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Obligations
A binding agreement that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future.
Disbursements
Amounts paid by federal agencies, by cash or cash equivalent, during the fiscal year to liquidate government obligations.

Foreign Assistance Fast Facts: FY2011

  • The United States remained the world's largest bilateral donor, obligating approximately $49.6 billion—$31.7 billion in economic assistance and $17.9 billion in military assistance. By comparison, the United States obligated $37.4 billion and $14.5 billion, respectively, in FY2010.
  • Of the $31.7 billion in obligated U.S. economic assistance, $20.8 billion went to 173 countries; the rest was obligated to non-specified regions. Afghanistan received the most, approximately $2.7 billion, while Malta received the least, just $1,910.
  • Of the $31.0 billion in U.S. economic assistance disbursed, $21.8 billion went to 179 countries; while $15.7 billion of the $15.8 billion in military assistance disbursed went to 150 countries.

FY2011 Top 10 Recipients

  • Afghanistan remained the top recipient of total U.S. economic and military assistance—both obligations and disbursements—for a fourth consecutive year. Iraq had held the top spot FY2003–FY2007.
  • Haiti returned to the top ten list of recipients for obligations, yet failed to remain on the top ten list for disbursements. However, West Bank/Gaza returned to the top ten disbursements list, after having dropped off in FY2010.
Top 10 Recipients of U.S. Economic and Military Assistance ObligaitonTop 10 Recipients of U.S. Economic and Military Assistace Disbursements

Economic Assistance

Funding

  • Nineteen U.S. government agencies funded foreign assistance activities.
  • The five primary agencies providing bilateral foreign assistance are the
    • Department of State,
    • U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID),
    • Department of the Treasury (Treasury),
    • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and
    • Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
    Combined, these five agencies accounted for about 92 percent of total economic assistance (obligations).
U.S. Economic Assistance by Funding Agency
FY2011 U.S. Economic Assistance by Funding Agency
(in $US millions)
Funding agency Obligations Disbursements
Department of State 12,505 10,872
U.S. Agency for International Development 11,185 11,324
Department of the Treasurya 2,034 2,045
Department of Agriculture 1,962 1,930
Department of Health and Human Services 1,509 1,014
Department of Defense 888 652
Millennium Challenge Corporation 746 1,591
Peace Corps 390 396
Department of the Interior 325 233
Department of Labor 52 52
Trade and Development Agency 41 41
African Development Foundation 35 33
Inter-American Foundation 23 24
Environmental Protection Agency 22 22
Department of Justice 6 5
Department of Commerce 5 4
Department of Transportation 0 0
Federal Trade Commission 0 0
Department of Energy 0 726
SOURCE: USAID Foreign Assistance Database (http://gbk.eads.usaidallnet.gov/).
a. Over 98 percent of the Department of Treasury's economic assistance obligations and disbursements are U.S. contributions to multilateral organizations.
Prepared by USAID Economic Analysis and Data Services.

Recipients—By Region (obligations)

  • Sub-Saharan Africa received the largest share of economic assistance—29 percent.
  • Of the 40 countries that received over $100 million in economic assistance, 21 were in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Of the 173 countries that received economic assistance,
    • 49 were in Sub-Saharan Africa,
    • 39 were in Europe and Eurasia (E&E),
    • 37 were in Asia,
    • 30 were in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC),
    • 17 were in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and
    • 1 (Canada) was non-regionally specified.
U.S. Economic Assistance by Region
FY2011 Top 5 Recipients by Region of U.S. Economic Assistance
(Obligations, in $US millions)
Country 2010 2011
Asia
Afghanistan 4,442 2,659
Pakistan 1,997 1,027
Philippines 203 584
Indonesia 313 229
Bangladesh 233 218
Europe and Eurasia
Ukraine 304 99
Kosovo 169 95
Georgia 420 95
Russia 419 89
Kyrgyzstan 115 52
Latin America and the Caribbean
Haiti 1,408 1,261
Mexico 621 318
Colombia 669 276
Guatemala 162 154
Peru 189 129
Middle East and North Africa
Iraq 1,082 1,184
Jordan 463 532
West Bank/Gaza 693 464
Egypt 397 173
Lebanon 156 116
Sub-Saharan Africa
Kenya 823 1,030
South Africa 570 755
Ethiopia 988 606
Tanzania 548 559
Sudan 873 535
SOURCE: USAID Foreign Assistance Database (http://gbk.eads.usaidallnet.gov/).
Prepared by USAID Economic Analysis and Data Services.

Recipients—By World Bank Income Group (obligations)

  • Low income countries received nearly a third of all U.S. economic assistance, more than any other income group.
U.S. Economic Assistance by Income Group
FY2011 Top 5 Recipients by Income Group of U.S. Economic Assistance
(Obligations, in $US millions)
Country 2010 2011
Low Income
Afghanistan 4,442 2,659
Haiti 1,408 1,261
Kenya 823 1,030
Ethiopia 988 606
Tanzania 548 559
Lower-Middle Income
Iraq 1,082 1,184
Pakistan 1,997 1,027
Philippines 203 584
Sudan 873 535
Nigeria 460 519
Upper-Middle Income
South Africa 570 755
Jordan 463 532
Mexico 621 318
Colombia 669 276
Peru 189 129
High Income
Japan 1 93
Israel 36 31
Canada 26 27
Ireland 0 17
Barbados 1 9
SOURCE: USAID Foreign Assistance Database (http://gbk.eads.usaidallnet.gov/).
NOTE: World Bank Income Groups divide economies according to 2011 GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. The groups are:
  • low income, $1,025 or less;
  • lower-middle income, $1,026–4,035;
  • upper-middle income, $4,036–12,475; and
  • high income, $12,476 or more.
Prepared by USAID Economic Analysis and Data Services.

Implementing Partners (Channel of Aid Delivery)

Funding agencies may choose to implement aid programs themselves or work with other organizations as implementing partners through contracts or other binding agreements. The U.S. government and multilateral organizations—such as the World Bank, United Nations, and World Trade Organization—implement roughly 3 out of each 4 dollars (77 percent) of total U.S. economic assistance (obligations).

U.S. Economic Assistance by Implementing Partner Type