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Sial Sharif is a village in the Sargodha District of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in Sahiwal Tehsil and lies 48 km (30 miles) away from the city of Sargodha, about midway on the Sargodha-Jhang road. Its population is about 1,100 people (1998). The local language is Punjabi.
Sial Sharif is famous for the Sufi shrine of Khwajah Muhammad Shamsuddin Sialvi, popularly known as Pir Sial, who was a waliullah (saint) belonging to the Chishti order. His descendants, all of whom are believed to have reached the highest levels of sainthood (one of them is explicitly designated by the title Qutb-al-Aqtab), are also buried in the same shrine.
Today the Khanqah (Zawya, i.e. Sufi convent) of Sial Sharif is counted among the foremost Chishti centres of the Punjab, and indeed of the whole Indian subcontinent. Many spiritual personalities are or have been associated with Sial Sharif. Most notably, Pir Meher Ali Shah of Golra Sharif, the famous saint of the 20th century, was a faithful murid (disciple) of Pir Sial of Sial Sharif. Hazrat Pir Syed Haider Ali Shah sb, astana Aalia Jalal-Pur Shareef, These two were most prominent mureed of Pir Sial Lajjpal also so many others like Pir Muhammad Karam Shah Al-Azhari of Bhera Sharif and Hazrat Molvi Abdul Ghani Chisti of Bareela Sharif.
To this day, the Islamic spiritual tradition is very much alive in this (Nizami) branch of the Chishti order. Its barakah (spiritual influence, blessing) is experienced by tens of thousands of disciples and visitors. Every Friday, scores of devotees travel long distances just to attend the Jumu'ah prayer there and obtain some blessings from the Holy Shrine.
Attached to the spiritual centre (referred to as Darbaar, i.e. court) at Sial Sharif there is also a religious school (madrasa). Many other religious schools and mosques, scattered throughout Pakistan, are affiliated to the Darbaar of Sial Sharif. The Darbaar at Sial Sharif is closely linked to many other spiritual centres, including the Darbar at Bhera Sharif.
Hazrat Khawaja Shams-ud-din Sialvi
This great waliullah (saint) of 19th centuary was born in 1799 AD (1214 AH); and he was born of a religious family in the Shahpur district of Punjab (now known as Sargodha distrcit). The parents selected the name Shams al-Din for their newborn son. Later on, he became famous as Shams al-‘Arifin (the sun of the gnostics, i.e. those who possess true knowledge of Allah). This is an appellation by which the grand Shaykh of Sial, Khawaja Muhammad Shams al-Din Sialvi is known. He is Alwi by genealogy, being a descendant of the fourth Khalifah Ali Ibn Abi Talib (however, he is not a discendant of Hz Fatimah al-Zahra).
Long before Hz Sham-ud-din's birth, a great waliullah of Multan by the name of Ghaus Baha -ul-Haq Zakarya Multani, while traveling to Bhera, got down from his horse when he was right at the place where now the tomb of Khwaja Shams-ud-din Sialvi is situated, picked handful of soil and kissed it. His disciples were astonished by this gesture. Upon their insistence, he revealed to them that a Ghaus would be born there. He had become the haafiz-e-Quran (one who has learned Quran by heart) at the age of 7 years and went to some of the renowned institutions to get religious education. He went as far as Kabul where he was awarded Sand-e-Hadith (certification of hadith). The most important of his journeys was to Taunsa Sharif (Distt. Dera Ghazi Khan), where he became a devotees (Mureed, Devoted follower) of Khawja Shah Suleiman Taunsvi
He went to Mecca twice to perform pilgrimage (Hajj). He was a staunch follower of Quran and Sunnah. His teachings played an important role in reviving the spirit of Islam in Muslims in the face of the challenges posed by Christians missionaries and oppression by Sikhs.
He established an institute for religious education-he himself used to teach there. Some of his students went to become known Islamic scholars in the subcontinent. Miraat Ul Ashqeen is famous book based on his sayings and unique thoughts. After his death his son Khawja Allama Muhammad Ud Din Sialvi was granted "Khilafat" by Peer Pathan of Tonsa Sharif. As a "Sajada Nasheen" he fulfilled all his duties and did his best in serving Islam. He was a torch bearer of "Khandan e Chisht". Hazrat Khawja Shams-ud-din Sialvi died on 24th of Safar 1300 A.H (4 January 1883 AD).
He was buried in Sial Sharif, where his grave is visited by tens of thousands of visitors every year.
Spiritual Genealogy (Shajarah) of the silsilah Chistiyah Nizamiayh Sialviyah
Shams-ud-din was a disciple and Khalifa of Khwaja Muhammad Sulaiman Taunsvi in the Silsila-e-Chishtia Nizamiyah. The following is the shajarah (spiritual genealogy) of the Sialvi silsilah:
- Muhammad(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
- Ali ibn Abu Talib (karrama Allah wajhahu)
- Khwaja Hasan al-Basri
- Khwaja Abdul Waahid Bin Zaid
- Khwaja Fuzeel Ibn-e-Ayaaz
- Khwaja Sultan Ibrahim Bin Adham
- Khwaja Sadeed-ud-din
- Khwaja Ameen-ud-din
- Khwaja Mumshaad
- Khwaja Abi Ishaq Shami Chishti
- Khwaja Syed Abi Ahmad Abdal Chishti
- Khwaja Syed Abi Muhammad Chishti
- Khwaja Syed Nasir-ud-din Chishti
- Khwaja Syed Qutb-ud-din Maudud Chishti
- Khwaja Makhdum Haji Sharif
- Khwaja Usman Harooni
- Khwaja Syed Moin-ud-din Chishti of Ajmer Sharif
- Khwaja Syed Qutb-ud-din Bakhtiar Kaki
- Khwaja Baba Fareed-ud-din Ganjshakar
- Khwaja Syed Nizaam-ud-din Awlia
- Khwaja Naseer-ud-din Charagh-e-Delhi
- Khwaja Kamaal-ud-din
- Khwaja Siraaj-ud-din
- Khwaja I’lm-ud-din
- Khwaja Mehmood Rajan
- Khwaja Jamaal-ud-din Juman
- Khwaja Jamaal-ud-din Hasan Muhammad Nuri
- Khwaja Qutb Shams-ud-din Muhammad
- Khwaja Muhammad
- Khwaja Kaleem Ullah Jahanabadi
- Khwaja Nizaam-ud-din Aurongabadi
- Khwaja Fakhr-ud-din
- Khwaja Nur Muhammad Mahaarvi
- Khwaja Muhammad Sulaiman Taunsvi
- Khwaja Shams-ud-din Sialvi (Pir Sial of Sial Sharif)
The most well known "Khulafa" (appointed successors) of Hazrat Khawja Shams Ud Din Sialvi were;
- Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad of Naushera;
- Khawja Per Mehr Ali Shah Sahb Golra Sharif;
- Qazi Mian Ahmed Sahb;
- Khawja Muazam-ud-din Sahb Muazamabadi;
- Ameer Shah Sahb Bhervi;
- Khawja Syed Ghulam Haider Shah Jalalpuri;
- Khawja Syed Muhammad Saeed Shah Zanjani Lahorvi;
- Khawja Syed Muhammad Hasan Shah Gilani;
- Khawja Syed Niaz Ali Sahb Gardezi;
- Mirza Nawab Baig Sahb Delhvi; and
- Mulla Khushnud Yusafzai Sahb (Kabul).
- Ghareeb Niwaz Aziz-ud-Din Chacharwi
Descendants and Sajjada Nashins
- Khawja Muhammad Din.
Khawja Muhammad Din was a son of Khwaja Muhammad Shams Din and succeeded him as head of the Sial Sharif shrine on his demise. After Khawaja Shams al-‘Arifin, his son, Khawaja Muhammad Din, sat upon the spiritual seat as an embodiment of the qualities of his noble father. He gave this movement of his noble father further strength and energy.
- Khawja Muhammad Zia-ud-Din
Khawja Muhammad Zia-al-Din of Sial Sharif was a son of Khwaja Muhammad Din and succeeded him as head of the Sial Sharif shrine on his demise in 1909.
- Khawja Muhammad Qamar-ud-Din
He was born on 7 July 1906 in Sialsharif. He was the eldest son of Zia-ud-din Sialvi. He became the president of Sargodha Muslim League. He went to all corners of subcontinent to vote for the Muslim League in the election of 1946. He particularly walked along with Pir of Zakori in NWFP to vote for Pakistan in the referandum of 1947. In the Indo-Pak war of 1965 he donated all the ornaments of his family to Pakistan Army. In 1970 he became the president of Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan. He was nominated member of Islamic Ideology Council, twice. He died on July 20, 1981. He was awarded Tamgha-e-Imtiaz(Medal of Distinction) by president of Pakistan in 1981.
- Khawja Hamid-ud-Din
Khawja Hamid-ud-Din Sialvi is eldest son of Khawja Qamar-ud-Din Sialvi and the present-day Sajjadah Nashin of Sial Sharif Sharine. He can be credited for much of the development to Darbar and the relevant Masjid(though funds are provided by the followers or Mureedeen of Sial Sharif) which has made available much larger space for offering prayers. This development includes construction of a new Langar Khana(a place where anyone can have a free meal) which is serving the needy even better.
Madrissah and Daar ul Uloom Zia Shams ul Islam
Hazrat Khwaja Shams ud Din Sialvi established a Madrissah at Sial Sharif which is still performing its duties towards the society. At present, around 100 students are enrolled for Degree of Hafiz. Each year degrees are awarded to the successful students in a ceremony held at the Darbar presided by the Sajjada Nashin himself. Numerous students became Hafiz at Sial Sharif Madrissah in its history stretching beyond a century. All the necessities(like food, residence, electricity etc.) are provided free of cost to every student. Khwaja Qamar ud Din Sialvi established Zia Shams ul Islam(Sial Sharif) to spread teachings of Islam (the land was provided by a follower of Sial Sharif). The institute has been working for last four decades and providing Islamic and other education free for all. There are basically two departments of the Institute, School & College and Dars e Nizamia. Students in School and College get education which is prevailing in the education system of the government. Dars e Nizamia is entirely devoted for Islamic education. There is a hostel for both the departments and all the facilities are provided free to every student. Few years ago, another department was built for the female students and which has seen ever growing response from Sial Sharif and its nearby villages. All the facilities which are available to male students are also available to female students (and free too). There are some three hundred students in the female department.
- "The Gnostic of Siyal". Mihpirzada.com. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
- "The Gnostic of Siyal, By Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al-Azhari". Mihpirzada.com. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Mihr-e-munīr: biography of Ḥaḍrat Syed Pīr Meher Alī Shāh ( in English). Books.google.com. 2002-01-01. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Hazrat Khawja Muhammad Qamar-al-Din[dead link]
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