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WOMEN OF THE REVOLUTION 

Read the fresh annals of our land the gathering dust of time
Nor yet has fallen on the scroll to dim the tale sublime;
There woman's glory proudly shines, for willingly she gave
Her costliest offerings to uphold the generous and the brave
Who fought her country's battles well; and oft she perilled life
To save a father, brother, friend, In those dark years of strife.
Whatever strong-armed man hath wrought, whatever he hath won,
That goal hath woman also reached, that action hath she done."
                                                          Mary M. Chase

"The Lord shall sell Sisera into the hands of a woman." - JUDG.iv.9

The days of Colonial dependence in America were numbered, and came to an end.  The British governmental officials were weighed in the balances of justice and humanity, and found wanting.  "Taxation without representation" then as now was regarded as iniquitous, and to be frowned upon and disallowed.  Finally there came an appeal to arms in defence of a righteous freedom. The bell of liberty rang out upon the air of the New World, and the first century of American freedom began.  It should never be forgotten by the children of Revolutionary sires, that there were foremothers, as well as forefathers, who should be honored.  There were noble women as well as brave men of the Revolution, who should receive due recognition from posterity, and a generous meed of praise.

It should be well remembered, that when the absolute authority of an unjust parliament and a tyrannical king was asserted and re-asserted, to the annoyance and oppression of the people in America, in response to the proclamation for suppressing rebellion and sedition, as the remonstrances of our forefathers were termed, a woman-ABIGAIL ADAMS in Massachusetts, wrote thus in a letter to her husband, John Adams, at Philadelphia - "This intelligence will make a plain path for you, though a dangerous one. I could not join to-day in the petitions of our worthy pastor for a reconciliation between our no longer parent state, but tyrant and these Colonies. Let us separate: they are unworthy to be our brethren. Let us renounce them and instead of supplications, as formerly, for prosperity and happiness, let us beseech the almighty to blast their counsels, and to bring to nought all their devices."

Said "The New York Tribune" in July, 1875, menting on the above, "Here was a declaration independence, preceding by seven months that has become so famous; and it was signed by a woman."

There is ample evidence of the sympathy which the women of those early days of our nation's history felt with the efforts of their countrymen to rid themselves of a foreign yoke.  One woman, addressing a British officer in Boston, wrote from Philadelphia as follows:

"I have retrenched every superfluous expense in my table and family. Tea I have not drunk since last Christmas, nor bought a new cap or gown since your defeat at Lexington; and, what I never did before, have learned to knit, and am now making stockings of wool for my servants; and this way do I throw in my mite to the public good. I know this, that as free I can die but once; but as a slave I shall not be worthy of life. I have the pleasure to assure you that these are the sentiments of all my sister Americans. They have sacrificed assemblies, parties of pleasure, tea-drinking, and finery, to that great spirit of patriotism that actuates all degrees of people throughout this extensive continent."

An address, expressive of the sentiments of the women of the new nation towards their brave defenders, was widely circulated in the land, and read in the churches of Virginia. "We know," it said, "that at a distance from the theatre of war, if we enjoy any tranquillity, it is the fruit of your watchings, your labors, your dangers.  And shall we hesitate to evince to you our gratitude?  Shall we hesitate to wear clothing more simple, and dress less elegant, while, at the price of this small privation, we shall deserve your benedictions?"

Mrs E F Ellet, in her three volumes of great value, detailing the high sentiments and heroic deeds of the women of the Revolution, declares that "the noble deeds in which this irrepressible spirit breathed itself were not unrewarded by persecution.  The case of the Quakeress DEBORAH FRANKLIN who was banished from New York by the British commandant for her liberality in relieving the sufferings of the American prisoners, was one among many.  In our days of tranquillity and luxury, imagination can scarcely compass the extent or severity of the trials endured; and it is proportionately difficult to estimate the magnanimity that bore all, not only with uncomplaining patience, but with a cheerful forgetfulness of suffering in view of the desired object.  The alarms of war, the roar of the strife itself, could not silence the voice of woman lifted in encouragement or prayer.  The horrors of battle or massacre could not drive her from the post of duty.  The effect of this devotion cannot be questioned, though it may not now be traced in particular instances.  These were, for the most part, known to those who were themselves actors in the who lived in the midst of them.  The heroism of Revolutionary women has passed from with the generation who witnessed it, or is seen by faint and occasional glimpses through the obscurity of tradition."

But some knowledge of these noble women of century is given us by Mrs. Ellet, and also in a smaller work called "Noble Deeds of American Women," by Jesse Clement.

Three women bearing the name of Martin deserve to be remembered. The elder, ELIZABETH MARTIN, bore the same relation to the two younger, Grace and Rachel, that Naomi did to Ruth and Orpah.  Her sons were in the Revolutionary ranks, seven of them, whom she said as they went, with the spirit of Sparta: "Go, boys, and fight for your country.  Fight til death, if you must; but never let your country be dishonored.  Were I a man I would go with you."

When a British officer, learning that she had seven sons in the army, sneeringly said she had enough, she replied that she wished she had fifty there.

When another British officer heartlessly told her he saw her son's brains blown out on the field of battle, she calmly replied, "He could not have died in a nobler cause."

"When Charleston was besieged, she had three sons in the place. She heard the report of cannon on the occasion, though nearly a hundred miles west of the besieged city. The wives of the sons were with her, and manifested great uneasiness while listening to the reports; nor could the mother control her feelings any better. While they were indulging in silent and, as we may suppose, painful reflections, the mother suddenly broke the silence by exclaiming, as she raised her hands, 'Thank God! they are the children of the Republic!'"

That there was courage in RACHEL and GRACE MARTIN, was evinced in their capture of important despatches, when, disguised as two rebels, they assailed the British courier and his guard, took the papers, which they speedily forwarded to Gen. Greene, and released the messenger and the two officers who were his guard on parole, while they had not the least suspicion that their captors were women. Boadicea, rushing in her rude chariot over the battle-field, while her long and yellow hair was streaming in the wind, had not more warlike heroism than those two sisters who risked so much to aid their country's defenders.

DEBORAH SAMSON of Plymouth, Mass., disguised herself, and, as a man named Robert Shirtilife, served during the whole of the Revolutionary war, with the same zeal and efficiency, and with the exposure to hardship and fatigue, endured by the other soldiers.  She was wounded twice; but her secret remained undiscovered, till, during brain-fever, her sex was discovered by the physician, who then chivalrously took her to his own home.  "When her health was restored, her commanding officer, to whom the physician had revealed his discovery, ordered her to carry a letter to Gen. Washington.  Certain now of a fact of which she had before been doubtful, that her sex was known, she went with much reluctance to fulfil the order. Washington, after reading the message with great consideration, without speaking a word, gave her her discharge, together with a note containing a few of advice, and some money.  She afterwards Benjamin Gannett of Sharon, Mass.  She received pension, with a grant of land, for her services as Revolutionary soldier."' Honorable mention of woman-soldier is made in Niles' "Principles and of the Revolution."

ANNA WARNER the wife of Capt. Elijah Bailey the Revolutionary army, earned the title of "The Heroine of Groton," by her devotion to the cause of freedom, and her fearless efforts to aid the wounded on the occasion of the terrible massacre at Fort Griswold in Connecticut.  When the blockading fleet in 1813 appeared off the harbor of New London, Conn., she was among the patriotic women who sacrificed articles clothing to supply flannel for cartridges.  The editor of "The Democratic Review" visited her in 1846 when she was eighty-eight years old, and as agile as a girl of eighteen.   He said of her, 'Such is Mother Bailey.  Had she lived in the palmy days of ancient Roman glory, no matron of the mighty empire would have been more highly honored."  But she was only a type of many.  Patriotic women abounded in the days of the Revolution, and their patriotism lives in their descendants.  The historian of Sohoharie has embalmed upon his pages the records of their heroic deeds.   Anticipating the needs of the rangers, MRS. ANGELICA VROOMAN caught a bullet-mould, some lead, and an iron spoon, ran to her father's tent, and there moulded a quantity of bullets amid the noise of the battle.  "While the firing was kept up at the middle fort, great anxiety prevailed at the upper; and, during this time, Capt. Hager, who commanded the latter, gave orders that the women and children should retire to a long cellar, which he specified, should the enemy attack him. A young lady named MARY HAGIDORN, on hearing these orders, went to Capt. Hager, and said, "Captain, I shall not go into that cellar, should the enemy come. I will take a spear which I can use as well as any man, and help defend the fort." The captain, seeing her determination, answered, 'Then take a spear, Mary, and be ready at the pickets to repel an attack.' She cheerfully obeyed, and held the spear at the picket, till hurrahs for the American flag burst on her ear, and told that all was safe."

Patriotism was not limited to any one section of our country.  The North and the South were alike unwilling to submit to British aggression.  The wife of Col. Fitzhugh of Maryland collected her slaves, and, in the absence of her husband, prepared to defend their home, when they were visited by British soldiers.  The invaders fled in dismay. ANNE FITZHUGH was one who could respond to the exclamation in Proverbs, "Who shall find a valiant woman? The price of her is as things brought from afar."  Accompanying her blind husband, whom the saucy Britishers determined to take as prisoner to New York, she left her home half-clad, but firm in her purpose not to leave her helpless charge.  She had previously placed pistols in the hands of her sons, and sent them forth from the other side of the house to a place of safety.  "It was a cold and rainy night; and with the mere protection of a cloak, which the officer took down and threw over her shoulders before leaving the house, she sallied forth with party.  While on the way to the boat, the report of a gun was heard, which the soldiers supposed was the signal of a rebel gathering.  They hastened to the boat, where a parole was written out with trembling hands, and placed in the old gentleman's possession.  Without even a benediction, he was left on shore with his faithful and fearless companion, who thought but little of her wet feet as she stood and saw the cowardly detachment of British soldiers push off and row away with all their might for safety."

The women of Revolutionary days afforded the poet ample opportunity to praise their devotion and heroism and say, as one did,

"Proud were they by such to stand,
In hammock fort, or glen;
To load the sure old rifle,
To run the leaden ball,
To watch a battling husband's place,
And fill it, should he fall."

This was illustrated in the noble act of a woman whose husband, a gunner named Pitcher, was killed daring the battle of Monmouth; and she then stepped forward, and took his place. "The gun was so well managed as to draw the attention of Gen. Washington to the circumstance, and to call forth an expression of his admiration of her bravery and her fidelity to her country.  To show his appreciation of her virtues and her highly valuable services, he conferred on her a lieutenant's commission."  She was afterwards known as Captain or Major Molly.

An incident is related, which occurred while Washington was at Valley Forge with his army, and the enemy was in Philadelphia, which proved that a country girl had fidelity and courage.  Major Talmage, hearing that such a girl had gone to Philadelphia, ostensibly to sell eggs, but really to obtain information concerning the enemy, moved his detachment to Germantown, and waited with a small party at a tavern in sight of the British outposts.  He soon saw the country girl, and was about to be told by her of British plans, when he was informed that their light horse was advancing.  "Stepping to the door, he saw them in full pursuit of his patrols.  He hastily mounted; but, before he had started his charger, the girl was at his side begging for protection.  Quick as thought he ordered her to mount behind him.  She obeyed, and in that way rode to Germantown, a distance of three miles.  During the whole ride, writes the major in his journal, where we find these details, 'Although there was considerable firing of pistols, and not a little wheeling and charging, she remained unmoved, and never once complained of fear.'

During the war a woman's society was formed, whose object was the relief of the soldiers who were in need of clothing.  In 1780 the ladies of Philadelphia city and county sold their jewelry, and converted other trinkets into something more serviceable, collected large sums of money, purchased the raw material, plied the needle with all diligence, and, in a short time, the aggregate amount of their contributions was seventy-five hundred dollars. This sum was raised in and immediately around Philadelphia.  The efforts of the ladies were not, however, limited to their own neighborhood. They addressed circulars to the adjoining counties and States, and the response of New Jersey and Maryland was truly generous. The number of shirts made by the ladies of Philadelphia during that patriotic movement was twenty-two hundred. These were cut out at the house of Mrs. Sarah Bache, daughter of Dr Franklin.  This lady, writing to a Mrs. Meredith of Trenton, N J, at the time, says, 'I am happy to have it in my power to tell you that the sums given by the good women of Philadelphia, for the benefit of the army, have been much greater than could be expected, and given with so much cheerfulness, and so many blessings, that it was rather a pleasing than a painful task to call for them.  I write to claim you as a Philadelphian, and shall think myself honored in your donation."

In the early part of February, 1770, the women of Boston publicly pledged themselves to abstain from the use of tea.  On Feb 9 there were three hundred matrons who had become members of the league.  Three days after, the young women followed the good example of their mothers, signing the following document:

"We, the daughters of those patriots who have and do now appear for the public interest, and in that principally regard their prosperity, as such do with pleasure engage with them in denying ourselves the drinking of foreign tea, in hopes to frustrate a plan which tends to deprive the whole community of all that is valuable in life."   No wonder that after years saw such prodigies of valor in those who showed themselves able to practise such patriotic self-denial. S ide by side the men and women of the Revolution objected to and protested against "taxation without representation."  The spirit of the ancestry still lives in the true children of such noble progenitors.

Among the active women of the Revolution was ESTHER REED, the wife of Pres. Reed, who stood at the head of the Relief Association in Philadelphia, and who wrote a letter to Washington, informing him that the subscription of the women amounted to $200,580, and £625, 6s. 8d., in specie.  Mrs. Reed died in 1780, at the early age of thirty-four; and it. was thought that her arduous labors hastened her departure. S he was thus a martyr to liberty, and did not alone deserve that distinction.  As in the civil war, many other women were overworked, and fell a sacrifice to their patriotic responsibilities and toils.

LYDIA DARRAH is mentioned in the first number of "The American Quarterly Review," as an amiable and heroic Quakeress of Philadelphia, who overheard the order read for the British troops to march out and attack Washington's army, then at White Marsh.  She obtained a pass from Gen. Howe, for a visit to a mill for flour; and going safely through the British lines, leaving her bag at the mill, she hastened to the American lines, saw Col. Craig, and told him what she had overheard.  By means of that information, the American army was saved; for the British found them prepared, and forbore to make the contemplated attack.

Butler's "History of Groton," in Massachusetts, states that, "After the departure of Col. Prescott's regiment of 'minute-men,'  Mrs. David Wright of Pepperell,  Mrs. Job Shattuck of Groton, and the neighboring women, collected at what is now Jewett's Bridge, over the Nashua, between Pepperell and Groton, clothed in their absent husbands' apparel, and armed with muskets, pitchforks, and such other weapons as they could find; and, having elected Mrs. Wright their commander, resolutely determined that no foe to freedom, foreign or domestic, should pass that bridge.  For rumors were rife, that the regulars were approaching; and frightful stories of slaughter flew rapidly from place to place, and from house to house.  Soon there appeared one on horseback, supposed to be treasonably engaged in conveying intelligence to the enemy.  By the implicit command of Sergeant Wright, he was immediately arrested, unhorsed, searched, and the treasonable correspondence found concealed in his boots.  He was detained prisoner, and sent to Oliver Prescott, Esq., of Groton, and his despatches were sent to the Committee of Safety."

Historians tell us of the Kentucky women braves, who were successful in warding off the attacks of Indians in the early days of our country; and the wife of a Mr. John Merrill of Nelson County is specially mentioned, as brave and successful in her defence of her home during the summer of 1787.  She was "a perfect Amazon in strength and courage." Such women were needed in those "dark and bloody days."  That American women have never been wanting in bravery, either in Revolutionary days or since, Mrs. ANN CHASE showed to the world, when, at the capture of Tampico in 1846, she displayed the American flag, opposed by the common council. No menaces could awe this intrepid woman, the wife of the American consul, who, in her daring and patriotism, had also previously given Commodore Connor full information in regard to the defence of the place.

DICEY LANGSTON was a South Carolina woman, who was equal to the times of emergency which often came in the days of the Revolution.  She was in the good custom of conveying intelligence to the friends of freedom.  The British would have despised her as a spy, but we honor her as the friend of a holy cause.  She often hazarded her life in crossing marshes and creeks to save the lives of others; and on one occasion, when she was returning from a settlement of Whigs, she was set upon by a party of Tories, and questioned.  "The leader of the band then held a pistol to her breast, and threatened to shoot her, if she did not make the wishedfor disclosure.  'Shoot me, if you dare! I will not tell you!' was her dauntless reply, as she opened a long handkerchief that covered her neck and bosom, thus manifesting a willingness to receive the contents of the pistol, if the officer insisted on disclosures or life.  The dastard, enraged at her defying movement, was in the act of firing, at which moment one of the soldiers threw up the hand holding the weapon, and the cowerless heart of the girl was permitted to beat on.  REBECCA MOTTE has her name also on the scroll of honor, as one who wiffingly consented to the burning of her large mansion, which stood near the trench, in order to effect the capture of Fort Motte, which was then in the hands of the British. The Americans were successful, partly by the firing of arrows so prepared as to set fire to the shingles of the roof; and those arrows had been presented to Mrs. Motte by a favorite African.  She saved them when the British officer allowed her to pass out of the fort to the Americans; and he was greatly displeased that they should be used against him.

ELIZABETH STEELE is worthy of note for her patriotic donation made to Gen. Greene in an hour of need.  She was the landlady of the hotel in Salisbury, N.C.; and the wounded Americans were brought to her house.  The general felt much discouraged; for, added to the defeat at the battle of the Cowpens, he was penniless.  Mrs. Steele generously donated to the cause he represented two bags of specie, saying, "Take these, for you will want them, and I can do without them." Gen. Greene's biographer says, "Never did relief come at a more propitious moment; nor would it be straining conjecture, to suppose that he resumed journey with his spirits cheered and brightened by this touching proof of woman's devotion to the cause of her country."

MARY REDMOND was called in Philadelphia "the little black-eyed rebel," because she was so ready to assist women whose husbands were in the American army, in gaining intelligence from the camp.  Mrs. Ellet states, that "the despatches were usually sent from their friends by a boy, who carried them stitched in the back of his coat.  He came into the city bringing provisions to market.  One morning, when there was some reason to fear he was suspected, and his movements watched by the enemy, Mary undertook to get the papers in safety from him.  She went, as usual, to the market, and, in a pretended game of romps threw her shawl over the boy's head, and thus secured the prize.  She hastened with the papers to her anxious friends, who read them by stealth, after the windows had been carefully closed.  When the news came of Burgoyne's surrender, and the Whig women were secretly rejoicing, the sprightly girl, not daring to give vent openly to her exultation, put her head up the chimney, and gave a shout for Gates."

HANNAH ISRAEL, whose maiden name was Erwin, was the wife of a farmer so patriotic, that he declared he would sooner drive his cattle as a present to George Washington, than receive thousands of dollars in British gold for them.  He was taken prisoner, and was on board a British frigate anchored in the Delaware in front of his house, when the commander, who had been told of that saying by some telltale loyalists, ordered some soldiers to drive the cattle down to the river's bank, and slaughter them before their rebel owner's eyes.  Mrs. Israel, who was brave as a Spartan, divined the purpose of the soldiers, and, calling a boy eight years old, started off in haste to defeat their project. "They threatened, and she defied, till at last they fired at her.  The cattle, more terrified than she, scattered over the fields; and, as the balls flew thicker, she called on the little boy 'Joe' the louder and more earnestly to help, determined that the assailants should not have one of the cattle.  They did not.  She drove them all into the barnyard, when the soldiers, out of respect to her courage or for some other cause, ceased their molestations, and returned to the frigate."

The noble deeds of the days of Revolutionary heroism were not all confined to the women who were of the dominant race.  Red women, as well as white, who dwelt in our land in those days, were inspired with generous ardor and benevolent zeal.  Says Mr. Clement, "During the Revolution, a young Shawanese Indian was captured by the Cherokees, and sentenced to die at the stake. He was tied, and the usual preparations were made for his execution, when a Cherokee woman went to the warrior to whom the prisoner belonged, and, throwing a parcel of goods at his feet, said she was a widow, and would adopt the captive as her son, and earnestly plead for his deliverance. Her prayer was granted, and the prisoner taken under her care."  EMILY GEIGER was a messenger from Gen. Greene to Gen. Sumter.  Her mission was a dangerous one, for spies often paid for their temerity with their lives.  She was mounted on horseback on a side-saddle, and was intercepted by Lord Rawdon's scouts.  She could not deny that she came from the direction of Greene's army; and therefore she was locked up, and an old Tory matron ordered to search her. She did not wish to be proved as a spy, nor have the intelligence in the letter she was bearing imparted to the British.  She therefore, while alone, ate up the letter piece by piece, and, when the searcher arrived, she was unable to find any trace of her errand upon her, and she was allowed to depart.  She hastened to the camp of Gen Sumter, and delivered her message verbally.

NANCY VAN ALSTINE is said to be "one of the bravest and noblest mothers of the Revolution." Her fifteen children could "rise up and call her blessed," for her life was pure and noble, and, in the days of her country's peril from hostile tribes of Indians, she was fearless and undaunted. The pioneer families in many parts of our land, a century ago, had reason to keep a vigilant watch over their children and goods, lest the startling war-whoop, too often heard, might be followed by theft, destruction, and awful massacre.

MARTHA BRATTON was a woman of the Revolution, of whose deeds and character we may judge by the following toast given at Brattonsville, S.C., on the 12th July, 1839, at a celebration of Huck's defeat: "The memory of Mrs. Martha Bratton. In the hands of an infuriated monster, with the instrument of death around her neck, she nobly refused to betray her husband: in the hour of victory, she remembered mercy, and as a guardian angel interposed in behalf of her inhuman enemies. Throughout the Revolution, she encouraged the Whigs to fight on to the last, to hope on to the end. Honor and gratitude to the woman and heroine, who proved herself so faithful a wife, so firm a friend to liberty!

ELIZABETH ZANE,--she was the young heroine of Fort Henry.  When the little band in the garrison at the mouth of Wheeling Creek, in Ohio County, Va., were holding out against thirty or forty times their number of savage assailants, and were about to surrender for lack of powder, Elizabeth Zane insisted upon being the one who should risk life in seeking to obtain a keg which was in a house ten or twelve rods from the gate of the fort.  The Indians did not molest her till on her return they divined the nature of her errand, and then they fired upon her; but "the whizzing balls only gave agility to her feet, and herself and the prize were quickly safe within the gate.  The result was that the soldiers, inspired with enthusiasm by this heroic adventure, fought with renewed courage; and, before the keg of powder was exhausted, the enemy raised the siege." This occurred during the Revolutionary war.

ESTHER GASTON showed her bravery by mounting her horse, and, with her sister-in-law, hastening to the battle of Rocky Mount.  Meeting some cowardly runaways, they asked them for their guns, and proposed to stand in their places, whereupon the men returned to duty; and, while the fight was raging, Esther and her companion cared for the wounded and the dying.

MARY ANN GIBBES, when but a girl of thirteen, earned the name of heroine, as she went back in the dark, and amid firing of guns, to the mansion of her father on John's Island, near Charleston, S.C., in order to rescue a boy cousin who had accidentally been left in the hands of the British when the rest of the family fled.  Even the young girls had the spirit of heroism and patriotism which marked the women of the Revolution.

Mrs. WILSON the wife of Robert Wilson, whose own name we do not know, was one worthy to be remembered as the mother of eleven sons, most of whom were soldiers, and some were officers, in the war of the Revolution, and who, when asked by Lord Cornwallis to her influence with her husband and sons, who were his prisoners, to induce them to fight for the crown replied, -

"I have seven sons who are now or have been bearing arms; indeed, my seventh son Zaccheus, who is only fifteen years old, I yesterday assisted to get ready to go and join his brothers in Sumter's army. Now, sooner than see one of my family turn back from this glorious enterprise, I would take these boys," pointing to three or four small sons, "and with them would myself enlist under Sumter's standard, and show my husband and sons how to fight, and, if necessary, to die for their country." That woman deserves to be known as heroine of Steel Creek.

MRS. SHUBRICK, wife of Richard Shubrick, an American soldier who had sought refuge with her, by placing herself before the chamber in which he was secreted, and resolutely telling the British officer, "To men of honor, the chamber of a lady should be as sacred as the sanctuary. I will defend the passage to it, though I perish. You may succeed and enter it, but it shall be over my corpse." The officer ceased further search. On another occasion, she reproved a British sergeant for striking a servant of their family, inflicting a severe sabre-wound on his shoulders, because he could not disclose the place where the plate was hidden, and told him to strike her, if any one; for, till she died, no further injury should be done to the aged overseer. The sergeant, discomfited retired.

MARY KNIGHT, the sister of Gen. Warrell, had the following tribute to her patriotism and humanity paid to her by a New Jersey newspaper in July, 1849: "The deceased was one of those devoted women who aided to relieve the horrible sufferings of Washington's army at Valley Forge, cooking and carrying provisions to them alone, in the depth of winter, even passing through the outposts of the British army in the disguise of a market woman.  And, when Washington was compelled to retreat before a superior force, she concealed her brother Gen. Warrell - when the British set a price on his head-in a cider-hogshead. in the cellar for three days, and fed him through the bunghole; the house being ransacked four different times by the troops in search of him, without success. She was over ninety years of age at the time of her death."

MARGARET CORBIN was one to whom might have been said,

"Where cannon boomed, where bayonets clashed.
There was thy fiery way."

Mr. Clement's account of her is as follows; "An act " similar to that recorded of Mrs. Pitcher at the battle of Monmouth was performed by Mrs. Margaret Corbin at the attack on Fort Washington. Her husband belonged to the artillery; and standing by his side, and seeing him fall, she unhesitatingly took his place, and heroically performed his duties.  Her services were appreciated by the officers of the army, and honorably noticed by Congress.  This body passed the following resolution in July, 1779: "Resolved, that Margaret Corbin, wounded and disabled at the battle of Fort Washington while she heroically filled the post of her husband, who was killed by her side serving a piece of artillery, do receive during her natural life, or continuance of said disability, one-half the monthly pay drawn by a soldier in service of these States; and that she now receive, out of public stores, one suit of clothes or value thereof in money."

Other women there were, who won a fair renown in Revolutionary days. The limit of this chapter forbids further mention; but those who will read Mrs. Ellet's "Women of the Revolution" will find her pages full of thrilling interest; and will place the names of ELIZABETH CLAY, SUSANNAH, SABINA, and ANNA ELLIOTT, SARAH HOPTON, JANE WASHINGTON, MARTHA WILSON, and a host of others, whose sympathy encouraged the men who fought for freedom, and whose bravery and valor entitled them to honorable remembrance for many a century, side by side with the names of those who signed the Declaration of Independence, pledged to the cause of liberty "their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor."

Source:  Hanafore, Phebe A., "Daughters of America on Women of the Century", True and Company, Augusta, ME, 1883.


  
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Search Revolutionary War Service Records, 1775-83   This database is a collection of records kept by the National Archives listing men who fought for the colonies during the war.  This database contains only those records available in the National Archives and may not include all persons involved in the American Revolutionary War.  Compiled Military Service Records (CMSR)Each volunteer soldier has one Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR) for each regiment in which he served.

Search Colonial Families in the U.S.   This database covers the families of the early English colonies in America. Beginning with the first landing at Jamestown this series covers families up through the start of the American Revolutionary War and beyond into the Nineteenth Century. Many vital records are included, as well as locations of births, marriages, and deaths. In addition to containing family genealogies this database also contains armorial bearings, or coats of arms, for some of the more prominent families from England and Scotland. 

Old Colony Ancestors Online   Access this database of nearly 200,000 names with roots in Southeastern Massachusetts, complete with citations, containing information on over 57,000 marriages, with a total of more than 950,000 text records. Some families are followed for only 2-3 generations, but many are traced for up to 15 generations. Once a family moved beyond the Southeastern Massachusetts area, most reports stop. Some are followed as they migrated westward into the Berkshires and up into Vermont and upstate New York.
 

 


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