-sud-ouest (Fra) (team award)

1962 Eddy Pauwels (Bel)

1963 – Rik Van Looy (Bel)

1964 Henri Anglade (Fra)

1965 – Felice Gimondi (Ita)

1966 – Rudi Altig (FRG)

1967 – Désiré Letort (Fra)

1968 – Roger Pingeon (Fra)

1969 – Eddy Merckx (Bel)

1970 – Eddy Merckx (Bel)

1971 – Luis Ocaña (Esp)

1972 – Cyrille Guimard (Fra)

1973 – Luis Ocaña (Esp)

1974 – Eddy Merckx (Bel)

1975 Eddy Merckx (Bel)

1976 – Raymond Delisle (Fra)

1977 – Gerrie Knetemann (Ned)

1978 Paul Wellens (Bel)

1979 Hennie Kuiper (Ned) *

1980 – Christian Levavasseur (Fra)

1981 – Bernard Hinault (Fra)

1982 – Régis Clère (Fra)

1983 – Serge Demierre (Sui)

1984 – Bernard Hinault (Fra)

1985 – Maarten Ducrot (Ned)

1986 – Bernard Hinault (Fra)

1987 – Pedro Delgado (Esp)

Calculation 2012

 

Every day, a jury appoints one rider as the most combative one. On the final day, this jury announces the most combative rider of the entire Tour. This rider must have finished the Tour to be eligible for this title.

 

Before 2003, the jury awarded points for the most combative rider(s) and the daily points were accumulated into the General Combativity Classification.

The Red Jersey once marked the leader in the Intermediate Sprints Classification, which was first calculated in 1971, when Belgian Pieter Nassen won this competitions. The life of the Red Jersey itself was short: 1984-1989.

 

The first rider to receive a Red Jersey was Belgian Ludo Peeters. Because he was the keeper of the Yellow Jersey as well after the first stage of the 1984 Tour, number two Jacques Hanegraaf from the Netherlands wore the Red Jersey the next day. Hanegraaf later brought the jersey to Paris. See also Green Jersey.

Winners 1971-1989

 

1971 – Pieter Nassen (Bel)

1972 – Willy Teirlinck (Bel)

1973 – Marc Demeyer (Bel)

1974 – Barry Hoban (GBr)

1975 – Marc Demeyer (Bel)

1976 – Robert Mintkiewicz (Fra)

1977 – Pierre Villemaine (Fra)

1978 – Jacques Bossis (Fra)

1979 – Willy Teirlinck (Bel)

Intermediate Sprints Classification

1980 – Rudy Pevenage (Bel)

1981 – Freddy Maertens (Bel)

1982 – Sean Kelly (Irl)

1983 – Sean Kelly (Irl)

 

1984 – Jacques Hanegraaf (Ned)

1985 – Jef Lieckens (Bel)

1986 – Gerrit Solleveld (Ned)

1987 – Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle (Fra)

1988 – Frans Maassen (Ned)

1989 – Sean Kelly (Irl)

1988 – Jérôme Simon (Fra)

1989 – Laurent Fignon (Fra)

1990 – Eduardo Chozas (Esp)

1991 – Claudio Chiappucci (Ita)

1992 – Claudio Chiappucci (Ita)

1993 – Massimo Ghirotto (Ita)

1994 – Eros Poli (Ita)

1995 – Hernán Buenahora (Col)

1996 – Richard Virenque (Fra)

1997 – Richard Virenque (Fra)

1998 – Jacky Durand (Fra)

1999 – Jacky Durand (Fra)

2000 – Erik Dekker (Ned)

2001 – Laurent Jalabert (Fra)

2002 – Laurent Jalabert (Fra)

2003 – Alexandre Vinokourov (Kaz)

2004 – Richard Virenque (Fra)

2005 – Oscar Pereiro (Esp)

2006 – David De la Fuente (Esp)

2007Amets Txurruka (Esp)

2008Sylvain Chavanel (Fra)

2009 **

2010 Sylvain Chavanel (Fra)

2011 Jérémy Roy (Fra)

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Joop Zoetemelk (Ned) was declassified

** Franco Pellizotti (Ita) was disqualified because of blood value irregularities, no new winner was appointed

1 Sean Kelly (Irl)

2 Willy Teirlinck (Bel)

— Marc Demeyer (Bel)

3

2
2

1982-1983-1989

1972-1979

1973-1975

Most Sprints Classification wins per rider

(includes period 1971-1983, when no Red Jersey was awarded)

Thanks to Pieter van den Akker for some of this info