Common name: Quad Cities
|Largest city||Davenport, Iowa|
|Population||Ranked 135th in the U.S.|
|– Density||163.19/sq. mi.
|Area||2,314 sq. mi.
|– Highest point||850 feet (259 m)|
|– Lowest point||590 feet (180 m)|
The Quad Cities is a group of five cities straddling the Mississippi River on the Iowa–Illinois boundary, in the United States. These cities, Davenport and Bettendorf (in Iowa) and Rock Island, Moline, and East Moline (in Illinois), are the center of the Quad Cities Metropolitan Area, which, as of 2012, had a population estimate of 382,630. The Quad Cities is midway between Minneapolis on the north and St. Louis on the south; Chicago on the east and Des Moines on the west. The area's 300-mile market of nearly 36.5 million people comprises around 12% of the nation's population. This makes it the largest 300-mile market west of Chicago.
The name "Quad Cities" for a group of five has resulted from the history of the community.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Landmarks
- 4 Noteworthy companies
- 5 Top employers
- 6 Notable citizens
- 7 Colleges and universities
- 8 Culture
- 9 Media
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Airlines and destinations
- 12 Sports teams
- 13 Sports
- 14 See also
- 15 Notes
- 16 References
- 17 External links
History[edit source | edit]
Early history[edit source | edit]
Before European settlers came to inhabit the Quad Cities, the confluence of rivers had attracted many varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who used the waterways and riverbanks for their settlements for thousands of years. At the time of European encounter, it was a home and principal trading place of the Sauk and Fox tribes of Native Americans. Saukenuk was the principal village of the Sauk tribe and birthplace of its 19th-century war chief, Black Hawk. In 1832, Sauk chief Keokuk and General Winfield Scott signed a treaty in Davenport after the US defeated the Sauk and their allies in the Black Hawk War. The treaty resulted in the Native Americans' ceding 6 million acres (24,000 km²) of land to the United States in exchange for a much smaller reservation elsewhere. Black Hawk State Historic Site in Rock Island preserves part of historic Saukenuk and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The history of urban settlements in the Quad-Cities was stimulated by riverboat traffic. For fourteen miles (21 km) between LeClaire, Iowa, and Rock Island, the Mississippi River flowed across a series of finger-like rock projections protruding from either bank. These rapids were difficult for steamboats to traverse. As demand for river-based transportation increased along the upper Mississippi, the navigability of the river throughout the "Rock Island Rapids" became a greater concern. Over time, a minor industry grew up in the area to meet the steamboats' needs. Boats needed rest areas to stop before encountering the rapids, places to hire expert pilots such as Phillip Suiter, who was the first licensed pilot on the upper Mississippi River, to guide the boat through the rocky waters, or, when the water was low, places where goods could be removed and transported by wagon on land past the Rapids. (Today, the troublesome rocks are submerged six feet underwater by a lake formed by two locks and dams.)
As the Industrial Revolution developed in the United States, many enterprising industrialists looked to the Mississippi River as a promising source of water power. The combination of energy and easy access to river transportation attracted entrepreneurs and industrialists to the Quad Cities for development. In 1848, John Deere moved his plough business to Moline. His business was incorporated as Deere & Company in 1868. Deere & Company is the largest employer today in the Quad Cities.
The first railroad bridge built across the Mississippi River connected Davenport and Rock Island in 1856. It was built by the Rock Island Railroad Company, and replaced the slow seasonal ferry service and winter ice bridges as the primary modes of transportation across the river. Steamboaters saw the nationwide railroads as a threat to their business. On May 6, 1856, just weeks after completion of the bridge, an angry steamboater crashed the Effie Afton into it. John Hurd, the owner of the Effie Afton, filed a lawsuit against The Rock Island Railroad Company. The Rock Island Railroad Company selected Abraham Lincoln as their trial lawyer and won after he took the case to the US Supreme Court. Phillip Suiter was one of his expert witnesses. It was a pivotal trial in Lincoln's career.
Evolution of an identity[edit source | edit]
After the Civil War the region began to gain a common identity. The river towns that were thoughtfully planned and competently led flourished while other settlements, usually get-rich-quick schemes for speculators, failed to pan out. By the time of World War I, the towns of Davenport, Rock Island, and Moline had begun to style themselves as the Tri-Cities, a cluster of three more-or-less equally sized river communities growing around the small bend of the Mississippi River where it flows west. But with the growth of Rock Island County, during the 1930s the term Quad Cities came into vogue, as East Moline was given "equal status." Then, with the opening of an Alcoa plant east of Davenport in 1948, the town of Bettendorf underwent so much growth that many people in the community discussed the adoption of the name Quint Cities. And indeed, eventually Bettendorf passed East Moline in size. But by this time, the name "Quad Cities" had become known well beyond the area, and "Quint Cities" never caught on, despite the efforts of WOC-TV (as KWQC-TV was then called) and others.
1980s–current[edit source | edit]
Beginning in the late 1970s, economic conditions caused major industrial restructuring, which disrupted the basis of the region's economy. The major companies, agricultural manufacturers, ceased or scaled back operations in the Quad Cities. Factories which closed included International Harvester in Rock Island and Case IH in Bettendorf. Moline-based John Deere cut its labor headcount by one half. Later in the 1980s, Caterpillar Inc. closed its factories at Mount Joy and Bettendorf.
Since the 1990s, the Quad Cities governments, businesses, non-profits and residents have worked hard to redevelop the region. They have achieved national attention for their accomplishments.
Examples of revitalization and rebirth:
- Davenport's River Renaissance (a downtown revitalization project that includes a River Music History Center), an ag-tech venture capital campus, and the Figge Art Museum opened or were completed during the first decade of the 21st century.
- Moline has invested in what was once a robust downtown. The "John Deere Commons" and i wireless Center (formerly "The MARK of the Quad Cities") both opened during the 1990s.
- In 2007, Davenport and Rock Island competed for and won the title of "most livable small city" from the National Council of Mayors, based upon an unfunded proposal called RiverVision.
- In 2008 Bettendorf was ranked by CNN as one of the ten best places to buy a house in the United States.
- In 2010, The Quad Cities was named "The Most Affordable Metro" by Forbes magazine.
- In 2012, Davenport housing market ranked 2nd in the nation beating the housing bubble, due to its lack of foreclosures and their low unemployment.
- In 2012, the Quad Cities Metropolitan Area was ranked among the fastest-growing areas in the nation in the growth of high-tech jobs.
Geography[edit source | edit]
The Quad Cities are located at the confluence of the Rock and Mississippi rivers, approximately 180 miles (290 km) west of Chicago, and is the largest metropolitan area along the Mississippi River between Minneapolis–Saint Paul and the St. Louis metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses the Mississippi River here. The Quad Cities area is distinctive because the Mississippi River flows from east to west as it passes through the heart of the area; the Iowa cities of Davenport and Bettendorf are located due north of Rock Island and Moline, respectively.
The Quad Cities area is one where the telephone companies cooperate with regional phone calls. Iowa and Illinois have different area codes (563 and 309 respectively), yet most calls originating and terminating within the core urban area are placed without long-distance charges by dialing just a 7-digit number. This helps the bi-state area promote itself as a single community, "joined by a river."
The Quad Cities Metropolitan Area consists of four counties: Scott County in Iowa and Henry, Mercer, and Rock Island counties in Illinois. The Quad City metro population is 381,342. The Quad Cities Metropolitan Area is also considered part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis.
|Climate data for Quad Cities (Quad City International Airport), 1981–2010 normals|
|Record high °F (°C)||69
|Average high °F (°C)||31.0
|Average low °F (°C)||14.3
|Record low °F (°C)||−27
|Precipitation inches (mm)||1.51
|Snowfall inches (cm)||9.8
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||9.0||8.7||10.1||11.0||11.7||10.5||9.8||9.7||8.2||9.1||9.8||10.1||117.8|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||7.3||5.8||3.1||0.8||0||0||0||0||0||0||1.8||6.8||25.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||148.8||155.3||179.8||210.0||254.2||285.0||300.7||272.8||222.0||192.2||123.0||114.7||2,458.5|
|Source: NOAA (extremes 1874–present), HKO (sun only, 1961−1990) |
Landmarks[edit source | edit]
- Antique Archeology from the History Channel show American Pickers is located in LeClaire.
- Brady Street Stadium, a major high-school sports venue along Davenport's Brady Street (U.S. 61).
- Davenport Skybridge
- Figge Art Museum, Davenport, formerly the Davenport Museum of Art, designed by British architect David Chipperfield and opened in 2005. Its holdings include extensive collections of Haitian, Colonial Mexican and Midwestern art, particularly pieces by Thomas Hart Benton, Marvin Cone and Grant Wood, and personal effects from Wood's estate.
- Fred Schwengel Memorial Bridge, a four-lane steel-girder bridge on Interstate 80, crossing the Mississippi River to connect LeClaire and Rapids City. Opened in 1966.
- Government Bridge, a double-decked bridge adjacent to Locks and Dam 15, carrying motor and rail traffic between Arsenal Island and Davenport. The 1896 truss bridge, about 1,950 feet long, includes a 360-degree swing span over the twin locks. It connects to the Illinois side of the river via the Rock Island Viaduct.
- Mississippi Valley Fairgrounds, a fair and exposition venue in Davenport.
- Iowa 80 Truck Stop – The world's largest truck stop is along Interstate 80 near Walcott, Iowa, west of Davenport.
- i wireless Center – 11,000-seat arena in Moline (formerly The MARK of the Quad Cities).
- Interstate 74 Bridge, formerly known as the Iowa-Illinois Memorial Bridge, connecting Bettendorf and Moline. The twin suspension spans across the Mississippi River were built in 1935 and 1959 and adapted to carry Interstate 74 in the early 1970s. The twinned towers are a symbol of the two-state Quad-Cities community. The bridge is set to be replaced with 8 lanes.
- John Deere Pavilion, a small museum and showcase for John Deere equipment, built adjacent to the John Deere Commons in the 1990s in downtown Moline.
- John Deere World Headquarters, designed by Eero Saarinen and completed in 1963 in Moline.
- The John Looney Mansion, designed and built in 1897 for the Attorney/Publisher/Gangster John Looney in Rock Island which still stands off 20th Street and 17th Avenue.
- Lock and Dam No. 15, a 1,200-foot roller dam with twin locks across the Mississippi River between Arsenal Island and Davenport. The roller dam, billed as the longest of its type, maintains a pool upstream that allows river traffic to pass through the once notorious Rock Island Rapids.
- Modern Woodmen Park, formerly John O'Donnell Stadium, home of the Houston Astros Class A affiliate Quad Cities River Bandits, on the Davenport riverfront. With the lights of Rock Island across the Mississippi and the Centennial Bridge looming just beyond the right-field fence, the park was named by USA Today as one of 10 great places for a baseball pilgrimage.
- Old Main, completed in 1888, oldest building on the campus of Augustana College. Located on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River, its iconic and newly renovated dome will be lighted as of October 2011.
- Putnam Museum in Davenport
- Quad City Botanical Center in Rock Island.
- Quad City-style pizza, a famous pizza style which originates from the Quad Cities
- Quad Cities Waterfront Convention Center, located in Bettendorf.
- RiverCenter/Adler Theatre, a convention and performing-arts complex in Davenport. The 2,400-seat Adler is the former RKO Orpheum Theater, which opened in 1931, designed by A.S. Graven of Chicago, whose projects included the Drake Hotel in Chicago and the Paramount Theater in New York City. The theater was extensively renovated and expanded in 1984–86 and 2005.
- River Music Experience, a performance, education and music-history venue in the Redstone Building, the former Petersen Harned Von Maur department store.
- Rock Island Arsenal, manufacturer of military equipment and ordnance since the 1880s, now the largest government-owned weapons manufacturing arsenal in the United States. The arsenal is located on Arsenal Island (formerly known as Rock Island) in the Mississippi River between Davenport, Iowa, and Rock Island, Illinois. Fort Armstrong was built there in 1816. During the Civil War, the island held a Union prison camp for Confederate soldiers. The Federal-style home of Colonel George Davenport, built in 1833–34, the oldest extant building in the Quad Cities, is on the north bank of the island.
- Rock Island Centennial Bridge over the Mississippi River between downtown Davenport and Rock Island, completed in 1940 to commemorate Rock Island's 100th anniversary. The five arches of the 3,853-foot through-arch bridge often are used as a symbol of the Quad Cities.
- Rock Island County Fairgrounds in East Moline, also the site of the Quad City Speedway.
- Rock Island Auction Company from the Discovery Channel show Ready, Aim, Shoot
- Vander Veer Botanical Park
- The Col Ballroom, a small arena for music concerts, in Davenport.
- The Quarter – a 90-acre (360,000 m2) site in East Moline, alongside the Mississippi River, featuring shops, restaurants, condominiums, boat docks, sports and interpretive centers, and a working lighthouse, currently under development. (Geographical coordinates: )
- Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Freight House, referred to locally as The Freight House, is an entertainment venue
Noteworthy companies[edit source | edit]
- Genesis Systems Group
- Deere and Company (also known as/branded: John Deere)
- Genesis Health System
- Group O
- Happy Joe's
- Hungry Hobo
- KJWW Engineering Consultants
- KONE, Inc (formerly Montgomery Elevator)
- Lee Enterprises
- Lewis Machine and Tool Company
- Modern Woodmen of America
- Nestle Purina PetCare
- QCR Holdings
- Sears Seating (also known as Sears Manufacturing)
- Von Maur
- Whitey's Ice Cream
- YASH Technologies
Top employers[edit source | edit]
According to Quad Cities website, the top employers in the Quad Cities area are:
|Rank||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Rock Island Arsenal||8,500|
|2||Deere and Company||7,300|
|3||Genesis Health System||4,900|
|4||HNI Corporation/The Hon Company/Allsteel||3,200|
|5||Trinity Regional Health System||2,900|
|6||Tyson Fresh Meats||2,400|
|9||Kraft Foods/Oscar Mayer||1,500|
Notable citizens[edit source | edit]
Colleges and universities[edit source | edit]
- Augustana College – A private, four-year liberal arts college in Rock Island.
- Bible Missionary Institute - A Bible college in Rock Island affiliated with the Bible Missionary Church.
- Black Hawk College – Community college in Moline, with a satellite campus in Kewanee, Illinois.
- Eastern Iowa Community College District - Consisting of campuses in Bettendorf, Clinton, and Muscatine. Bettendorf's campus is known as Scott Community College.
- Hamilton Technical College – A college in Davenport.
- Kaplan University – A satellite campus in Davenport.
- La'James International College A satellite campus in Davenport and East Moline.
- Midwest Technical Institute - A satellite campus in Moline.
- Palmer Chiropractic College – Davenport, first chiropractic school in the world.
- Saint Ambrose University- A university in Davenport.
- Upper Iowa University - A satellite campus in Bettendorf.
- Western Illinois University-Quad Cities – A satellite campus district in Moline being constructed along the riverfront at the former site of the 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) John Deere Technical Site.
Culture[edit source | edit]
Since 1916, the region has supported the Quad City Symphony Orchestra, which presents a year-round schedule of concerts at the Adler Theatre in Davenport and Centennial Hall in Rock Island. The Handel Oratorio Society, dating to 1880, is the second-oldest organization of its kind in the nation and presents annual performances of "Messiah" along with another major work for choir and orchestra. The Augustana Choir, founded at Rock Island's Augustana College in 1934, is one of the nation's leading collegiate choruses. Nova Singers, a professional 20-voice chorus, celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2011. Major outdoor summer music festivals include the Bix Beiderbecke Memorial Jazz Festival and Mississippi Valley Blues Festival. The Quad-Cities' three traditional community theaters – Playcrafters (founded in 1920, comedies and dramas) and Quad City Music Guild (1948, musicals) in Moline, and Genesius guild (1957, outdoor Shakespeare and Greek comedies and tragedies) in Rock Island – were joined in 1976 by Circa '21 Dinner Playhouse, a professional dinner theater in downtown Rock Island's historic Fort Theatre. In recent years the theater scene has burgeoned, adding three small professional companies in Davenport – New Ground, Harrison Hilltop and the Curtainbox – plus a resident professional ballet company, Ballet Quad Cities. Other area community theaters included the itinerant Prenzie Players, who specialize in nontraditional productions of Shakespeare and other verse theater, the Richmond Hill Players in Geneseo, Ill., and Countryside Community Theatre in Eldridge, Iowa. St. Ambrose University in Davenport hosts the leading theater company on the collegiate scene, which also includes active programs at Augustana College, Black Hawk College in Moline and Scott Community College in Bettendorf. The city of Davenport's Junior Theatre program has been in operation since the 1950s. ComedySportz Quad Cities recently celebrated their 21st anniversary of bringing family-friendly improv comedy to the area at their new landmark home, The Establishment Theatre (formally The Rocket Theater) in The District of Rock Island.Bluebox Limited is a Bettendorf-based film production company, and many outside productions companies have filmed movies in the Quad Cities in recent years. Great River Digital Production Studios is located In Rock Island. Historic buildings and sites listed on state and the National Register of Historic Places interpret the history of people's settlement and lives in the area.
Media[edit source | edit]
Also in 2012, the PBS Frontline documentary Poor Kids was filmed in and around the Quad Cities showing poverty from a child's perspective.
Transportation[edit source | edit]
Four interstate highways serve the Quad Cities: Interstate 80, Interstate 280, Interstate 74 serve both states while Interstate 88 serves just Illinois. United States highways include U.S. Route 6 and U.S. Route 67 which run through both Iowa and Illinois, while U.S. Route 61 serves just Iowa and U.S. Route 150 serves just Illinois.
A total of five bridges accessible by automobiles connect Iowa with Illinois in the Quad Cities across the Mississippi River. The Fred Schwengel Memorial Bridge carries Interstate 80 and connects Le Claire, Iowa, with Rapids City, Illinois. Continuing downstream, the I-74 Bridge connects Bettendorf, Iowa, with Moline, Illinois, and is the busiest bridge with an average of 70,400 cars a day. The Government Bridge connects Downtown Davenport with the Rock Island Arsenal. Three bridges connect Davenport with Rock Island, Illinois; The Rock Island Centennial Bridge, The Crescent Rail Bridge, and the furthest downstream bridge, the Sergeant John F. Baker, Jr. Bridge which carries I-280.
Several state highways also serve the area. Iowa Highway 22 is on Davenport's southwest side and runs west through the county, while Iowa Highway 130 runs along Northwest Boulevard on Davenport's north edge. Illinois Route 5 (John Deere Road) runs from Rock Island east till it runs into Interstate 88. Illinois Route 92 runs along the Mississippi River, while Illinois Route 84 runs along the east side of Rock Island County. Illinois Route 192 connects Highway 92 with Illinois Route 94 near Taylor Ridge. The Chicago – Kansas City Expressway also serves the area along Interstates 74, 80, and 88.
There are three transit operators in the Quad Cities with limited interconnection between them. Rock Island County Metropolitan Mass Transit District (Quad Cities MetroLINK) serves the Illinois cities of Rock Island, Moline, East Moline, Milan, Silvis, Carbon Cliff, Hampton and Colona. It has 12 routes and a fleet of about 52 buses. It operates a river craft during summer months. In Iowa, Davenport Citibus has 13 fixed routes and operates 20 buses, six days a week and Bettendorf Transit operates five routes, Monday–Saturday, and has eight buses.
Amtrak currently does not serve the Quad Cities. The closest station is about 50 miles (80 km) away in Galesburg, Illinois. In 2008, the two current United States Senators from Iowa, Tom Harkin and Chuck Grassley, Illinois Senator Dick Durbin, and former Senator Barack Obama sent a letter to Amtrak asking them to begin plans to bring rail service to the Quad Cities. In October 2010, a $230 million federal fund was announced that will bring Amtrak service to the Quad Cities, with a new line running from Moline to Chicago. They hope to have the line completed in 2015, and offer two round trips daily to Chicago. In December 2011, the federal government awarded $177 million in funding for the Amtrak connection. It will establish passenger rail for the first time since the 1970s.
The Quad Cities are served by the Quad City International Airport, Illinois' third-busiest airport, located in Moline. The airport is marketed as a regional alternative to the larger airports in Chicago, nearly 200 miles (320 km) away. The smaller Davenport Municipal Airport is the home of the Quad City Air Show.
Airlines and destinations[edit source | edit]
|AirTran Airways||Fort Myers, Orlando||B|
|Allegiant Air||Las Vegas, Phoenix/Mesa, Tampa/St. Pete||B|
|American Eagle||Dallas/Fort Worth||A|
|AmericanConnection operated by Chautauqua Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare||A|
|Delta Connection operated by Atlantic Southeast Airlines||Atlanta, Memphis||A/B|
|Delta Connection operated by Mesaba Airlines||Detroit, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul||B/A|
|Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines||Detroit, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul||B/A|
|United Express operated by GoJet Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver||B|
|United Express operated by Shuttle America||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver||B|
|United Express operated by SkyWest Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver||B|
|United Express operated by Trans States Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver||B|
Sports teams[edit source | edit]
The Tri-Cities Blackhawks, named in honor of the Sauk war chief Black Hawk, was the next top-level professional sports franchise. The club played in the National Basketball League (NBL) from 1946 until its merger in 1949 with the Basketball Association of America to became the National Basketball Association (NBA). Hall of famer Red Auerbach coached the Blackhawks during their first NBA season.
Professional basketball returned to the Quad Cities during the 1980s and 1990s with the Quad City Thunder of the Continental Basketball Association. The CBA served as the NBA's premiere developmental league and produced many highly regarded NBA stars. From 1987 through the 1992–93 season, the Thunder played at Wharton Field House in Moline. Starting with the 1993–94 season, the team played at The MARK of the Quad Cities (now the i wireless Center.) After the CBA folded in 2001, the Thunder franchise ceased operations permanently.
Sports[edit source | edit]
|Quad Cities River Bandits||MWL, Baseball||Modern Woodmen Park||1960||4|
|Quad City Mallards||CHL, Ice hockey||i wireless Center||1995||3|
|Quad Cities Riverhawks||PBL, Basketball||Wharton Field House||2006||0|
- Quad City River Bandits is a Class A Midwest League minor league baseball team in Davenport. Their home games are played at Modern Woodmen Park, formerly John O'Donnell Stadium. The Davenport team has existed under a variety of names and Major League Baseball team affiliations since 1901. The River Bandits are currently affiliated with the Houston Astros.
- Quad City Mallards are a CHL team that began play in the 2009–10 season, with home games held at the i wireless Center in Moline. The new Mallards replace the former Quad City Flames AHL team which played from 2007 to 2009 (that team moved to Abbotsford, British Columbia and plays as the Abbotsford Heat.) The original Mallards played in the United Hockey League from 1995 to 2007.
- The Quad City Steamwheelers were an AF2 arena football franchise that also played at the i wireless Center. The Steamwheelers won the league's title game, the ArenaCup, in 2000 and 2001. After the AF2 league folded following its 2009 season, the Steamwheelers also ceased operations.
- Quad City Silverbacks were a professional mixed martial arts team competing in the now-defunct International Fight League. Home matches take place at the i wireless Center.
- The Quad City Riverhawks was a PBL (Premier Basketball League) team. They played home games at Wharton Field House in Moline during the 2008 season. They ended with that season. Previously, the Quad City Thunder were a CBA team playing in the late 1980s thru 2000, first at Wharton and then at The Mark.
- The i wireless Center occasionally hosts NCAA Division I college basketball conference tournaments as well as NBA and NHL exhibitions.
- The PGA Tour makes an annual stop in the Quad Cities. The golf tournament is currently known as the John Deere Classic. It has drawn dozens of top PGA players over the years, including Tiger Woods, Vijay Singh, and Payne Stewart.
See also[edit source | edit]
- Mississippi Athletic Conference for Iowa high school sports, and Western Big 6 Conference for high school sports in Illinois.
See also[edit source | edit]
- African Americans in Davenport, Iowa
- Quad City-style pizza
- List of tallest buildings in the Quad Cities
Notes[edit source | edit]
References[edit source | edit]
- "Welcome to the Quad Cities". City Guide Post Inc. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- "Community Visitor Information". Illinois Quad Cites Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- Johnson, Dirk (October 20, 1987). "East Moline Journal; Friday Night High, in the Bleachers". The New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2008.
- Why Quad Cities
- "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2012-04. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
- Frederick Anderson, ed. Joined by a River: The Quad Cities, Lee Enterprises, Inc., 1982, p. 16.
- About | Quad Cities USA - Guide to Davenport & Bettendorf Iowa and Rock Island & Moline Illinois
- Cox, Jeff. "CNN; Where homes are affordable". Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- Forbes http://www.forbes.com/places/ia/davenport/
|url=missing title (help).
- 5 Markets Beating the Housing Bust - Yahoo! Finance
- Study: Q-C makes strides in high-tech jobs : Business
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2011. Note: Quad City population is equivalent to adding up the populations of Scott County, Iowa and Rock Island, Mercer, and Henry Counties in Illinois.
- America 2050: Megaregions: Great Lakes. Regional Plan Association.
- Regional Plan Association (2008). America 2050: An Infrastructure Vision for 21st Century America. New York, NY: Regional Plan Association.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
- "Climatological Normals of Moline". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- TV show to feature RI auction business
- City of East Moline
- "Market Survey Schedule & Population Rankings". Arbitron. September 12, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
- Nielsen Media Research. "Nielsen Local Television Market Universe Estimates". Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "Bridges: Iowa, Illinois order safety inspections". Quad City Times. Retrieved 2007-12-19.
- Coulter, Melissa (2008-06-06). "Ready to trade wheels for rails". Quad-City Times. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
- Tibbetts, Ed (2010-10-25). "Quad-City rail project to get $230 million". Quad City Times. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
- DeWitt, Jennifer (September 15, 2010). "AirTran to offer 4 weekly flights to Ft. Myers, Fla.". Quad-City Times. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- "Allegiant Announces Nonstop, Low-cost Travel Service Between Moline/Quad Cities and Phoenix-Mesa with Introductory $79.99* Fares" (Press release). Allegiant Air. September 14, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
[edit source | edit]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Quad Cities|
|Wikivoyage has travel information related to: Quad Cities|
- Your Quad Cities – Local entertainment and events directory/calendar
- Quad Cities Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Quad City Times newspaper – Local News and Information
- Quad-Cities Online – Local Information
- Quad City Development Group
- WeAreQC. Quad City Resource. Built by the Quad Cities
- QCANews.com – Local News