Browse the CART Outline
  Please check all of the variables/instruments you are interested in, then press any of the "Find Instruments" buttons.
  If you have questions about terminology, see the Definitions page.
Design & Implementation
Program Design
Teachers' role
  Teachers as active mediators of knowledge 
Program quality
  Celebration & validation of students' service work 
  Clear educational goals 
  Cognitive and developmental tasks 
  Communication and interaction with community 
  Curriculum integration 
  Formative and summative evaluation 
  Goal-oriented tasks with genuine community need 
  Previous experience with service-learning 
  Student choice and voice 
  Student preparation 
Program characteristics
  Coordination/supervision of program 
  Duration of program 
  Known efficacy of program 
  Length and intensity of program 
  Type of program 
  Voluntary or compulsory participation 
Student-Related Factors
Student engagement
Parental/guardian/family support
Implementation Factors
External sources of support
  Adequate resource allocation 
  Public engagement 
Internal sources of support
  Appropriate and participatory assessments 
  Clearly articulated vision and mission 
  Consistency of service-learning approach 
  Professional development 
  Program alignment with curriculum and standards 
  School and district policies 
  School coordinator 
  School culture supporting community of learners 
  Support by critical mass 
  Teacher commitment 

School Context
School profile
  Completion/attrition rates 
  Delinquency/crime/substance abuse indicators 
  Dollars per pupil 
  Economic indicators 
  Population demographics 
Organizational Structure
  Alternative/extracurricular programs 
  Class schedules 
  Other programs 
  School grades (K-12) 
  Size of school 
Quality of work life
  Co-worker relationships 
  Job Satisfaction 
  Work conditions 
Community Context
Community characteristics
  Community Policies 
  Community type and locale 
  Org. involvement/preparedness to participate 
  Social organization/efficacy 
Family Context
Family characteristics
  Size of family 
  Socioeconomic status 
Family involvement in school
Political Context
National/State/Local policies
  Local policies 
  National policies 
  State policies 
Attention to/awareness of service-learning

Student Academic Outcomes
  Academic attitudes 
  Academic self-efficacy 
  Academic skills and achievement 
  Critical thinking skills 
  Learning styles 
  School adjustment 
Youth Development Outcomes (Other)
Group interaction/teamwork
  Interdependence/group accomplishment 
Social competence
  Constructive conflict resolution 
  Emotional intelligence 
  Authority figure relationships 
  Intergenerational connectedness 
  Mutual friendships/bonding/affinity 
  Peer acceptance 
  Peer relations/influence 
  Sense of belonging/social identity 
  Social isolation 
  Social self-efficacy 
  Social skills 
  Social support 
Social role/status
  Role salience 
  Youth Leadership 
School Outcomes
School effectiveness
  High expectations for learning 
  School achievement 
  School norms/boundaries 
  Student attendance 
  Teacher/administrator effectiveness 
School climate
  Attitudes/perceptions of students and faculty 
  Faculty/administrator collegiality 
  Mutual respect 
Community involvement
  Attentiveness to/knowledge about community 
  Community partnerships 
  Parent/guardian/family involvement 
Community Outcomes
Cultural pluralism
Student acceptance
  Leadership opportunities for students 
  Perceptions of students 
  Volunteer opportunities for students 
School involvement
  Expectations about schools 
  Perceptions of school role 
  School partnerships 
Service-learning program outcomes
  Basic human needs 
  Cultural contributions 
  Personal awareness and understanding 
  Supports for institutions and organizations 
Reciprocal learning relationships
Social empathy
  Respect for diversity 
  Value multiple cultural perspectives 
Youth Development Outcomes (Self)
  Locus of control 
  Personal self-efficacy 
  Socially/developmentally appropriate behaviors 
Workplace Related Outcomes
Career exploration/readiness
  Career awareness 
  Career self-efficacy 
  Prerequisite skills and behaviors 
  Work attitudes 
Citizenship Related Outcomes
  Awareness of school & community 
  Civic responsibility 
  Community efficacy 
  Political efficacy 
  Political knowledge/attentiveness 
  Social conscience/justice 


CART is continually being updated. If you have questions or comments about CART, please contact