PEAPA-sponsored Referendum At the 2007 APA Convention in San Francisco, APA officials squashed members' attempts to pass an interrogation moratorium, issuing in its place a more softly-worded anti-torture statement, containing loopholes and no teeth. As a result, activist psychologists mobilized, and took the issue directly to APA members with a petition. The petition eventually gathered support from over 1% of all APA members, which was sufficient within APA Bylaws to bring the interrogation moratorium (referred to variously as the "Referendum" or the "Petition Resolution") to a direct member vote. The Referendum passed with the support of 59% of voting members, making it official APA policy, although the APA still has yet to indicate whether and how it has been implemented.
"Psychological Torture" Manuals These are original copies of CIA "torture manuals." The infamous KUBARK manual dates from the early Cold War period, and is the first written manual to codify the CIA's psychological torture techniques, which, by that point, it had been developing for some years with research assistance from psychologists, psychiatrists, and other professionals. The second manual, the "Human Resources Exploitation Training Manual," was used during the CIA's proxy wars in Central and South America in the 1980's, wars which were marked by the widespread use of these same psychological torture techniques. The final manual, "Educing Information," is a 21st-century update of the same techniques, framing them within a seemingly more benign and scientific discourse. It is intended to form the theoretical basis of the Obama Administration's renewed interrogation efforts, which are being developed by the "High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group" (HIG).
CIA's "KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation" (1963): (PDF in 3 parts)
APA's Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security With the recent publication of the previously-secret PENS listserv correspondence (below), the PENS Task Force has been increasingly (and rightly) seen as playing a central role in the APA-DoD-CIA rubber-stamping of psychological torture at Guantanamo, Abu Ghraib, Bagram Air Base, and the Black Sites.